current monarchies

Current Monarchies 👑

List of All Current Monarchies Around the World 👑

Naruhito became the Emperor of Japan on 1 May 2019. following the abdication of his father Akihito. Naruhito is the 126th monarch of the Tenno dynasty, the oldest reigning dynasty in the world. Of all the current monarchies only four have absolute power.

  • ADDucation’s current monarchies list was compiled by Joe Connor and last updated Sep 25, 2022 @ 9:58 am

ADDucation Tips: Click column headings with arrows to sort current monarchies. Reload page for original sort order. Click the ➕ icon to reveal any hidden columns. Set your browser to full screen to show as many columns as possible. Start typing in the Filter table box to find anything inside the table. Key: = year died

Country Monarch 👑 Title/s Ruler Monarchy type[1] Born Crowned Marital Status / Notes
🇦🇩 Andorra Andorra is ruled by 2 Co-princes:
  • Joan Enric Vives Sicília
    (Bishop of Urgell, Spain)
  • François Hollande
    (elected French President).
Prince of Andorra. Prince Co-principality monarchy 1949
  • Joan Enric Vives Sicília, as a Catholic Bishop, is subject to clerical celibacy.
  • François Hollande is unmarried.
🇧🇭 Bahrain Hamad bin Isa al-Khalifa 1st King of Bahrain King Constitutional monarchy 1950 2002
  • Hamad bin Isa al-Khalifa married his first wife Sabika bint Ibrahim Al Khalifa in 1968. They have three sons and one daughter together.
  • Hamad bin Isa al-Khalifa married his second wife Sheia bint Hassan Al-Khrayyesh Al-Ajmi. They have two sons together.
  • Hamad bin Isa al-Khalifa married his third wife Sheikh Faisal bin Muhammad bin Shuraim Al Marri. They have one son and two daughters together.
  • Hamad bin Isa al-Khalifa married his fourth wife who is a daughter of Jabor Al Naimi. They have one son and two daughters together.
🇧🇪 Belgium Philippe Léopold Louis Marie King of Belgium King Constitutional monarchy 1960 2013 Philippe Léopold Louis Marie married Queen Matilda (born Jonkvrouw Mathilde d’Udekem d’Acoz in 1973) in 1999.
🇧🇹 Bhutan Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck Druk Gyalpo of Bhutan Dragon King Constitutional monarchy 1980 2006 Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck married Jetsun Pema (born 1990) in 2011.
🇧🇳 Brunei Haji Hassanal Bolkiah Sultan of Brunei Sultan Constitutional monarchy 1946 1967 Haji Hassanal Bolkiah married Raja Isteri Pengiran Anak Hajah Saleha (born 1946) in 1965. He was also married to Hajah Mariam (1982-2003) and Azrinaz Mazhar Hakim (2005-2010).
🇰🇭 Cambodia Norodom Sihamoni King of Cambodia King Elective constitutional monarchy 1953 2004 Norodom Sihamoni is unmarried.
🇩🇰 Denmark Margrethe II of Denmark Queen of Denmark Queen Constitutional monarchy 1940 1972 Margrethe II of Denmark married Prince Henri de Laborde de Monpezat in 1967 (1934-2018). They had two sons together.
🇸🇿 Eswatini (Swaziland) Mswati III King of Eswatini King Absolute monarchy 1968 1986 Born Makhosetive Dlamini, Mswati III, King of Eswatini, has 15 concurrent wives and 35 children. 1 of 4 absolute monarchies.
🇯🇵 Japan Naruhito 126th Tenno Emperor Constitutional monarchy 1960 2019 Emperor Naruhito married Empress Masako Owada (born 1963) in 1993. They have one daughter together.
🇯🇴 Jordan Abdullah II of Jordan King of Jordan King. Constitutional monarchy 1962 1999 King Abdullah II of Jordan married Queen Rania Al-Yassin (born 1970) in 1993. They have two sons and two daughters together.
🇰🇼 Kuwait Nawaf Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah Emir of Kuwait Emir Constitutional monarchy 1937 2020 Nawaf Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah, the 16th Emir of Kuwait, is married to Sharifa Sulaiman Al-Jassim. They have four sons Ahmad, Faisal, Abdullah, Salem and a daughter Sheikha.
🇱🇸 Lesotho Letsie III of Lesotho (born David Mohato Bereng Seeiso) King of Lesotho King Constitutional monarchy 1963 1996 King Letsie III of Lesotho married Queen Masenate Mohato Seeiso (born 1976) in 1990. They have two daughters and one son together.
🇱🇮 Liechtenstein Hans-Adam II, Prince of Liechtenstein Prince (Fürst) of Liechtenstein. Prince Constitutional monarchy 1945 1989 Hans-Adam II, Prince of Liechtenstein married Countess Marie Aglaë Kinsky von Wchinitz und Tettau (born 1940) in 1967. They have found children, three sons and one daughter.
🇱🇺 Luxembourg Henri Albert Gabriel Félix Marie Guillaume Grand Duke of Luxembourg Grand Duke Constitutional monarchy 1955 2000 Henri Albert Gabriel Félix Marie Guillaume married to María Teresa Mestre y Batista (born 1956) in 1981. They have five children, four sons and one daughter.
🇲🇾 Malaysia Sallehuddin of Kedah Sultan of Kedah Sultan Federal constitutional monarchy 1942 2017 Sallehuddin of Kedah is married to Sultanah Maliha binti Tengku Ariff.
🇲🇨 Monaco Albert Alexandre Louis Pierre Grimaldi Albert II, Prince of Monaco Prince Constitutional monarchy 1958 2005 Albert Alexandre Louis Pierre Grimaldi married Charlene Wittstock (born 1978) in 2011.
🇲🇦 Morocco Mohammed VI King of Morocco King Constitutional monarchy 1963 1999 Mohammed VI married Princess Lalla Salma (born 1978) in 2002.
🇳🇱 Netherlands Willem Alexander King of the Netherlands King Constitutional monarchy 1967 2013 Willem Alexander married Princess Maxima (born 1971) in 2002.
🇳🇴 Norway Harald V King of Norway King Constitutional monarchy 1991 1991 Harald V married Sonja Haraldsen (born 1937) in 1968.
🇴🇲 Oman Haitham bin Tariq Sultan of Oman Sultan Absolute monarchy 1954 2020 Haitham bin Tariq is married to Ahad bint Abdullah bin Hamad Al-Busaidiyah and has two sons and two daughters.
Haitham bin Tariq became Sultan of Oman on 11 January 2020 following the death of his cousin Qaboos bin Said al Said on 10 January 2020. 1 of 4 absolute current monarchies.
🇶🇦 Qatar Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani Emir of Qatar Emir Constitutional monarchy 1980 2013
  • Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani married his first wife Sheikha Jawahir bint Hamad Al Thani in 2005. They have two sons and two daughters together.
  • Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani married his second wife Sheikha Al-Anoud bint Mana Al Hajri in 2009. They have five children, three daughters and two sons together.
  • Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani married his third wife Sheikha Noora bint Hathal Aldosari in 2014. They have three sons together.
🇸🇦 Saudi Arabia Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud King of Saudi Arabia King Absolute monarchy 1935 2015
  • Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud married his first wife Sultana bint Turki Al Sudairi (2011). They had five sons and one daughter together.
  • Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud married his second wife Sarah bint Faisal Al Subai’ai (divorced). They had one son together.
  • Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud married his third wife Fahda bint Falah Al Hathleen. They have six sons together. 1 of 4 absolute current monarchies.
🇪🇸 Spain Felipe VI Juan Pablo Alfonso de Todos los Santos King of Spain King Parliamentary monarchy 1968 2014 Felipe VI married Letizia, Princess of Asturias (born 1972) in 2004.
🇸🇪 Sweden Carl XVI Gustaf King of Sweden King Constitutional monarchy 1946 1973 Carl XVI Gustaf married Silvia Sommerlath (born 1943) in 1976.
🇹🇭 Thailand Maha Vajiralongkorn Rama X of Thailand Rama Constitutional monarchy 1952 2016
  • Maha Vajiralongkorn has been single since 2014.
  • Maha Vajiralongkorn was married to Srirasmi Suwadee (born 1971) between 2001-2014.
  • Maha Vajiralongkorn was married to Yuvadhida Polpraserth (born 1962) between 1994-1996.
  • Maha Vajiralongkorn was married to Soamsawali Kitiyakara (born 1943) between 1977-1991.
🇹🇴 Tonga ʻAhoʻeitu Tupou VI King Tupou VI of Tonga King Constitutional monarchy 1959 2006 ʻAhoʻeitu Tupou VI married Nanasipauʻu Vaea (born 1954) in 1982. They have three children, two sons and one daughter.
🇦🇪 United Arab Emirates (UAE) Mohamed bin Zayed Al Nahyan / MBZ
UAE President and Emir of Abu Dhabi Emir Absolute monarchy 1961 2022 Mohamed bin Zayed Al Nahyan married Salama bint Hamdan Al Nahyan in 1981. They have ten children, four sons; Khaled, Theyab, Hamdan and Zayed, and six daughters; Mariam, Shamsa, Fatima and Shamma, Amina (adopted) and Salha (adopted). The UAE is one of four absolute current monarchies.
🇬🇧 United Kingdom (UK) Charles III King of the United Kingdom King Constitutional monarchy 1948 TBC King Charles III married Diana Spencer on 29 July 1981. They had two children: William born 1982 and Henry, known as Harry, born 1984.
🇻🇦 Vatican City / Holy See Jorge Mario Bergoglio Pope Francis, Bishop of Rome Pope Absolute elective monarchy. 1936 2013 The Vatican is an absolute elective monarchy ruled by an elected monarch.

See also: All Kings and Queens in England…

Notes: [1] In an absolute monarchy the ruler has absolute power and often little or no opposition. In a constitutional monarchy the hereditary or elected monarch is recognized as the official head of state, usually with far fewer powers.

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