kings of England

Kings of England List

Kings of England List in Order

Chronological list of all the Kings of England since 1066 AD including the house (family) each king belonged to. There have been 35 kings of England since 1066. King William III ruled as joint sovereign (coregency) with his wife Queen Mary II until her death in December 1694, after which William ruled as sole monarch.

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King + FamilyRuledBorn – Died#Where bornPedigreeDemiseCountries ruledKings of England Facts, Events and Trivia
The Normans1066 – 1154Until 1603 the English and Scottish Crowns were separate.
King William I (William the Conqueror / William the Bastard)1066 – 10871028 – 9 Sep 10871Château de Falaise, FranceSon of Robert IillnessEnglandInvaded England and killed King Harold at the Battle of Hastings on 14 Oct 1066. Responsible for The Doomsday Book, effectively the first national census.
King William II (William Rufus / William the Red)1087 – 11001056 – 2 Aug 11002Normandy, FranceSon of William Ikilled by arrow in New ForestEnglandSo called because of his reddish hair. The Rufus Stone, in the New Forest, marks the place where he fell. Whether his death was deliberate or accidental remains unclear.
King Henry I (Henry Beauclerc)1100 – 1135Sep 1058 – 1 Dec 11353Selby, EnglandWilliam Rufus’ brotherillnessEnglandNaming his daughter Matilda as successor caused a crisis after his death which led to civil war.
King Stephen1135 – 11541092 – 25 Oct 11544Blois, FranceNephew of Henry Istomach illnessEngland
The Plantagenets1154 – 1399The Plantagenets produced 8 kings of England, more than any other family. They were a large powerful family, not just in England, but throughout Europe.
King Henry II1154 – 11895 Mar 1133 – 6 Jul 11895Le Mans, FranceGrandson of Henry Ibleeding ulcerEnglandControlled more of France than the King of France! Appointed Thomas A Becket as Chancellor then Archbishop of Canterbury and possibly ordered Becket’s assassination in Canterbury Cathedral on 29 December 1170.
King Richard I (Richard the Lionheart / Richard Coeur de Lion)1189 – 11998 Sep 1157 – 6 Apr 11996Fotheringhay Castle, Fotheringhay, EnglandThird son of Henry IIarrow wound which became gangrenousEnglandOnly in England for ten months and spent most of his life as a brave warrior king fighting The Crusades in the Holy Land to liberate them from Islamic rule.
King John1199 – 121624 Dec 1166 – 19 Oct 12167Beaumont Palace, Oxford, EnglandFifth son of Henry IIdysenteryEnglandKing John approved the Magna Carta at Runnymede in 1215 using his seal.
King Henry III (Henry of Winchester)1216 – 12721 Oct 1207 -16 Nov 12728Winchester Castle, EnglandSon of JohnillnessEngland, de-facto WalesLongest reign of any English monarch. Was crowned twice. The first on 28th October 1216 in his mother’s chaplet then on 17th May 1220 at Westminster Abbey, which he had rebuilt during his reign in Gothic style.
King Edward I (Edward Longshanks / The Hammer of the Scots)1272 – 130717 Jun 1239 – 7 Jul 13079Westminster, London, EnglandSon of Henry IIIdysenteryEngland, Wales (1284 onwards)So called because he was over six foot tall and because he fought against Scots King, Robert the Bruce. Formed the Model Parliament on 13 November 1295. Edward conquered Wales between 1277 and 1283 resulting in the annexation of the Principality of Wales and the last remaining independent Welsh principalities in 1284 which became united with England.
King Edward II (Edward of Caernarfon)1307 – deposed Jan 132725 Apr 1284 – 21 Sep132710Caernarfon Castle, Caernarfon, WalesSon of Edward ImurderedEngland, WalesDeposed by his wife Isabella of France. Probably murdered in prison at Berkeley Castle in Gloucestershire.
King Edward III (Edward of Windsor)1327 – 137713 Nov 1312 – 21 Jun 137711Windsor Castle, Windsor, EnglandSon of Edward IIstrokeEngland, WalesPopular monarch who restored royal authority and asserted military power in Europe. Founded the Order of the Garter.
Richard II1377 – 1399deposed 1399, died around 14 Feb 140012Bordeaux, FranceGrandson of Edward III, son of the Black PrincemurderedEngland, WalesProbably murdered in prison by his cousin Henry IV who took over the throne.
The House of Lancaster1399 – 1461
Henry IV (Henry of Bolingbroke)1399 – 14133 Apr 1366 – 20 Mar 141313Bolingbroke Castle, EnglandGrandson of Edward III, son of John of Gauntprotracted unknown illnessEngland, WalesSeized the crown by forcing Richard II to abdicate. His reign experienced many rebellions. His coronation on 13 Oct 1399 was the first time English was spoken since the Norman conquest.
Henry V (The Warrior King)1413 – 142216 Sep 1386 – 31 Aug 142214Monmouth, Monmouthshire, WalesSon of Henry IVdysentery or toxic megacolonEngland, WalesFirst English king who could read and write English comfortably. Henry V fought in the Battle of Agincourt (25 Oct 1415), famous for English use of the longbow, one of the greatest victories in the Hundred Years War against France.
Henry VI (Henry of Windsor)1422 – deposed 14616 Dec 1421 – 21 May 147115Windsor Castle, Windsor, EnglandSon of Henry Vofficially melancholy, more likely murderedEngland, WalesSucceeded to throne aged just 9 months, the youngest ever English king. The coronation was on 6 Nov 1429. Founded Eton College in 1440 and Kings College, Cambridge. Crowned King of France in Paris at Notre Dame on 16 Dec 1431.
The House of York1461 – 1485The House of York produced 3 kings of England but they reigned 5 times…
King Edward IV1461 – deposed 3 Oct 147028 Apr 1442 – 9 Apr 148316Rouen, FranceGreat grandson of Edmund of York, Edward III’s youngest
England, WalesCame to the throne in 1461 after defeating Henry VI at the Battle of Towton, in Yorkshire. He was just 19 years old. Tried to bring peace to the country. During his reign the first printing press was established in Westminster by William Caxton.
Henry VI AGAIN1470 – 147115Son of Henry VEngland, WalesHenry VI, along with Edward IV, were both kings of England for two separate reigns.
King Edward IV AGAIN1471 – 148311 April 1471 – 9 Apr 148316Great grandson of Edmund of York, Edward III’s youngest
illnessesEngland, WalesEdward IV along with Henry VI, both served two periods as kings of England.
King Edward V1483 (9 April to 26 June)2 Nov 1470 – 26 Jun 148317Westminster, London, EnglandGreat grandson of Edmund of York, Edward III’s youngest
unknownEngland, WalesReigned for just six weeks. It’s likely Edward and his brother Richard were murdered in the Tower of London
King Richard III1483 – 14852 Oct 1452 – 22 Aug 148518Fotheringhay Castle, Fotheringhay, EnglandUncle of Edward Vkilled on battlefieldEngland, WalesKilled during the Battle of Bosworth Field against Henry VII (Henry Tudor) which ended the War of the Roses. Probably killed the two princes Edward and Richard.
The Tudors1485 – 1603
King Henry VII1485 – 150928 Jan 1457 – 21 Apr 150919Pembroke Castle, Pembroke, WalesGrandson of Henry V, wife’s second husbandtuberculosisEngland, WalesGained the throne after killing Richard III at the Battle of Bosworth in 1485 which ended the War of the Roses between the House of Lancaster and House of York. Prosperous reign.
King Henry VIII1509 – 154728 June 1491 – 28 Jan 154720Palace of Placentia, Greenwich, London, EnglandHenry VII’s second sonobesityEngland, Wales, Ireland (after 1542)Henry had six wives: Catherine Parr (married 1543–1547), Catherine Howard (married 1540–1541), Anne of Cleves (married 1540–1540), Jane Seymour (married 1536–1537), Anne Boleyn (married 1533–1536) and Catherine of Aragon (married 1509–1533). In 1542 Henry VIII was proclaimed King of Ireland in the Crown of Ireland Act by the Irish Parliament. Probably the most famous of all the kings of England.
King Edward VI1547 – 155312 Oct 1537 – 6 Jul 155321Hampton Court Palace, Molesey, EnglandHenry’s son by Jane Seymouruncertain, possibly tuberculosis or broncho-pneumoniaEngland, Wales, IrelandSon of Henry VIII and his fourth wife Jane Seymour, died aged 15.
The Stuarts1603 – 1714The Stuart family produced five kings of England.
James I (King James VI of Scotland)1603 – 162519 June 1566 – 27 March 162522Edinburgh Castle, Edinburgh, ScotlandGreat-great-grandson of Henry VIIdysenteryEngland, Wales, Scotland, IrelandJames was the son of Mary Queen of Scots and the first monarch to rule both countries as the de-facto king of Great Britain. He was a popular monarch. During his reign the Gunpowder Plot was foiled in 1605. The King James bible translation was authorized. Sir Walter Raleigh was executed.
Charles I1625 – 164919 Nov 1600 – 30 Jan 164923Dunfermline Palace, Dunfermline, ScotlandSecond son of James Iexecution, beheadedEngland, Wales, Scotland, IrelandCharles was a short, quiet man with a stammer. He was an art lover. Charles believed in the divine right of kings to rule and constantly argued with Parliament. Using Royal Prerogative he locked MP’s out of Parliament between 1629 and 1640 in the Eleven Years Tyranny. In 1637 he Imposed a new prayer book on the Scots which led them to invade England and Charles was forced to recall and deal with Parliament to finance a war to force the Scots out of England. King and Parliament were on a collision course and after attempting to arrest his critics in Parliament civil war was inevitable which eventually led to his execution.
Charles II1660 – 168529 May 1630 – 6 Feb 168524St James’s Palace, London, EnglandOldest son of Charles Isudden apoplectic fitEngland, Wales, Scotland, IrelandCharles had already been King of Scotland since 1651 and returned to London and ruled England (including Wales) and Scotland. Charles was brilliant and seen as a lovable rogue and merry monarch. He was a patron of the arts and science founding the Royal Observatory, a supporter of the Royal Society (whose members included Sir Isaac Newton) and personal patron of Sir Christopher Wren (who built St. Paul’s Cathedral). The anniversary of the Restoration (and Charles’s birthday on 29th May) was celebrated in England as Oak Apple Day until it was formally abolished in 1859 but is still celebrated in some parts of the country.
James II (James VII King of Scotland)1685 – 168814 Oct 1633 – 16 Sep 170125St James’s Palace, London, EnglandBrother of Charles IIbrain hemorrhageEngland, Wales, Scotland, IrelandJames was a convert to Catholicism and made himself unpopular by pursuing religious tolerance policies. He put down a rebellion led by the Duke of Monmouth (which resulted in savage punishments imposed by Judge Jeffreys in the Bloody Assizes) led to conflict with parliament which he suspended In 1685. Fearing a Catholic succession Protestants led by William of Orange invaded England with a dutch fleet in 1688 (The Glorious Revolution) and James fled abroad – which Parliament declared an abdication.
William III (King William II of Scotland and “King Billy” in Ireland) aka William of Orange and Queen Mary II
1694 – 170214 Nov 1650 – 8 Mar 170226Binnenhof, NetherlandsGrandson of Charles Ipneumonia (a complication of a broken collarbone after falling from horse, Sorrel)England, Wales, Scotland, IrelandWilliam and Mary ruled as joint sovereigns until Mary died in 1694, after which William ruled as sole monarch. William deeply mourned Mary’s death and wasn’t a popular sole monarch. William and Mary’s reign in England ended the bitter conflict between Crown and Parliament.
The House of Hanovarians1714 – 1901The House of Hanover produced five kings of England.
King George I (George Louis / Georg Ludwig)1714 – 172728 May 1660 – 11 June 172727Hanover, GermanyGreat-grandson of James IstrokeGreat Britain and IrelandGeorge married his cousin Sophia and they had two children together after which he divorced her for alleged infidelity and imprisoned her in a castle until she died in 1726. In the early years of his reign George was active in British foreign policy helping to forge the Treaty of Hanover in 1718 with Great Britain, France and Prussia to counterbalance an Austro-Spanish Treaty of Vienna. In 1721 Robert Walpole was appointed first lord of the Treasury, effectively Britain’s first prime minister.
King George II (George Augustus / Georg August)1727 – 176030 Oct 1683 – 25 Oct 176028Hanover, GermanySon of George Iaortic aneurysmGreat Britain and IrelandGeorge was more interested in hunting than politics but he had a grasp of foreign policy and prevented, or sidelined, the appointment of commanders or ministers he disliked. He saw British interests expand around the world and ended the Jacobite challenge to the Hanoverian dynasty. He was the last English King to be on the battlefield at the Battle of Dettingen against the French in 1743.
King George III (George William Frederick)1760 – 18204 Jun 1738 – 29 Jan 182029London, EnglandGrandson of George IIdementiaUnited KingdomGeorge married Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz in 1761. They were happily married and had 9 sons and 6 daughters together. He suffered recurring fits of madness and his son (George IV) acted as regent after 1810. The American Colonies proclaimed their independence on 4th July 1776. Great Britain and Ireland were united into a single nation, the United Kingdom, by the 1801 Act of Union. Wars with France continued until Napoleon was defeat at Waterloo in 1815.
King George IV (George Augustus Frederick)1820 – 183012 Aug 1762 – 26Jun 183030St James’s Palace, London, EnglandSon of George IIIheart attackUnited KingdomUnpopular monarch who was obese, indulgent and a heavy drinker. He was ridiculed when he appeared in public. In 1828 the Duke of Wellington becomes British Prime Minister and in 1829 The Metropolitan Police Force is set up by Robert Peel and The Catholic Relief Act is passed, which allowed Catholics to become Members of Parliament.
King William IV (William Henry)1830 – 183721 Aug 1765 – 20 Jun 183731Buckingham House, London, EnglandBrother of George IVheart attackUnited KingdomGeorge joined the Royal Navy at 13 years old and was nicknamed the “Sailor King”. He saw service at the Battle of St Vincent in 1780 against the Spanish and in New York during the American War of Independence. Slavery was abolished in the colonies in 1833. His illegitimate children with Mrs Jordan were the main beneficiaries of his will and notable descendants include Prime Minister David Cameron, author Duff Cooper and TV presenter Adam Hart-Davis.
The House of Saxe – Coburg Gotha1901 – 1910The House of Saxe-Coburg Gotha and Windsor together have produced four kings of England.
King Edward VII (Albert Edward)1901 – 19109 Nov 1841 – 6 May 191032Buckingham Palace, London, EnglandSon of Victoria and AlbertpneumoniaUnited KingdomEdward enjoyed a playboy indulgent lifestyle during Victoria’s reign and she had a low opinion of him. As king, in 1904, he contributed to the Anglo-French “Entente Cordiale” and the Triple Entente between Britain, France and Russia and he became known as Edward the Peacemaker.
The House of Windsor1910 to dateThe family name was changed to Windsor in 1917 because of general anti-German feeling.
King George V (George Frederick Ernest Albert)1910 – 19363 Jun 1865 – 20 Jan 193633Marlborough House, London, EnglandSecond son of Edward VIIeuthanasiaUnited KingdomThe 1911 Parliament Act established the supremacy of the elected British House of Commons over the House of Lords, which was un-elected. Ruled Britain through WW1 1914 – 1918. The Irish Sinn Fein Easter Rising in 1916 led to an independent Parliament in Ireland in 1918. The 1918 Representation of the People Acts in 1918 and 1928 extended votes to all women over the age of 21. In 1924 the first Labour ministry was appointed. In 1931 the Statute of Westminster recognized the Empire dominions as separate, independent states within the Commonwealth of Nations.
King Edward VIII (Edward Albert Christian George Andrew Patrick David)1936 (20 Jan – 11 Dec)23 Jun 1894 – 28 May 197234White Lodge, London, Englandson of George Vcancer of the larynxUnited KingdomRuled for 325 days before abdicating to marry Mrs Wallis Simpson because he was not able to marry a divorced woman and become King. Mrs. Simpson was an American divorcee with two living ex-husbands.
King George VI (Albert Frederick Arthur George)1936 – 195214 Dec 1895 – 6 Feb 195235Sandringham House, Norfolk, EnglandSecond son of
George V
lung cancerUnited KingdomGeorge wasn’t expecting to be king and dreaded public speaking because of a stammer. With the help of Lionel Logue, an Australian-born speech therapist, he improved enough to open the new Parliament House in Canberra, Australia in 1927. He ruled during WW2 (1939 – 1945) and remained in London during the Blitz with Elizabeth and Margaret at Windsor Castle and restored the popularity of the monarchy. The George Medal and Cross were founded his suggestion to recognize acts of exceptional civilian bravery.

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