English monarchs

List of English Monarchs

All Time English Monarchs Chronological List

English Monarchs FAQs

Frequently Asked Questions About English Monarchs:

  • Who were the English monarchs before King Egbert in 802 AD?
    There wasn’t a country called “England” before Egbert so earlier rulers of the land now called “England” were not English monarchs. After the Romans left England around 410 AD the following 400 years saw battles between the Angles, Jutes and Saxons against the Picts and Scots. The Danish Jutes settled in Kent with their own kingdom. In Sussex the Germanic “South Saxons” established their own kingdom and later the “West Saxons” in Wessex and the “East Saxons” in Essex did the same. From 547 AD the Angles (from the Baltic) set up home first in Northumberland, then East Anglia (East Angles) and later in Mercia (Middle Angles). They all fought among themselves with the Northumbrians getting the upper hand for 120 years until they were knocked off the top spot by Mercia in 679 AD. Their King Offa (757-796) is claimed by some to be the first King of all England. It was only after King Egbert of Wessex defeated Mercia and the only remaining British stronghold in Cornwall that England was unified under Egbert who became the first of a long line of English monarchs. Egbert, married Redburga, a French princess and sister of Charlemagne, and they had Ethelwulf, a sweet baby boy, who became the second king of England.
  • Who is the longest reigning English Monarch?
    Queen Elizabeth is the longest reigning of all English monarchs. She overtook queen Victoria, who reigned for 64 years, in 2015. Queen Elizabeth is currently also the longest reigning living monarch in the world.

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English MonarchReign#YearsPeriod / HouseEnglish Monarchs Key Facts & TriviaBornDiedAgedBurial place
Egbert802-83937Saxon period, WessexDefeated Beornwulf of Mercia at Ellendun in 825 ending Mercian domination of southern England.77083969Winchester Cathedral, England
Ethelwulf839-85617Saxon period, WessexEgbert’s elder son.79585863Winchester Cathedral, England
Ethelbald856-8604Saxon period, WessexEthelwulf’s eldest son.83186029Sherborne Abbey, England
Ethelbert860-8655Saxon period, WessexEthelwulf’s son.83586530Sherborne Abbey, England
Ethelred I865-8716Saxon period, WessexEthelwulf’s son.83787134Wimborne, England
Alfred the Great871-89928Saxon period, WessexEthelwulf’s son. King Alfred was the first King of the West Saxons and first of the English monarchs to style himself as King of the Anglo-Saxons. Alfred was the first of only two English monarchs to be given “the Great” epithet, the other being Cnut the Great.84989950Winchester originally now lost
Edward the Elder899-92425Saxon period, WessexAlfred the Great’s son.87192453Winchester Cathedral, England
Athelstan924-93915Saxon period, WessexEdward the Elder’s son.89593944Malmesbury Abbey, England
Ælfweard9240.1Saxon period, WessexEdward the Elder’s son. Died about 2 weeks after his father. It is not clear if he reigned at all or for about 4 weeks as some records mention.90492420Winchester Cathedral, England
Edmund I the Elder939-9467Saxon period, WessexEdward the Elder’s son. On 26 May 946 King Edmund I was killed by an exiled thief called Leofa, which may have been a political assassination, at a feast in Pucklechurch, Gloucestershire.92194625Glastonbury Abbey, England
Edred946-9559Saxon period, WessexEdward the Elder’s son.92395532Winchester Cathedral
Edwy All-Fair955-9594Saxon period, WessexKing Edmund I’s son.94195936Winchester Cathedral, England
Edgar I / Edgar the Peaceful959-97516Saxon period, WessexAlso spelt Eadgar I, King Edmund I’s son.95397532Glastonbury Abbey, England
Edward the Martyr975-9783Saxon period, WessexKing Edgar I’s son.96297816Brookwood, Surrey, England
Ethelred II / Ethelred the Unready978-1013
1014-1016
37Saxon period, WessexAlso known as “Ethelred the Unready” (“unready” in this context meaning “ill-advised”). Ethelred II was King Edgar I’s eldest son.968101648St Paul’s Cathedral, England
Sweyn I / Sweyn Forkbeard1013-10141DanishAlso known as Sweyn Forkbeard, father of Canute the Great, who seized the throne from his father King Harald Bluetooth.960101454Roskilde Cathedral or St. Trinity, Lund, Norway
Ethelred II1014-10162SaxonEthelred II took the throne back after exile when Sweyn died.968101648St Paul’s Cathedral, London, England
Edmund Ironside10161SaxonEdmund Ironside was Ethelred II’s son.989101627Glastonbury Abbey, Somerset, England
Canute the Great / Cnut the Great1016-103519DanishSweyn Forkbeard’s son. The second of two English monarchs to be given “the Great” epithet, the first being King Edmund the Great.995103540Winchester Cathedral, England
Harold I Harefoot1035-10405DanishCanute the Great’s son.1015104025Westminster Abbey, England
Harthacanute / Harthacnut1040-10422DanishCanute the Great’s son.1018104224Winchester Cathedral, England
Edward the Confessor1042-106623Saxon RestorationAlso known as Edward Ætheling. Ethelred the Unready’s son.1002106664Westminster Abbey, England
Harold II1066 Jan-Oct0.8Saxon RestorationGodwin, Earl of Wessex’s son.1022106644Waltham Abbey, England
Edgar Ætheling1066 Oct-Dec0.3Saxon RestorationAka Edgar the Outlaw, Edward the Exile’s son.1051112675Unknown
William I1066-108721NormanAka William the Conqueror.1027108760Abbey of Saint-Étienne, Caen, France
William II1087-110013NormanAka “Rufus the Red” either because of his hair colour or temperament, King William I’s 2nd son.1056110044Winchester Cathedral, England
Henry I1100-113535NormanKing William I’s 4th son.1068113567Reading Abbey, England
Stephen / Stephen of Blois1135-5419NormanKing Stephen was the Count of Blois’s son.1096115458Faversham Abbey, England
Henry II1154-118935PlantagenetsGeoffrey of Anjou’s son1133118956Fontevraud Abbey, France
Richard I / Richard the Lionheart1189-9910PlantagenetsAlso known as Richard “the Lionheart” because of his military leadership qualities. King Henry II’s 3rd legitimate son.1157119942Fontevraud Abbey, France
John / John Lackland1199-121617PlantagenetsKing John was the youngest of five sons of King Henry II and King Richard I’s younger brother.1166121650Worcester Cathedral, England
Henry III1216-127256PlantagenetsKing John Lackland’s son.1207127265Westminster Abbey, England
Edward I / Edward Longshanks1272-130735PlantagenetsAlso known was Edward “Longshanks” because of his height, and “Hammer of the Scots”. King Henry III’s son.1239130768Westminster, England
Edward II / Edward of Carnarvon1307-132720PlantagenetsAlso known as Edward of Carnarvon. King Edward I’s son.1284132743Gloucester Cathedral, England
Edward III1327-137750PlantagenetsEdward III was the son of King Edward II and Isabella of France.1312137765Westminster, England
Richard II1377-139922PlantagenetsRichard II was the son of Edward the Black Prince, who was the eldest son of King Edward II.1367140033Westminster, England
Henry IV1399-141314Lancaster (branch of Plantagenets)King Edward III’s 3rd and oldest surviving son.1367141346Canterbury Cathedral, England
Henry V1413-14229Lancaster (branch of Plantagenets)King Henry IV’s son.1387142235Westminster, England
Henry VI1422-146139Lancaster (branch of Plantagenets)King Henry V’s son.1421147150Windsor Castle, England
Edward IV1461-148322House of YorkEdward IV was the 2nd con of Richard of York, 3rd Duke of York, also known as Richard Plantagenet, who was the great-grandson of King Edward III.1442148341Windsor Castle, England
Edward V1483 Apr-June0.3House of YorkEdward IV’s son. 86 day reign but never crowned, one of the “Princes in the Tower”. Possibly murdered by their carer, Richard, who took their crown himself.1470148313Westminster, England
Richard III1483-14852House of YorkRichard Duke of York’s 8th son. Richard III was the last English king to die in battle when his army was defeated during the Battle of Bosworth Field by Henry Tudor (Henry VII), the last major battle which ended the Wars of the Roses between the Houses of York and Lancaster. His body was buried in a simple grave in Greyfriars friary church which was demolished after the dissolution of the friary in 1538. Richard III’s body was rediscovered in 2012 and reinterred in Leicester Cathedral, England.1452148533Originally Greyfriars Friary Church in Leicester, England. Now Leicester Cathedral, England.
Henry VII1485-150924TudorsHenry VII was the son of Edmund Tudor, the 1st Earl of Richmond.1457150952Westminster Abbey
Henry VIII1509-154738TudorsHenry VII’s younger son.1491154755Windsor Castle, England
Edward VI1547-15536TudorsEdward VI was the son of Henry VIII and Jane Seymour, his third wife.1537155315Westminster Abbey, England
Lady Jane Grey / Lady Jane Dudley15530.05TudorsLady Jane Grey was the great-granddaughter of Henry VII. Jane was also known as “the Nine Days’ Queen” because she was de facto Queen of England and Ireland for 9 days from 10-19 July 1553, when she was executed in the Tower of London.1537155417Church of St Peter ad Vincula, London, England
Mary I / Queen Mary / Mary Tudor1553-15585TudorsMary was the daughter of Henry VIII and his first wife, Catherine of Aragon. She was nicknamed “Bloody Mary” by protestant opponents for executions carried out in the pursuit of the restoration of Roman Catholicism in England and Ireland.1516155842Westminster Abbey, England
Elizabeth I1558-160345TudorsAlso known as The Virgin Queen, Gloriana and Good Queen Bess. Elizabeth I was the daughter of Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn, his second wife.1533160370Westminster Abbey, England
James I1603-162522StuartsJames I was the son of Mary, Queen of Scots (aka Mary Stuart and Mary I of Scotland) and Henry Stuart, Duke of Albany (aka Lord Darnley). James I was also James VI of Scotland.1566162559Westminster Abbey, England
Charles I1625-164924StuartsCharles I was James I of England’s second son.1600164949Windsor Castle, England
Oliver Cromwell1653-16585Commonwealth of EnglandLord protector of England. Died a natural death and was buried in Westminster Abbey but posthumously beheaded in 1660 by Royalists. His head was mounted on a spike. The whereabouts of this body remains unknown.1599165859(His head) Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge, England
Richard Cromwell1658-16591Commonwealth of EnglandOliver Cromwell’s 3rd son.1626171286Hursley Parish Church, Winchester, England
Charles II1660-168525Stuarts RestorationThe monarchy was restored by parliament in 1660 after Charles II, son of Charles I, promised to work with Parliament. Charles II was a popular monarch, nicknamed the “Merry Monarch”.1630168555Westminster Abbey, England
James II1685-16883Stuarts RestorationJames II was Charles I’s son and also James VII of Scotland. James was the last Roman Catholic monarch of England, Scotland and Ireland. He was deposed in the “Glorious Revolution of 1688” which established the primacy of Parliament over the Crown.1633170168Church of the English Benedictines, Paris, England
William III / William of Orange1689-170213Stuarts RestorationWilliam III was William II, Prince of Orange’s son. William III was also William II, King of Scotland.1650170252Westminster Abbey, England
Anne1702-17075Stuarts RestorationQueen Anne was the daughter of James II of England and Anne Hyde, his first wife.1665171449Westminster Abbey, England
George I1714-172713House of HanoverGeorge was the son of Prince Ernest Augustus, Elector of Hanover, and Sophia of the Palatinate.1660172767Hanover, Germany, England
George II1727-176033House of HanoverGeorge II was the son of George I and Sophia Dorothea of Celle, Germany. George II was the last British King to lead his army in person at the Battle of Dettingen in Bavaria in 1743 during the war of the Austrian succession.1683176077Westminster Abbey
George III1760-182060House of HanoverGeorge III was the the son of Frederick, Prince of Wales, and Princess Augusta of Saxe-Gotha, Germany. George III is the longest reigning English male monarch. References to the “Madness of King George” refer to his deteriorating mental health in later life. In 1810 his eldest son, George, Prince of Wales, took over and ruled as Prince Regent until his death when he succeeded his father as King George IV.1738182082Windsor Castle, England
George IV1820-183010House of HanoverGeorge IV was the son of George III and Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, Germany.1762183068Windsor Castle, England
William IV1830-18377House of HanoverWilliam IV was the son of George III and Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, Germany.1765183772Windsor Castle, England
Victoria1837-190164House of HanoverQueen Victoria was the son of Prince Edward, Duke of Kent, and Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, Germany.1819190182Windsor Castle, England
Edward VII1901-19109House of HanoverEdward VII was the son of Queen Victoria and Albert, Prince Consort.1841191069Windsor Castle, England
George V1910-193626House of WindsorGeorge V was the son of Edward VII and Alexandra of Denmark.1865193671Windsor Castle, England
Edward VIII1936 Jan-Dec0.9House of WindsorEdward VIII was the son of George V and Mary of Teck. Edward VIII caused a constitutional crisis by planning to marry American divorcee Wallis Simpson. He abdicated in 1936.1894197278Windsor Castle, England
George VI1936-195216House of WindsorGeorge VI was the son of George V and Mary of Teck.1895195257Windsor Castle, England
Elizabeth II1952-present67House of WindsorQueen Elizabeth II is currently the longest reigning living monarch and the longest reigning British monarch ever. Elizabeth is the daughter of George VI and Queen Elizabeth, The Queen Mother. Elizabeth is the 32nd great granddaughter of King Alfred the Great. Her official title is “monarch” rather than “queen” of Great Britain according to the Act of Union 1707.192692

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