historical battles

Historical Battles

Historical Battles List – “War does not determine who is right – only who is left”

A pearl of wisdom from Bertrand Russell, but it doesn’t look like wars are going to disappear anytime soon. More the opposite sadly. This chronological list of historical battles covers just about all the major important military engagements in recorded history.

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Historical BattlesWhereWhenAttackersOutcomeDefenders
MarathonGreece490 BCAthenians and PlataeansVictoryPersian invaders
IssusTurkey333 BCMacedonians under Alexander the GreatVictoryPersian / minions under the command of Darius III.
CannaeApulia216 BC40,000 Carthaginians (†8000) under HannibalVictory80,000 Romans († 70,000) under Lucius Paullus
Teutoburg ForestGermany9 ADGermans under ArminiusVictory3 Roman legions under Varus (Varus Battle)
LechfeldGermany955Hungarian troops under BulcsúDefeatSaxony / Franconia / Bavaria under Otto I. / Red Konrad
HastingsEngland10669000 Normans under Duke William IIVictory10,000 Anglo-Saxons under King Harold II
Field of BlackbirdsKosovo1389Ca. 20,000 Christian Serbs/Bosnians led by Prince Lazar and Vuk BrankovicDefeat35,000 Turks (Ottoman Empire) under Sultan Murad I, Sultan Bayezid I and Yakub.
TannenbergPoland141027,000 German troops under Grand Master JungingenDefeat39,000 Poles / Lithuanians under Władysław II Jagiello.
OrléansFrance1428/29French under Joan of ArcVictoryEnglish / Burgundians under the Earl of Salisbury
Constantinople (Istanbul)Turkey1453Byzantines under Emperor Constantine XIDefeat50,000 Turks under Sultan Mehmed II
Towton (War of the Roses)England146140,000 House of York under Edward IVVictory60,000 of the House of Lancaster under Henry Beaufort
HohenlindenGermany1800100,000 French under Moreau and NeyVictory120,000 Austrians under John of Austria
AusterlitzCzech Republic180573,000 French (139 guns) under Emperor Napoleon I BonaparteVictory85,000 Russians and Austrians (278 guns) under Tsar Alexander I and Emperor Francis II
TrafalgarEngland180527 British ships under NelsonVictory33 Spanish and French ships under Villeneuve
Battle of LeipzigGermany1813210,000 Frenchmen and 700 guns under Emperor Napoleon I BonaparteDefeat310,000 Prussians, Austrians and Russians under Prince Schwarzenberg and Alexander I.
HanauGermany181360,000 French under Napoleon I.Victory45,000 Bavarians / Austrians under Carl von Wrede
WaterlooBelgium181572,000 Frenchmen with 246 guns under Emperor Napoleon I BonaparteDefeat68,000 English / Dutch (156 guns) and 31,000 Prussians under Wellington and Blücher.
FredericksburgUSA186272,000 Confederates under General LeeVictory100,000 Union army soldiers under General Burnside
GettysburgUSA186375,000 Confederates under General LeeDefeatUnion Army (88,000) under General Meade
The Battle of Königgrätz / Hradec KraloveCzech Republic1866278,000 Prussians under Chief of Staff MoltkeVictory271,000 Austrians under Benedek
SedanFrance1870120,000 Frenchmen with 564 gunsDefeat200,000 Germans with 744 guns under Moltke
Little Big Horn RiverUSA1876Cheyenne, Dakota, and Arapaho under the chiefs Sitting Bull and Crazy HorseVictoryCavalry Regiment under General Custer
TannenbergPoland1914300,000 Germans under General HindenburgVictory2nd Russian Army (300,000) under Samsonov
VerdunFrance191675 French divisions (†167,000) under Joffre, Pétain and NivelleDraw50 German divisions (†150,000) under Falkenhayn
Skagerrak (at sea)Skagerrak strait1916149 English ships under Jellicoe and BeattyDraw99 German ships under Admiral Scheer and Hipper
Battle of BritainEngland19402,300 aircraft of the German LuftwaffeDefeat800 aircraft of the Royal Air Force
Pearl HarborHawaii19414,000 American soldiers (on 10 ships and 261 aircraft)DiedSurprise attack by 360 Japanese aircraft under Nagumo
Midway (at sea)Pacific ocean19423 US aircraft carriers / 50 shipsVictoryFour Japanese aircraft carriers and 150 ships
StalingradRussia1942850,000 German / Italian / Romanian soldiers under Paul and von MansteinDefeat1,700,000 Soviet soldiers under Zhukov, Timoshenko and Vasilevsky
ArdennesBelgium1944250,000 German soldiers under RundstedtDefeat1st and 3rd US Army (400,000) under Eisenhower
Battle of HueVietnam196810,000 US Americans / South VietnameseVictory10,000 North Vietnamese
Kuwait and IraqMiddle East1991490,000 UNO-soldiers under General SchwarzkopfVictory550,000 Iraqi soldiers during the Gulf War
Around BaghdadIraq200345,000 Iraqis under Saddam HusseinDefeat300,000 Americans under Commander Franks

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After That Marathon List of Historical Battles Try These History Related Lists

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