monarchies

Current Monarchies

List of Current Monarchies Around the World

With the passing of Rama IX of Thailand, Bhumibol Aduly, who died on October 13, 2016, Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom is now the longest reigning AND the oldest serving head of all current monarchies, and she’s also queen of 16 sovereign states and head of 53 Commonwealth states.

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CountryMonarchTitleRulerType of Monarchy*BornCrownedMarital Status
AndorraAndorra is ruled by 2 Co-princes:
  • Joan Enric Vives Sicília
    (Bishop of Urgell, Spain)
  • François Hollande
    (elected French President)
Prince of AndorraPrinceco-principality1949
1954
2003
2012
  • Joan Enric Vives Sicília, as a Catholic Bishop, is subject to clerical celibacy
  • François Hollande is unmarried
BahrainHamad bin Isa al-Khalifa1st King of BahrainKingConstitutional19502002 Sabika bint Ibrahim Al Khalifa, Sheia bint Hassan Al Khrayyesh Al Ajmi, Shaikh Faisal bin Muhammad bin Shuraim Al Marri, Jabor Al Naimi’s daughter
BelgiumPhilippe Léopold Louis MarieKing of BelgiumKingConstitutional19602013 1999 Queen Matilda (*1973)
BhutanJigme Khesar Namgyel WangchuckDruk Gyalpo of BhutanDragon KingConstitutional19802006 Jetsun Pema
BruneiHaji Hassanal BolkiahSultan of BruneiSultanConstitutional19461967 Raja Isteri. Previously Hajah Mariam (divorce 2003), Azrinaz Mazhar Hakim (divorce 2010)
CambodiaNorodom SihamoniKing of CambodiaKingConstitutional19532004unmarried
DenmarkMargrethe Alexandrine Þórhildur IngridQueen of DenmarkQueenConstitutional19401972 1967 Prince Henrik (*1934)
JapanAkihito125th TennoEmperorConstitutional193319891959 Empress Michiko (*1934)
JordanAbdullah II ibn al-HusseinKing of JordanKingConstitutional19621999 1993 Queen Rania (*1970)
KuwaitSabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-SabahEmir of KuwaitEmirConstitutional19292006 Sheikha Fatuwah (†1990)
LesothoLetsie III (born David Mohato Bereng Seeiso)King of LesothoKingConstitutional19631996 Karabo Mots’oeneng
LiechtensteinJohannes Adam Ferdinand Alois Josef Maria Marco d’Aviano Pius Fürst von und zu LiechtensteinPrince (Fürst) of LiechtensteinPrinceConstitutional19451989 Countess Marie Aglaë Kinsky von Wchinitz und Tettau
LuxembourgHenri Albert Gabriel Félix Marie GuillaumeGrand Duke of LuxembourgGrand DukeConstitutional19552000 María Teresa Mestre y Batista
MalaysiaAlmu’tasimu Billahi Muhibbuddin Tuanku Alhaj Abdul Halim Mu’adzam Shah Ibni Almarhum Sultan BadlishahSultan of KedahSultanConstitutional19272011 Tuanku Haminah binti Hamidun, Tuanku Bahiyah (†2003)
MonacoAlbert Alexandre Louis Pierre GrimaldiAlbert II, Prince of MonacoPrinceConstitutional19582005 2011 Charlene Wittstock (*1978)
MoroccoMohammed VIKing of MoroccoKingConstitutional19631999 2002 Princess Lalla Salma (born 1978)
NetherlandsWillem AlexanderKing of the NetherlandsKingConstitutional19672013 2002 Princess Maxima (*1971)
NorwayHarald VKing of NorwayKingConstitutional19911991 1968 Sonja Haraldsen (*1937)
OmanQabus ibn Sa’idSultan of OmanSultanAbsolute19401970 Kamila born Sayyidah Nawwal bint Tariq Al-Said (divorce 1979)
QatarSheikh Tamim bin Hamad bin Khalifa Al ThaniEmir of QatarEmirConstitutional19802013 Sheikha Jawahir bint Hamad bin Suhaim Al Thani, Sheikha Anoud bint Mana Al Hajri
Saudi ArabiaSalman bin Abdulaziz Al SaudKing of Saudi ArabiaKingAbsolute19352015 Sultana bint Turki Al Sudairi († 2011), Sarah bint Faisal Al Subai’ai, Fahda bint Falah bin Sultan Al Hithalayn
SpainFelipe VI Juan Pablo Alfonso de Todos los SantosKing of SpainKingParliamentary19682014 2004 to Letizia, Princess of Asturias (*1972)
SwazilandMakhosetive DlaminiIngwenyama (King) III of SwazilandKingAbsolute19681986 15 wives, 25 children
SwedenCarl XVI GustafKing of SwedenKingConstitutional19461973 1976 Silvia Sommerlath (*1943)
ThailandBhumibol Aduly. Successor to be announcedRama IX of ThailandRamaConstitutional19271946 1950 Queen Sirikit (*1932). The Rama died on October 13, 2016. Successor to be announced
TongaʻAhoʻeitu ʻUnuakiʻotonga TukuʻahoKing Tupou VI of TongaKingConstitutional19592006 Nanasipauʻu Tukuʻaho
UAE / EmiratesKhalifa bin Zayed Al NahyanUAE President and Emir of Abu DhabiPresidentAbsolute19482004 Shamsa bint Suhail Al Mazrouei
United KingdomElizabeth IIQueen of the United KingdomQueenConstitutional19261953 1947 Prince Philip (*1921)
VaticanJorge Mario BergoglioPope Francis, Bishop of RomePopeAbsolute19362013(elective monarchy)
* In an absolute monarchy the ruler has absolute power and often little or no opposition. In a constitutional monarchy the hereditary or elected monarch is recognized as the official head of state, usually with far fewer powers.

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