EU institutions, jargon and countries

All EU Countries

All EU Countries – Current & Candidate Countries

The list of all EU countries has more than quadrupled since its humble origins in 1951 when 6 members founded the European Coal and Steel Community to help avoid any further wars in Europe. The ECSC evolved into the EU and has grown to 28* members with a combined population of over 500* million European citizens. The United Kingdom was set to leave the EU on Friday 29 March 2019 in a process commonly called Brexit. The leave date has been extended to Friday 12 April 2019.

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EU CountryAccessionInhabitants (millions)Area (sq km)CapitalGDP 2011* (€ euros)Gov. Debt as % (2011*)Unemployed (2012*)Seats
Belgium195711.0330,510Brussels369.897.87,60%22
Germany195780.54357,021Berlin2592.680.55,50%99
France195764.66547,030Paris1996.686.610,20%72
Italy195760.62301,320Rome1579.6120.710,70%72
Luxembourg19570.532,586Luxembourg42.618.35,10%6
Netherlands195716.7341,526Amsterdam601.965.55,30%25
Denmark19735.643,094Copenhagen239.246.67,50%13
United Kingdom*197360.46244,820London1750.4857,90%72
Ireland19734.5870,280Dublin159106.414,70%11
Greece198110.81131,940Athens208.5170.624,30%22
Portugal198610.692,931Lisbon136.5108.115,90%22
Spain198646.7504,782Madrid1063.369.325,00%50
Finland19955.43337,030Helsinki189.3497,70%13
Austria19958.4983,858Vienna300.772.44,30%17
Sweden19959.57449,964Stockholm387.938.48,00%18
Estonia20041.3445,226Tallinn15.96.116,90%6
Latvia20042.0264,589Riga20.248.214,90%8
Lithuania20042.9865,200Vilnius30.840.717,80%12
Malta20040.41315,6La Valletta6.570.96,40%5
Poland200438.5312,685Warsaw369.656.410,10%50
Slovakia20045.448,845Bratislava69.143.314,00%13
Slovenia20042.0520,253Ljubljana36.146.98,90%7
Czech Rep.200410.578,866Prague156.240.87,30%22
Hungary20049.993,030Budapest99.881.410,90%22
Cyprus20041.129,250Nicosia1871.111,90%6
Bulgaria20077.36110,994Sofia38.516.312,30%17
Romania200720.1238,391Bucharest136.533.47,30%33
Croatia20134.2856,542Zagreb64.26111,80%12
28 countries *505.734,381,324Brussels12,568.687.310,50%751

* Dated information about EU institutions and jargon was last updated on 2 April 2019. In a referendum on 23rd Jun 2015 Great Britain voted to leave the EU. On 29th March 2017 Great Britain formerly triggered Article 50 of the Lisbon treaty and was set to leave the EU on Friday 29th March 2019 which has now been extended to Friday 10th April 2019. Until then Great Britain remains a member of the EU and subject to all benefits and obligations. We will keep this list of all EU countries updated as it happens.

5 EU Candidate Countries

CountryAccession ApplicationInhabitants (millions)Area (sq km)CapitalGDP 2011* (€ euros)Unemployed (2012*)Planned Seats
Macedonia20042.0525,713Skopje17.131%
Serbia20097.1277,474Belgrade28.819,20%
Turkey198775.6779,452Ankara858.410,70%
Iceland20090.32103,125Reykjavik9.98,10%6
Montenegro20050.6213,812Podgorica5.711,40%

List of all EU countries and capitals

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