river Nile, one of the longest rivers in the world

Longest Rivers in the World

Top 50 Longest Rivers in the World List

ADDucation’s list of all longest rivers in the world doesn’t include “river systems”. Why? Because the Mississippi river system includes the Missouri river and Red river. Both these rivers also rank in the top 50 longest rivers in the world so it doesn’t make sense. Either way the River Nile still tops the longest rivers in the world list.

FAQ: How Long is a River?

How Long is a River?

It is notoriously tricky to define the exact length of the longest rivers in the world. In theory the length of a river is just the distance between the source and the mouth of the river, but it’s not that simple to measure. The values often differ in reference sources, books, media and websites, for many reasons:

  • Often the river sources are not clearly defined.
  • The longest rivers in the world derive from the confluence of two or more tributaries.
  • The source of the river may be a tributary with its own name before it flows into the main (parent) river.
  • It’s relatively easy to measure the mouth of a river if it flows into another river but if it flows out to sea measurements have to be taken to determine where the river ends and the sea begins.

ADDucation Tips! Click column headings with arrows to sort the longest rivers in the world. Click the + icon to expand columns on tablets and mobiles.

Longest rivers in the world Length (miles) Length (km) River source River mouth Countries the longest rivers in the world flows through Cities river flows through
Nile 4145 6671 Ruandaberge in Rwanda/Burundi. Mediterranean Sea north of Cairo. 🇷🇼Rwanda, 🇧🇮Burundi, 🇹🇿Tanzania, 🇺🇬Uganda, 🇸🇸South Sudan, 🇸🇩Sudan and 🇪🇬Egypt. Cairo, Luxor, Aswan, Khartoum and Malakei.
Amazon 4000 6437 Andes in Peru, from Maranón and Ucayali. Atlantic 🇵🇪Peru and 🇧🇷Brazil. Iquitos, Macapa and Santarém.
Yangtze River
(Long River)
3900 6276 Tibet, from the rivers Tuotuo He and Dam Chu. East China Sea at Shanghai. 🇨🇳Tibet (autonomous region in China). Chongqing, Wuhan, Nanjing and Shanghai.
Hwang Ho
(Yellow River)
3011 4845 Tibet, from Gyaring Lake and Ngoring Lake. Yellow Sea at Gulf of Bohai. 🇨🇳Tibet (autonomous region in China). Wuhai, Baotou, Puyang, Kaifeng and Jinan.
Mekong 2796 4500 Qinghai in China. South China Sea in Pacific. 🇨🇳China, 🇲🇲Myanmar, 🇹🇭Thailand, 🇱🇦Laos, 🇰🇭Cambodia and 🇻🇳Vietnam. Vientiane and Phnom Penh.
Lena 2734 4400 Baikal Mountains in China. Arctic Ocean at Leptewsee. 🇷🇺Russia. Lensk, Oljokminsk and Yakutsk.
Congo 2718 4374 Mitumba Mountains in Democratic Republic of Congo. Atlantic Ocean. 🇨🇩DR Congo and 🇨🇬Republic of Congo. Brazzaville, Kinshasa, Matadi and Mbandaka.
Irtysh 2641 4250 Mongolian Altai in China. Ob in Russia. 🇨🇳China, 🇰🇿Kazakhstan and 🇷🇺Russia. Ust- Kamenogorsk, Semai, Omsk and Tobolsk.
Niger 2597 4180 Lomaberge in Guinea. Atlantic Ocean at Gulf of Guinea. 🇬🇳 Guinea, 🇲🇱Mali, 🇧🇯Benin and 🇳🇬Nigeria. Bamako, Niamey and Port Harcourt.
Missouri 2566 4130 Montana, USA from Jefferson and Madison. Mississippi at St. Louis. 🇺🇸USA (Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Nebraska, Iowa, Kansas, Missouri and Illinois). Omaha, Kansas City and Saint Joseph.
Yenisei 2543 4092 Sayan Mountains in Russia. Kara Sea in Arctic Ocean. 🇷🇺Russia (Siberia). Kyzyl, Chernogorsk, Abakan and Krasnoyarsk.
Paraná 2479 3990 Serra da Mantiqueira from Paranaiba and Rio Grande. Rio de la Plata (Buenos Aires). 🇧🇷Brazil, 🇵🇾Paraguay (Iguacu Falls) and 🇦🇷Argentina. Iguacu, Posadas, Rosario and Buenos Aires.
Mississippi 2340 3766 Lake Itasca in Minnesota, USA. Gulf of Mexico (New Orleans). 🇺🇸USA (Minnesota, Illinois, Missouri, Kentucky, Arkansas, Tennessee, Mississippi and Louisiana). Minneapolis, St. Louis, Memphis, Baton Rouge and New Orleans.
Ob 2280 3670 Altai Mountains in Russia from Bija and Katun. Obbusen (Kara Sea). 🇷🇺Russia (West Siberia). Bijsk, Barnaul, Novosibirsk and Surgut.
Volga 2193 3530 Valdai Hills in Russia. Caspian Sea 🇷🇺Russia (European part). Kazan, Samara, Saratov and Volgograd.
Juruá 2040 3283 Ucayali in the Andes in Peru. Amazon 🇵🇪Peru and 🇧🇷Brazil. Cruzeiro do Sul.
Purus 1995 3210 Andes in Peru, from Curiuja and Cujar. Amazon 🇵🇪Peru and 🇧🇷Brazil. Boca do Acre and Lábrea.
Sao Francisco 1988 3200 Serra da Canastra in eastern Brazil. Atlantic 🇧🇷Brazil (Minas Gerais, Bahia, Sergipe, Pernambuco and Alagoas). Januaria, Barra, Petrolina and Paulo Afonso.
Indus 1976 3180 Himalayas in Tibet, China. Arabian Sea. 🇨🇳Tibet (autonomous region in China), 🇮🇳India and 🇵🇰Pakistan. Hyderabad.
Brahmaputra 1908 3070 Himalayas in Tibet, China. As Padma in the Bay of Bengal. 🇨🇳Tibet (autonomous region in China), 🇮🇳India and 🇧🇩Bangladesh. Guwahati, Mymensingh and Gongga.
Rio Grande
(Rio Bravo)
1885 3034 Rocky Mountains, Colorado, USA. Gulf of Mexico at Matamoros. 🇺🇸USA (Colorado, New Mexico, Texas) and 🇲🇽Mexico. Albuquerque, El Paso, Ciudad Juárez and Laredo.
Tunguska, Lower 1858 2990 Central Siberian mountains. In the Yenisei at Turuchansk. 🇷🇺Russia (Siberia). Tura and Turuchansk.
Salween 1852 2980 Tibet in China. Andaman Sea into Indian Ocean. Tibet, 🇨🇳China, 🇲🇲Myanmar and 🇹🇭Thailand. Liuku and Mawlamyaing.
Danube (Donau) 1768 2845 Black Forest in Germany, from the rivers Brigach and Breg. Black Sea. 🇩🇪Germany, 🇦🇹Austria, 🇸🇰Slovakia, 🇭🇺Hungary, 🇭🇷Croatia, 🇷🇸Serbia, 🇷🇴Romania, 🇧🇬Bulgaria, 🇲🇩Moldova and the 🇺🇦Ukraine. Ulm, Ingolstadt, Regensburg, Linz, Vienna, Bratislava, Budapest and Belgrade.
Darling 1765 2840 Great Dividing Range from Culgoa and Barwon. Murray River. 🇦🇺Australia (New South Wales). Renmark, Bourke, Wilcannia and Menindee.
Amur 1755 2824 Kentai mountains from Argun and Shilka. Pacific at Nikolajewks. 🇨🇳China and 🇷🇺Russia. Khabarovsk, Komsomolsk and Mohe.
Japurá 1752 2820 Andes in Colombia. Amazon 🇨🇴Colombia and 🇧🇷Brazil. Solano and Tefé.
Euphrates 1700 2736 Taurus Mountains in Turkey from Murat and Karasu. Persian Gulf with the Tigris as Shatt al-Arab. 🇹🇷Turkey, 🇸🇾Syria and 🇮🇶Iraq (Euphrates + Tigris = Mesopotamia). Ar-Raqqa, Deir az-Zur, Karbala and Najaf.
Wiljui 1647 2650 Central Siberian mountains. Lena 🇷🇺Russia (Siberia and Yakutia). Njurba and Wiljuisk.
Ganges 1628 2620 From the Alaknanda and Bhagirathi rivers. As Padma River into the Bay of Bengal. 🇳🇵Nepal, 🇮🇳India and 🇧🇩Bangladesh. Kanpur, Allahabad, Patna and Farakka.
Zambezi 1600 2575 Lunda Uplands in Zambia. Indian Ocean. 🇿🇲Zambia, 🇦🇴Angola, 🇳🇦Namibia, 🇧🇼Botswana, 🇿🇼Zimbabwe (Victoria Falls) and 🇲🇿Mozambique. Mongu, Livingstone, Tete and Sena.
Yukon 1588 2555 Marsh Lake, Coast Mountains in Canada. Bering Sea in Alaska. 🇨🇦Canada and the 🇺🇸United States (Alaska). Whitehorse, Dawson, Eagle, Tanana and Nulato.
Rio Paraguay 1584 2549 Mato Grosso in Brazil. Paraná at Corrientes. 🇧🇷Brazil, Bolivia, 🇵🇾Paraguay and 🇦🇷Argentina. Asunción, Corumba and Formosa.
Tocantins 1553 2500 Serra Geral do Parana in Brazil. Atlantic Rio Pará. 🇧🇷Brazil (Goiás, Tocantins, Maranhão and Pará). Marabá and Tucuruí.
Pilcomayo 1547 2490 Poopo Lake in Bolivia. Rio Paraguay at Asunción. 🇧🇴Bolivia, 🇵🇾Paraguay and 🇦🇷Argentina.
Ishim 1522 2450 Kazakh Uplands in Kazakhstan. In the Irtysh. 🇰🇿Kazakhstan and 🇷🇺Russia. Astana, Petropavlovsk and Ishim.
Ural 1509 2428 Southern Urals in Russia. Caspian Sea. 🇰🇿Kazakhstan and 🇷🇺Russia. Orsk, Orenburg, Oral and Atyrau.
Murray 1476 2375 Snowy Mountains in Australia. Indian Ocean at Adelaide. 🇦🇺Australia (New South Wales and Victoria). Albury, Echuca, Swan Hill and Mildura.
Arkansas 1450 2333 Leadville in the Sawatch Range. Mississippi 🇺🇸USA (Colorado, Kansas, Oklahoma, Arkansas). Little Rock, Pueblo, Wichita and Tulsa.
Colorado 1450 2333 Rocky Mountains in USA. Gulf of California. 🇺🇸USA (Colorado, Utah, Arizona, Nevada, California) and 🇲🇽Mexico. Grand Junction, Lake Havasu City, Yuma and San Luis.
Olenjok 1423 2290 Central Siberian mountains. Laptev Sea into Arctic Ocean. 🇷🇺Russia (North Siberia). Olenjok.
Aldan 1413 2274 Stanovoy Range in Russia. In the Lena. 🇷🇺Russia (Yakutia). Tommot and Chandyga.
Rio Negro 1401 2255 From Rio Guainía and Rio Casiquiare. In Manaus into the Amazon. 🇧🇷Brazil, 🇻🇪Venezuela and 🇨🇴Colombia. Manaus and Cacau Pireira.
Syr Darya (Jaxartes) 1374 2212 From Naryn and Karadarja. Aral Sea. 🇰🇬Kyrgyzstan, 🇺🇿Uzbekistan, 🇹🇯Tajikistan and 🇰🇿Kazakhstan. Khujand
Dnepr 1370 2205 Valdai Hills in Russia. Black Sea. 🇷🇺Russia, 🇧🇾Belarus and 🇺🇦Ukraine. Smolensk, Orsha, Kiev, Kremenchug, Nikopol.
Araguaia 1366 2198 Serra dos Caiapós. Rio Tocantins. 🇧🇷Brazil Barra do Garcas and Aruana.
Irrawaddy 1348 2170 From Mali and N’mai. Gulf of Martaban into Andaman Sea. 🇲🇲Myanmar Mandalay
Oranje 1342 2160 Drakensberg in Lesotho. Atlantic 🇱🇸Lesotho, 🇿🇦South Africa and 🇳🇦Namibia. Upington and Oranjemund.
Kasai 1338 2153 Highlands of Bié in Angola. In the Congo. 🇦🇴Angola and 🇨🇩DR Congo. Bandundu
Kolyma 1324 2130 From Kulu and Ajan – Jurjach. East Siberian Sea. 🇷🇺Russia (East Siberia). Ust- Srednekan and Syrjanka.
Orinoco 1252 2015 Cerro Delgado Chalbaud (Sierra Parima). Atlantic 🇻🇪Venezuela and 🇨🇴Colombia. Bolivar, Guayana, Curiapo and Tucupita.
Rio Salado 1250 2011 From Rio Toro and Rio Guachipas. Paraná River near Santa Fe. 🇦🇷Argentina Salta and Santa Fe.
Rio Xingu 1230 1980 From Rio Ronur & Rio Culuene. Amazon 🇧🇷Brazil
Red River 1222 1966 Great Plains of  Texas, USA. Atchafalaya River. 🇺🇸USA (Texas, Oklahoma, Arkansas and Louisiana). Shreveport and Alexandria.
Columbia 1214 1953 Columbia Lake in Canada. Pacific 🇨🇦Canada (British Columbia) and the 🇺🇸USA (Washington, Oregon). Revelstoke, Portland and Vancouver.
Mamoré 1200 1931 From Ichilo and Chapare. With the Rio Beni in the Rio Madeira. 🇧🇴Bolivia Cochabamba
Mackenzie River 1182 1903 Beaver Lake (Great Slave Lake). Beaufort Sea into Arctic Ocean. 🇨🇦Canada (Northwest Territories). Fort Samson, Fort Providence, Wrigley and Tulita.
Tigris 1181 1900 Taurus Mountains in Turkey. With the Euphrates as Shatt al-Arab in the Persian Gulf. 🇹🇷Turkey, 🇸🇾Syria and 🇮🇶Iraq. Mosul, Tikrit, Samarra, Baghdad, Amarah and Kut.

Denial ain’t just a river in Egypt! – Mark Twain

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One response to “Longest Rivers in the World”

  1. Syed Haider Hassan says:

    Very effective information in general knowledge aspects. I am striving hard to pass my test of general knowledge & this information is very helpful for me.

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