facts about the sun

Facts About the Sun

Facts About the Sun in One List!

The facts about the sun headline news is that our sun isn’t due to set for several billion years so you can take your lifetime to marvel at how huge the sun is! The Sun accounts for 99.8% of the entire mass in our solar system. Remove Saturn and Jupiter from the remaining 0.2% and planet Earth is just a tiny speck. Even our sun, which weighs around 1,988,920,000,000,000,000,000,000, 000,000 kilograms (multipy by 2.2 for lbs if you think that will help!), is a lightweight compared to other stars in the universe. For example, the red giant Betelgeuse, is around 1000 times larger!

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The SunFascinating Facts About The Sun
Solar systemOur sun is the fixed star in our solar system. Among all the stars of the Milky Way, it is a so-called “Yellow Dwarf”.
Diameter870,000 miles (1.4 million km).
Distance to EarthApprox. 93 m. miles (150 million km).
AgeApproximately 4.57 billion years.
CompositionThe sun is composed of 73.5% hydrogen and 25% helium.
VolumeThe sun would have room for about 1.3 million planet Earths.
CircumferenceApprox. 2.7 million miles (4.4 million km).
MassRoughly 330,000 times that of the Earth and about 1000 x heavier than all the 9 planets together.
RotationThe sun revolves around its own axis in 25.38 days.
Core temperatureNuclear fusion inside the sun heats it up to a cosy 15 million° Celsius. In the process, hydrogen is converted to helium.
Burning lifeThe sun’s supply of hydrogen will continue to burn for about another 5 billion years.
Temperature of outer layerAbout 5600° Celsius.
Energy radiationA total of 384 trillion megawatts (1 megawatt = 1,000 kilowatts). But only about 178 billion megawatts of that reach the earth.
Ray of lightA ray of light from the sun takes about 8 minutes to get to the earth.
Luminosity1 square meter of sun shines brighter than 1 million light bulbs.
PressureSome 340 million times higher than at sea level.
Solar prominencesSolar flares which throw up matter at a speed of over 600 mph (1000 km/h).
Solar eclipseHappens when the moon passes between the sun and the Earth.
Next total solar eclipseIn the northern hemisphere on 20 March 2015.
Last total solar eclipseOver Northern Australia on 14 November 2012.
Next total solar eclipse UK23 September 2090 (south coast)
Last total solar eclipse UK30 June 1954
Next total solar eclipse USA21 August 2017 in Kentucky

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