famous artists

Famous Artists A-F

Famous Artists from A-Z:

Although not considered one of the famous artists himself, George Woodcock, Canadian writer and anarchist thinker, said “I like to move among painters, mathematicians, psychologists, people who can tell me something.” At ADDucation we share his thirst for learning new things which is why we compiled this exhaustive list of famous artists.

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Famous Artists Nationality Born Died Eras / Movements / Notes Famous Works (and creation dates)
Albers, Josef German 1888 1976 Bauhaus, Op-art / Graphic designer Notable art works by Josef Albers:
  • Park (1924)
  • Glass Window (1926)
  • Treble Clef (1932-35)
  • Together (1933)
  • Graphic Tectonic (1941)
  • Homage to the Square (series of 3-4 nested squares 1950-1976)
  • The Interaction of Color (1963)
Altdorfer, Albrecht German 1480 1538 Renaissance Notable art works by Albrecht Altdorfer:
  • Sebastian Altar (1509-1518)
  • Rest on the Flight into Egypt (1510)
  • Danube Landscape with Castle Wörth (1525)
  • Susanna in the bath (1526)
  • Susanna and the Elders (1526)
  • The Battle of Alexander (1529)
Arp, Hans German / French 1886 1966 Dadaism, Surrealism Notable art works by Hans Arp:
  • Head of Hans Arp (1929)
  • To be lost in the forest, a sculpture (1932)
Avercamp, Hendrick Dutch 1585 1634 Baroque, famous for his winter landscapes Notable art works by Hendrick Avercamp:
  • Dark Castle (1605-10)
  • Circular picture with castle (1609)
  • Enjoying the Ice (1610)
  • A Farm to the Left of a Frozen River (1615)
  • Fishing in the Moonlight (1625)
Bacon, Francis Irish / British 1909 1992 Cubism and later Surrealism Notable art works by Francis Bacon:
  • Three Studies for Figures at the Base of a Crucifixion (1944)
  • Pope I (1951)
  • The Cardinal (1955)
Balthus Polish / French 1908 2001 Notable art works by Balthus:
  • Mitsou (1921)
  • The Road (1933)
  • Alice (1933)
  • The King of Cats (1935)
  • Thérèse, Dreaming (1938)
  • Dormeuse/Sleeping Girl (1943)
  • The Happy Days (1944)
Baselitz, Georg German 1938 Art Brut Notable art works by Georg Baselitz, one of Germany’s famous artists:
  • The great Night Down the Drain (1962)
  • The Naked Man (1963)
  • Die große Nacht im Eimer(1963)
  • The forest on its head (1969) series of images while standing upside down
  • Supper in Dresden(1983)
  • Der Ausgang – Karl(1987)
  • Folkdance Melancholia (1989)
  • More than 60 “Russian Paintings” (1998-2005)
  • Vorwärts Wind/Remix (2007)
  • Good grey (2009)
Beale, Mary English 1633 1699 Baroque Notable art works by Mary Beale:
  • Charles Beale the Elder (c1660)
  • Portrait of a Physician (1699)
  • Portrait of Robert Colman (c1690)
  • Mary Wither of Andwell (1675)
  • Portrait of a Woman with a Black Hood (1660)
  • Portrait of a Young Girl (1681)
  • Portrait of a Youth (1689)
Beckmann, Max German 1884 1950 Expressionism Notable art works by Max Beckmann:
  • The Night (1918)
  • Still Life with Fallen Candles (1929)
  • The Departure (1932-1933) triptych
  • Journey on the Fish (1934)
  • Cabaret Artists (1943)
  • Self-Portrait in Olive and Brown (1945)
Bellini, Giovanni Italian 1430 1516 Renaissance Notable art works by Giovanni Bellini:
  • Christ in the Garden of Gethsemane (1465)
  • Pietà (1470)
  • Madonna on the Meadow (1501)
Böcklin, Arnold Czech 1827 1901 Symbolism Notable art works by Arnold Böcklin:
  • Pan in the reeds (1859)
  • Playing in the Waves (1883)
  • The Isle of the Dead (1880-1886)
  • The Sacred Grove (1886)
Bosch, Hieronymus Dutch 1450 1516 Gothic / Renaissance Notable art works by Hieronymus Bosch:
  • The Last Judgment (1476)
  • The Ship of Fools (1485)
  • Death and the Miser (1488)
  • The Haywain (1498) triptych
  • The Temptation of St. Anthony (1495)
  • The Juggler (1496)
  • The Garden of Earthly Delights (1503-1504)
Botticelli, Sandro Italian 1445 1510 Gothic / Renaissance Notable art works by Sandro Botticelli:
  • Allegory of Spring/La Primavera (1478)
  • The Adoration of the Magi (1481)
  • Venus and Mars (1483)
  • The Birth of Venus (1486)
  • Lamentation of Christ (1490)
  • Calumny of Apelles (1495)
Bourgeois, Louise French/American 1911 2010 Contemporary art, Surrealism, Modern art, Feminist art, Installation art.
Sculptor, painter and printmaker.
Notable art works by Louise Bourgeois:
  • Maman (1999)
  • Spider (1996)
  • Janus Fleuri (1968)
  • Quarantania I (1984)
  • The Nest (1994)
  • The Welcoming Hands (1996)
  • Mamelles (1991)
  • Father and Son (2005)
  • Fragile Goddess (2002)
  • Female Portrait (1962)
Braque, Georges French 1882 1963 Cubism / Fauvism Notable art works by Georges Braque:
  • Port of Antwerp (1906)
  • Road near Estaque (1908)
  • Candlestick and Playing Cards on a Table (1910)
  • Still Life with Playing Cards (1913)
  • Man with a Guitar (1914)
  • Still Life with “Le Jour” (1929)
  • The Studio II (1949)
Bruegel, Pieter the Elder Dutch 1525c 1569 Renaissance Notable art works by Pieter the Elder Bruegel:
  • The Seven Vices (1557)
  • The Battle between Carnival and Lent (1559)
  • The Dutch Proverbs (1559)
  • Children’s Games (1560)
  • The Triumph of Death (1562)
  • The Winter – The Hunters in the Snow (1565)
  • The Land of Cockaigne (1567)
Caillebotte, Gustave French 1848 1894 Impressionism Notable art works by Gustave Caillebotte:
  • The Floor Scrapers (1875)
  • The Europe Bridge (1876)
  • Paris Street; Rainy Day (1877)
  • View of Rooftops / Snow (1878)
  • Soirée im Hotel Caillebotte in der Rue Monceau im Jahre 1878 (1878)
  • Man on a Balcony (1880)
Caravaggio Italian 1571 1610 Baroque Notable art works by Caravaggio, one of the most famous artists:
  • Bacchus (1595)
  • Medusa (1599)
  • Christ at Emmaus (1601)
  • The Entombment of Christ (1603)
Carrà, Carlo Italian 1881 1966 Futurism Notable art works by Carlo Carrà:
  • Apocalyptic Horseman (1908)
  • Leaving the Theatre (1911)
  • Interventionist Demonstration (1914)
Carrington, Leonora English/Mexican 1917 2011 Surrealism Notable art works by Leonora Carrington:
  • The Giantess (c1947)
  • The Meal of Lord Candlestick (1938)
  • Adieu Ammenotep (1960)
  • The Artist Traveling Incognito (1949)
  • Operation Wednesday (1969)
  • Portrait of the Late Ms Partridge (1947)
  • Around Wall Street or portrait of Pablo in NY (1973)
  • Peacocks of Chen (1971)
  • Green Tea (1942)
  • Amor che move il Sole et l’altre Stelle (1946)
Cassatt, Mary American 1844 1926 Impressionism Notable art works by Mary Cassatt:
  • Little Girl in a Blue Armchair (1878)
  • Moise Dreyfus (1879)
  • The Loge (1882)
  • The Bath (1892)
  • The Boating Party (1893-1894)
  • Mother and Child (1899)
Cézanne, Paul French 1839 1906 Post Impressionism Notable art works by Paul Cézanne, one of the most famous artists:
  • The House of Doctor Gachet in Auvers (1873)
  • View of Auvers (1874)
  • Plain by Mont Sainte Victoire (1885-1887)
  • Kitchen Table (1890)
  • Boy in the Red Vest (1890)
  • The Card Players (1890-1892)
  • Still Life with Cherub (1895)
  • Pyramid of Skulls (1901)
  • The Bathers (1905)
Chagall, Marc Russian / French 1887 1985 Naïve art, Surrealism, Cubism, Expressionism, Modern art, Modernism, Symbolism, Fauvism Notable art works by Marc Chagall, one of the most famous artists:
  • The Violinist (1911)
  • Self-portrait with Seven Fingers (1913)
  • Paris Through the Window (1913)
  • The Falling Angel (1923-1947)
  • The Walk (1925)
  • The Acrobat (1930)
  • The Juggler (1943)
Chardin, Jean Simeon French 1699 1779 Still life Notable art works by Jean Simeon Chardin:
  • The Ray (1728)
  • The Laundress (1735)
  • Woman cleaning Turnips (1738)
  • The Messenger (1739)
  • The Kitchen Maid (1740)
  • Saying Grace (1744)
  • Still Life with Water Glass and Jug (1750-1760)
  • Basket with Wild Strawberries (1760-1761)
Chicago, Judy American (USA) 1939 Minimalism, Feminist art Popular art works by Judy Chicago:
  • The Dinner Party (1979)
  • Rainbow Pickett (1965)
  • Female Rejection Drawing, from the Rejection Quintet (1974)
  • Rainbow Shabbat (1992)
  • Earth Birth (1983)
  • Heaven Is for White Men Only (1973)
  • Bigamy Hood (1965)
  • Power Headache (1984)
  • Big Blue Pink (1971)
  • Birth Tear-Tear (1985)
Constable, John British 1776 1837 Romantic Notable art works by John Constable, one of Britain’s most famous artists:
  • Dedham Vale (1802)
  • Weymouth Bay with Approaching Storm (1819)
  • The Haywain (1821)
Corinth, Lovis German 1858 1925 Impressionism Notable art works by Lovis Corinth:
  • In the Fisherman’s House (1886)
  • Susanna and the Elders (1890)
  • In the Slaughterhouse (1893)
  • Self-Portrait with Skeleton (1896)
  • The Witches (1897)
  • Portrait of Count Keyserling (1900)
  • Cat’s Breakfast (1913)
  • The Sea Near La Spezia (1914)
  • The Red Christ (1922)
  • Ecco homo (1925)
Courbet, Gustave French 1819 1877 Realism Notable art works by Gustave Courbet:
  • The Artist’s studio (1855)
  • Grain Sifters (1855)
  • Sleep (1866)
  • The Origin of the World (1866)
  • The Trout (1871)
Cranach, Lucas the Elder Dutch 1472 1553 Renaissance Notable art works by Lucas the Elder Cranach:
  • Martin Luther (1525)
  • Three Graces (1530)
  • Judith with the Head of Holofernes (1530)
  • River Nymph At The Fountain (1534)
  • Venus with Cupid, a woodcut (1540)
David, Jacques-Louis French 1748 1825 Classicism Notable art works by Jacques-Louis David:
  • Andromache mourning Hector (1783)
  • Oath of the Horatii (1784)
  • The Death of Marat (1793)
  • The Intervention of the Sabine Women (1799)
  • Bonaparte Crossing the Alps (1800)
  • Coronation of Napoleon in Notre-Dame (1804)
Da Vinci, Leonardo Italian 1452 1519 all Renaissance periods, Florentine painting.
Da Vinci was a painter, sculptor, architect, inventor, scientist, geologist, musician, mathematician, engineer, author, astronomer, botanist, historian, cartographer.
Notable art works by Leonardo da Vinci, one of the most famous artists of all time:
  • Ginevra de’ Benci (1474-1478)
  • Two riders (1481)
  • Lady with an Ermine (1483)
  • The Last Supper (1495-1497)
  • Mona Lisa (1503-1506)
  • Madonna of the Rocks (1508)
Dali, Salvador Spanish 1904 1989 Surrealism / Futurism Notable art works by Salvador Dali, famous artist:
  • Girl at the Window (1925)
  • The Enigma of Desire or My Mother, My Mother, My Mother (1929)
  • The Persistence of Memory (1931)
  • The Golden Age (1931)
  • Soft Construction with Boiled Beans (1936)
  • The Burning Giraffe (1936)
  • The Sublime Moment (1938)
  • Woman with Drawers (1958)
Degas, Edgar French 1834 1917 Impressionism Notable art works by Edgar Degas:
  • The Belleli Family (1860-1862)
  • The Woman Ironing (1869)
  • Musicians in the Orchestra (1870-1871)
  • Dance Class (1874)
  • Dance Lesson (1879)
  • The Prima Ballerina (1879)
  • The Tub (1886)
  • Woman Drying Herself (1890-1895)
  • The Fallen Jockey (1896-1898)
Delacroix, Eugène French 1798 1863 Romantic Notable art works by Eugène Delacroix:
  • The Barque of Dante (1822)
  • Massacre at Chios (1824)
  • Greece on the Ruins of Missolonghi (1826)
  • The Death of Sardanapalus (1827)
  • Liberty Leading the People (1830)
  • The Women of Algiers (1834)
  • Tiger Hunt (1854)
  • Indian Woman Bitten by a Tiger (1856)
Delaunay, Robert French 1885 1941 Avant Garde Notable art works by Robert Delaunay:
  • Portrait of Jean Metzinger (1906)
  • Eiffel Tower (1911)
  • La Ville de Paris (1911-1912)
  • Simultaneous Windows (1912)
  • Tall Portuguese Woman (1915)
  • Portrait of Tristan Tzara (1923)
  • Circular shapes (1930)
  • Rhythm series (1930-1935)
  • Air, Iron and Water (1937)
Dix, Otto German 1891 1969 New Objectivity Notable art works by Otto Dix:
  • Portrait of Parents (1921)
  • War (1929-1932)
  • The Seven Deadly Sins (1933)
Dubuffet, Jean French 1901 1985 Art Brut, sculptor Notable art works by Jean Dubuffet:
  • Two Naked Women (1942)
  • Métro (1943)
  • Street with Men (1944)
  • Madame Mouche (1945)
  • Phénomènes (1958-1959)
  • Restaurant Rougeot I (1961)
  • “l’Hourloupe” series (1962-1968)
  • Rue de l’Entourloupe (1963)
  • Portable Landscape (1968) sculpture
Dürer, Albrecht German 1471 1528 Late Gothic / Renaissance Notable art works by Albrecht Dürer:
  • Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse (1498) woodcut
  • Self-portrait in Fur Coat (1500)
  • Hare (1502)
  • The Great Piece of Turf (1503)
  • Feast of the Rosary (1506)
  • Adam and Eve (1507)
  • Knight, Death and the Devil, a copper engraving (1513)
  • Jakob Fugger (1519)
  • The Four Apostles (1526)
Duchamp, Marcel French / American 1887 1968 Surrealism, Dada, conceptual art, plastic art
(Duchamp did not consider himself a Dada artist)
Notable art works by Marcel Duchamp:
  • Nude Descending a Staircase, No. 2 (1912)
  • Fountain (1917)
  • The Bride Stripped Bare by Her Bachelors, Even (1923)
  • Bicycle Wheel (1913)
  • L.H.O.O.Q. (1919)
  • Given: 1. The Waterfall, 2. The Illuminating Gas (1966)
  • Bottle Rack (1914)
  • Prelude to a Broken Arm (1915)
  • La Boîte-en-valise/Box in a Suitcase (1941)
  • Fresh Widow (1920)
El Greco Spanish 1541 1614 Renaissance, painter, sculptor Notable art works by El Greco/Doménikos Theotokópoulos:
  • Christ Healing a Blind Man (1565)
  • Pieta (1570)
  • Giulio Clovio (1570)
  • Annunciation (1570-1576)
  • Resurrection of Christ (1584-1594)
  • View of Toledo (1597-1599)
  • Disrobing of Christ (1608)
  • Opening of the Fifth Seal (1608-1614)
  • Laocoon (1610-1614)
Ernst, Max German 1891 1976 Surrealism / Dada, painter, sculptor, graphic artist and poet Notable art works by Max Ernst one of Germany’s most famous artists:
  • The Elephant Celebes (1921)
  • Oedipus Rex (1922)
  • The Rendezvous of Friends (1922)
  • Young Virgin Spanking the Infant Jesus In Front of Three Witnesses (1926)
  • The Great Forest (1927)
  • The whole city (1935-1936)
  • The Robing of the Bride (1940)
  • Happy Moon (1970)
Escher, Maurits Cornelis
Dutch 1898 1972 Surrealism, graphic artist and master of optical illusions Notable art works by Maurits Escher:
  • Drawing Hands (1948)
  • Belvedere (1958)
  • Moebius Strip II (1963)
  • Ascending and Descending (1960)
  • Waterfall (1961)
  • Relativity (1953)
  • Sky and Water I (1938)
  • Three Worlds (1955)
  • Metamorphosis I (1937)
Francis, Sam American 1923 1994 Tachism, Action painting Notable art works by Sam Francis:
  • Painting (1957)
  • Around the Blues (1957-1962)
  • Damn Braces (1960)
  • Blue Blood Stone (1960)
  • White Bone (1971)
  • Concert Hall, I (1976)
Frankenthaler, Helen American (USA) 1928 2011 Abstract Expressionism, Color Field painting, Lyrical Abstraction Popular art works by Helen Frankenthaler:
  • Mountains and Sea (1952)
  • East and Beyond (1973)
  • Grey Fireworks (2000)
  • Tales of Genji III (1998)
  • What Red Lines Can Do (1970)
  • Glow II (1968)
  • Mauve District (1966)
  • Solar Imp (2001)
  • Robinson’s Wrap (1974)
  • Contentment Island (2004)
Friedrich, Caspar David German 1774 1840 Romantic Notable art works by Caspar David Friedrich:
  • Monk by the Sea (1809)
  • Winter Landscape (1811)
  • Wanderer above the Sea of Fog (1817)
  • Chalk Cliffs on Rügen (1818)
  • The Sea of Ice (1824)
  • The Stages of Life (1834)

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