EU institutions

All EU Countries 🇪🇺

All EU Countries 🇪🇺 Current & Candidate Countries

The list of all EU countries has more than quadrupled since its humble origins in 1951 when 6 members founded the European Coal and Steel Community to help avoid any further wars in Europe. The ECSC evolved into the EU and grew to 28 members. The UK left the EU on 31 January 2020* becoming the first former EU country. The 27 member states, totalling around 445 million[1] European citizens, remains the world’s largest customs union.

  • ADDucation’s list of all EU Countries was compiled by Robert Junker, last updated 20 Feb 2021.

ADDucation Tips: Click column headings with arrows to sort all eu countries. Reload page for original sort order. Resize your browser to full screen and/or zoom out to display as many columns as possible. Click the ➕ icon to reveal any hidden columns. Start typing in the Filter table box to find anything inside the table of all EU Countries.

EU Country 🇪🇺 Accession Inhabitants (millions)[1] Area (km2) Capital GDP (€ euros)[2] Government Debt %[2] Unemployed %[3] MEP Seats[1]
🇩🇪 Germany 1957 83.78 357,021 Berlin 2592.6 80.50% 5.50% 96
🇫🇷 France 1957 65.27 547,030 Paris 1996.6 86.60% 10.20% 79
🇮🇹 Italy 1957 60.46 301,320 Rome 1579.6 120.70% 10.70% 76
🇪🇸 Spain 1986 46.75 504,782 Madrid 1063.3 69.30% 25.00% 59
🇵🇱 Poland 2004 37.84 312,685 Warsaw 369.6 56.40% 10.10% 52
🇷🇴 Romania 2007 19.23 238,391 Bucharest 136.5 33.40% 7.30% 33
🇳🇱 Netherlands 1957 17.13 41,526 Amsterdam 601.9 65.50% 5.30% 29
🇧🇪 Belgium 1957 11.59 30,510 Brussels 369.8 97.80% 7.60% 21
🇨🇿 Czechia / Czech Republic 2004 10.7 78,866 Prague 156.2 40.80% 7.30% 21
🇬🇷 Greece 1981 10.42 131,940 Athens 208.5 170.60% 24.30% 21
🇵🇹 Portugal 1986 10.19 92,931 Lisbon 136.5 108.10% 15.90% 21
🇸🇪 Sweden 1995 10.09 449,964 Stockholm 387.9 38.40% 8.00% 21
🇭🇺 Hungary 2004 9.66 93,030 Budapest 99.8 81.40% 10.90% 21
🇦🇹 Austria 1995 9 83,858 Vienna 300.7 72.40% 4.30% 19
🇧🇬 Bulgaria 2007 6.94 110,994 Sofia 38.5 16.30% 12.30% 17
🇩🇰 Denmark 1973 5.79 43,094 Copenhagen 239.2 46.60% 7.50% 14
🇫🇮 Finland 1995 5.54 337,030 Helsinki 189.3 49.00% 7.70% 14
🇸🇰 Slovakia 2004 5.45 48,845 Bratislava 69.1 43.30% 14.00% 14
🇮🇪 Ireland 1973 4.93 70,280 Dublin 159 106.40% 14.70% 13
🇭🇷 Croatia 2013 4.1 56,542 Zagreb 64.2 61% 11.80% 12
🇱🇹 Lithuania 2004 2.72 65,200 Vilnius 30.8 40.70% 17.80% 11
🇸🇮 Slovenia 2004 2.07 20,253 Ljubljana 36.1 46.90% 8.90% 8
🇱🇻 Latvia 2004 1.88 64,589 Riga 20.2 48.20% 14.90% 8
🇪🇪 Estonia 2004 1.32 45,226 Tallinn 15.9 6.10% 16.90% 7
🇨🇾 Cyprus 2004 1.2 9,250 Nicosia 18 71.10% 11.90% 6
🇱🇺 Luxembourg 1957 0.62 2,586 Luxembourg 42.6 18.30% 5.10% 6
🇲🇹 Malta 2004 0.44 315,6 La Valletta 6.5 70.90% 6.40% 6
27 countries 445.11 4,381,324 Brussels 12,568.6 87.3% 10.50% 705

Notes: *In a referendum on 23rd June 2016 the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland voted to leave the EU. The UK finally left the EU on 31 January 2020 becoming the first former EU country. [1]2020, [2]2011 GDP nominal total, [3]2012, [4]Kosovo is a disputed country, claimed by Serbia, recognized by 98 of 198 UN member states.

Potential EU Englargement and Accession EU Countries

Includes candidate EU Countries, potential candidates and EU applicant countires.

Country Membership Application Association Agreement Current Status Inhabitants (millions)[1] Area (km2) Capital
🇦🇱 Albania 2009 2009 Candidate 2.86 28,748 Tirana
🇧🇦 Bosnia & Herzegovina 2016 2015 Applicant 3.3 51,129 Sarajevo
🇽🇰 Kosovo[4] 2016 Potential candidate 1.873 10,877 Pristina
🇲🇰 North Macedonia 2004 2004 Candidate 2.08 25,713 Skopje
🇷🇸 Serbia 2009 2013 Negotiating candidate 8.73 7,474 Belgrade
🇹🇷 Turkey 1987 1964 Negotiating candidate 84.33 779,452 Ankara
🇲🇪 Montenegro 2008 2010 Negotiating candidate 0.63 13,812 Podgorica

List of all EU countries and capitals

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