English monarchs

List of English Monarchs

All Time English Monarchs Chronological List

English Monarchs FAQs

Frequently Asked Questions About English Monarchs:

  • Who were the English monarchs before King Egbert in 802 AD?
    There wasn’t a country called “England” before Egbert so earlier rulers of the land now called “England” were not English monarchs. After the Romans left England around 410 AD the following 400 years saw battles between the Angles, Jutes and Saxons against the Picts and Scots. The Danish Jutes settled in Kent with their own kingdom. In Sussex the Germanic “South Saxons” established their own kingdom and later the “West Saxons” in Wessex and the “East Saxons” in Essex did the same. From 547 AD the Angles (from the Baltic) set up home first in Northumberland, then East Anglia (East Angles) and later in Mercia (Middle Angles). They all fought among themselves with the Northumbrians getting the upper hand for 120 years until they were knocked off the top spot by Mercia in 679 AD. Their King Offa (757-796) is claimed by some to be the first King of all England. It was only after King Egbert of Wessex defeated Mercia and the only remaining British stronghold in Cornwall that England was unified under Egbert who became the first of a long line of English monarchs. Egbert, married Redburga, a French princess and sister of Charlemagne, and they had Ethelwulf, a sweet baby boy, who became the second king of England.
  • Who is the longest reigning English Monarch?
    Queen Elizabeth is the longest reigning of all English monarchs. She overtook queen Victoria, who reigned for 64 years, in 2015. Queen Elizabeth is currently also the longest reigning living monarch in the world.

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English Monarch Reign #Years Period / House English Monarchs Key Facts & Trivia Born Died Aged Burial place
Egbert (Ecgherht) 802-839 37 Saxon period, Wessex. Egbert returned from exile at the court of Charlemagne in 802. At the Battle of Ellendun in 825 Egbert defeated Beornwulf of Mercia. This ended Mercian domination of southern England. By 829 Egbert had occupied Mercia and dominated the Northumbrians making him the de-facto first monarch of all England. 770 839 69 Winchester Cathedral, England.
Æthelwulf (Ethelwulf) 839-856 17 Saxon period, Wessex. Æthelwulf was Egbert’s eldest son. Æthelwulf defeated a Danish army at the battle of Oakley. In 855 Athelwulf travelled to see the Pope in Rome with his son Alfred. Æthelwulf was the father of Alfred the Great. 795 858 63 Winchester Cathedral, England.
Æthelbald (Ethelbald) 856-860 4 Saxon period, Wessex. Æthelbald was Æthelwulf eldest son. 834 860 29 Sherborne Abbey, England.
Æthelbert (Ethelbert) 860-866 5 Saxon period, Wessex. Æthelbert was Æthelwulf son. 835 865 30 Sherborne Abbey, England.
Æthelred I (Ethelred I) 866-871 6 Saxon period, Wessex. Æthelred I was Æthelwulf son. Æthelred succeeded his brother Æthelbert. Æthelred I died of his wounds at a battle in Mererun, Hampshire. 837 871 34 Wimborne Minister, Dorset, England.
Alfred the Great 871-899 28 Saxon period, Wessex. Alfred the Great was Æthelwulf son. King Alfred was the first King of the West Saxons and first of the English monarchs to style himself as King of the Anglo-Saxons. Alfred was the first of only two English monarchs to be given “the Great” epithet, the other being Cnut the Great. 849 899 50 Winchester originally now lost.
Edward the Elder 899-924 25 Saxon period, Wessex. Edward the Elder was Alfred the Great’s son. Edward reunited Mercia and Wessex and retook the midlands and south-east England fro the Danes. Killed in battle near Chester against the Welsh. 871 924 53 Winchester Cathedral, England.
Athelstan 924-939 15 Saxon period, Wessex. Athelstan was Edward the Elder’s son. In 937 Athelstan defeated the Danes, Vikings, Scots and Celts at the bloody battle of Brunanburh to become the King of all Britain. 895 939 44 Malmesbury Abbey, England.
Ælfweard 924 0.1 Saxon period, Wessex. Ælfweard was Edward the Elder’s son. Died about 2 weeks after his father. It is not clear if he reigned at all or for about 4 weeks as some records mention. Ælfweard one of four English monarchs who reigned but were not crowned. 904 924 20 Winchester Cathedral, England.
Edmund I the Elder 939-946 7 Saxon period, Wessex. Edmund was Edward the Elder’s son. On 26 May 946 King Edmund I was killed by an exiled thief called Leofa, which may have been a political assassination, at a feast in Pucklechurch, Gloucestershire. 921 946 25 Glastonbury Abbey, England.
Eadred (Edred) 946-955 9 Saxon period, Wessex. Eadred was Edward the Elder’s son. in 954 Eadred defeated Eric Bloodaxe, the last Scandanavian king of York. He died of a long-running stomach ailment. 923 955 32 Winchester Cathedral.
Eadwig the all fair (Edwy) 955-959 4 Saxon period, Wessex. Eadwig was the eldest son of King Edmund I. Eadwig was 15 when he become king and had disputes with noblemen and Archbishop Dunstan and Oda. Eadwig died aged 19, no cause of death was recorded. 941 959 36 Winchester Cathedral, England.
Edgar I / Edgar the Peaceful 959-975 16 Saxon period, Wessex. Also spelt Eadgar I, King Edmund I’s son. Edgar recalled Dunstan from exile in France and made him Archbishop of Canterbury. Six kings of Britain attended his coronation. 953 975 32 Glastonbury Abbey, England.
Edward the Martyr 975-978 3 Saxon period, Wessex. Edward the Martyr was King Edgar I’s eldest son. His crown was disputed by his younger half-brother Æthelred which split the church and noblemen. He was murdered at Corfe Castle by followers of Æthelred. 962 978 16 Brookwood, Surrey, England.
Æthelred II the Unready (Ethelred) 978-1013
1014-1016
37 Saxon period, Wessex. Also known as “Æthelred the Unready” (“unready” in this context meaning “ill-advised”). Æthelred II was the eldest son of King Edgar I. In 1013 Sweyn Forkbeard, king of the Danes, invaded England and Æthelred II fled to Normandy. 968 1016 48 St Paul’s Cathedral, England.
Sweyn I / Sweyn Forkbeard 1013-1014 1 Danish. Also known as Sweyn Forkbeard, father of Canute the Great, who seized the throne from his father King Harald Bluetooth. Sweyn died just five weeks later. 960 1014 54 Roskilde Cathedral or St. Trinity, Lund, Norway.
Æthelred II the Unready (Ethelred) 1014-1016 2 Saxon. Æthelred II returned from exile and retook the throne after Sweyn died and battled Canute for the throne. 968 1016 48 St Paul’s Cathedral, London, England.
Edmund Ironside (Edmund II) 1016 1 Saxon. Edmund Ironside was Æthelred II’s son. Edmund Ironside fought five battles against the Danes but was defeated at the Battle of Assandun on 18th October 1016 and made a deal with Canute to divide the kingdom. 989 1016 27 Glastonbury Abbey, Somerset, England.
Canute the Great (Cnut the Great) 1016-1035 19 Danish. Sweyn Forkbeard’s son. Canute was the second of two English monarchs to be given “the Great” epithet, the first being King Edmund the Great. Canute famously proved he was a king but not a god by ordering the tide not to come in, knowing it would. 995 1035 40 Winchester Cathedral, England.
Harold Harefoot (Harold I) 1035-1040 5 Danish. Harold Harefoot was an illegitimate son of Canute the Great. He was called Harefoot because he was “fleet of foot”. 1015 1040 25 Westminster Abbey, England.
Harthacanute / Harthacnut 1040-1042 2 Danish. Harthacanute was the son of Canute the Great and Emma of Normandy. He allowed Edward, his half-brother to return from exile. He died toasting the health of a bride at a wedding. Edward was restored to the throne which suggests Harthacanute may have been poisoned. 1018 1042 24 Winchester Cathedral, England.
Edward the Confessor 1042-1066 23 Saxon Restoration. Edward was the son of Æthelred the Unready and Emma of Normandy. Edward was deeply religious. He presided over the Westminster Abbey restoration. He died childless without a natural successor. 1002 1066 64 Westminster Abbey, England.
Harold II 1066 Jan-Oct 0.8 Saxon Restoration. Harold Godwinson was the Earl of Wessex’s son. He was elected king by the Witan “a meeting of wise men”. The decision was not accepted by William, Duke of Normandy, who landed his forces in Sussex and defeated Harold at the battle of Hastings. 1022 1066 44 Waltham Abbey, England.
Edgar Ætheling 1066 Oct-Dec 0.3 Saxon Restoration. Edgar Ætheling was the son of Edward the Exile and Agatha. Following the death of Harold Edgar Ætheling was elected king by the Witan was one of four English monarchs who reigned but not crowned. 1051 1126 75 Unknown.
William I 1066-1087 21 Norman. William I is also know as William the Conqueror. 1027 1087 60 Abbey of Saint-Étienne, Caen, France.
William II 1087-1100 13 Norman. Aka “Rufus the Red” either because of his hair color or temperament, King William I’s 2nd son. 1056 1100 44 Winchester Cathedral, England.
Henry I 1100-1135 35 Norman. King William I’s 4th son. 1068 1135 67 Reading Abbey, England.
Stephen / Stephen of Blois 1135-54 19 Norman. King Stephen was the Count of Blois’s son. 1096 1154 58 Faversham Abbey, England.
Henry II 1154-1189 35 Plantagenets. Geoffrey of Anjou’s son 1133 1189 56 Fontevraud Abbey, France.
Richard I / Richard the Lionheart 1189-99 10 Plantagenets. Also known as Richard “the Lionheart” because of his military leadership qualities. King Henry II’s 3rd legitimate son. 1157 1199 42 Fontevraud Abbey, France.
John / John Lackland 1199-1216 17 Plantagenets. King John was the youngest of five sons of King Henry II and King Richard I’s younger brother. 1166 1216 50 Worcester Cathedral, England.
Henry III 1216-1272 56 Plantagenets. King John Lackland’s son. 1207 1272 65 Westminster Abbey, England.
Edward I / Edward Longshanks 1272-1307 35 Plantagenets. Also known was Edward “Longshanks” because of his height, and “Hammer of the Scots”. King Henry III’s son. 1239 1307 68 Westminster, England.
Edward II / Edward of Carnarvon 1307-1327 20 Plantagenets. Also known as Edward of Carnarvon. King Edward I’s son. 1284 1327 43 Gloucester Cathedral, England.
Edward III 1327-1377 50 Plantagenets. Edward III was the son of King Edward II and Isabella of France. 1312 1377 65 Westminster, England.
Richard II 1377-1399 22 Plantagenets. Richard II was the son of Edward the Black Prince, who was the eldest son of King Edward II. 1367 1400 33 Westminster, England.
Henry IV 1399-1413 14 Lancaster (branch of Plantagenets). King Edward III’s 3rd and oldest surviving son. 1367 1413 46 Canterbury Cathedral, England.
Henry V 1413-1422 9 Lancaster (branch of Plantagenets). Henry V was Henry IV’s son. 1387 1422 35 Westminster, England.
Henry VI 1422-1461 39 Lancaster (branch of Plantagenets). Henry VI was King Henry V’s son. 1421 1471 50 Windsor Castle, England.
Edward IV 1461-1483 22 House of York (branch of Plantagenets). Edward IV was the 2nd con of Richard of York, 3rd Duke of York, also known as Richard Plantagenet, who was the great-grandson of King Edward III. 1442 1483 41 Windsor Castle, England.
Edward V 1483 Apr-June 0.3 House of York (branch of Plantagenets). Edward IV’s son. 86 day reign but never crowned, one of the “Princes in the Tower”. Possibly murdered by their carer, Richard, who took their crown himself. Edward V was one of four English monarchs who reigned but not crowned. 1470 1483 13 Westminster, England.
Richard III 1483-1485 2 House of York (branch of Plantagenets). Richard III was Richard Duke of York’s 8th son. Richard III was the last English king to die in battle. His army was defeated during the Battle of Bosworth Field by Henry Tudor (Henry VII). It was the last major battle which ended the Wars of the Roses between the Houses of York and Lancaster. His body was buried in a simple grave in Greyfriars friary church. The church was demolished after the dissolution of the friary in 1538. Richard III’s body was rediscovered in 2012 and reinterred in Leicester Cathedral, England. 1452 1485 33 Originally Greyfriars Friary Church in Leicester, England. Now Leicester Cathedral, England.
Henry VII 1485-1509 24 Tudors. Henry VII was the son of Edmund Tudor, the 1st Earl of Richmond. 1457 1509 52 Westminster Abbey.
Henry VIII 1509-1547 38 Tudors. Henry VIII was Henry VII’s younger son. 1491 1547 55 Windsor Castle, England.
Edward VI 1547-1553 6 Tudors. Edward VI was the son of Henry VIII and Jane Seymour, his third wife. 1537 1553 15 Westminster Abbey, England.
Lady Jane Grey / Lady Jane Dudley 1553 0.05 Tudors. Lady Jane Grey was the great-granddaughter of Henry VII. Jane was also known as “the Nine Days’ Queen” because she was de facto Queen of England and Ireland for 9 days from 10-19 July 1553, when she was executed in the Tower of London. 1537 1554 17 Church of St Peter ad Vincula, London, England.
Mary I / Queen Mary / Mary Tudor 1553-1558 5 Tudors. Mary was the daughter of Henry VIII and his first wife, Catherine of Aragon. She was nicknamed “Bloody Mary” by Protestant opponents for executions carried out in the pursuit of the restoration of Roman Catholicism in England and Ireland. 1516 1558 42 Westminster Abbey, England.
Elizabeth I 1558-1603 45 Tudors. Elizabeth I was also known as The Virgin Queen, Gloriana and Good Queen Bess. Elizabeth I was the daughter of Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn, his second wife. 1533 1603 70 Westminster Abbey, England.
James I 1603-1625 22 Stuarts. James I was the son of Mary, Queen of Scots (aka Mary Stuart and Mary I of Scotland) and Henry Stuart, Duke of Albany (aka Lord Darnley). James I was also James VI of Scotland. 1566 1625 59 Westminster Abbey, England.
Charles I 1625-1649 24 Stuarts. Charles I was James I of England’s second son. 1600 1649 49 Windsor Castle, England.
Oliver Cromwell 1653-1658 5 Commonwealth of England. Oliver Cromwell was Lord protector of England. Cromwell died a natural death and was buried in Westminster Abbey. In 1660 he was posthumously beheaded by Royalists and his head mounted on a spike. The whereabouts of this body remains unknown. 1599 1658 59 (His head) Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge, England.
Richard Cromwell 1658-1659 1 Commonwealth of England. Richard Cromwell was Oliver Cromwell’s 3rd son. 1626 1712 86 Hursley Parish Church, Winchester, England.
Charles II 1660-1685 25 Stuarts Restoration. Charles II was the son of Charles I. The monarchy was restored by parliament in 1660 after Charles II promised to work with Parliament. Charles II was a popular monarch, nicknamed the “Merry Monarch”. 1630 1685 55 Westminster Abbey, England.
James II 1685-1688 3 Stuarts Restoration. James II was Charles I’s son and also James VII of Scotland. James was the last Roman Catholic monarch of England, Scotland and Ireland. He was deposed in the “Glorious Revolution of 1688” which established the primacy of Parliament over the Crown. 1633 1701 68 Church of the English Benedictines, Paris, England.
William III / William of Orange 1689-1702 13 Stuarts Restoration. William III was William II, Prince of Orange’s son. William III was also William II, King of Scotland. 1650 1702 52 Westminster Abbey, England.
Anne 1702-1707 5 Stuarts Restoration. Queen Anne was the daughter of James II of England and Anne Hyde, his first wife. 1665 1714 49 Westminster Abbey, England.
George I 1714-1727 13 House of Hanover. George was the son of Prince Ernest Augustus, Elector of Hanover, and Sophia of the Palatinate. 1660 1727 67 Hanover, Germany, England.
George II 1727-1760 33 House of Hanover. George II was the son of George I and Sophia Dorothea of Celle, Germany. George II was the last British King to lead his army in person at the Battle of Dettingen in Bavaria in 1743 during the war of the Austrian succession. 1683 1760 77 Westminster Abbey.
George III 1760-1820 60 House of Hanover. George III was the the son of Frederick, Prince of Wales, and Princess Augusta of Saxe-Gotha, Germany. George III is the longest reigning English male monarch. References to the “Madness of King George” refer to his deteriorating mental health in later life. In 1810 his eldest son, George, Prince of Wales, took over and ruled as Prince Regent until his death when he succeeded his father as King George IV. 1738 1820 82 Windsor Castle, England.
George IV 1820-1830 10 House of Hanover. George IV was the son of George III and Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, Germany. 1762 1830 68 Windsor Castle, England.
William IV 1830-1837 7 House of Hanover. William IV was the son of George III and Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, Germany. 1765 1837 72 Windsor Castle, England.
Victoria 1837-1901 64 House of Hanover. Queen Victoria was the son of Prince Edward, Duke of Kent, and Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, Germany. 1819 1901 82 Windsor Castle, England.
Edward VII 1901-1910 9 House of Hanover. Edward VII was the son of Queen Victoria and Albert, Prince Consort. 1841 1910 69 Windsor Castle, England.
George V 1910-1936 26 House of Windsor. George V was the son of Edward VII and Alexandra of Denmark. 1865 1936 71 Windsor Castle, England.
Edward VIII 1936 Jan-Dec 0.9 House of Windsor. Edward VIII was the son of George V and Mary of Teck. Edward VIII caused a constitutional crisis by planning to marry American divorcee Wallis Simpson. He abdicated in 1936. Edward VII was one of four English monarchs who reigned but not crowned. 1894 1972 78 Windsor Castle, England.
George VI 1936-1952 16 House of Windsor. George VI was the son of George V and Mary of Teck. 1895 1952 57 Windsor Castle, England.
Elizabeth II 1952-present 67 House of Windsor. Queen Elizabeth II is currently the longest reigning living monarch and the longest reigning British monarch ever. Elizabeth is the daughter of George VI and Queen Elizabeth, The Queen Mother. Elizabeth is the 32nd great granddaughter of King Alfred the Great. Her official title is “monarch” rather than “queen” of Great Britain according to the Act of Union 1707. 1926 92

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