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All EU Countries 🇪🇺

All EU Countries List 🇪🇺 European Union Countries List & Candidates

The list of all EU countries has more than quadrupled since its origin in 1951 when 6 members founded the European Coal and Steel Community to help avoid any further wars in Europe. The ECSC evolved into the EU and grew to 28 members. The UK left the EU on 31 January 2020* becoming the first former EU country. The combined population of the current 27 EU member states is around 445 million[1] is the world’s largest customs union.

  • ADDucation’s list of all EU Countries was compiled by Robert Junker and last updated May 30, 2024 @ 7:45 pm

ADDucation Tips: Click column headings with arrows to sort all EU countries. Reload page for original sort order. Resize your browser to full screen and/or zoom out to display as many columns as possible. Click the ➕ icon to reveal any hidden columns. Start typing in the Filter table box to find anything inside the table of all EU Countries.

EU Country 🇪🇺 Accession Population (millions)[1] Area (km2) Capital GDP (€ euros)[2] Government Debt %[2] Unemployed %[3] MEP Seats[1]
EU States: 27 Year: Total: 445.11 4,381,324 Brussels €12,500+ 87.3% 10.50% 705
🇩🇪 Germany 1957 83.78 357,021 Berlin 2592.6 80.50% 5.50% 96
🇫🇷 France 1957 65.27 547,030 Paris 1996.6 86.60% 10.20% 79
🇮🇹 Italy 1957 60.46 301,320 Rome 1579.6 120.70% 10.70% 76
🇪🇸 Spain 1986 46.75 504,782 Madrid 1063.3 69.30% 25.00% 59
🇵🇱 Poland 2004 37.84 312,685 Warsaw 369.6 56.40% 10.10% 52
🇷🇴 Romania 2007 19.23 238,391 Bucharest 136.5 33.40% 7.30% 33
🇳🇱 Netherlands 1957 17.13 41,526 Amsterdam 601.9 65.50% 5.30% 29
🇧🇪 Belgium 1957 11.59 30,510 Brussels 369.8 97.80% 7.60% 21
🇨🇿 Czechia / Czech Republic 2004 10.7 78,866 Prague 156.2 40.80% 7.30% 21
🇬🇷 Greece 1981 10.42 131,940 Athens 208.5 170.60% 24.30% 21
🇵🇹 Portugal 1986 10.19 92,931 Lisbon 136.5 108.10% 15.90% 21
🇸🇪 Sweden 1995 10.09 449,964 Stockholm 387.9 38.40% 8.00% 21
🇭🇺 Hungary 2004 9.66 93,030 Budapest 99.8 81.40% 10.90% 21
🇦🇹 Austria 1995 9 83,858 Vienna 300.7 72.40% 4.30% 19
🇧🇬 Bulgaria 2007 6.94 110,994 Sofia 38.5 16.30% 12.30% 17
🇩🇰 Denmark 1973 5.79 43,094 Copenhagen 239.2 46.60% 7.50% 14
🇫🇮 Finland 1995 5.54 337,030 Helsinki 189.3 49.00% 7.70% 14
🇸🇰 Slovakia 2004 5.45 48,845 Bratislava 69.1 43.30% 14.00% 14
🇮🇪 Ireland 1973 4.93 70,280 Dublin 159 106.40% 14.70% 13
🇭🇷 Croatia 2013 4.1 56,542 Zagreb 64.2 61% 11.80% 12
🇱🇹 Lithuania 2004 2.72 65,200 Vilnius 30.8 40.70% 17.80% 11
🇸🇮 Slovenia 2004 2.07 20,253 Ljubljana 36.1 46.90% 8.90% 8
🇱🇻 Latvia 2004 1.88 64,589 Riga 20.2 48.20% 14.90% 8
🇪🇪 Estonia 2004 1.32 45,226 Tallinn 15.9 6.10% 16.90% 7
🇨🇾 Cyprus 2004 1.2 9,250 Nicosia 18 71.10% 11.90% 6
🇱🇺 Luxembourg 1957 0.62 2,586 Luxembourg 42.6 18.30% 5.10% 6
🇲🇹 Malta 2004 0.44 315,6 La Valletta 6.5 70.90% 6.40% 6

See also: ▶️ EU Institutions, Jargon and Acronyms… | 🔀 List of International Organizations…

Notes: *In a referendum on 23rd June 2016 the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland voted to leave the EU. The UK finally left the EU on 31 January 2020 becoming the first former EU country. [1]2022, [2]2011 GDP nominal total, [3]2012, [4]Kosovo is a disputed country, claimed by Serbia, recognized by 98 of 198 UN member states.

Frequently Asked Questions About The EU (FAQs)

EU Frequently Asked Questions

Are there 27 or 28 countries in the EU?

There were 28 EU countries until 31 January 2020 when the UK left the European Union. There are currently 27 EU countries with 7 candidate countries.

How many countries are currently in EU?

There are currently 27 countries in the European Union.

What is the difference between the EU and the Schengen zone?

The EU is an economic and political union. The Schengen Area is a travel zone. Visitors entering the Schengen Area can enter any of the 26 Schengen countries without further passport checks.


Potential EU Enlargement: EU Accession Countries List 2024

List of all European Union candidate countries and current status. Includes EU applicant countries and EU application status.

Country Membership Application Association Agreement Candidate Status Area (km2) Population (millions) Captial Current Status
🇦🇱 Albania 2009 2009 2014 28,768 2.85 Tirana Candidate
🇧🇦 Bosnia & Herzegovina 2016 2015 51,129 3.47 Sarajevo Potential candidate
🇬🇪 Georgia 2022 2016 69,700 3.69 Tbilisi Potential candidate
🇽🇰 Kosovo[4] 2016 10,867 1.94 Pristina Potential candidate
🇲🇩 Moldova 2022 2016 2022 33,846 2.60 Chișinău Candidate
🇲🇪 Montenegro 2008 2010 2010 13,812 0.62 Podgorica Candidate negotiating
🇲🇰 North Macedonia 2004 2004 2005 25,713 1.84 Skopje Candidate
🇷🇸 Serbia 2009 2013 2012 88,361 6.87 Belgrade Candidate negotiating
🇹🇷 Turkey 1987 1964 1999 783,356 84.68 Ankara Candidate negotiating
🇺🇦 Ukraine 2022 2017 2022 603,628 41.17 Kyiv Candidate

List of all EU countries and capitals

Related to European Union Countries List:


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