famous architects

Famous Architects 🏛️

Famous Architects and Their Major Works 🏛️

Overview of famous architects in history, their best known works including traditional and modern buildings and their lifetime and country of origin.

  • ADDucation’s list of architects famous works compiled by Joe Connor and last updated 04 Jun 2022.

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Famous Architects Nationality Born Died Selected Buildings, Constructions & Major Works of Famous Architects
Behnisch, Günther 🇩🇪 Germany 1922 2010
  • Olympic Stadium (1967-1972, Munich, Germany)
  • German Bundestag (Parliament) (1992-1993, Bonn, Germany)
  • Academy of Arts (1993-2005, Berlin, Germany)
  • German Postal Museum (1984-1990, Frankfurt/Main, Germany).
Behrens, Peter 🇩🇪 Germany 1868 1940
  • Mannesmann House (1911-1912, Düsseldorf, Germany)
  • Alexander and Berolinahaus (1929-1932, Berlin, Germany)
  • Stations on the Metro Line 8 (1929, Berlin, Germany)
  • Technical Administration Building of Hoechst AG (1920-1924, Frankfurt/Main, Germany).
Böhm, Gottfried 🇩🇪 Germany 1920
  • Hans Otto Theater (1997-2006, Potsdam)
  • Public Library (1998-2004, Ulm)
  • WDR arcades (1991-1998, Cologne, Germany).
Childs, David 🇺🇸 USA 1941
  • Time Warner Center (2000-2004, NYC, USA)
  • Four Seasons Hotel (Washington, USA)
  • 1 World Trade Center (under construction 2006-2014).
Eiffel, Gustave 🇫🇷 France 1832 1923
  • Ponte Maria Pia (1875-1877, Pontoon, Portugal)
  • West Railway Station (1875 Budapest, Hungary)
  • Garbit Viaduct (1881-1884, Loubarresse, France)
  • Pedestal of the Statue of Liberty (1886, USA)
  • Eiffel Tower (1887-1889, Paris, France).
Foster, Norman, Sir 🇬🇧 UK 1935
  • Commerzbank Tower (1994-1997, Frankfurt, Germany)
  • Dome of the Reichstag (1999, Berlin, Germany)
  • Millau Viaduct (Longest cable-stayed bridge in the world, 2001-04)
  • City Hall (2002, London), “Gherkin” (2004, London, England)
  • Beijing airport Terminal 3 (2008). One of Britain’s most famous architects.
Gaudi, Antoni 🇪🇸 Spain 1852 1926
  • La Sagrada Familia (1882 – present)
  • Casa Vicens (1883-1885)
  • Casa Calvet (1898-1904)
  • Bishop’s Palace (1889-1893, Astorga, Spain)
  • Park Güell (1900-1914)
  • Casa Batlló (1904-1906)
  • Casa Milà (1906-1910, Barcelona, Spain).
Gehry, Frank 🇨🇦 Canada 1929
  • Walt Disney Concert Hall (1989-2004, Los Angeles, USA)
  • Guggenheim Museum (1991-1997, Bilbao, Spain)
  • Dancing House (1996, Prague)
  • Der Neue Zollhof (1997-99, Düsseldorf, Germany)
  • DZ Bank (2001, Berlin, Germany)
  • Gehry Tower (2001, Hanover, Germany)
  • 8 Spruce Street (2006-2011, NYC, USA)
  • New World Center (2008-2011, Miami Beach, Florida, USA)
  • Station Sagrera (2008-2012, Barcelona, Spain).
Gropius, Walter 🇩🇪 Germany 1883 1969
  • Jena City Theater (1922)
  • Bauhaus (1926, Dessau, Germany)
  • Siemens City (1930, Berlin, Germany)
  • University of Baghdad (1957)
  • Pan Am Building/MetLife (1957-59, NYC, USA)
  • Gropius City (1962-75, Berlin, Germany)
  • Glass Cathedral (1968, Amberg).
Hadid, Zaha
, Iraq
🇬🇧 UK 1950 2016
  • Bergisel ski jump (2003 Innsbruck, Austria)
  • Hungerburgbahn (funicular railway, 2005-2008, Innsbruck Austria)
  • BMW HQ (2004, Leipzig)
  • Phæno (2005, Wolfsburg, Germany)
  • MAXXI Art Museum (2010, Rome, Italy)
  • Aquatics Center (2012, London, England).
Hundertwasser, Friedensreich 🇦🇹 Austria 1928 2000
  • Hundertwasser House (1983-1985, Vienna, Austria)
  • Children’s day care center (1989-95, Frankfurt, Germany)
  • Uelzen Station (1999-2001).
Ito, Toy 🇰🇷 South Korea, 🇯🇵 Japan 1941
  • Tower of Winds (1986, Yokohama, Japan)
  • Serpentine Pavilion (2002, London)
  • Vivo City (2006, Singapore). One of Japan’s most famous architects.
Jahn, Helmut
🇩🇪 Germany, 🇺🇸 USA 1940
  • City Spire Center (1985-87, NYC, USA)
  • Trade Fair tower (1988-1991, Frankfurt, Germany)
  • Highlight Towers (2002-2004, Munich, Germany)
  • Sony Center with Railway Tower (1995-2000, Berlin, Germany)
  • Munich Airport Center (1999, Munich, Germany)
  • Cologne Triangle (2004).
Johnson, Philip 🇺🇸 USA 1906 2005
  • AT&T Building (1980-1984, NYC, USA)
  • Lipstick Building (1983-1986, NYC, USA)
  • Transco Tower (1984, Houston, Texas, USA).
Koolhaas, Rem 🇳🇱 Netherlands 1944
  • Art Museum (1993, Rotterdam, The Netherlands)
  • Zollverein (2002, Essen, Germany)
  • Library (2004, Seattle, USA)
  • Casa da Música (2005, Porto).
Le Corbusier 🇫🇷 France, 🇨🇭 Switzerland 1887 1965
  • Notre-Dame-du-Haut (1951-1955, Ronchamp)
  • Unité d’habitation (1958, Berlin, Germany)
  • Centre Le Corbusier (1963-67, Zurich, Switzerland).
Libeskind, Daniel 🇺🇸 USA 1946
  • Jewish Museum (1999, Berlin, Germany)
  • Felix-Nussbaum-House (1998, Osnabrück, Austria)
  • Imperial War Museum (2001, Manchester, England)
  • Jewish Museum in San Francisco (2008, USA)
  • Kö-Bogen (under construction until 2014, Düsseldorf, Germany)
  • Zlota 44 (2007-2012, Warsaw, Poland)
  • Reflections ” Keppel Bay ” (2008-2011, Singapore).
Meier, Richard 🇺🇸 USA 1934
  • Atheneum (1975-1979, New Harmony, USA)
  • Museum of Applied Arts (1979-1985, Frankfurt/Main, Germany)
  • Paul Getty Center (1984-1997, LA), Townhouse Ulm (1992-1994)
  • Museum Frieder Burda (2002 -2004, Baden-Baden, Germany).
Mendelsohn, Erich 🇩🇪 Germany 1887 1953
  • Einstein Tower (1921, Potsdam)
  • Schocken Department Store (1927-1930, Chemnitz)
  • Theater / WOGA (1927-1931, Berlin, Germany).
Mies van der Rohe, Ludwig 🇩🇪 Germany 1886 1969
  • Barcelona Pavilion (1929, Spain)
  • Farnsworth House (1951, Illinois, USA)
  • Crown Hall (1956, Chicago, USA)
  • Seagram Building (1958, NYC, USA)
  • New National Gallery (1967, Berlin, Germany)
  • Toronto Dominion Center (1967-1969, Canada)
  • IBM Office Building (1969, Chicago, USA).
Nervi, Pier Luigi 🇮🇹 Italy 1891 1979
  • UNESCO building (1953-1958, Paris, France)
  • Pirelli Tower (1956-1958, Milan, Italy)
  • Audience Hall (1964-1970, Vatican City).
Niemeyer, Oscar 🇧🇷 Brazil 1907 2012
  • UN HQ (1952, NYC, USA)
  • Public Buildings of Brasilia (1957-1964)
  • Sambódromo (1984, Rio de Janeiro)
  • Concert Hall (2004, Sao Paulo)
  • Ibirapuera Auditorium (2005, Sao Paulo).
Nouvel, Jean 🇫🇷 France 1945
  • Galeries Lafayette (1991-1995, Berlin, Germany)
  • Culture and Convention Centre (1993-95, Lucerne)
  • Lyon Opera (1993)
  • Gasometer A (2001, Vienna, Austria)
  • Torre Agbar (2004, Barcelona, Spain)
  • Musée du Quai Branly (2006, Paris, France)
  • Concert Hall (2009, Copenhagen, Denmark).
Otto, Frei 🇩🇪 Germany 1925 2015
  • Bonhoeffer Church (1971, Bremen, Germany)
  • Olympic roof (1972, Munich, Germany)
  • Multihalle (1975, Mannheim, Germany).
Pei, Ieoh Ming
🇺🇸 USA, 🇨🇳 China 1917
  • Dallas City Hall (1966-1970)
  • National Gallery of Art (1968-78, Washington, USA),
  • Bank of China Tower (1982-90, Hong Kong)
  • Grand Louvre (1985-1989, Paris, France)
  • Rock and Roll Hall of Fame (1987-95, Cleveland, USA)
  • Miho Museum (1991-1997, Kyoto, Japan).
Piano, Renzo 🇮🇹 Italy 1937
  • Paul Klee Centre (1987-95, Bern)
  • Kansai Airport (1988-1994, Japan)
  • NEMO Science Museum (1992-1997, Amsterdam, The Netherlands)
  • Weltstadthaus (1999-2005, Cologne, Germany)
  • New York Times Building (2000, New York, USA)
  • London Bridge Tower (2000-2009, England)
  • The Shard Of Glass (2009-2013. London, England) tallest building in the UK but doesn’t make our list of the tallest buildings in the world.
Poelzig, Hans 🇩🇪 Germany 1869 1936
  • Large Playhouse (1919, Berlin, Germany)
  • House of Broadcasting (1929, Berlin, Germany)
  • Goethe-University / IG Farben (1928-31, Frankfurt, Germany).
Rogers, Richard 🇬🇧 UK 1933 Richard Rogers, one of Britains famous architects, is best known for his functionalist and modernist high-tech architecture; e.g. the Lloyd’s building and Millennium Dome, both in London.
  • Centre Pompidou (1971-1977, Paris, France)
  • European Court of Human Rights (1992-1995, Strasbourg)
  • Millennium Dome (1997-1999, London, England)
  • London Heathrow Terminal 5 (2005-2008, England).
Rossi, Aldo 🇮🇹 Italy 1931 1997
  • Teatro del Mondo (1979, Venice, Italy)
  • Il Palazzo (1989, Fukuoka, Japan)
  • Bonnefantenmuseum (1992-95, Maastricht).
Scharoun, Hans 🇩🇪 Germany 1893 1972
  • Philharmonic (1956-63, Berlin, Germany)
  • City Theater (1965-73, Wolfsburg, Germany)
  • German Maritime Museum (1970-1975, Bremerhaven, Germany).
Siza, Álvaro 🇵🇹 Portugal 1933
  • Boa Nova Restaurant (1958-63, Palmeira)
  • Lido da Palmeira (1961-1966)
  • “Bonjour Tristesse” (1983, Berlin, Germany).
Wallot, Paul 🇩🇪 Germany 1841 1912
  • Reichstag building (1884-1918, Berlin, Germany)
  • Reichstag President’s palace (1897-1904, Berlin Tiergarten, Germany).
Wright, Frank Lloyd 🇺🇸 USA 1867 1959
  • Imperial Hotel (1916, Tokyo, Japan)
  • Taliesin West (1937, Arizona, USA)
  • Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum (1956, NYC, USA). One of America’s most famous architects.

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One response to “Quiz Zone Literature & Philosophy”

  1. Ray Magill says:

    Facinating to see the difference between imperial and Canada and Australia. I was aware of the most of US differences, but not cup sizes.missing from list are the beer barrel sizes, keg, pin, etc. you could add champagne bottle sizes. And note that 640 acres is 1 square mile.

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