English monarchs

List of English Monarchs

All Time English Monarchs Chronological List

English Monarchs FAQs

Frequently Asked Questions About English Monarchs:

  • Who were the English monarchs before King Egbert in 802 AD?
    There wasn’t a country called “England” before Egbert so earlier rulers of the land now called “England” were not English monarchs. After the Romans left England around 410 AD the following 400 years saw battles between the Angles, Jutes and Saxons against the Picts and Scots. The Danish Jutes settled in Kent with their own kingdom. In Sussex the Germanic “South Saxons” established their own kingdom and later the “West Saxons” in Wessex and the “East Saxons” in Essex did the same. From 547 AD the Angles (from the Baltic) set up home first in Northumberland, then East Anglia (East Angles) and later in Mercia (Middle Angles). They all fought among themselves with the Northumbrians getting the upper hand for 120 years until they were knocked off the top spot by Mercia in 679 AD. Their King Offa (757-796) is claimed by some to be the first King of all England. It was only after King Egbert of Wessex defeated Mercia and the only remaining British stronghold in Cornwall that England was unified under Egbert who became the first of a long line of English monarchs. Egbert, married Redburga, a French princess and sister of Charlemagne, and they had Ethelwulf, a sweet baby boy, who became the second king of England.
  • Who is the longest reigning English Monarch?
    Queen Elizabeth is the longest reigning of all English monarchs. She overtook queen Victoria, who reigned for 64 years, in 2015. Queen Elizabeth is currently also the longest reigning living monarch in the world.

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English MonarchReign#YearsPeriod / HouseEnglish Monarchs Key Facts & TriviaBornDiedAgedBurial place
Egbert (Ecgherht)802-83937Saxon period, Wessex.Egbert returned from exile at the court of Charlemagne in 802. At the Battle of Ellendun in 825 Egbert defeated Beornwulf of Mercia. This ended Mercian domination of southern England. By 829 Egbert had occupied Mercia and dominated the Northumbrians making him the de-facto first monarch of all England.77083969Winchester Cathedral, England.
Æthelwulf (Ethelwulf)839-85617Saxon period, Wessex.Æthelwulf was Egbert’s eldest son. Æthelwulf defeated a Danish army at the battle of Oakley. In 855 Athelwulf travelled to see the Pope in Rome with his son Alfred. Æthelwulf was the father of Alfred the Great.79585863Winchester Cathedral, England.
Æthelbald (Ethelbald)856-8604Saxon period, Wessex.Æthelbald was Æthelwulf eldest son.83486029Sherborne Abbey, England.
Æthelbert (Ethelbert)860-8665Saxon period, Wessex.Æthelbert was Æthelwulf son.83586530Sherborne Abbey, England.
Æthelred I (Ethelred I)866-8716Saxon period, Wessex.Æthelred I was Æthelwulf son. Æthelred succeeded his brother Æthelbert. Æthelred I died of his wounds at a battle in Mererun, Hampshire.83787134Wimborne Minister, Dorset, England.
Alfred the Great871-89928Saxon period, Wessex.Alfred the Great was Æthelwulf son. King Alfred was the first King of the West Saxons and first of the English monarchs to style himself as King of the Anglo-Saxons. Alfred was the first of only two English monarchs to be given “the Great” epithet, the other being Cnut the Great.84989950Winchester originally now lost.
Edward the Elder899-92425Saxon period, Wessex.Edward the Elder was Alfred the Great’s son. Edward reunited Mercia and Wessex and retook the midlands and south-east England fro the Danes. Killed in battle near Chester against the Welsh.87192453Winchester Cathedral, England.
Athelstan924-93915Saxon period, Wessex.Athelstan was Edward the Elder’s son. In 937 Athelstan defeated the Danes, Vikings, Scots and Celts at the bloody battle of Brunanburh to become the King of all Britain.89593944Malmesbury Abbey, England.
Ælfweard9240.1Saxon period, Wessex.Ælfweard was Edward the Elder’s son. Died about 2 weeks after his father. It is not clear if he reigned at all or for about 4 weeks as some records mention. Ælfweard one of four English monarchs who reigned but were not crowned.90492420Winchester Cathedral, England.
Edmund I the Elder939-9467Saxon period, Wessex.Edmund was Edward the Elder’s son. On 26 May 946 King Edmund I was killed by an exiled thief called Leofa, which may have been a political assassination, at a feast in Pucklechurch, Gloucestershire.92194625Glastonbury Abbey, England.
Eadred (Edred)946-9559Saxon period, Wessex.Eadred was Edward the Elder’s son. in 954 Eadred defeated Eric Bloodaxe, the last Scandanavian king of York. He died of a long-running stomach ailment.92395532Winchester Cathedral.
Eadwig the all fair (Edwy)955-9594Saxon period, Wessex.Eadwig was the eldest son of King Edmund I. Eadwig was 15 when he become king and had disputes with noblemen and Archbishop Dunstan and Oda. Eadwig died aged 19, no cause of death was recorded.94195936Winchester Cathedral, England.
Edgar I / Edgar the Peaceful959-97516Saxon period, Wessex.Also spelt Eadgar I, King Edmund I’s son. Edgar recalled Dunstan from exile in France and made him Archbishop of Canterbury. Six kings of Britain attended his coronation.95397532Glastonbury Abbey, England.
Edward the Martyr975-9783Saxon period, Wessex.Edward the Martyr was King Edgar I’s eldest son. His crown was disputed by his younger half-brother Æthelred which split the church and noblemen. He was murdered at Corfe Castle by followers of Æthelred.96297816Brookwood, Surrey, England.
Æthelred II the Unready (Ethelred)978-1013
1014-1016
37Saxon period, Wessex.Also known as “Æthelred the Unready” (“unready” in this context meaning “ill-advised”). Æthelred II was the eldest son of King Edgar I. In 1013 Sweyn Forkbeard, king of the Danes, invaded England and Æthelred II fled to Normandy.968101648St Paul’s Cathedral, England.
Sweyn I / Sweyn Forkbeard1013-10141Danish.Also known as Sweyn Forkbeard, father of Canute the Great, who seized the throne from his father King Harald Bluetooth. Sweyn died just five weeks later.960101454Roskilde Cathedral or St. Trinity, Lund, Norway.
Æthelred II the Unready (Ethelred)1014-10162Saxon.Æthelred II returned from exile and retook the throne after Sweyn died and battled Canute for the throne.968101648St Paul’s Cathedral, London, England.
Edmund Ironside (Edmund II)10161Saxon.Edmund Ironside was Æthelred II’s son. Edmund Ironside fought five battles against the Danes but was defeated at the Battle of Assandun on 18th October 1016 and made a deal with Canute to divide the kingdom.989101627Glastonbury Abbey, Somerset, England.
Canute the Great (Cnut the Great)1016-103519Danish.Sweyn Forkbeard’s son. Canute was the second of two English monarchs to be given “the Great” epithet, the first being King Edmund the Great. Canute famously proved he was a king but not a god by ordering the tide not to come in, knowing it would.995103540Winchester Cathedral, England.
Harold Harefoot (Harold I)1035-10405Danish.Harold Harefoot was an illegitimate son of Canute the Great. He was called Harefoot because he was “fleet of foot”.1015104025Westminster Abbey, England.
Harthacanute / Harthacnut1040-10422Danish.Harthacanute was the son of Canute the Great and Emma of Normandy. He allowed Edward, his half-brother to return from exile. He died toasting the health of a bride at a wedding. Edward was restored to the throne which suggests Harthacanute may have been poisoned.1018104224Winchester Cathedral, England.
Edward the Confessor1042-106623Saxon Restoration.Edward was the son of Æthelred the Unready and Emma of Normandy. Edward was deeply religious. He presided over the Westminster Abbey restoration. He died childless without a natural successor.1002106664Westminster Abbey, England.
Harold II1066 Jan-Oct0.8Saxon Restoration.Harold Godwinson was the Earl of Wessex’s son. He was elected king by the Witan “a meeting of wise men”. The decision was not accepted by William, Duke of Normandy, who landed his forces in Sussex and defeated Harold at the battle of Hastings.1022106644Waltham Abbey, England.
Edgar Ætheling1066 Oct-Dec0.3Saxon Restoration.Edgar Ætheling was the son of Edward the Exile and Agatha. Following the death of Harold Edgar Ætheling was elected king by the Witan was one of four English monarchs who reigned but not crowned.1051112675Unknown.
William I1066-108721Norman.William I is also know as William the Conqueror.1027108760Abbey of Saint-Étienne, Caen, France.
William II1087-110013Norman.Aka “Rufus the Red” either because of his hair color or temperament, King William I’s 2nd son.1056110044Winchester Cathedral, England.
Henry I1100-113535Norman.King William I’s 4th son.1068113567Reading Abbey, England.
Stephen / Stephen of Blois1135-5419Norman.King Stephen was the Count of Blois’s son.1096115458Faversham Abbey, England.
Henry II1154-118935Plantagenets.Geoffrey of Anjou’s son1133118956Fontevraud Abbey, France.
Richard I / Richard the Lionheart1189-9910Plantagenets.Also known as Richard “the Lionheart” because of his military leadership qualities. King Henry II’s 3rd legitimate son.1157119942Fontevraud Abbey, France.
John / John Lackland1199-121617Plantagenets.King John was the youngest of five sons of King Henry II and King Richard I’s younger brother.1166121650Worcester Cathedral, England.
Henry III1216-127256Plantagenets.King John Lackland’s son.1207127265Westminster Abbey, England.
Edward I / Edward Longshanks1272-130735Plantagenets.Also known was Edward “Longshanks” because of his height, and “Hammer of the Scots”. King Henry III’s son.1239130768Westminster, England.
Edward II / Edward of Carnarvon1307-132720Plantagenets.Also known as Edward of Carnarvon. King Edward I’s son.1284132743Gloucester Cathedral, England.
Edward III1327-137750Plantagenets.Edward III was the son of King Edward II and Isabella of France.1312137765Westminster, England.
Richard II1377-139922Plantagenets.Richard II was the son of Edward the Black Prince, who was the eldest son of King Edward II.1367140033Westminster, England.
Henry IV1399-141314Lancaster (branch of Plantagenets).King Edward III’s 3rd and oldest surviving son.1367141346Canterbury Cathedral, England.
Henry V1413-14229Lancaster (branch of Plantagenets).Henry V was Henry IV’s son.1387142235Westminster, England.
Henry VI1422-146139Lancaster (branch of Plantagenets).Henry VI was King Henry V’s son.1421147150Windsor Castle, England.
Edward IV1461-148322House of York (branch of Plantagenets).Edward IV was the 2nd con of Richard of York, 3rd Duke of York, also known as Richard Plantagenet, who was the great-grandson of King Edward III.1442148341Windsor Castle, England.
Edward V1483 Apr-June0.3House of York (branch of Plantagenets).Edward IV’s son. 86 day reign but never crowned, one of the “Princes in the Tower”. Possibly murdered by their carer, Richard, who took their crown himself. Edward V was one of four English monarchs who reigned but not crowned.1470148313Westminster, England.
Richard III1483-14852House of York (branch of Plantagenets).Richard III was Richard Duke of York’s 8th son. Richard III was the last English king to die in battle. His army was defeated during the Battle of Bosworth Field by Henry Tudor (Henry VII). It was the last major battle which ended the Wars of the Roses between the Houses of York and Lancaster. His body was buried in a simple grave in Greyfriars friary church. The church was demolished after the dissolution of the friary in 1538. Richard III’s body was rediscovered in 2012 and reinterred in Leicester Cathedral, England.1452148533Originally Greyfriars Friary Church in Leicester, England. Now Leicester Cathedral, England.
Henry VII1485-150924Tudors.Henry VII was the son of Edmund Tudor, the 1st Earl of Richmond.1457150952Westminster Abbey.
Henry VIII1509-154738Tudors.Henry VIII was Henry VII’s younger son.1491154755Windsor Castle, England.
Edward VI1547-15536Tudors.Edward VI was the son of Henry VIII and Jane Seymour, his third wife.1537155315Westminster Abbey, England.
Lady Jane Grey / Lady Jane Dudley15530.05Tudors.Lady Jane Grey was the great-granddaughter of Henry VII. Jane was also known as “the Nine Days’ Queen” because she was de facto Queen of England and Ireland for 9 days from 10-19 July 1553, when she was executed in the Tower of London.1537155417Church of St Peter ad Vincula, London, England.
Mary I / Queen Mary / Mary Tudor1553-15585Tudors.Mary was the daughter of Henry VIII and his first wife, Catherine of Aragon. She was nicknamed “Bloody Mary” by Protestant opponents for executions carried out in the pursuit of the restoration of Roman Catholicism in England and Ireland.1516155842Westminster Abbey, England.
Elizabeth I1558-160345Tudors.Elizabeth I was also known as The Virgin Queen, Gloriana and Good Queen Bess. Elizabeth I was the daughter of Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn, his second wife.1533160370Westminster Abbey, England.
James I1603-162522Stuarts.James I was the son of Mary, Queen of Scots (aka Mary Stuart and Mary I of Scotland) and Henry Stuart, Duke of Albany (aka Lord Darnley). James I was also James VI of Scotland.1566162559Westminster Abbey, England.
Charles I1625-164924Stuarts.Charles I was James I of England’s second son.1600164949Windsor Castle, England.
Oliver Cromwell1653-16585Commonwealth of England.Oliver Cromwell was Lord protector of England. Cromwell died a natural death and was buried in Westminster Abbey. In 1660 he was posthumously beheaded by Royalists and his head mounted on a spike. The whereabouts of this body remains unknown.1599165859(His head) Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge, England.
Richard Cromwell1658-16591Commonwealth of England.Richard Cromwell was Oliver Cromwell’s 3rd son.1626171286Hursley Parish Church, Winchester, England.
Charles II1660-168525Stuarts Restoration.Charles II was the son of Charles I. The monarchy was restored by parliament in 1660 after Charles II promised to work with Parliament. Charles II was a popular monarch, nicknamed the “Merry Monarch”.1630168555Westminster Abbey, England.
James II1685-16883Stuarts Restoration.James II was Charles I’s son and also James VII of Scotland. James was the last Roman Catholic monarch of England, Scotland and Ireland. He was deposed in the “Glorious Revolution of 1688” which established the primacy of Parliament over the Crown.1633170168Church of the English Benedictines, Paris, England.
William III / William of Orange1689-170213Stuarts Restoration.William III was William II, Prince of Orange’s son. William III was also William II, King of Scotland.1650170252Westminster Abbey, England.
Anne1702-17075Stuarts Restoration.Queen Anne was the daughter of James II of England and Anne Hyde, his first wife.1665171449Westminster Abbey, England.
George I1714-172713House of Hanover.George was the son of Prince Ernest Augustus, Elector of Hanover, and Sophia of the Palatinate.1660172767Hanover, Germany, England.
George II1727-176033House of Hanover.George II was the son of George I and Sophia Dorothea of Celle, Germany. George II was the last British King to lead his army in person at the Battle of Dettingen in Bavaria in 1743 during the war of the Austrian succession.1683176077Westminster Abbey.
George III1760-182060House of Hanover.George III was the the son of Frederick, Prince of Wales, and Princess Augusta of Saxe-Gotha, Germany. George III is the longest reigning English male monarch. References to the “Madness of King George” refer to his deteriorating mental health in later life. In 1810 his eldest son, George, Prince of Wales, took over and ruled as Prince Regent until his death when he succeeded his father as King George IV.1738182082Windsor Castle, England.
George IV1820-183010House of Hanover.George IV was the son of George III and Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, Germany.1762183068Windsor Castle, England.
William IV1830-18377House of Hanover.William IV was the son of George III and Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, Germany.1765183772Windsor Castle, England.
Victoria1837-190164House of Hanover.Queen Victoria was the son of Prince Edward, Duke of Kent, and Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, Germany.1819190182Windsor Castle, England.
Edward VII1901-19109House of Hanover.Edward VII was the son of Queen Victoria and Albert, Prince Consort.1841191069Windsor Castle, England.
George V1910-193626House of Windsor.George V was the son of Edward VII and Alexandra of Denmark.1865193671Windsor Castle, England.
Edward VIII1936 Jan-Dec0.9House of Windsor.Edward VIII was the son of George V and Mary of Teck. Edward VIII caused a constitutional crisis by planning to marry American divorcee Wallis Simpson. He abdicated in 1936. Edward VII was one of four English monarchs who reigned but not crowned.1894197278Windsor Castle, England.
George VI1936-195216House of Windsor.George VI was the son of George V and Mary of Teck.1895195257Windsor Castle, England.
Elizabeth II1952-present67House of Windsor.Queen Elizabeth II is currently the longest reigning living monarch and the longest reigning British monarch ever. Elizabeth is the daughter of George VI and Queen Elizabeth, The Queen Mother. Elizabeth is the 32nd great granddaughter of King Alfred the Great. Her official title is “monarch” rather than “queen” of Great Britain according to the Act of Union 1707.192692

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