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All EU Countries – Current & Candidate Countries

The list of all EU countries has more than quadrupled since its humble origins in 1951 when 6 members founded the European Coal and Steel Community to help avoid any further wars in Europe. The ECSC evolved into the EU and has grown to 28* members with a combined population of over 500* million European citizens. The original United Kingdom Brexit leave date was Friday 29 March 2019. This was extended to Friday 12 April 2019, then 31 October 2019. UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson has just accepted a “flextension” from the EU which means the UK could leave on or before 31 January 2020.

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EU Country Accession Inhabitants (millions) Area (sq km) Capital GDP 2011 (€ euros) Gov. Debt as % 2011 Unemployed 2012 Seats
Belgium 1957 11.03 30,510 Brussels. 369.8 97.8 7,60% 22
Germany 1957 80.54 357,021 Berlin. 2592.6 80.5 5,50% 99
France 1957 64.66 547,030 Paris. 1996.6 86.6 10,20% 72
Italy 1957 60.62 301,320 Rome. 1579.6 120.7 10,70% 72
Luxembourg 1957 0.53 2,586 Luxembourg. 42.6 18.3 5,10% 6
Netherlands 1957 16.73 41,526 Amsterdam. 601.9 65.5 5,30% 25
Denmark 1973 5.6 43,094 Copenhagen. 239.2 46.6 7,50% 13
United Kingdom* 1973 60.46 244,820 London. 1750.4 85 7,90% 72
Ireland 1973 4.58 70,280 Dublin. 159 106.4 14,70% 11
Greece 1981 10.81 131,940 Athens. 208.5 170.6 24,30% 22
Portugal 1986 10.6 92,931 Lisbon. 136.5 108.1 15,90% 22
Spain 1986 46.7 504,782 Madrid. 1063.3 69.3 25,00% 50
Finland 1995 5.43 337,030 Helsinki. 189.3 49 7,70% 13
Austria 1995 8.49 83,858 Vienna. 300.7 72.4 4,30% 17
Sweden 1995 9.57 449,964 Stockholm. 387.9 38.4 8,00% 18
Estonia 2004 1.34 45,226 Tallinn. 15.9 6.1 16,90% 6
Latvia 2004 2.02 64,589 Riga. 20.2 48.2 14,90% 8
Lithuania 2004 2.98 65,200 Vilnius. 30.8 40.7 17,80% 12
Malta 2004 0.41 315,6 La Valletta. 6.5 70.9 6,40% 5
Poland 2004 38.5 312,685 Warsaw. 369.6 56.4 10,10% 50
Slovakia 2004 5.4 48,845 Bratislava. 69.1 43.3 14,00% 13
Slovenia 2004 2.05 20,253 Ljubljana. 36.1 46.9 8,90% 7
Czech Rep. 2004 10.5 78,866 Prague. 156.2 40.8 7,30% 22
Hungary 2004 9.9 93,030 Budapest. 99.8 81.4 10,90% 22
Cyprus 2004 1.12 9,250 Nicosia. 18 71.1 11,90% 6
Bulgaria 2007 7.36 110,994 Sofia. 38.5 16.3 12,30% 17
Romania 2007 20.1 238,391 Bucharest. 136.5 33.4 7,30% 33
Croatia 2013 4.28 56,542 Zagreb. 64.2 61 11,80% 12
28 countries * 505.73 4,381,324 Brussels 12,568.6 87.3 10,50% 751

* Dated information about EU institutions and jargon was last updated November 7, 2019. In a referendum on 23rd June 2016 Great Britain narrowly voted to leave the EU. On 29th March 2017 Great Britain formerly triggered Article 50 of the Lisbon treaty and was set to leave the EU on Friday 29th March 2019. This date has already been extended several times and a “flextension” until January 2020 has recently been agreed between the EU/UK. Until then the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland remains a member of the EU and subject to all benefits and obligations. We will keep this list of all EU countries updated.

5 Candidate EU Countries

Country Membership Application Association Agreement Candidate Since Current Status Inhabitants (millions) Area (sq km) Capital GDP 2011 (€ euros) Unemployed 2012
Albania 2009 2009 2014 Candidate. 2.05 25,713 Skopje. 17.1 31%
North Macedonia 2004 2004 2005 Candidate. 2.05 25,713 Skopje. 17.1 31%
Serbia 2009 2013 2012 Negotiating candidate. 7.127 7,474 Belgrade. 28.8 19.20%
Turkey 1987 1964 1999 Negotiating candidate. 75.6 779,452 Ankara. 858.4 10.70%
Montenegro 2008 2010 2012 Negotiating candidate. 0.62 13,812 Podgorica. 5.7 11.40%

Related All EU Countries ADDucation Lists:

List of all EU countries and capitals

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