popular gemstones

Popular Gemstones & Jewels

List of Popular Gemstones, Jewels, Diamonds & Minerals

Gemstones are commonly used in make jewellery but also in industry. Popular gemstones are also used for health and well being including feng shui, crystal healing and related new age therapies. Find your birthstone!

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GemsMineral TypeSource RegionsChemical FormulaCommon ColorsBirthstoneUses of Popular Gemstones
AgateQuartzBrazil, UruguaySiO2Gray, red-brownUmbrella handles, knife handles, gemstones. Crystal used for protection.
AmethystQuartzUSA, Urals, India and Namibia.SiO2VioletFebruaryPrecious gemstones. Popular healing crystal.
AquamarineBeryllium, CyclosilicateBrazil, Uruguay, Urals and Alps.Be3Al2(SiO3)6Dark blueMarchGemstones. Crystal of courage in the throat Chakra.
DiamondCarbonSouth Africa, Congo, Angola and Australia.CColorless, yellowishAprilPrecious and popular gemstones traditionally used in engagement rings. Industrial drilling and cutting tools.
GarnetNesosilicateSlovakia, Czech Republic and the European Alps.X3Y2(SiO4)3Blood red to brownJanuaryPrecious stones, precision engineering, abrasives. Red garnets are associated with the thyroid and spleen.
CarnelianChalcedony SilicaIndia, North Africa, Japan and Australia.SiO2Reddish, yellowishGemstones, artistic figurines. In feng shui Carnelian is energizing and used for grounding.
Lapis lazuliLazurite / pyrite / calciteRussia, Afghanistan, Burma and Chile.(Na,Ca) 8(AlSiO4) 6(S,SO4,Cl)1-2Blue and whitePrecious stones, artistic figurines, frescoes
MalachiteCopper carbonateAustralia, Russia, Zaire, Chile, Congo and Zimbabwe.Cu2CO3(OH)2Black green, light greenGemstones and precious ore. Can be used in feng shui to energize stagnant spaces.
ObsidianVolcanic rock glassItaly, Aegean, Turkey and Iceland.Mostly SiO2 with around 25% MgO and Fe3O4Glossy blackPrecious stones and stone figurines. In feng shui black obsidian draws in negative energy so  should be regularly cleansed. Should be used with caution in crystal healing because of it’s power.
OpalHydrated silicaAustraliaSiO2·nH2OMilky whiteOctoberGemstones.
PearlMineralWorldwide including the Persian Gulf, South Pacific, Gulf of Mannar, California, Gulf of Mexico. Pacific coast of Mexico, Europe, Japan and Australia.CaCO3white, pink, creamJuneFormed from organic material in shelled mollusc. Popular gemstone.
PeridotOlivine, SilicateUSA, Australia, China, Kenya, Tanzania, South Africa, Norway, Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Brazil, Mexico, Myanmar, Pakistan, Sri Lanka and in meteorites.(Mg, Fe)2SiO4Olive green, yellow, brownAugustGemstones.
Rose quartzQuartzBrazil, Madagascar, USA and the Urals.SiO2MaroonGemstones, artistic figurines. Love stone in crystal meanings.
RubyCorundum / aluminum oxideThailand, Myanmar (Burma) and Sri Lanka.Al2O3:CrRedJulyPrecious stones, sandpaper, healing crystal to recharge your energy levels.
SapphireCorundum / aluminum oxideThailand, Myanmar (Burma), Sri Lanka and Australia.Al2O3Cornflower blueSeptemberGemstones, LEDs, semiconductor lasers. Used in meditation for dream fulfillment and prosperity.
EmeraldBerylSouth Africa, Colombia and Brazil.Be3Al2(SiO3)6Grass greenMayValuable gemstone. Crystal of romance.
SugiliteCyclosilicateAustralia, Italy, Japan and Canada.KNa2(Fe,Mn,Al)2 Li3Si12O30VioletGemstones
Tiger’s eyeQuartz, SilicaSouth Africa and Australia.SiO2Golden brownGemstones. Stone of protection.
TopazSilicatesBrazil, Russia, Namibia and Afghanistan.Al2SiO4(F,OH)2Yellow, pink, blueNovemberGemstones. Balancing and calming stone.
TurquoisePhosphateChina, Afghanistan, USA and Mexico.CuAl6 (PO4) 4(OH) 8·4H2OMottled green blueDecemberGemstones. Stone of protection. Used in feng shui to attract wealth and to improve health and well-being.
TourmalineGroup of mineralsPakistan, Afghanistan and Namibia.(Ca,K,Na,[]) (Al,Fe,Li,Mg,Mn) 3(Al,Cr, Fe,V) 6(BO3) 3(Si,Al,B) 6O18(OH,F)4Black, green, blueGemstones, trophies. Used to detox in cystral healing.
Zircon
(not Zirconia)
SilicatesThailand, Vietnam, Sri Lanka and Australia.ZrSiO4Yellow, blue, green, brownGemstones, tooth replacements. Stone of virtue.

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