English monarchs

List of English Monarchs

All Time English Monarchs Chronological List

English Monarchs FAQs

Frequently Asked Questions About English Monarchs:

  • Who were the English monarchs before King Egbert in 802 AD?
    There wasn’t a country called “England” before Egbert so earlier rulers of the land now called “England” were not English monarchs. After the Romans left England around 410 AD the following 400 years saw battles between the Angles, Jutes and Saxons against the Picts and Scots. The Danish Jutes settled in Kent with their own kingdom. In Sussex the Germanic “South Saxons” established their own kingdom and later the “West Saxons” in Wessex and the “East Saxons” in Essex did the same. From 547 AD the Angles (from the Baltic) set up home first in Northumberland, then East Anglia (East Angles) and later in Mercia (Middle Angles). They all fought among themselves with the Northumbrians getting the upper hand for 120 years until they were knocked off the top spot by Mercia in 679 AD. Their King Offa (757-796) is claimed by some to be the first King of all England. It was only after King Egbert of Wessex defeated Mercia and the only remaining British stronghold in Cornwall that England was unified under Egbert who became the first of a long line of English monarchs. Egbert, married Redburga, a French princess and sister of Charlemagne, and they had Ethelwulf, a sweet baby boy, who became the second king of England.
  • Who is the longest reigning English Monarch?
    Queen Elizabeth is the longest reigning of all English monarchs. She overtook queen Victoria, who reigned for 64 years, in 2015. Queen Elizabeth is currently also the longest reigning living monarch in the world.

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English MonarchReign#YearsPeriod / HouseEnglish Monarchs Key Facts & TriviaBornDiedAgedBurial place
Egbert802-83937Saxon period, WessexDefeated Beornwulf of Mercia at Ellendun in 825 ending Mercian domination of southern England.77083969Winchester Cathedral
Ethelwulf839-85617Saxon period, WessexEgbert’s elder son.79585863Winchester Cathedral
Ethelbald856-8604Saxon period, WessexEthelwulf’s eldest son.83186029Sherborne Abbey
Ethelbert860-8655Saxon period, WessexEthelwulf’s son.83586530Sherborne Abbey
Ethelred I865-8716Saxon period, WessexEthelwulf’s son.83787134Wimborne
Alfred the Great871-89928Saxon period, WessexEthelwulf’s son. King Alfred was the first King of the West Saxons and first of the English monarchs to style himself as King of the Anglo-Saxons. Alfred was the first of only two English monarchs to be given “the Great” epithet, the other being Cnut the Great.84989950Winchester originally then lost
Edward the Elder899-92425Saxon period, WessexAlfred the Great’s son.87192453Winchester Cathedral
Athelstan924-93915Saxon period, WessexEdward the Elder’s son.89593944Malmesbury Abbey
Ælfweard9240.1Saxon period, WessexEdward the Elder’s son. Died about 2 weeks after his father. It is not clear if he reigned at all or for about 4 weeks as some records mention.90492420Winchester Cathedral
Edmund I the Elder939-9467Saxon period, WessexEdward the Elder’s son. On 26 May 946 King Edmund I was killed by an exiled thief called Leofa, which may have been a political assassination, at a feast in Pucklechurch, Gloucestershire.92194625Glastonbury Abbey
Edred946-9559Saxon period, WessexEdward the Elder’s son.92395532Winchester Cathedral
Edwy All-Fair955-9594Saxon period, WessexKing Edmund I’s son.94195936Winchester Cathedral
Edgar I959-97516Saxon period, WessexAlso spelt Eadgar I, King Edmund I’s son.95397532Glastonbury Abbey
Edward the Martyr975-9783Saxon period, WessexKing Edgar I’s son.96297816Brookwood, Surrey
Ethelred II978-1013
37Saxon period, WessexAka “Ethelred the Unready” (“unready” meaning here “ill-advised”). King Edgar I’s son.968101648St Paul’s Cathedral, London
Sweyn I1013-10141DanishAka Sweyn Forkbeard, father of Canute the Great, seized throne from father King Harald Bluetooth.960101454Roskilde Cathedral or St. Trinity, Lund, Norway
Ethelred II1014-10162SaxonTook throne back after exile when Sweyn died.968101648St Paul’s Cathedral, London
Edmund Ironside10161SaxonEthelred II’s son.989101627Glastonbury Abbey, Somerset
Canute the Great /Cnut the Great1016-103519DanishSweyn Forkbeard’s son. The second of two English monarchs to be given “the Great” epithet, the first being King Edmund the Great.995103540Winchester Cathedral
Harold I Harefoot1035-10405DanishCanute the Great’s son1015104025Westminster Abbey
Harthacanute1040-10422DanishCanute the Great’s son1018104224Winchester Cathedral
Edward the Confessor1043-106623Saxon RestorationEthelred the Unready’s son1002106664Westminster Abbey
Harold II1066 Jan-Oct0.8Saxon RestorationGodwin, Earl of Wessex’s son1022106644Waltham Abbey
Edgar Ætheling1066 Oct-Dec0.3Saxon RestorationAka Edgar the Outlaw, Edward the Exile’s son1051112675Unknown
William I1066-108721NormanAka William the Conqueror1027108760Abbey of Saint-Étienne, Caen, France
William II1087-110013NormanAka “Rufus the Red” either because of his hair colour or temperament, King William I’s 2nd son1056110044Winchester Cathedral
Henry I1100-113535NormanKing William I’s 4th son1068113567Reading Abbey
Stephen1135-5419NormanStephen, Count of Blois’s son1096115458Faversham Abbey
Henry II1154-118935PlantagenetsGeoffrey of Anjou’s son1133118956Fontevraud Abbey, France
Richard I1189-9910PlantagenetsKnown as Richard “the Lionheart” because of his military leadership qualities. King Henry II’s 3rd legitimate son1157119942Fontevraud Abbey, France
John “Lackland”1199-121617PlantagenetsKing Richard I’s younger brother1166121650Worcester Cathedral
Henry III1216-127256PlantagenetsKing John Lackland’s son1207127265Westminster Abbey
Edward I1272-130735PlantagenetsAka Edward “Longshanks” because of his height, and “Hammer of the Scots”. King Henry III’s son1239130768Westminster
Edward II1307-132720PlantagenetsKing Edward I’s son1284132743Gloucester Cathedral
Edward III1327-137750PlantagenetsKing Edward II’s son1312137765Westminster
Richard II1377-139922PlantagenetsEdward the Black Prince’s son1367140033Westminster
Henry IV1399-141314Lancaster (branch of Plantagenets)King Edward III’s 3rd and oldest surviving son1367141346Canterbury Cathedral
Henry V1413-14229Lancaster (branch of Plantagenets)King Henry IV’s son1387142235Westminster
Henry VI1422-146139Lancaster (branch of Plantagenets)King Henry V’s son1421147150Windsor Castle
Edward IV1461-148322House of YorkRichard, Duke of York’s 2nd son1442148341Windsor Castle
Edward V1483 Apr-June0.3House of YorkEdward IV’s son. 86 day reign but never crowned, one of the “Princes in the Tower”. Possibly murdered by their carer, Richard, who took their crown himself.1470148313Westminster
Richard III1483-14852House of YorkRichard Duke of York’s 8th son. Richard III was the last English king to die in battle when his army was defeated during the Battle of Bosworth Field by Henry Tudor (Henry VII), the last major battle which ended the Wars of the Roses between the Houses of York and Lancaster.1452148533Originally Greyfriars Church in Leicester. Now unknown
Henry VII1485-150924TudorsEdmund Tudor’s son1457150952Westminster Abbey
Henry VIII1509-154738TudorsHenry VII’s younger son1491154755Windsor Castle
Edward VI1547-15536TudorsHenry VIII’s son1537155315Westminster Abbey
Lady Jane Grey15530.05TudorsGreat-granddaughter of Henry VII, executed in the Tower of London & reigned for just 9 days.1537155417Church of St Peter ad Vincula, London
Queen Mary I1553-15585TudorsAka Bloody Mary1516155842Westminster Abbey
Elizabeth I1558-160345TudorsThe Virgin Queen, Henry VIII’s daughter1533160370Westminster Abbey
James I1603-162522StuartsMary I, Queen of Scots’s son1566162559Westminster Abbey
Charles I1625-164924StuartsJames I of England’s son1600164949Windsor Castle
Oliver Cromwell1653-16585Commonwealth of EnglandLord protector of England. Died a natural death and was buried in Westminster Abbey but posthumously beheaded in 1660 by Royalists. His head was mounted on a spike. The whereabouts of this body remains unknown.1599165859(His head) Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge
Richard Cromwell1658-16591Commonwealth of EnglandOliver Cromwell’s 3rd son1626171286Hursley Parish Church, Winchester
Charles II1660-168525Stuarts RestorationCharles I’s son1630168555Westminster Abbey
James II1685-16883Stuarts RestorationCharles I’s son1633170168Church of the English Benedictines, Paris
William III1689-170213Stuarts RestorationWilliam II Prince of Orange’s son1650170252Westminster Abbey
Anne1702-17075Stuarts RestorationJames II’s daughter1665171449Westminster Abbey
George I1714-172713House of HanoverSon of German Prince Ernst August and wife Sophia1660172767Hanover, Germany
George II1727-176033House of HanoverSon of George I & Sophia Dorothea of Celle, Germany. George II was the last British King to lead his army in person at the Battle of Dettingen in Bavaria in 1743 during the war of the Austrian succession, .1683176077Westminster Abbey
George III1760-182060House of HanoverSon of Frederick, Prince of Wales & Princess Augusta of Saxe-Gotha, Germany. George III is the longest reigning English male monarch. References to the “Madness of King George” refer to his deterioating mental health in later life. In 1810 his eldest son, George, Prince of Wales, took over and ruled as Prince Regent until his death when he succeeded his father as King George IV.1738182082Windsor Castle
George IV1820-183010House of HanoverSon of George III & Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, Germany1762183068Windsor Castle
William IV1830-18377House of HanoverSon of George III & Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, Germany1765183772Windsor Castle
Victoria1837-190164House of HanoverSon of Prince Edward, Duke of Kent & Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, Germany1819190182Windsor Castle
Edward VII1901-19109House of HanoverSon of Queen Victoria & Albert, Prince Consort1841191069Windsor Castle
George V1910-193626House of WindsorSon of Edward VII & Alexandra of Denmark1865193671Windsor Castle
Edward VIII1936 Jan-Dec0.9House of WindsorSon of George V & Mary of Teck. Caused a constitutional crisis by planning to marry American divorcee Wallis Simpson & abdicated in 1936 to avoid it.1894197278Windsor Castle
George VI1936-195216House of WindsorSon of George V & Mary of Teck1895195257Windsor Castle
Elizabeth II1952-present67House of WindsorQueen Elizabeth II is currently the longest reigning living monarch and the longest reigning British monarch ever. Elizabeth is the daughter of George VI & Queen Elizabeth, The Queen Mother. Elizabeth is the 32nd great granddaughter of King Alfred the Great. Her official title is “monarch” rather than “queen” of Great Britain according to the Act of Union 1707.192692

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