kings of England

Kings of England List

Kings of England List in Order

Chronological list of all the Kings of England since 1066 AD including the house (family) for each English king. There have been 35 kings of England since 1066. The English and Scottish Crowns remained separate until 1603. King William III ruled as joint sovereign (coregency) with his wife Queen Mary II. After her death in December 1694 William ruled as sole monarch.

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Kings of England Ruled Born – Died Rank Where born Pedigree Demise Countries ruled Kings of England Facts, Events and Trivia
The Normans 1066 – 1154 Between 1066 and 1154 there were 4 Norman kings of England.
King William I (William the Conqueror / William the Bastard) 1066 – 1087 1028 – 9 Sep 1087 1st Château de Falaise, France. Son of Robert I. Illness. England King William I invaded England and killed King Harold at the Battle of Hastings on 14 Oct 1066. He was responsible for The Doomsday Book which was effectively the first national census.
King William II (William Rufus / William the Red) 1087 – 1100 1056 – 2 Aug 1100 2nd Normandy, France. Son of William I. Killed by an arrow in the New Forest. England So called because of his reddish hair. The Rufus Stone, in the New Forest, marks the place where he fell. Whether his death was deliberate or accidental remains unclear.
King Henry I (Henry Beauclerc) 1100 – 1135 Sep 1058 – 1 Dec 1135 3rd Selby, England. William Rufus’ brother. Illness. England Naming his daughter Matilda as successor caused a crisis after his death which led to civil war.
King Stephen 1135 – 1154 1092 – 25 Oct 1154 4th Blois, France. Nephew of Henry I. Stomach illness. England Under Stephen the Scots and Welsh repeatedly raided England. The Norman barons looted and extorted money across town and country. In 1139 Matilda invaded from Anjou and a decade of civil war “The Anarchy” ensued. A compromise was eventually agreed to end the war. Matilda’s son Henry Plantagenet would succeed to the throne after Stephen died.
House of Plantagenet 1154 – 1485 The House of Plantagenet spanned four separate royal houses; the Angevins, the main Plantagenets, the House of Lancaster and House of York. The Plantagenets were powerful throughout Europe and produced more kings of England than any other family.
Angevins 1154 – 1216 The 3 Angevin kings of England were also counts of Anjou in France.
King Henry II 1154 – 1189 5 Mar 1133 – 6 Jul 1189 5th Le Mans, France. Grandson of Henry I. Bleeding ulcer. England King Henry II appointed Thomas A Becket as Chancellor and then Archbishop of Canterbury. He may have ordered Becket’s assassination in Canterbury Cathedral on 29 December 1170.
King Richard I (Richard the Lionheart / Richard Coeur de Lion) 1189 – 1199 8 Sep 1157 – 6 Apr 1199 6th Fotheringhay Castle, Fotheringhay, England. Third son of Henry II. Arrow wound which became gangrenous. England Only in England for ten months and spent most of his life as a brave warrior king fighting The Crusades in the Holy Land to liberate them from Islamic rule.
King John 1199 – 1216 24 Dec 1166 – 19 Oct 1216 7th Beaumont Palace, Oxford, England. Fifth son of Henry II Dysentery. England King John approved the Magna Carta at Runnymede in 1215 using his seal.
The Plantagenets 1216 – 1399 The Plantagenets produced 8 kings of England, more than any other family.
King Henry III (Henry of Winchester) 1216 – 1272 1 Oct 1207 -16 Nov 1272 8th Winchester Castle, England. Son of John. Illness. England, de-facto Wales. Longest reign of any English monarch. Was crowned twice. The first on 28th October 1216 in his mother’s chaplet then on 17th May 1220 at Westminster Abbey, which he had rebuilt during his reign in Gothic style.
King Edward I (Edward Longshanks / The Hammer of the Scots) 1272 – 1307 17 Jun 1239 – 7 Jul 1307 9th Westminster, London, England. Son of Henry III. Dysentery. England, Wales (1284 onwards). King Edward I was called Edward Longshanks because he was over six foot tall. Edward I formed the “Model Parliament” on 13 November 1295. Edward I fought the Welsh wars from 1274 until the 1284 Statute of Rhuddlan. The statute provided the constitutional basis for the government of the Principality of Wales between 1284 and 1536.
King Edward II (Edward of Caernarfon) 1307 – deposed Jan 1327 25 Apr 1284 – 21 Sep1327 10th Caernarfon Castle, Caernarfon, Wales. Son of Edward I. Murdered. England, Wales. Deposed by his wife Isabella of France. Probably murdered in prison at Berkeley Castle in Gloucestershire.
King Edward III (Edward of Windsor) 1327 – 1377 13 Nov 1312 – 21 Jun 1377 11th Windsor Castle, Windsor, England. Son of Edward II. Stroke. England, Wales. Popular monarch who restored royal authority and asserted military power in Europe. Founded the Order of the Garter.
Richard II 1377 – 1399 deposed 1399, died around 14 Feb 1400 12th Bordeaux, France. Grandson of Edward III, son of the Black Prince. Murdered. England, Wales. Probably murdered in prison by his cousin Henry IV who took over the throne.
The House of Lancaster 1399 – 1461 3 kings of England belonged to the house of Lancaster, a cadet / branch of the house of Plantagenet.
Henry IV (Henry of Bolingbroke) 1399 – 1413 3 Apr 1366 – 20 Mar 1413 13th Bolingbroke Castle, England. Grandson of Edward III, son of John of Gaunt. Protracted unknown illness. England, Wales. Seized the crown by forcing Richard II to abdicate. His reign experienced many rebellions. His coronation on 13 Oct 1399 was the first time English was spoken since the Norman conquest.
Henry V (The Warrior King) 1413 – 1422 16 Sep 1386 – 31 Aug 1422 14th Monmouth, Monmouthshire, Wales. Son of Henry IV. Dysentery or toxic megacolon. England, Wales. First English king who could read and write English comfortably. Henry V fought in the Battle of Agincourt (25 Oct 1415), famous for English use of the longbow, one of the greatest victories in the Hundred Years War against France.
Henry VI (Henry of Windsor) 1422 – deposed 1461 6 Dec 1421 – 21 May 1471 15th Windsor Castle, Windsor, England. Son of Henry V. Officially melancholy, more likely murdered. England, Wales. Succeeded to throne aged just 9 months, the youngest ever English king. The coronation was on 6 Nov 1429. Founded Eton College in 1440 and Kings College, Cambridge. Crowned King of France in Paris at Notre Dame on 16 Dec 1431.
The House of York 1461 – 1485 3 kings of England belonged to the house of York, a cadet / branch of the house of Plantagenet.
King Edward IV 1461 – deposed 3 Oct 1470 28 Apr 1442 – 9 Apr 1483 16th Rouen, France. Great grandson of Edmund of York, Edward III’s youngest
son.
England, Wales. Came to the throne in 1461 after defeating Henry VI at the Battle of Towton, in Yorkshire. He was just 19 years old. Tried to bring peace to the country. During his reign the first printing press was established in Westminster by William Caxton.
Henry VI AGAIN 1470 – 1471 15th Windsor Castle, Windsor, England. Son of Henry V. England, Wales. Henry VI, along with Edward IV, were both kings of England for two separate reigns.
King Edward IV AGAIN 1471 – 1483 11 April 1471 – 9 Apr 1483 16th Rouen, France. Great grandson of Edmund of York, Edward III’s youngest
son.
Illnesses. England, Wales. Edward IV along with Henry VI, both served two periods as kings of England.
King Edward V 1483 (9 April to 26 June) 2 Nov 1470 – 26 Jun 1483 17th Westminster, London, England. Son of Edward IV. Unknown. England, Wales King Edward V reigned for just six weeks. It’s likely Edward V and his brother Richard were murdered in the Tower of London.
King Richard III 1483 – 1485 2 Oct 1452 – 22 Aug 1485 18th Fotheringhay Castle, Fotheringhay, England. Uncle of Edward V. Killed on the battlefield. England, Wales Killed during the Battle of Bosworth Field against Henry VII (Henry Tudor) which ended the War of the Roses. Probably killed the two princes Edward and Richard.
The Tudors 1485 – 1603 There were 3 Tudor kings of England.
King Henry VII 1485 – 1509 28 Jan 1457 – 21 Apr 1509 19th Pembroke Castle, Pembroke, Wales. Grandson of Henry V, wife’s second husband. Tuberculosis. England, Wales. Gained the throne after killing Richard III at the Battle of Bosworth in 1485 which ended the War of the Roses between the House of Lancaster and House of York. Prosperous reign.
King Henry VIII 1509 – 1547 28 June 1491 – 28 Jan 1547 20th Palace of Placentia, Greenwich, London, England. Henry VII’s second son. Obesity. England, Wales, Ireland (after 1542). King Henry VIII had six wives:
  1. Catherine of Aragon: Married 1509, annulled 1533, died 1536.
  2. Anne Boleyn: Married 1533, annulled then beheaded 1536.
  3. Jane Seymour: Married 1536, died after childbirth 1537.
  4. Anne of Cleves: Married 1540, annulled 1540, died 1557
  5. Catherine Howard: Married 1540, beheaded 1541.
  6. Catherine Parr: Married 1543, survived Henry VIII, remarried Thomas Seymour, died 1548.

Henry VIII was proclaimed King of Ireland in 1542 by the Crown of Ireland Act by the Irish Parliament. Probably the most famous of all the kings of England.

King Edward VI 1547 – 1553 12 Oct 1537 – 6 Jul 1553 21st Hampton Court Palace, Molesey, England. Henry’s son by Jane Seymour. Uncertain. Possibly tuberculosis or broncho-pneumonia. England, Wales, Ireland. Son of Henry VIII and his fourth wife Jane Seymour, died aged 15.
The Stuarts 1603 – 1714 The Stuart family produced five kings of England.
James I (King James VI of Scotland) 1603 – 1625 19 June 1566 – 27 March 1625 22nd Edinburgh Castle, Edinburgh, Scotland. Great-great-grandson of Henry VII. Dysentery. England, Wales, Scotland, Ireland. James was the son of Mary Queen of Scots and the first monarch to rule both countries as the de-facto king of Great Britain. He was a popular monarch. During his reign the Gunpowder Plot was foiled in 1605. The King James bible translation was authorized. Sir Walter Raleigh was executed.
Charles I 1625 – 1649 19 Nov 1600 – 30 Jan 1649 23rd Dunfermline Palace, Dunfermline, Scotland. Second son of James I. Execution by  beheading. England, Wales, Scotland, Ireland. Charles I was a short quiet man with a stammer. He was an art lover. Charles I believed in the divine right of kings to rule so he constantly argued with Parliament. He used Royal Prerogative to lock MP’s out of Parliament during the “Eleven Years Tyranny” (1629-1640). In 1637 Charles I imposed a new prayer book on the Scots. As a result the Scots invaded England. Charles recalled Parliament and reached a deal to finance a war to force the Scots out of England. King and Parliament remained on a collision course. Charles I attempted to arrest his critics in Parliament. Civil war became inevitable leading to his execution on 30 January 1649.
The Commonwealth 1649 – 1660 Oliver Cromwell declared Britain to be a republic called “The Commonwealth”. Cromwell became its Lord Protector until his death in 1658. His son, Richard Cromwell, took over but lacked authority. He renounced power leading to the restoration of the monarchy.
Charles II 1660 – 1685 29 May 1630 – 6 Feb 1685 24th St James’s Palace, London, England. Oldest son of Charles I. Sudden apoplectic fit. England, Wales, Scotland, Ireland. Charles had already been King of Scotland since 1651 and returned to London and ruled England (including Wales) and Scotland. Charles was brilliant and seen as a lovable rogue and merry monarch. He was a patron of the arts and science founding the Royal Observatory, a supporter of the Royal Society (whose members included Sir Isaac Newton) and personal patron of Sir Christopher Wren (who built St. Paul’s Cathedral). The anniversary of the Restoration (and Charles’s birthday on 29th May) was celebrated in England as Oak Apple Day until it was formally abolished in 1859 but is still celebrated in some parts of the country.
James II (James VII King of Scotland) 1685 – 1688 14 Oct 1633 – 16 Sep 1701 25th St James’s Palace, London, England. Brother of Charles II. Brain hemorrhage. England, Wales, Scotland, Ireland. James II converted to Catholicism. He made himself unpopular by pursuing religious tolerance policies. He put down a rebellion led by the Duke of Monmouth. This resulted in savage punishments by Judge Jeffreys in the Bloody Assizes. This led to conflict with parliament which he suspended in 1685. Protestants led by William of Orange feared a Catholic succession. In 1688 they invaded England with a dutch fleet “The Glorious Revolution”. In 1689 James II attempted to regain the throne at the Battle of the Boyne but was defeated and fled to France.
William III (King William II of Scotland and “King Billy” in Ireland) aka William of Orange and Queen Mary II 1689 – 1702 14 Nov 1650 – 8 Mar 1702 26th Binnenhof, Netherlands. Grandson of Charles I. Pneumonia (a complication of a broken collarbone after falling from a horse. England, Wales, Scotland, Ireland. In 1677 William married Mary, the Protestant daughter of James II. This made them a good choice to rule England, and Scotland, after James II was deemed to have abdicated. In 1689 they suceeded to the throne and ruled as joint sovereigns until Mary died in 1694. William and Mary’s reign ended the bitter conflict between Crown and Parliament. William continued as sole monarch but wasn’t popular.
The House of Hanovarians 1714 – 1901 The House of Hanover produced five kings of England.
King George I (George Louis / Georg Ludwig) 1714 – 1727 28 May 1660 – 11 June 1727 27th Hanover, Germany. Great-grandson of James I. Stroke. Great Britain and Ireland. George married his cousin Sophia and they had two children together after which he divorced her for alleged infidelity and imprisoned her in a castle until she died in 1726. In the early years of his reign George was active in British foreign policy helping to forge the Treaty of Hanover in 1718 with Great Britain, France and Prussia to counterbalance an Austro-Spanish Treaty of Vienna. In 1721 Robert Walpole was appointed first lord of the Treasury, effectively Britain’s first prime minister.
King George II (George Augustus / Georg August) 1727 – 1760 30 Oct 1683 – 25 Oct 1760 28th Hanover, Germany. Son of George I. Aortic aneurysm. Great Britain and Ireland. George was more interested in hunting than politics but he had a grasp of foreign policy and prevented, or sidelined, the appointment of commanders or ministers he disliked. He saw British interests expand around the world and ended the Jacobite challenge to the Hanoverian dynasty. He was the last English King to be on the battlefield at the Battle of Dettingen against the French in 1743.
King George III (George William Frederick) 1760 – 1820 4 Jun 1738 – 29 Jan 1820 29th London, England. Grandson of George II. Dementia. United Kingdom. George married Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz in 1761. They were happily married and had 9 sons and 6 daughters together. He suffered recurring fits of madness and his son (George IV) acted as regent after 1810. The American Colonies proclaimed their independence on 4th July 1776. Great Britain and Ireland were united into a single nation, the United Kingdom, by the 1801 Act of Union. Wars with France continued until Napoleon was defeat at Waterloo in 1815.
King George IV (George Augustus Frederick) 1820 – 1830 12 Aug 1762 – 26Jun 1830 30th St James’s Palace, London, England. Son of George III. Heart attack. United Kingdom. Unpopular monarch who was obese, indulgent and a heavy drinker. He was ridiculed when he appeared in public. In 1828 the Duke of Wellington becomes British Prime Minister and in 1829 The Metropolitan Police Force is set up by Robert Peel and The Catholic Relief Act is passed, which allowed Catholics to become Members of Parliament.
King William IV (William Henry) 1830 – 1837 21 Aug 1765 – 20 Jun 1837 31st Buckingham House, London, England. Brother of George IV. Heart attack. United Kingdom. George joined the Royal Navy at 13 years old and was nicknamed the “Sailor King”. He saw service at the Battle of St Vincent in 1780 against the Spanish and in New York during the American War of Independence. Slavery was abolished in the colonies in 1833. His illegitimate children with Mrs Jordan were the main beneficiaries of his will and notable descendants include Prime Minister David Cameron, author Duff Cooper and TV presenter Adam Hart-Davis.
The House of Saxe – Coburg Gotha 1901 – 1910 The House of Saxe-Coburg Gotha and Windsor together have produced four kings of England.
King Edward VII (Albert Edward) 1901 – 1910 9 Nov 1841 – 6 May 1910 32nd Buckingham Palace, London, England. Son of Victoria and Albert. Pneumonia. United Kingdom. Edward enjoyed a playboy indulgent lifestyle during Victoria’s reign and she had a low opinion of him. As king, in 1904, he contributed to the Anglo-French “Entente Cordiale” and the Triple Entente between Britain, France and Russia and he became known as Edward the Peacemaker.
The House of Windsor 1910 to date The family name was changed to Windsor in 1917 because of general anti-German feeling.
King George V (George Frederick Ernest Albert) 1910 – 1936 3 Jun 1865 – 20 Jan 1936 33rd Marlborough House, London, England. Second son of Edward VII. Euthanasia. United Kingdom. The 1911 Parliament Act established the supremacy of the elected British House of Commons over the un-elected House of Lords. George V ruled Britain through world war one. The Irish Sinn Fein Easter Rising in 1916 led to an independent Parliament in Ireland in 1918. The 1918 Representation of the People Acts in 1918 and 1928 extended votes to all women over the age of 21. In 1924 the first Labour ministry was appointed. In 1931 the Statute of Westminster recognized the Empire dominions. They became separate, independent states within the Commonwealth of Nations.
King Edward VIII (Edward Albert Christian George Andrew Patrick David) 1936 (20 Jan – 11 Dec) 23 Jun 1894 – 28 May 1972 34th White Lodge, London, England. son of George V. Cancer of the larynx. United Kingdom. King Edward VIII ruled for just 325 days before abdicating to marry Mrs Wallis Simpson, an American divorcee with two living ex-husbands. Edward wanted her to be crowned with him at the Coronation which was unacceptable to the church.
King George VI (Albert Frederick Arthur George) 1936 – 1952 14 Dec 1895 – 6 Feb 1952 35th Sandringham House, Norfolk, England. Second son of
George V.
Lung cancer. United Kingdom. George VI wasn’t expecting to be king. He dreaded public speaking because of a stammer. Australian-born speech therapist, Lionel Logue, helped George improve. As a result George VI was able to open the new Parliament House in Canberra, Australia in 1927. George VI ruled during world war two (1939 – 1945). He, along with Elizabeth and Margaret, remained at Windsor Castle, London, during the Blitz. This helped restore the popularity of the monarchy. At his suggestion the George Cross and Medal were founded to recognize acts of exceptional civilian bravery.

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