EU institutions

All EU Countries

All EU Countries – Current & Candidate Countries

The list of all EU countries has more than quadrupled since its humble origins in 1951 when 6 members founded the European Coal and Steel Community to help avoid any further wars in Europe. The ECSC evolved into the EU and grew to 28 members. The UK left the EU on 31 January 2020*, the first former EU country. The 27 member states, totalling around 445 million[1] European citizens, remains the world’s largest customs union.

ADDucation Tips: Click column headings with arrows to sort all eu countries. Click the + icon to show any hidden columns. Set your browser to full screen to show as many columns as possible. Start typing in the Filter table box to find anything inside the table of all EU Countries.

EU Country Accession Inhabitants (millions)[1] Area (km2) Capital GDP (€ euros)[2] Government Debt %[2] Unemployed %[3] MEP Seats[1]
🇩🇪 Germany 1957 83.78 357,021 Berlin. 2592.6 80.50% 5.50% 96
🇫🇷 France 1957 65.27 547,030 Paris. 1996.6 86.60% 10.20% 79
🇮🇹 Italy 1957 60.46 301,320 Rome. 1579.6 120.70% 10.70% 76
🇪🇸 Spain 1986 46.75 504,782 Madrid. 1063.3 69.30% 25.00% 59
🇵🇱 Poland 2004 37.84 312,685 Warsaw. 369.6 56.40% 10.10% 52
🇷🇴 Romania 2007 19.23 238,391 Bucharest. 136.5 33.40% 7.30% 33
🇳🇱 Netherlands 1957 17.13 41,526 Amsterdam. 601.9 65.50% 5.30% 29
🇧🇪 Belgium 1957 11.59 30,510 Brussels. 369.8 97.80% 7.60% 21
🇨🇿 Czechia / Czech Republic 2004 10.7 78,866 Prague. 156.2 40.80% 7.30% 21
🇬🇷 Greece 1981 10.42 131,940 Athens. 208.5 170.60% 24.30% 21
🇵🇹 Portugal 1986 10.19 92,931 Lisbon. 136.5 108.10% 15.90% 21
🇸🇪 Sweden 1995 10.09 449,964 Stockholm. 387.9 38.40% 8.00% 21
🇭🇺 Hungary 2004 9.66 93,030 Budapest. 99.8 81.40% 10.90% 21
🇦🇹 Austria 1995 9 83,858 Vienna. 300.7 72.40% 4.30% 19
🇧🇬 Bulgaria 2007 6.94 110,994 Sofia. 38.5 16.30% 12.30% 17
🇩🇰 Denmark 1973 5.79 43,094 Copenhagen. 239.2 46.60% 7.50% 14
🇫🇮 Finland 1995 5.54 337,030 Helsinki. 189.3 49.00% 7.70% 14
🇸🇰 Slovakia 2004 5.45 48,845 Bratislava. 69.1 43.30% 14.00% 14
🇮🇪 Ireland 1973 4.93 70,280 Dublin. 159 106.40% 14.70% 13
🇭🇷 Croatia 2013 4.1 56,542 Zagreb. 64.2 61% 11.80% 12
🇱🇹 Lithuania 2004 2.72 65,200 Vilnius. 30.8 40.70% 17.80% 11
🇸🇮 Slovenia 2004 2.07 20,253 Ljubljana. 36.1 46.90% 8.90% 8
🇱🇻 Latvia 2004 1.88 64,589 Riga. 20.2 48.20% 14.90% 8
🇪🇪 Estonia 2004 1.32 45,226 Tallinn. 15.9 6.10% 16.90% 7
🇨🇾 Cyprus 2004 1.2 9,250 Nicosia. 18 71.10% 11.90% 6
🇱🇺 Luxembourg 1957 0.62 2,586 Luxembourg. 42.6 18.30% 5.10% 6
🇲🇹 Malta 2004 0.44 315,6 La Valletta. 6.5 70.90% 6.40% 6
27 countries * 445.11 4,381,324 Brussels 12,568.6 87.3% 10.50% 705

*In a referendum on 23rd June 2016 Great Britain narrowly voted to leave the EU. On 29th March 2017 Great Britain formerly triggered Article 50 of the Lisbon treaty and was set to leave the EU on Friday 29th March 2019. This date was extended several times until the UK finally left the EU on 31 January 2020 becoming the first former EU country. The UK is currently in a transitional phase and must follow EU rules, without a say, until the transition period ends on 31 December 2020. [1]2020, [2]2011, [3]2012.

5 Candidate EU Countries

Country Membership Application Association Agreement Candidate Since Current Status Inhabitants (millions)[1] Area (km2) Capital GDP (€ euros)[2] Unemployed %[3]
🇦🇱 Albania 2009 2009 2014 Candidate. 2.87 25,713 Skopje. 17.1 31%
🇲🇰 North Macedonia 2004 2004 2005 Candidate. 2.08 25,713 Skopje. 17.1 31%
🇷🇸 Serbia 2009 2013 2012 Negotiating candidate. 8.73 7,474 Belgrade. 28.8 19.20%
🇹🇷 Turkey 1987 1964 1999 Negotiating candidate. 84.33 779,452 Ankara. 858.4 10.70%
🇲🇪 Montenegro 2008 2010 2012 Negotiating candidate. 0.63 13,812 Podgorica. 5.7 11.40%

Related All EU Countries ADDucation Lists:

List of all EU countries and capitals

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *