popular gemstones

Popular Gemstones & Jewels

List of Popular Gemstones, Jewels, Diamonds & Minerals

Gemstones are commonly used in make jewelry but also in industry. Popular gemstones are also used for health and well being including feng shui, crystal healing and related new age therapies. Find your birthstone!

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Gems Mineral Type Source Regions Chemical Formula Common Colors Birthstone Uses of Popular Gemstones
Agate Quartz Brazil, Uruguay. SiO2 Gray, red-brown. Umbrella handles, knife handles, gemstones. Crystal used for protection.
Amethyst Quartz USA, Urals, India and Namibia. SiO2 Violet. February. Precious gemstones. Popular healing crystal.
Aquamarine Beryllium, Cyclosilicate Brazil, Uruguay, Urals and Alps. Be3Al2(SiO3)6 Dark blue. March. Gemstones. Crystal of courage in the throat Chakra.
Diamond Carbon South Africa, Congo, Angola and Australia. C Colorless, yellowish. April. Precious and popular gemstones traditionally used in engagement rings. Industrial drilling and cutting tools.
Garnet Nesosilicate Slovakia, Czech Republic and the European Alps. X3Y2(SiO4)3 Blood red to brown. January. Precious stones, precision engineering, abrasives. Red garnets are associated with the thyroid and spleen.
Carnelian Chalcedony Silica India, North Africa, Japan and Australia. SiO2 Reddish, yellowish. Gemstones, artistic figurines. In feng shui Carnelian is energizing and used for grounding.
Lapis lazuli Lazurite / pyrite / calcite Russia, Afghanistan, Burma and Chile. (Na,Ca) 8(AlSiO4) 6(S,SO4,Cl)1-2 Blue and white. Precious stones, artistic figurines and frescoes.
Malachite Copper carbonate Australia, Russia, Zaire, Chile, Congo and Zimbabwe. Cu2CO3(OH)2 Black green, light green. Gemstones and precious ore. Can be used in feng shui to energize stagnant spaces.
Obsidian Volcanic rock glass Italy, Aegean, Turkey and Iceland. Mostly SiO2 with around 25% MgO and Fe3O4 Glossy black. Precious stones and stone figurines. In feng shui black obsidian draws in negative energy so  should be regularly cleansed. Should be used with caution in crystal healing because of it’s power.
Opal Hydrated silica Australia. SiO2·nH2O Milky white. October. Gemstones.
Pearl Mineral Worldwide including the Persian Gulf, South Pacific, Gulf of Mannar, California, Gulf of Mexico. Pacific coast of Mexico, Europe, Japan and Australia. CaCO3 white, pink, cream. June. Formed from organic material in shelled mollusk. Popular gemstone.
Peridot Olivine, Silicate USA, Australia, China, Kenya, Tanzania, South Africa, Norway, Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Brazil, Mexico, Myanmar, Pakistan, Sri Lanka and in meteorites. (Mg, Fe)2SiO4 Olive green, yellow, brown. August. Gemstones.
Rose quartz Quartz Brazil, Madagascar, USA and the Ural’s. SiO2 Maroon. Gemstones, artistic figurines. Love stone in crystal meanings.
Ruby Corundum / aluminum oxide Thailand, Myanmar (Burma) and Sri Lanka. Al2O3:Cr Red July. Precious stones, sandpaper, healing crystal to recharge your energy levels.
Sapphire Corundum / aluminum oxide Thailand, Myanmar (Burma), Sri Lanka and Australia. Al2O3 Cornflower blue. September. Gemstones, LEDs, semiconductor lasers. Used in meditation for dream fulfillment and prosperity.
Emerald Beryl South Africa, Colombia and Brazil. Be3Al2(SiO3)6 Grass green. May. Valuable gemstone. Crystal of romance.
Sugilite Cyclosilicate Australia, Italy, Japan and Canada. KNa2(Fe,Mn,Al)2 Li3Si12O30 Violet Gemstones.
Tiger’s eye Quartz, Silica South Africa and Australia. SiO2 Golden brown. Gemstones. Stone of protection.
Topaz Silicates Brazil, Russia, Namibia and Afghanistan. Al2SiO4(F,OH)2 Yellow, pink, blue. November. Gemstones. Balancing and calming stone.
Turquoise Phosphate China, Afghanistan, USA and Mexico. CuAl6 (PO4) 4(OH) 8·4H2O Mottled green blue. December. Gemstones. Stone of protection. Used in feng shui to attract wealth and to improve health and well-being.
Tourmaline Group of minerals Pakistan, Afghanistan and Namibia. (Ca,K,Na,[]) (Al,Fe,Li,Mg,Mn) 3(Al,Cr, Fe,V) 6(BO3) 3(Si,Al,B) 6O18(OH,F)4 Black, green, blue. Gemstones, trophies. Used to detox in crystal healing.
(not Zirconia)
Silicates Thailand, Vietnam, Sri Lanka and Australia. ZrSiO4 Yellow, blue, green, brown. Gemstones, tooth replacements. Stone of virtue.

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