Greek gods and goddesses

Greek Gods & Goddesses

Greek Gods and Goddesses – Classical Greek Mythology

ADDucation’s list of Greek gods and goddesses is compiled from the works of Hesiod’s Theogony (c700 BC) and Homer’s Iliad and Odyssey 760-710 BC) because these authority sources are credited by ancient authors with establishing Greek religious customs. We have also referenced dozens of other sources as indicated. The cool thing about ADDucation lists is you can sort and filter the table to find exactly what you’re looking for quicker than any other table of Greek gods and goddesses we’re aware of. We’ve also included family trees of Greek gods and goddesses organized into the three “dynasties” which ruled the cosmos – just click the titles to expand them.

ADDucation Tips: Click column headings with arrows to sort Greek gods and goddesses. Click the + icon to expand columns on tablets and mobiles. Resize your browser to see more/less columns. Use the Filter table box to easily find anything inside the table. For example to display only table rows which include the word Zeus type Zeus into the filter. Bold text indicates male/maculine entities and bold+Italics indicates female/feminine entities

NameRoman EquivalentTitleGroupGenderParentsSiblingsConsort/sOffspringGreek Gods and Goddesses Details
AchillesHeroMalePeleus (mortal) and nymph Thetis (nymph, minor sea goddess)(maybe) PatroclusIn order to make Achilles immortal Thetis dipped him in the river Styx holding him by his heel which did not touch the water and his heel remained his mortal weakness (there are other stories). Achilles become a Trojan war95* hero after slaying Hector, the Trojan prince, as revenge for killing his best friend the Trojan prince. Paris, Hector’s brother kills Achilles with an arrow to his “Achilles’ heel”. When Achilles was cremated his ashes were mixed with Patroclus‘ ashes.
“Achilles’ heel” is a popular idiom based on Greek mythology: Achilles was dipped by his heel into the river Styx to make him immortal but the water did not touch his heel which remained mortal and he was killed by an arrow to his “Achilles’ heel”.
ActaeonPupil of centaur ChironMortalMaleAristaeus (a herdsman) and AutonoeActaeon accidentally saw Artemis naked while she was bathing in the woods and was captivated by her beauty. Artemis saw him and told him never to speak again or she would change him into a deer. Actaeon heard his hunting dogs, called them, turned into a deer and was killed by his own dogs. There are many variations of this story.
AdonisAdonisGod of desire and beauty, vegetation and rebirthMinor godMaleCinyras and Metharme6* (or Phoenix and Alphesiboea1* or Theias, King of Assyria and his daughter Myrrha/Smyrna23*
  • From Cinyras and Metharme:
    • Braesia
    • Oxyporus
    • Orsedice
    • Laogore
    • Laodice (married King Elatus of Arcadia)
Aphrodite, PersephoneSmyrna/Myrrha was punished by Aphrodite to love her father. Smyrna tricked him into sleeping with her. he found out, she fled, was nearly caught but the gods changed her into a tree called smurna. Nine months later Adonis burst from the tree. Aphrodite fell in love with Adonis and entrusted Persephone to raise him who later refused to give Adonis up. Zeus decided Adonis would spend four months each with Aphrodite and Persephone and could choose where to spend the other four months, Adonis chose Aphrodite. Adonis died of a wound from a wild boar, sent by Artemis (or Ares) and descend to the underworld but was allowed to spend six months each year in the upper world with Aphrodite9*
AeneasLeader of the Trojan DardaniansMortalMalePrince Anchises and AphroditeLyrusAphrodite pretended to be a Phrygian princess and seduced prince Anchises. She later revealed her true identity and that they would have a son, Aeneas. She warned Anchises to keep quiet about their affair but he didn’t and Zeus blinded or killed him with a tunderbolt. There are many variations of this story. Aeneas became the leader of the Trojan Dardanians and, with the protection of Aphrodite, Apollo and Poseidon, was one of only a few Trojans to survive the Trojan war95*. He settled in Italy where Rome was built by his descendants, twins Remus and Romulus.
AetherEtherGod of Light and the upper atmospherePrimordialMaleErebus and Nyx1* or Chronos and Ananke9* or
Chaos3*
  • From Erebus and Nyx:
    • Agathyrnus
    • Aethe
    • Hemera
    • the Keres
    • the Hesperides
    • the Oneiroi
Hemera, Gaia
  • Gaia
  • Thalassa
  • Uranus
  • Aergia
  • Pontus
  • Tartarus
Aether is one of the elementary substances from which the Universe was formed. Aether is the personification of the upper air only breathed by gods. The air which encircles the mortal world that the rest of us breathe is called Aer (or Chaos).
Aeolus/AiolosOne of the three keepers of the windsSky GodMaleHippotes and ArneMelanippe or Cyane24*
  • With Cyane 6 sons:
    • Agathyrnus
    • Astyochus
    • Androcles
    • Iocastus
    • Pheraemon
    • Xuthus
    • 6 unknown daughters
This Aeolus lived on Aeolia, a floating island, visited by Odysseus in the Odyssey and provided a west wind to carry them home.
There are other mythical Aeolus’ with plenty of confusion between them but this Aeolus is the only deity.
Ananke
(Penia)
NecessitasGoddess of inevitability, compulsion, and necessityPrimordial Orphic9*FemaleChronos (or Hydrus and Gaia9*)
  • Phanes (hermaphroditic)
  • Tartarus
Chronos (husband)
  • The Moirai (Fates)
  • and (Orphic9*) Chaos, Aether, Erebos, Phanes
According to the Orphic cosmogony9*
Ananke
is one of the Protogenoi from which the cosmos began. She is the most powerful dictator of fate, with some influence/control over the Moirai (Fates).
AnchialeGoddess of the warming heat of fireTitaness 2nd Gen.FemaleIapetus and unknown motherPrometheusHecaterus (wife)The DactylsProbably founder of the town of Anchiale, Cilicia, South Anatolia.
AntaeusHalf-giantMalePoseiden and Gaia
  • Charybdis (sea monster),
  • Laistrygon (giant cannibal)
TinjisAlceis or BarceAntaeus was an invincible wrestler so long as he remained in contact with his mother earth (Gaia). He challenged passers-by and used their skulls to build a temple to Poseidon. Heracles beat Antaeus, en-route to 11 of 12 labours, by lifting him in a bearhug and crushing him off the ground.
AnterosGod of requited loveMinor GodMaleAres and Aphrodite (or nymphs)
  • Eros
  • twins Deimos and Phobos
  • Himeros,
  • Pothos half brother
  • Hermaphroditus half brother
  • Harmonia sister and half-sister
ErosAnteros used a golden club or arrows of lead to punish those uninterested in love or those who didn’t return the love of other people
ApateFraus (fraud)Personification of deceit, deception, guile, fraudSpirit/DaimonaFemaleErebus and Nyx3* or Nyx1* alone by parthenogenesis99*
  • From Erebus and Nyx:
    • Aether
    • Hemera
    • the Keres
    • the Hesperides
    • the Oneiroi
  • From Nyx by parthenogenesis99*:
    • Eris
    • Geras
    • Hypnos
    • Momus
    • Moros
    • Nemesis
    • Oizys
    • Philotes
    • Thanatos
    • the Hesperides
    • the Keres
    • the Moirai
    • the Oneiroi

 

When Pandora’s box was opened, Apate was one of the evil spirits that emerged. Apate’s male equivalent is Dolos (Trickery) and Apate’s opposite is Aletheia (Truth)
Aphrodite
(Cytherea and Cypris)
VenusGoddess of Love, Beauty, Pleasure, ProcreationOlympianFemaleZeus and Dione2*or the sea foam where Uranus’1* castrated genitals fell
  • Apollo
  • Ares
  • Artemis
  • Athena
  • Dionysus
  • Hebe
  • Hermes
  • Heracles
  • Helen of Troy
  • Hephaestus
  • Perseus
  • Minos
  • the Muses
  • the Graces
  • the Meliae
  • the Erinyes (Furies)
  • the Gigantes
Divine consorts:
  • Hephaestus
  • Ares
  • Hermes
  • Dionysus
  • Adonis

Mortal consorts:

  • Prince Anchises
  • Phaethon
  • Boutes

 

Divine offspring:
  • With Ares:
    • Harmonia (goddess of harmony)3,9,10*
    • twins Deimos and Phobos (gods of fear & terror)3*
    • Eros10*
    • Adrestia
  • With Dionysus:
    • Priapus11*
    • Iacchus9*
  • With Adonis:
    • Priapus27*
    • Beroe10*(Oceanid nymph)
  • With Hermes:
    • Pan
    • Hermaphroditus
    • Tyche
    • Abderus/Abderos
    • Priapus
  • With Dionysus:
    • The Charities (the Graces)
  • With Perseidon:
    • Rhode (goddess of Rhodes, nymph)19*

Mortal offspring:

  • With Prince Anchises:
    • Aeneas (Trojan hero)
    • Lyros
  • With Phaethon:
    • Astynous/Astynoos
  • With Butes6* (Argonaut):
    • Eryx (King of Eryx)

With unknown fathers:

  • Peitho (goddess of persuasion)
  • The Erotes
.Because Aphrodite was beautiful Zeus married her to ugly Hephaestus to avoid rivalry. One of the most famous of all Greek gods and goddesses.
ApolloApolloGod of Music, Prophecy, Education, Healing and DiseaseOlympianMaleZeus and LetoArtemis (twin sister) Half-siblings:
  • Ares
  • Aphrodite
  • Athena,
  • Dionysus
  • Hebe
  • Hermes
  • Heracles
  • Helen of Troy
  • Hephaestus
  • Perseus
  • Minos
  • the Muses
  • the Charities
  • Daphne
  • Leucothea
  • Kyrene
  • Marpesia
  • Kastalia
  • Hekuba
  • Kassandra
  • Coronis (Princess of the Lapiths)
  • Thalia
  • Calliope (muse)
  • Hyacinth
  • Cyparissus
  • With Coronis: Asclepius
  • With Hekuba: Troilus
  • With Kyrene: Aristaeus
  • With Calliope: Orpheus
  • With Thalia: the Corybantes
Apollo was the protecter of boys up to marriage age. As god of prophecy Apollo found a place called Pytho to dispense prophecies to mortals. Python, a giant snake lived in Pytho and terrorised all living creatures so Apollo killed the snake, built a temple, and renamed Pytho to Delphi. There are many other Apollo related myths. One of the most famous of all Greek gods and goddesses.
AresMarsGod of War, Battle, ManlinessOlympianMaleZeus and Hera
  • Athena
  • Apollo
  • Artemis
  • Aphrodite
  • Dionysus
  • Eris
  • Hebe
  • Hermes
  • Heracles
  • Helen of Troy
  • Hephaestus
  • Perseus
  • Minos
  • the Muses
  • the Charities
  • Eileithyia
  • Enyo
  • maybe Aphrodite
  • Chryse or Dotis
  • Eos
  • Pelopeia
  • maybe Enyo sister and war-goddess
  • Queen Otrera (mother of the Amazons),
  • With Aphrodite:
    • Eros and Anteros (2 of the Erotes)
    • twins Deimos and Phobos
    • Harmonia
    • Adrestia
  • With Chryse or Dotis:
    • Phlegyas (King of the Lapiths).
  • With Otrera (Amazons):
    • Hippolyta
    • Antiope
    • Melanippe
    • Penthesileia
  • With Pelopeia:
    • Cycnus
  • With unknown mothers:
    • Asopis (Naiad nymph)
Least loved of the 12 Olympians. Ares supported the Trojans and spoilt, his cries of pain, reached Mount Olympus. The Aloadae locked Ares in a bronze jar for a lunar year (13 months) later Hermes released him only to learn his fellow Olympians had tricked the twins into killing each other some time ago.
ArethusaAlpheiasGoddess of springs and fountainsNymph NereidFemaleNereus and Demeter
ArtemisDianaVirgin Goddess of Hunting, Wild Animals, Children, Choirs, DiseaseOlympianFemaleZeus and Leto or Demeter11*
  • Apollo (twin brother)
  • Half siblings:
  • Ares
  • Athena
  • Aphrodite
  • Dionysus
  • Hebe
  • Hermes
  • Heracles
  • Helen of Troy
  • Hephaestus
  • Perseus
  • Minos
  • the Muses
  • the Graces
VirginArtemis was the protectress of girls up to marriage age. Artemis loved Orion, her hunting companion, but Apollo was jealous and tricked her into accidentally killing him with a long range arrow shot. In her grief Artemis placed Orion in the stars and formed the constellation of Orion.
Artemis sided with the Trojans during the Trojan war95* and clashed with Hera who grabbed Artemis’ bow, beat her about the head and sent her fleeing back to Olympus in tears.
Asclepius (Asklepios)AesculapiusGod of healing and medicineDeified MortalMaleApollo and Coronis (Triccaean princess) (or Apollo and Arsinoe)
  • Troilus
  • Aristaeus
  • Orpheus
  • the Corybantes
Epione (goddess of soothing pain)
  • Makhaon
  • Podaleirios
  • Iaso
  • Aigle
  • Aceso
  • Panakeia
  • Hygeia
Coronis was killed, while pregnant, for being unfaithful to Apollo. Before her body was burned Apollo saved Asclepius who was given the centaur Chiron, to be raised. Asclepius was taught medicine and eventually learned to raise the dead. Asclepius resurrected Hippolytus which angered Hades who complained to Zeus who killed Asclepius with a lightning bolt. Asklepios means “to cut open”.
AsteriaGoddess of nocturnal oracles and falling starsTitaness 2nd Gen.FemaleCoeus and Phoebe
Asteria is a popular name in Greek mythology. This Asteria is:
  • NOT one of the Heliades
  • NOT one of the Danaids
  • NOT one of the Alkyonides
  • NOT the consort of Bellerophon
  • NOT the consort of Phocus
  • NOT the daughter of Coronus
  • NOT the daughter of Teucer and Eune
  • NOT the Athenian maiden that was one of the would-be sacrifices to the Minotaur.
  • NOT the ninth Amazon killed by Heracles
  • Leto
  • Lelantus
PersesHecateAsteria took the form of a quail and threw herself into the Aegean Sea to escape the advances of Zeus and became the “quail island” of Ortygia. This became identified with the island of Delos, the place where Leto, pregnant with Zeus’s children, took refuge when she was pursued by Hera looking for vengeance.
AstraeusGod of the dusk, stars, and planets, and the art of astrologyTitan 2nd Gen.MaleCrius and Eurybia
(maybe 1 of the 100 Gigantes born of Tartarus and Gaia3*).
Another Astraeus is one of the elderly Silens10*)
Pallus, PersesEosWind deities:
  • Boreas (North wind, bringer of cold winter air)
  • Notus (South wind, bringer of the storms of late summer and autumn)
  • Eurus (East wind)
  • Zephyrus (West wind, bringer of light spring and early summer breezes), five planets/Wandering

Stars:

  • Phainon (Saturn)
  • Phaethon (Jupiter)
  • Pyroeis (Mars)
  • Eosphoros/Hesperos (Venus)
  • Stilbon (Mercury)

Possibly Astraea (goddess of innocence and justice)

Because winds drop or swell at dusk Astraeus is sometimes associated with Aeolus, the keeper of the winds. The joining of Astraeus (Dusk) with Eos (Dawn) resulted in Eosphoros and the other stars and winds.
Atalanta
(Atlanta)
HeroineFemaleHer parentage is uncertain, best guesses are:
  • King Iasus and Clymene (daughter of Minyas)
  • Schoeneus and unknown
  • Maenalus and unknownr
  • Ares
  • Meleager
  • Melanion
  • Hippomenes
With Melanion: ParthenopaeusKing Iasus wanted a son so, when Atalanta was born, he left her in the woods or on a mountain to die. Stories relate Atalanta was suckled by a bear until hunters found and raised her. Atalanta learned to hunt and fight like a bear. Atalanta was later reunited with her father. Atalanta sailed with Jason and the Argonauts.
AthenaMinervaVirgin Goddess of: Warcraft, Heroism, Counsel, Pottery, Weaving, Olives and OilOlympianFemaleZeus and Metis
  • Apollo
  • Ares
  • Artemis
  • Aphrodite
  • Dionysus
  • Hebe
  • Hermes
  • Heracles
  • Helen of Troy
  • Hephaestus
  • Perseus
  • Minos
  • the Muses
  • the Graces
VirginAthena was Zeus’ favorite daughter, born fully grown and clad in armor from Zeus’s forehead she was even allowed to use his thunderbolt. She was fierce and brave but only fought to defend her state/home.
In a contest for Athens against Poseidon he created a salt water spring by striking the ground with his trident. Athena created an Olive tree, symbolizing peace and prosperity and Cecrops, the ruler of Athens accepted the tree and Athena became the patron goddess of Athens. One of the most famous of all Greek gods and goddesses.
AtlasAtlasGod of endurance and astronomyTitan 2nd Gen.MaleIapetus and Clymene (Oceanid ) or Asia
  • Menoetius
  • twins Prometheus and Epimetheus
Pleione
  • the Hesperides
  • the Hyades
  • the Pleiades
  • Calypso (Ogygian nymph)
  • Dione (Atlantid nymph)
  • Maera (Atlantid nymph)
After the Titans lost the Titanomachy96*Zeus condemned Atlas to hold up the sky for eternity, shouldering the weight of the heavens. One of the most famous of all Greek gods and goddesses.
Attis
(Atus, Attus, or Attin)
AttisGod of vegetationMortalMaleGalaos and Nana (Naiad nymph of the River Sangarius)CybeleCybele made Attis castrate himself as punishment for his infidelity.
AuraAuraGentle early morning breezeTitaness 3rd Gen.FemaleLelantos and Periboa10* or Cybele10*Dionysus10*maybe IacchusAura was a virgin huntress who in her hubris about her maidenhood dared to compare her body to the goddess Artemis claiming her form was too womanly to be a true virgin.
Artemis asked Nemesis to punish Aura and she was violated by Dionysos and gave birth to twin sons. Aura swallowed one whole but Iacchus was rescued by Artemis. Aura went mad and became a ruthless, slayer of men. Zeus transformed Aura into a stream or breeze, Associated with the Aurai.
BellerophonHeroMale
  • Glaucus and Eurymede
  • Poseidon and Eurynome (daughter of King Nisus 1 of Megara)
Philonoe (wife, daughter of Iobates)
  • Laodamia
  • Isander/Pisander
  • Hippolochus (father of Glaucus)
  • Deidamia (married Evander)
Bellerophon, born in Corinth, committed a murder as a youth and was sent to King Proetus for justice. The king’s wife Queen Anteia/Stheneboea fancied Bellerophon but when he spurned her attention she told Proetus he had attempted to ravish her.
Proitos, fearing the wrath of the Erinyes if he killed a guest, sent Bellerophon to his father in law, King Iobates with a sealed message asking him to kill Bellerophon. Before reading the message Iobates feasted with Bellerophon for nine days so when he finally read the message he also feared the wrath of the Erinyes. Instead he sent Bellerophon on an impossible mission to kill the fire-breathing Chimera which was ravaging the land. Along the way Bellerophon met Polyeidos, a famous seer, who told him how to capture and tame a winged horse, called Pegasus, at the town fountain. Bellerophon and Pegasus managed to kill the Chimera only to be sent to subdue the barbarous Solymoi, then the Amazons. When he succeeded he was ambushed by pirate Cheirmarrhus and the palace guards but he killed them all. Finally Iobates relented and allowed Bellerophon to marry his daughter Philonoe and gave him half his kingdom.
Bellerophon’s hubris prompted him to attempt to fly on Pegasus to join the gods on Mount Olympus. This angered Zeus who sent a gadfly to sting Pegasus causing Bellerophon to fall back to earth where he landed in a thorn bush. Blinded and crippled Bellerophon lived out his life in misery as a hermit. Pegasus did make it to Mount Olympus and was used to carry thunderbolts for Zeus.
Bia
Personification of force and raw energyMinor godMalePallas and Styx
  • Zelus (Zeal)
  • Nike (Victory)
  • Cratos (Strengh)
 Bia, along with Nike, Zelus and Cratos were the sentinels of Zeus‘ throne.
BoreasAquiloGod of the north wind and winterSky God > Wind GodMaleAstraeus and Eos
  • Eurus
  • Notus
  • Zephyrus
  • Apeliotes
  • Lips
  • Kaikias
  • Skeiron
  • Oreithyia (wife),
  • Chione (lover)
  • Tisiphone (one of the Erinyes)
  • With Oreithyia:
    • Chione/Khione
    • Cleopatra
    • Zephyrus and Calaïs (the Boreads “Wind brothers”)
  • With Tisiphone four immortal horses:
    • Konabos
    • Aithôn
    • Phlogeus
    • Phobos
Boreas was a strong and bad-tempered purple-winged old man with a beard and shaggy hair wearing a cloak and holding a conch shell.
Boreas was said to have fathered twelve colts after taking the form of a stallion. Boreas lived in a cave of mount Haemus in Thrace.
Castor and Polydeuces
(Dioscuri)
Castor and PolluxGods of sailors, horsemanship and travelersDeified MortalsMale
  • Caster: Tyndareus (King of Sparta) and Leda (Spartan queen)19* or Zeus and Leda1*
  • Polydeuces: Zeus and Leda1*
Twin sisters and half sisters:
  • Helen of Troy
  • Clytemnestra
Twins Castor and Pollux were both born mortals, kind and generous. Polydeuces was the divine son of Zeus (who seduced Leda in the guise of a swan). After Castor was killed Polydeucesasked Zeus to give Castor immortality so they could remain together. They also represent the Gemini twins constellation.
Ceto
(aka Keto)
Goddess of sea monsters and sea dangersSea goddessFemaleGaia and Pontus
  • Nereus
  • Thaumas
  • Phorcys
  • Eurybia
Phorcys (her brother)
  • the Hesperides
  • the Gorgons
  • the Graeae
  • Thoosa (sea nymph)
  • Echidna
  • Ladon (serpent-like Dragon)
  • and all sea monsters
Giant sea goddess. Not the Oceanid or Nereid of the same name. Ketos is the geneic plural term for sea monsters.
ChaosAerPersonification of nothingnessPrimordial**
  • Ketos
  • Aithiopios
  • all sea Monsters
  • Siren
Erebos
  • Nyx (Night)
  • Aether (Light)
  • Erebos (Darkness)
  • Hemera (Day)
  • possibly Thesis
  • possibly Hydros
* The personification of nothingness from whom all of existence sprang. The void, the gap between Heaven and Earth.
Originally genderless Chaos is described as female in some later accounts.
Clymene
(aka Klymene)
Goddess of renown, fame, and infamyTitaness 2nd Gen.FemaleOceanus and his sister Tethys
  • the Oceanids
  • the Potamoi
  • Iapetus (husband)
  • Helios
  • Merops (King of Ethiopia
  • maybe Prometheus
  • With Iapetus:
    • Prometheus
    • Epimetheus
    • Atlas
    • Menoetius
  • With Helios:
    • Phaëton
    • the Heliades
  • (maybe) With Prometheus:
    • Deucalion
Her sister Asia is also cited as mother to Prometheus, Epimetheus, Atlas and Menoetius in the Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca.
CoeusPolusIntellect, intelligence and the axis of heavenTitanMaleUranus and Gaia
  • Oceanus
  • Hyperion
  • Crius
  • Iapetus
  • Theia
  • Rhea
  • Themis
  • Mnemosyne
  • Phoebe
  • Tethys
  • Cronus
Phoebe
  • Lelantos (father of Aura by Periboa)
  • Leto (Goddess of Womanly Demure and Motherhood)
  • Asteria
Coeus and his brothers Oceanus, Hyperion, Crius, Iapetus, Cronus were banished to Tartarus, the lowest level of Hades by Zeus after they were overthrown in the Titanomachy96* against the Olympians. Coeus went mad, tried to escape by was stopped by Cerberus.
Coeus is one of four pillars which hold heaven and earth apart; Coeus: North pillar, Crius: South pillar, Hyperion: East pillar and Iapetus: West pillar.
Cratos / Kratos
Divine personification of strengthMinor godMalePallas and Styx
  • Zelus (Zeal)
  • Nike (Victory)
  • Bia (Force)
  Cratos, along with Nike, Zelus and Bia were the sentinels of Zeus‘ throne.
Crius
(Megamedes)
ConstellationsTitan (Elder)MaleUranus and Gaia
  • Oceanus
  • Hyperion
  • Coeus
  • Iapetus
  • Theia
  • Rhea
  • Themis
  • Mnemosyne
  • Phoebe
  • Tethys
  • Cronus

 

Eurybia (wife)
  • Astraeus
  • Pallas
  • Perses
Crius seems to have been added to the Titan hierarchy to match the Twelve Olympians.
Crius and his brothers Oceanus, Hyperion, Coeus, Iapetus, Cronus were banished to Tartarus, the lowest level of Hades by Zeus after they were overthrown in the Titanomachy96* against the Olympians.
Crius is one of four pillars which hold heaven and earth apart;
  • Coeus: North pillar
  • Crius: South pillar
  • Hyperion: East pillar
  • Iapetus: West pillar
Chronos
(For Cronos, see below)
God of timePrimordial Orphic9*MaleHydrus and Gaia or none (because Chronos one of the protogenoi that emerged at dawn of creation)Ananke
  • Chaos
  • Aether
  • Erebus
  • Phanes
  • Ananke
Chronos was a serpent like god with three heads; man, bull and lion.
According to the Orphic cosmogony9*Chronos is one of the Protogenoi from which the cosmos began. With Ananke (his daughter and consort) they circled and split open the primal world egg (cosmic egg) which formed the universe including Phanes, the heavens, earth, sea and sky.
The English words; chronology, chronometer, chronic, chronicle, and anachronism are all derived from Chronos, the Greek god of time.
Cronos
(Kronos, Porus, Poros)
(For Chronos, see above)
SaturnGod of agricultureTitan (Elder)MaleUranus and Gaia (or Aether and Gaia3* or Uranus and Gaia3*)
  • Rhea
  • Oceanus
  • Hyperion
  • Theia
  • Coeus
  • Phoebe
  • Iapetus
  • Crius
  • Mnemosyne
  • Tethys
  • Themis
  • the Cyclopes
  • the Hecatonchires
  • Rhea (sister)
  • Philyra20*
  • With Rhea:
    • Zeus
    • Hera
    • Poseidon
    • Hades
    • Hestia
    • Demeter
  • With Philyra:
    • Chiron (Centaur)
    • the IchthyocentaursBythos (Sea-Depths) and Aphros (Sea-Foam)
Ruler of the Titans. Cronus plotted with Gaia to overthrow Uranus (he cut of his genitals) and become the Titan ruler. He married his sister Rhea and ruled during the first Golden age.
Cronus swallowed his children as they were born but Rhea concealed her sixth child, Zeus. On reaching adulthood Zeus gave Cronus a drink which disgorged his siblings and together, as the Olympians, they overthrew the Titans in the Titanomachy96*.
Cronus, along with his brothers Coeus, Oceanus, Crius, Hyperion and Iapetus were banished to Tartarus, the lowest level of Hades by Zeus.
CybeleMagna MaterGoddess of the earthPrimordialFemaleSky god (maybe Zeus) and Earth goddess (maybe Gaia)12*Attis, Iasion
  • With Iasion:
    • Corybas
Phrygian import, equivalent of Gaia. Hermaphrodite. Magna Mater means “Great Mother”.
Demeter
(aka Sito, Thesmophoros)
CeresGoddess of Agriculture, Grain and Bread, The AfterlifeTitaness 2nd Gen.FemaleChronos and Rhea
  • Zeus
  • Hera
  • Poseidon
  • Hades
  • Hestia
  • Chiron
  • Iasion
  • Zeus
  • Oceanus
  • Carmanor
  • Poseidon
  • Triptolemus
  • With Zeus:
    • Persephone9*
    • Eubuleus9*
  • With Poseiden:
    • Despoina
    • Arion (a stallion, while Demeter was “in the likeness of a Fury”6*)
  • With Iasion:
    • Plutus
    • Philomelus
  • With Carmanor:
    • Chrysothemis
  • With Triptolemus:
    • Amphitheus
Demeter’s daughter Persephone was abducted by Hades to be his wife so she cursed the world causing the land to become barren and plants to wither and die. Zeus tried to return Persephone from the underworld but unfortunately Persephone had eaten seeds of a pomegranate, given to her by Hades, so she was bound to the underword for a third of each year. Demeter, grieving being apart from her daughter, withdraws her gifts from the world (Winter) until Persephone‘s return each Spring.
Dike
(aka Dicé)
JustitiaGoddess of justiceOlympian 2nd Gen.FemaleZeus and ThemisThe Horae (2nd Triad):
  • Eunomia (order)
  • Eirene (peace)
Dike is often depicted beating her opposite Adicia (goddess of injustice) with a hammer. Aspects of both Dike and her mother, Themis, were both identified with the Roman goddess Justitia.
DioneGoddess of springs and possibly the bright skyTitaness ElderFemale
  • Oceanus and Tethys (his sister)
  • or Gaia and Uranus6*
  • or Gaia and Aether3*
  • the Oceanids
  • the Potamoi
Zeus
  • Aphrodite
  • possibly Bacchus
Dione was the Oracle of Dodona. Described as beautiful, she was one of the goddesses gathered to witness the birth of Apollo. Dione was an Atlantid nymph, one of 3000 Oceanid water nymphs.
Dionysus (Dionysos)Bacchus, LiberGod of Wine, Drunkenness, Madness, Parties, Vegetation, The AfterlifeOlympianMaleZeus and Semele Thyone (Princess) or Zeus and Dione
  • Apollo
  • Ares
  • Artemis
  • Aphrodite
  • Athena
  • Hebe
  • Hermes
  • Heracles
  • Helen of Troy
  • Hephaestus
  • Perseus
  • Minos
  • the Muses
  • the Graces
AriadnePriapus, Hymen, Thaos, Staphylus, Oenopion, Comus and PhthonusDionysus is included in some lists of the twelve Olympians, the youngest and last god to be accepted into Mount Olympus.
EchoEchoGoddess of Nature.NymphFemaleUnknown but possibly Penaeus or Uranus and a nymphPan, NarcissusHera cursed Echo so she could only repeat the last words she hears as punishment for distracting her with endless chatter.. Echo loved the youth Narcissus but, after her advances were spurned, she wasted away leaving just her echoing voice.
Eileithyia
(Ilithyia)
LucinaGoddess of childbirthOlympian 2nd Gen.FemaleZeus and Hera
  • Ares,
  • Eris
  • Hebe
  • Hephaestus
Eros and SosipolisWhen Alcmene was in labour Hera sent Eileithyia to stop the birth and kill both mother and baby but Galinthias, Alcmene’s handmaiden falsely announched the birth which distracted Eileithyia and Heracles was born. Eileithyia, furious at being outwitted by Galinthias, turned her into a weasel. Hecate took pity on Galinthias and made her an attendant.
EosAuroraGoddess of the dawnTitaness 2nd Gen.FemaleHyperion and Theia
  • Helios (Sun)
  • Selene (Moon)
  • Astraeus
  • Ares
  • Tithonus
With Astraeus: Astraea (virgin goddess of innocence and justice), the Anemoi Wind deities:
  • Boreas (North wind, bringer of cold winter air)
  • Notus (South wind, bringer of the storms of late summer and autumn)
  • Eurus (East wind)
  • Zephyrus (West wind, bringer of light spring and early summer breezes)

Five planets/Wandering Stars:

  • Phainon (Saturn)
  • Phaethon (Jupiter)
  • Pyroeis (Mars)
  • Eosphoros/Hesperos (Venus)
  • Stilbon (Mercury)

With Tithonus: Memnon and Emathion

Eos had large white feathered wings and wore a tiara and a pink gown woven with flowers.
Eos consorted with Ares6*which caused Aphrodite to curse her with insatiable sexual desire and she abducted a series of young men including Cephalus, Cleitus, Orion and Tithonus.
EpimetheusEpimitheasGod of afterthought and the father of excusesTitan 2nd Gen.MaleIapetus and Clymene
  • Atlas
  • Menoetius and his twin Prometheus
PandoraPyrrhaEpimetheus received Pandora as a gift from the gods. Epimetheus, along with his twin brother Prometheus were given the task to assign traits to animals. Epimetheus had to give a positive trait but, lacking foresight, the didn’t save one for mankind.
ErebusGod of darkness and shadowPrimordialMaleChaosNyxAether, HemeraDarkness (Erebus) and Night (Nyx) appeared out of Chaos
Eris
(aka Discord, Strife)
DiscordiaGoddess and personified spirit /daimona of Strife, Discord and chaosOlympian 2nd Gen.FemaleZeus and Hera or Erebus and Nyx3* or Nyx1* alone by parthenogenesis99* 
  • From Zeus and Hera:
    • Ares
    • EnyoHephaestus
    • Hebe or Thanatos
    • Hypnos
    • the Keres
  • From Erebus and Nyx:
    • Aether
    • Hemera
    • the Keres
    • the Hesperides
    • the Oneiroi
  • From Nyx by parthenogenesis99*:
    • Apate
    • Geras
    • Hypnos
    • Momus
    • Moros
    • Nemesis
    • Oizys
    • Philotes
    • Thanatos
    • the Hesperides
    • the Keres
    • the Moirai
    • the Oneiroi

 

 

Eris by 99*Parthenogenesis (alone):
  • Dysnomia (lawlessness)
  • Atë (ruin)
  • Lethe (forgetfulness), Naiad nymph
  • Limos (starvation)
  • Algos/Algea (pain)
  • the Hysminai (battles)
  • the Makhai
  • the Phonoi (murders)
  • the Androktasiai (manslaughter)
  • the Neikea (arguments)
  • Pseudea/Pseudo-Logoi (lies)
  • the Amphilogiai (disputes)
  • Ponos (toil)
Eris tried to gatecrash the wedding of Peleus and Thetis but was turned away so she tossed a golden apple of discord inscribed “To The Fairest” into the wedding guests. Hera, Aphrodite and Athena squabbled over the apple, Zeus appointed mortal Paris to resolve the dispute which led to the Trojan war95*. Eris’ opposite is Harmonia.
ErosCupidWinged god of love, procreation, sexual desire and attractionPrimordialMaleAres and Aphrodite (or Nyx)
  • Harmonia (Roman Concordia)
  • twins Deimos and Phobos
  • Adrestia
  • Anteros
Psyche (wife)Hedone (Roman Voluptas) goddess of pleasure, enjoyment, and delightEros uses arrows to generate love in others. One of the Erotes winged love gods. One of the most famous of all Greek gods and goddesses.
EuropaGoddess of the nightFemaleAgenor and Telephassa (or Agenor and Agriope)
  • Cadmus
  • Phoenix
  • Cilix
Zeus
  • King Minos
  • Sarpedon
  • King Rhadamanthys (Judge of the dead)
Europa was a Phoenician princess who became the first queen of Crete.
Zeus fell in love with Europa after being shot with an arrow from Eros. Zeus metamorphosed into a tame white bull, approached Europa and her handmaidens, who were afraid. To show her handmaidens the bull was tame she mounted the bull and Zeus promptly ran off and swam to Crete where he revealed his form to Europa then seduced/ravished her.
EurybiaGoddess of mastery of the seasTitan 2nd Gen.FemaleGaia and PontusNereus, ThaumasCrius
  • Astraeus
  • Perses
  • Pallas
Eurybia was a minor sea goddess part of Poseidon’s retinae.
Eurynome
(1 of 2)
Titaness of water meadows and pastures ORTitaness 2nd Gen.FemaleOceanus and Tethys
  • the Oceanids
  • the Potamoi
Zeus (third wife)With Zeus: the Elder Charities (Graces):
  • Thalia (Good cheer)
  • Euphrosyne (Mirth)
  • Aglaea (Splendor)
Eurynome caught Hephaestus after Hera threw him from Mount Olympus because he was crippled. She gave him refuge and, together with Thetis, helped raise him. He stayed in a cave by the sea for nine years making artifacts.
Eurynome
(2 of 2)
Goddess of All ThingsPrimordialFemaleChaosOrphin (First king of the Titans)Orphin (in serpent form)In some accounts8&39*Eurynome was a primordial deity who ruled the Earth with Ophion.
In the Greek Pelasgian creation myth recreated by Robert Graves in his book: The Greek Myths Eurynome is the primordial “Goddess of All Things” which arises out of Chaos to part sea and sky and dance on the primordial waters. Eurynome creates Orphin in the form of a serpent and they mate. Eurynome, in the form of a dove, lays a “World egg” (Orphic egg, cosmic egg) on the waves and bids Ophion to hatch it by entwining around the egg seven times until it splits into two halves and hatches the world.
Ophion and Eurynome ruled the earth8* before they were overthrown by Cronus and Rhea (in wrestling matches) and cast down to Tartarus or Oceanus.
Gaia
(Gaea)
Tellus, TerraMother of gods. Personification of the Earth (Mother Earth). Mother of the TitansPrimordialFemaleChaos (or Aether and Hemera)Nyx, Tartarus and Erebos
  • Uranus
  • Pontus
  • Aether
  • Poseidon
  • Oceanus
  • Zeus
  • Tartarus
  • With Uranus:
    • the Twelve Titans
    • the Muses
    • the Cyclopes
    • the Hecatonchires
    • the Meliae (blood of Uranus)
    • The Erinyes (blood of Uranus)
    • the Gigantes (blood of Uranus)
    • Aphrodite (sea foam where Uranus‘ genitals fell)
  • With Pontus:
    • Ceto
    • Phorcys
    • Eurybia
    • Nereus
    • Thaumas
  • With Poseidon:
    • Antaeus (half-giant)
    • Charybdis (sea monster)
    • Laistrygon (giant cannibals)
  • With Oceanus:
    • Creusa (one of the Naiad water nymphs)
    • Triptolemos/Buzyges (threefold warrior)
  • With Tartarus:
    • Typhon
    • Echidna6*(or Phorcys and Ceto1*)
    • Campe (half woman, half Dragon).
  • With Zeus: Manes (chthonic deities).
  • With Hephaestus: Erichthonius (King of Athens).
  • With Aether:
    • Uranus (commonly thought to be a child of Gaia alone)
    • Aergia
    • Dolos
  • No father:
    • Uranus
    • Pontus
    • Ourea
    • Pheme
    • Cecrops
    • Python
  • Other offspring:
    • the Muses (original Boeatian)
Gaia’s offspring were born in batches and with different species. First the elder Cylops, followed by the Hekatonkheires then the Titans. Uranus locked the elder Cylopes away in her womb and cast the Hekatonkheires into Tartarus so they could not overthrow him. Angry, Gaia, made a sickle from the hardest flint and plotted with Cronos to kill Uranus. Gaia told Cronus that Uranus had prophesied he would be overthrown by a son so, to prevent this, Cronus swallowed his children whole as they were born. Gaia perseuded Rhea to conceal the birth of baby Zeus. After growing up Zeus returned, forced his father to throw up his siblings, and become the first Olympian fuler. Zeus imprisoned the Titans which made Gaia mad. Gaia sent her last giant son Typhon, by Tartarus, to overthrow Zeus but Typhon was killed, after an epic battle, by Zeus with a thunderbolt.
GanymedeCatamitusGod of rainDivine HeroMaleTros of Dardania and Callirrhoe
  • Ilus
  • Assaracus
ZeusZeus’ male lover. Ganymede was granted eternal youth and immortality and the office of cupbearer to the gods.
GerasSenectusPersonification of Old AgeSpirit/DaimonMale
  • Erebus and Nyx3*
  • or Nyx1* alone by parthenogenesis99*
  • From Erebus and Nyx:
    • Aether
    • Hemera
    • the Keres
    • the Hesperides
    • the Oneiroi
  • From Nyx by parthenogenesis99*:
    • Apate
    • Eris
    • Hypnos
    • Momus
    • Moros
    • Nemesis
    • Oizys
    • Philotes
    • Thanatos
    • the Hesperides
    • the Keres
    • the Moirai
    • the Oneiroi

 

Geras was depicted as a small, skinny, and wrinkled old man. His opposite was Hebe, the goddess of youth.
Hades
(Plouton and Ploutos)
Pluto, DiKing of the Underworld. God of the Dead, DeathPrimardialMaleCronus and Rhea
  • Zeus
  • Hera
  • Poseidon
  • Hestia
  • Demeter
  • Chiron
Persephone
  • Melinoe (Zeus disguised as Hades9*)
  • Macaria unknown mother20*
  • maybe Zagreus21*
After the Olympians defeated the Titans they drew lots to share out the spoils, Hades received the underworld. Hades was never a titled Olympian and did not join feasts in Heaven. Hades was not death itself (that’s Thanatos) but he was greedy and wanted more people to die so he would rule more subjects and become wealther. Hades had a helmet/cap of invisibility (a gift from the Cyclopes) and a pitchfork to cause earthquakes. Hades abducted Persephone to be his wife in the Underworld.
HebeJuventasGoddess of youthOlympian 2nd Gen.FemaleZeus and Hera
  • Apollo
  • Ares
  • Artemis
  • Aphrodite
  • Athena
  • Dionysus
  • Hermes
  • Heracles
  • Helen of Troy
  • Hephaestus
  • Perseus
  • Minos
  • the Muses
  • the Charities
HeraclesAlexiares and AnicetusHebe (from the Greek word for youth) is the keeper of the Fountain of Youth which has the power to restore youth. Heracles asked Hebe to make Iolaus,his aging charioteer, young for one day so he could challenge Eurystheus, king of the Tiryns. Themis, goddess of justice, said it was fair so Hebe made Iolaus young and Iolaus emerged victorious. As cupbearer Hebe served nectar and ambrosia to the Olympian gods but Apollo fired her when she tripped and her dress came undone exposing her breasts. Hebe was replaced by Ganymede, Zeus’ protege and male lover.
Hecate
(Hekate)
Trivia, HecataGoddess of wilderness, childbirth, magic and witchcraftTitaness 2nd Gen.FemalePerses and Asteria
  • Aietes/Aeetes
  • Apollo
  • Phorcus
  • Hermes (maybe)
  • Mormo (spirit)
  • With Phorcus (possibly):
    • Scylla (nymph that turned into sea monster)
  • With Aietes/Aeetes (King of Colchis):
    • Medea
    • Apsyrtus
    • Circe
Hecate was honoured by Zeus above all others. Hecate is associated with the spiritual world and the dead so shrines were placed in households to protect them from evil spirits.
Hecate helped Demeter search for her daughter Persephone after she was abducted by Hades. After it was decided Persephone would spend a third of a year in the underworld and the rest on earth Hecate would accompany Persephone to/from the underworld.
Helen of TroyQueen of LaconiaDemigodFemaleZeus and Leda (or Zeus and Nemesis3&6*)
  • Apollo
  • Ares
  • Artemis
  • Aphrodite
  • Athena
  • Dionysus
  • Hebe
  • Hermes
  • Heracles
  • Hephaestus
  • Perseus
  • Minos
  • the Muses
  • the Charities
  • Castor and Pollux
  • Clytemnestra
  • King Menelaus
  • Paris
With King Menelaus: Hermione Helen of Troy was considered the most beautiful woman in the world. She was married to King Menelaus but she was abducted by (or eloped with) Paris, Prince of Troy. King Menelaus was outraged and, together with his brother Agamemnon and other kings, they eventually attacked the walled city of Troy starting the Trojan war95* between Greece and the Trojans. After the Trojan Horse ruse helped end the war Helen of Troy was returned to Sparta and King Menelaus who, although he felt betrayed by Helen of Troy, found her beauty helped him forgive her.
HeliosSolTitan of the Sun. Personification of the Sun, guardian of oaths. Charioteer of the sunTitan 2nd Gen.MaleHyperion and Theia
  • Selene
  • Eos
  • Rhode (wife)
  • Selene (sister)
  • Hecate
  • Leucothea
  • Oceanids:
    • Perse/Perseis
    • Clymene
    • Klytie
  • Aegle (Naiad nymph)
  • and others
  • With wife Rhode:
    • the Heliadae:
      • Ochimus
      • Cercaphus
      • Macareus/Macar
      • Actis
      • Tenages
      • Triopas
      • Candalus
      • Auges10*
      • Thrinax10*
  • With Selene:
    • the Horae (Seasons):
      • Eiar (Spring)
      • Theros (Summer)
      • Phthinoporon (Autumn/Fall)
      • Cheimon (Winter)
  • With Clymene:
    • Phaethon
    • the Heliades
  • With Perse/Perseis:
    • Aeetes
    • Circe
    • Pasiphae
  • With Aegle:
    • The Charites
Helios took the side of the Olympians in the Titanmarchy. After Apollo was born Helios passed his duties as ruler of the sun to Apollo but remained the personification of the sun.
Every day Helios bought daylight riding his chariot of the sun, drawn by four stallions (Pyrois, Aeos, Aethon and Phlegon) from East to West.
HemeraDiesGoddess of DaytimePrimordialFemaleErebus and Nyx (or Chaos alone3* or Chronos and Nyx22*)
  • From Erebus and Nyx:
    • Aether
    • Hemera
    • the Keres
    • the Hesperides
    • the Oneiroi
Aether (brother)
  • Gaia
  • Uranus
  • Thalassa
  • possibly Pontus
Out of Chaos darkness (Erebus) and night (Nyx) appeared. Erebus and Nyx bore day (Hemera) and light (Aether).
Day (and night) were imagined as real substances and separate from the sun in ancient Greek cosmogony. Although the Sun ruled the day it was not the source of light. Every day Hemera left Tartarus just as Nyx entered and vice versa1*
Hemera was associated with Eos, the goddess of the dawn and Hera, the queen of heavens.
Hephaestus
(Hephaistos)
VulcanGod of Metalworking, Fire, Building, Fine Arts, VolcanismOlympianMaleHera alone (or Zeus and Hera6* or Talos12*)
  • Apollo
  • Ares
  • Artemis,
  • Aphrodite
  • Athena
  • Dionysus
  • Hebe
  • Hermes
  • Heracles
  • Helen of Troy
  • Persephone
  • Minos
  • the Muses
  • the Charities
  • Eileithyia
  • Enyo
  • Iasion
  • Perseus
  • Minos
  • Tantalas
  • Ersa/Pandia
  • Ate
  • Caerusm
  • Aphrodite (half wife)
  • Aglaea (half wife)
  • Cabeiro/Cabiro (Haliad nymph lover)
  • Aitna (mountain goddess lover)
 
  • With Aphrodite (maybe):
    • Eros
  • With Aglaea: the younger Charities:
    • Eucleia (good repute)
    • Eupheme (acclaim)
    • Euthenia (prosperity)
    • Philophrosyne (welcome)
  • With Cabeiro:
    • the Cabirus/ Cabeiri/Cabiri:
      • Alcon
      • Eurymedon10*
  • With Aitna:
    • the Palici21*(twin boys)
  • With unknown mother:
    • Thaleia
Hephaestus is depicted as a bearded man holding a hammer and tongs, sometimes riding a donkey. In one story Hephaestus was Hera’s child by 99*Parthenogenesis. Hephaestus was rejected by Hera because of his deformaties and cast from Mount Olympus to Earth.
HeraJunoQueen of Heaven. Goddess of the Sky, Women, Marriage, ImpregnationOlympianFemaleCronus and Rhea
  • Zeus
  • Poseidon
  • Hades
  • Hestia
  • Demeter
  • Chiron
Zeus (his sister)
  • Ares
  • Enyo
  • Hebe
  • Eileithyia
  • Hephaestus
  • Eris
As wife and sister of Zeus, Hera was the supreme goddess and patron of childbirth and marriage. Zeus courted Hera but she rejected his advances so he took the form of wet bedraggled cuckoo. Hera took the cuckoo to her bosom and Zeus changed back to his normal form and ravished her after which she marred him to cover her shame. Their wedding night lasted 300 years! Unsurprisingly their marriage was tempestuous and there are many stories about Hera dealing with her jealousy and plotting revenge for Zeus’s infidelities.
Heracles
(born Alcaeus)
HerculesGod of physical strength. Divine protector of mankind. Gatekeeper of OlympusDemigod/GodMaleZeus and Alcmene. Amphitryon (foster father)Apollo, Ares, Artemis, Aphrodite, Athena, Dionysus, Hebe, Hermes, Helen of Troy, Hephaestus, Iphicles, Perseus, Minos, the Muses, the Graces
  • Megara (first wife)
  • Omphale (second wife)
  • Deianira (third wife and half sister)
  • Hebe (fourth and final wife)

Lovers:

  • Astydameia, daughter of Ormenius
  • Astyoche, daughter of Phylas
  • Auge
  • Autonoe, daughter of Piraeus/Iphinoe, daughter of Antaeus
  • Baletia, daughter of Baletus
  • Barge
  • Bolbe
  • Celtine
  • Chalciope
  • Chania, nymph
  • Echidna (half woman, half snake) or a Scythian Dracaena (dragon/serpent)
  • Epicaste
  • Lavinia, daughter of Evander
  • Malis, a slave of Omphale
  • Meda
  • Melite, heroine
  • Melite, naiad
  • Myrto
  • Palantho of Hyperborea
  • Parthenope, daughter of Stymphalus
  • Phialo
  • Psophis
  • Pyrene
  • Rhea, Italian priestess
  • Thebe, daughter of Adramys
  • Tinge, wife of Antaeus
  • 50 daughters of Thespius
  • Celtic woman
  • Slave of Omphale
  • With Megara:
    • Therimachus
    • Creontiades
    • Ophitus
    • Deicoon
    • and more
  • With Omphale:
    • Agelaus
    • Tyrsenus
  • With Deianira:
    • Hyllus
    • Glenus
    • Oneites
    • Macaria
  • With Hebe:
    • Alexiares and Aniketos6*(eternally children)
  • With Astydameia, daughter of Ormenius:
    • Ctesippus6*
  • With Astyoche, daughter of Phylas:
    • Tlepolemus6*
  • With Auge: Telephus
  • With Autonoe, daughter of Piraeus/Iphinoe, daughter of Antaeus:
    • Palaemon
  • With Baletia, daughter of Baletus:
    • Brettus
  • With Barge: Bargasus
  • With Bolbe: Olynthus
  • With Celtine: Celtus
  • With Chalciope: Thessalus
  • With Chania, nymph: Gelon
  • With Echidna/Dracaena:
    • Agathyrsus
    • Gelonus
    • Skythes
  • With Epicaste: Thestalus
  • With Lavinia, daughter of Evander of Pallene : Pallas
  • With Malis, a slave of Omphale: Acelus
  • With Meda: Antiochus
  • With Melite, a Naiad: Hyllus (maybe)
  • With Myrto: Eucleia
  • With Palantho of Hyperborea: Latinus
  • With Parthenope, daughter of Stymphalus: Everes
  • With Phialo: Aechmagoras
  • With Psophis: Echephron and Promachus
  • With Rhea, Italian priestess: Aventinus
  • With Tinge, wife of Antaeus: Sophax
  • 50 daughters of Thespius: 50 sons
  • Celtic woman: Galates
  • Slave of Omphale: Alcaeus/Cleodaeus
  • Unknown mothers:
    • Agylleus
    • Amathous
    • Azon
    • Chromis
    • Cyrnus
    • Dexamenus
    • Leucites
    • Manto
    • Pandaie
    • Phaestus (or son of Rhopalus)

 

Heracles, driven temporarily mad by Hera, killed his children and (maybe) wife Megara. As penance Heracles had to serve his cruel uncle Eurystheus, king of Tiryns, and perform “the twelve labours of Heracles“:
  1. Slay the Nemean Lion
  2. Slay the nine-headed Lernaean Hydra
  3. Capture the Ceryneian Hind
  4. Capture the Erymanthian Boar
  5. Clean the Augean stables in a single day
  6. Slay the Stymphalian Birds
  7. Capture the Cretan Bull
  8. Steal the Mares of Diomedes
  9. Obtain the girdle of Hippolyta, Queen of the Amazons
  10. Obtain the cattle of the monster Geryon
  11. Steal the apples of the Hesperides
  12. Capture and bring back Cerberus

After completing the labours Heracles may have sailed with the Argonauts in search of the Golden Fleece.
Hercules was killed by the poisoned shirt of Nessus, which Deianeira naïvely gave to him, and he burnt to death. Zeus made Hercules immortal and he rose to Mount Olympus. One of the most famous of all Greek gods and goddesses.

Hermes
(Argeiphontes)
MercuryGod of Animal husbandry, Travel, Trade, Athletics, Language, Thievery, Good Luck, Guide of the Dead. Herald of the GodsOlympianMaleZeus and Maia nymph (or Dionysus and Aphrodite9*)
  • Apollo
  • Ares
  • Artemis
  • Aphrodite
  • Athena
  • Dionysus
  • Hebe
  • Heracles
  • Helen of Troy
  • Hephaestus
  • Perseus
  • Minos
  • the Muses
  • the Charities
  • Acalle/Acacallis (daughter of King Minos)
  • Alcidamia, Agraulus12* or Pandrosus2*
  • Antianeira
  • Aphrodite
  • Aptale
  • Carmenta
  • Chione
  • Chthonophyle
  • Erytheia
  • Merope
  • Daira
  • Dryope
  • Eupolemeia
  • Herse
  • Iphthime nymph
  • Ocyrrhoe (Oceanid nymph)
  • Phylodameia (minor Danaid)
  • Peitho
  • Hecate
  • Penelope
  • Palaestra
  • Polymele
  • Rhene (nymph)
  • Thronia/Thronie (nymph)
  • With Acalle/Acacallis: Cydon
  • With Alcidamia: Bounos/Bunus (King of Corinth)
  • With Agraulus12* or Pandrosus2*: Ceryx (Lord of Attica and first Herald of the Eleusinian Mysteries)
  • With Antianeira:
    • Echiones and Eurytus (Argonauts)
  • With Aphrodite:
    • Pan
    • Hermaphroditus
    • Tyche
    • Abderus/Abderos
    • Priapus
  • With Aptale: Eurestos
  • With Carmenta: Evander of Pallene
  • With: Chione: Autolycus
  • With Chthonophyle: Polybus (King of Sicyon)
  • With Daira: Eleusis
  • With Herse: Cephalus (Lord of Attica)
  • With Erytheia: Norax/Norace (Prince of Iberia)
  • With Eupolemeia: Aethalides (herald of the Argonauts)
  • With: Iphthime nymph:
    • the Satyrs:
      • Lycus
      • Pherespondus
      • Pronomus
  • With Ocyrrhoe: Caicus
  • With Phylodameia: Pharis (founder of Pharae, Messene)
  • With Polymele: Eudoros (Greek commander in the Trojan war95*)
  • With Rhene: Saon (first King of Samothrace island)
  • With Thronia/Thronie: Arabos (first King of Arabia)
  • Unknown mother:
    • Angelia
    • Palaestra
    • Phaunos
    • Daphnis (mortal who invented pastoral or bucolic poetry)
Hermes could move freely between the mortal and divine worlds – ideal for passing messages and conducting souls into the afterlife.
Hermes rescued Io from the primordial hundred eyed giant Argos Panoptes.
Hermes helped create Pandora (the first human woman) and deliver her as a gift to Epimetheus. Hermes helped Perseus in his quest to slay the monster Medusa. Hermes guided Heracles to the underworld in his mission to fetch the Cerberos.
HestiaVestaVirgin Goddess of: Home, Hearth, Family, Meals, Sacrificial offeringsOlympianFemaleCronus and Rhea
  • Zeus
  • Hera
  • Poseidon
  • Hades
  • Demeter
  • Chiron
VirginNoneHestia is the eldest of the 12 Olympian gods, known for her kindness.
Hydrus
(Hydros)
Primordial watersPrimordial Orphic9*Chronos and Ananke9*GaiaWith Gaia9*:
  • Chronos9*
  • Ananke9*
  • Phanes9*
In the Orphic cosmogony (Orphism9*) Hydrus was the protogenos of the primordial waters and emerged alongside Creation (Thesis) and mud. The primordial mud solidified into Gaia (Earth) and with Hydrus created Chronos (time) and Ananke (compulsion). Chronos and Ananke circled and split open the primal world egg (cosmic egg) to form the god Phanes (creator of life) and the four elements of Heaven (fire), Earth, Air and Sea (water).
The Orphic Rhapsodies later dropped Chronos and Ananke and Phanes was born directly from Hydrus and Gaia.
HyperionLight, wisdom and watchfulnessTitanMaleUranus and Gaia
  • Oceanus
  • Coeus
  • Crius
  • Iapetus
  • Theia
  • Rhea
  • Themis
  • Mnemosyne
  • Phoebe
  • Tethys
  • Cronus
Theia (sister)
  • Helios (the Sun)
  • Eos (the Dawn)
  • Selene (the Moon).
  • possibly Titan12*
Hyperion and his brothers Coeus, Oceanus, Crius, Iapetus, Cronus were banished to Tartarus, the lowest level of Hades by Zeus after they were overthrown in the Titanomachy96* against the Olympians.
Hyperion is one of four pillars which hold heaven and earth apart; Coeus: North pillar, Crius: South pillar, Hyperion: East pillar and Iapetus: West pillar.
Hypnos
(Hypnus)
SomnusPersonification of SleepSpirit/DaimonMaleErebus and Nyx3* or Nyx1* alone by parthenogenesis99*
  • From Erebus and Nyx:
    • Aether
    • Hemera
    • the Keres
    • the Hesperides
    • the Oneiroi
  • From Nyx by parthenogenesis99*:
    • Apate
    • Eris
    • Geras
    • Momus
    • Moros
    • Nemesis
    • Oizys
    • Philotes
    • Thanatos (twin brother)
    • the Hesperides
    • the Keres
    • the Moirai
    • the Oneiroi
Pasithea
  • the Oneiroi:
    • Morpheus
    • Phobetor
    • Phantasos
Hypnos lived in a cave, next to his twin brother Thanatos, in the underworld. The river Lethe (Forgetfulness) runs through the cave and outside there are poppies and other sleep-inducing plants.
Hypnos tricked Zeus twice at the request of Hera. The first time Hypnos put Zeus to sleep while Hera caused a storm to send Heracles, Zeus’ son, off course when sailing home from Troy. Zeus tried to find Hypnos but he hid with his mother Nyx.
The second time Hera offered Pasithea for this wife. Hypnos put Zeus to sleep at the moment Zeus embraced Hera, because Hera enchanted him using a charm from Aphrodite. Hynos immediately told Poseidon he could now help the Greeks and they won the Trojan war95*. Zeus didn’t find out he had been tricked again.
IapetusGod of mortality. The PiercerTitanMaleUranus and Gaia
  • Oceanus
  • Hyperion
  • Coeus
  • Crius
  • Theia
  • Rhea
  • Themis
  • Mnemosyne
  • Phoebe
  • Tethys
  • Cronus
Asia or Clymene
  • With Asia or Clymene:
    • Atlas
    • Menoetius
  • With Clymene (an Oceanid):
    • Prometheus
    • Epimetheus
Iapetus and his brothers Coeus, Oceanus, Crius, Hyperion, Cronus were banished to Tartarus, the lowest level of Hades by Zeus after they were overthrown in the Titanomachy96* against the Olympians.
Each of his children suffered moral faults which contributed to their downfall.
Iapetus is one of four pillars which hold heaven and earth apart; Coeus: North pillar, Crius: South pillar, Hyperion: East pillar and Iapetus: West pillar.
IrisArcusGoddess of the rainbow. Messenger of the GodsSky GoddessFemaleThaumas (Wondrous) and Electra (Amber, a cloud nymph)
  • Arce (twin sister)
  • the Harpies:
    • Aello
    • Celaeno
    • Ocypete
Zephyrus (West wind)Pothos10*(one of Aphrodite’s Erotes representing longing or yearning)Iris travelled on a rainbow to carry divine messages to mortals. Iris was a cup-bearer of the gods. Iris is depicted as a beautiful young woman with golden wings often carrying a pitcher of water from the River Styx. In the Titanomachy96*Iris fought with the Olympians as a messenger while Iris’ twin sister Arce sided with the Titans.
Jason
(Iason, Jason and the Argonauts)
Leader of the ArgonautsMortalMale
  • Aeson (King of Iolcus) and Polymele6* (daughter of Autolycus)
  • or Aeson and Alcimede30*
  • or Aeson and Amphinome24*
Promachus
  • Medea (1st wife, King Pelias’ daughter)
  • Creusa (2nd wife, daughter of King Creon of Corinth)
  • With Medea:
    • Mermeros (killed by Medea, the Corinthians or a lioness while hunting)
    • Pheres (killed by Medea, or the Corinthians)
    • Medeius (or he was the son of Aegeus or Achilles)
    • Thessalus
    • Tisander (maybe)
    • Alcimenes (maybe)
    • Eriopis (maybe)

Jason, son of King Aeson of Iolcus, returns to regain the throne stolen from his father by his wicked uncle Pelias. King Pelias agrees to step down if Jason brings him the Golden Fleece from Colchis and the quest is on. Jason assembles a crew of heroes (including Heracles, Hylas, Zetes and Calais, Orpheus, twins Castor and Polydeuces, Peleus, Achilles’ father, Telamon and Atalanta a ferocious huntress and others) and they set off aboard the Argo.

Jason and the Argonauts have many adventures on the way to Colchis. They leave Lemnos, an island full of women where they stayed for some time and created the Minyans, they battled giants near the Doilones, lose Hylas and leave Heracles behind on Cius. At Bosporus Zetes and Calais drive the Harpies away from King Phineus, a seer, who tells the Argonauts how to get through the deadly Sympleglades (“Clashing Rocks”). They sail past some legendary islands and rescue the sons of Phrixus as their ship is sinking who tell the Argonauts the Golden Fleece is guarded by a dragon.
When Jason and the Argonauts finally arrive in Colchis, King Aeetes says Jason can have the Fleece if he completes three (nearly impossible) tasks.

  • Plough a field using a team of fire breathing oxen
  • Plant dragon teeth and defeat the fearsome warriors that sprout from the earth
  • Defeat the dragon that guards the Golden Fleece

Luckily Hera on Mount Olympus has been following their journey. Hera likes Jason and hates Pelias so she sends Eros to make Medea, King Pelias’ daughter, fall in love with Jason and Medea helps Jason complete the three tasks. Medea gives Jason flameproof skin cream so he can plough the field, tells Jason how to outwit the not-so-clever warriors and gives Jason a sleeping potion which he sprays into the mouth of the dragon as it way about to swallow him. Jason grabs the Golden Fleece and they run for the Argo and set off with King Aeetes ship in pursuit. Medea and/or Jason kill her brother Apsyrtus and throws him overboard knowing King Aeete will stop to give him a proper burial and they make good their escape. Zeus, not impressed with this tactic, blows the Argo off course to the island of Aeaea, where Circe, a sorceress nymph, cleanses them of the murder of Medea’s brother. Jason and Medae are married by Queen Arete. Thanks to Orpheus playing a beautiful song on the lyre they manage to sail past the Sirens, without being lured onto the rocks. As they sail past Crete, Talos, a giant bronze man, hurls boulders at the ship. Medea saves the day by casting a spell on him while she removes a nail from his ankle holding in his ichor (divine blood) causing him to bleed to death. They finally sail on to Greece where Jason and the Argonauts march into Iolcus with the Golden Fleece to take his throne. Pelias refused to give up his throne so Medea devised a plan to get Pelias’s own daughters to kill him. Medea said she could restore youth and demonstrated on Jason’s elderly father Aeson (or an elderly ram) and promised to do the same for Pelias so his daughters killed him and she ignored them. Medea and Jason were banished from Iolcus as murderers by Pelias’s eldest son Acastus, who took the throne.

Despite his vows to Medea, raising children and living happily together for ten years Jason abandoned Medea and became engaged to Creusa/Glauce, daughter of Creon, King of Corinth. After all the help Medea had given him she was angry but Jason replied he should thank Aphrodite, not Medea, because she made Medea fall in love with him. Medea took her revenge by giving Creusa a wedding gift which stuck to her body and burned her, and her father Creon, to death when she put it on. Medea killed her children, so they could not be murdered or enslaved as a result of her actions, and fled to Athens. Jason lost favor with Hera because he broke his vow to love Medea forever. Jason died lonely and unhappy while sleeping under the stern of the rotting Argo which fell on him, killing him instantly. Jason’s son Thessalus eventually became king of Iolcus.

LelantosLelantusGod of the unseen, air, hunter’s skill of stalking preyTitan 2nd Gen.MaleCoeus and Phoebe
  • Leto
  • Asteria
PeriboaAuraThe literal meaning of the Greek words for his name mans “to escape notice” and “go unobserved”. The male counterpart to Leto.
LetoLatonaGoddess of womanly demure and motherhoodTitan 2nd Gen.FemaleCoeus and Phoebe
  • Asteria
  • Lelantus
ZeusTwins (the Letoides):
  • Artemis
  • Apollo (nine days later)
Zeus loved Leto which made Hera jealous so she hunted Leto and forbade her to give birth on “terra firma” (land). Leto found Delos, an island not attached to the ocean floor, where she gave birth and her twins grew quickly and protected her.
LyssaIra, Furor, RabiesPersonifcation of Rage, fury, crazed frenzy and (in animals) rabiesSpirit/daimonaFemale
  • Nyx and the blood of Uranus26*
  • or Aether and Gaia3*
Lyssa features twice in Athenian tragedy. In Aeschylus: Lyssa, is sent by Dionysos to drive the Minyades (Alcathoe/Alcithoe, Leucippe/Leuconoe and Arsippe/Aristippa/Arsinoë) mad. In Euripides: Lyssa is sent by Hera to inflict Heracles with madness. In a Greek vase painting Lyssa is shown standing beside Actaeon as he is torn apart by his own crazed hounds. Lyssa is crowned with a dog’s head cap representing rabies. Lyssa is closley related to the Maniae spirits, which personify madness, insanity and crazed frenzy, and with the Erinyes.
MenoetiusMenoitiosGod of violent anger, rash action, and human mortalityTitan 2nd Gen.Male
  • Iapetus and Clymene1*
  • or Iapetus and Asia6*
  • Atlas
  • twins Prometheus and Epimetheus
Menoetius was self important and conceited. Zeus killed Menoetius with a flash of lightning during the Titanomachy96* and he was banished to Tartarus.
MetisGoddess of wisdom, good counsel, advice, prudence, planning, cunning, craftiness and deep thoughtTitaness 2nd Gen.FemaleOceanus and Tethys
  • The Oceanids
  • the Potamoi
Zeus (first wife)AthenaMetis was one of the elder Oceanids. A prophecy that Metis would bear two children and that the second one would overthrow him caused Zeus to trick Metis into turning herself into a fly then he swallowed her whole. Metis was already pregnant with Athena who continued to grew inside his stomach. Zeus, in pain, asked Hephaestus to hit him on the forehead with an axe and out popped Athena fully grown and clad in armour.
MidasMidasKing of PhrygiaMortalMaleGordius and CybelePossible offspring with unknown mothers
  • Lityerses
  • Zoë
  • Anchurus
Dionysus granted Midas a reward and he asked that everything he touched turned to gold, which became a curse when his food also turned to gold. Dionysus told Midas to reverse the reward he should wash in the river Pactolus, which he did, and the river sands turned into gold. One of the most famous of all Greek gods and goddesses.
MinosFirst king of Crete. Judge of the dead in the underworldDeified MortalMaleZeus and Europa (or Lycastus and Ide)
  • Apollo
  • Ares
  • Artemis
  • Aphrodite
  • Athena
  • Dionysus
  • Hebe
  • Hermes
  • Heracles
  • Helen of Troy
  • Hephaestus
  • Perseus
  • the Muses
  • the Charities
  • Sarpedon
  • King Rhadamanthys
  • Pasiphae or Crete
  • Dexithea/Dexinoe
  • Pareia
  • Androgenia
  • With Pasiphae:
    • Acalle
    • Androgeus
    • Ariadne
    • Catreus
    • Glaucus
    • Deucalion
    • Phaedra
    • Xenodice
  • With Dexithea/Dexinoe:
    • Euxantius
  • With Pareia:
    • Eurymedon
    • Chryses
    • Nephalion
    • Philolaus
  • With Androgenia:
    • Asterius
Minos was given the kingdom of Crete from the gods. Every nine years, Minos made King Aegeus choose seven young boys and seven young girls to be sent to the labyrinth to be eaten by the Minotaur.
Minos died chasing a fugitive in Sicily. Zeus appointed Minos to be one of the judges of the dead in Hades.
MnemosyneMonetaGoddess of memory and remembranceTitaness ElderFemaleUranus and Gaia
  • Oceanus
  • Hyperion
  • Coeus
  • Iapetus
  • Theia
  • Rhea
  • Themis
  • Phoebe
  • Tethys
  • Cronus
Zeus
  • the Muses (Olympian)
The word mnemonic was derived from her. Oracular goddess of the underground oracle of Trophonios, Boeotia.
MomusQuerellaGod of mockery and censure, ridicule, scorn, complaint and harsh criticismOlympianMaleErebus and Nyx3* or Nyx1* alone by parthenogenesis99*
  • From Erebus and Nyx:
    • Aether
    • Hemera
    • the Keres
    • the Hesperides
    • the Oneiroi
  • From Nyx by parthenogenesis99*:
    • Apate
    • Eris
    • Geras
    • Hypnos
    • Moros
    • Nemesis
    • Oizys
    • Philotes
    • Thanatos
    • the Hesperides
    • the Keres
    • the Moirai
    • the Oneiroi
Momus found fault with everything. In one Aesop’s Fable (Perry index 455), the only thing he could find wrong with the goddess Aphrodite was that her sandals squeaked. Momus was blamed for stirring stirring up the Trojan war95* to reduce the human population and was expelled from Mount Olympus. Often depicted as lifting a mask from his face.
Moros
(Morus)
FatumDoom, fatePrimordialMale
  • Erebus and Nyx3*
  • or Nyx1* alone by parthenogenesis99*
  • From Erebus and Nyx:
    • Aether
    • Hemera
    • the Keres
    • the Hesperides
    • the Oneiroi
  • From Nyx by parthenogenesis99*:
    • Apate
    • Eris
    • Geras
    • Hypnos
    • Momus
    • Nemesis
    • Oizys
    • Philotes
    • Thanatos
    • the Hesperides
    • the Keres
    • the Moirai
    • the Oneiroi
Moros was omnipotent, omniscient, and omnipresent and drives mortals to their deadly fate. Momus was feared by all the gods who feared what he would do to them and because once a decree had been made it was destiny and could not be changed. Prometheus is credited with saving mankind by taking foresight of his own doom away and replacing it with false hope21* (elpis) from Pandora’s jar/box.
MorpheusMorpheusGod of dreamsMinor godMaleHypnosMorpheus had a thousand siblings4* including the other Oneiroi, Phobetor and PhantasosMorpheus was leader of the Oneiroi. The drug morphine is derived from the word Morpheus.
NarcissusNarcissusMortalMale
  • Cephissus and Liriope4* (nymph)
  • or Endymion and Selene10*
Narcissus was very handsome but incapable of love. Ameinias/Aminias was distraught when Narcissus cruelly spurned him. He killed himself praying for Nemesis to avenge him. Nemesis answered his prayer causing Narcissus to fall in love with his own reflection. Narcissus died of love and turned into the flower named after him.
NemesisInvidiaGoddess of Vengeance and Retribution, indignation, for evil and undeserved good fortune. Personification of resentmentSpirit/daimonaFemale
  • Erebus and Nyx
  • or Nyx alone
  • or a daughter of Oceanus or Zeus
  • From Erebus and Nyx:
    • Aether
    • Hemera
    • the Keres
    • the Hesperides
    • the Oneiroi
  • From Nyx by parthenogenesis99*:
    • Apate
    • Eris
    • Geras
    • Hypnos
    • Momus
    • Moros
    • Oizys
    • Philotes
    • Thanatos
    • the Hesperides
    • the Keres
    • the Moirai
    • the Oneiroi

 

  • Zeus3&6*,
  • Tartarus22*
  • With Zeus: Helen of Troy
  • With Tartarus: The Telchines
Nemesis bought sorrow to mortals who succumbed to hubris (arrogance before the gods) including Narcissus, a beautiful but arrogant hunter who disdained the ones who loved him. Nemesis lured him to a pool where Narcissus saw his own reflection and fell in love with it, unable to leave he eventually died.
NereusNereusGod of rich bounty of fishGodMalePontus and Gaia
  • Eurybia
  • Thaumas
Doris
  • Nerites, 50 Nereid daughters
  • Glaucus (patron sea god of fishermen)
Nereus was the gentle and trustworthy “old man of the sea” who lived with his wife Doris and the Nereids in the Aegean Sea. Like many sea gods Nereus was a shapeshifter and could predict the future.
NikeVictoriaPersonification and Goddess of victoryOlympian and Spirit/daimonaFemalePallas and Styx
  • Zelus (Zeal)
  • Cratos (Strength)
  • Bia (Force)
Nike was a winged goddess of victory in war and games and a divine charioteer. Nike flew over battlefields giving glory to the victors. Nike, along with Zelus, Cratos and Bia were the sentinels of Zeus’ throne.
NyxNoxNightPrimordialFemaleChaos1&10*, Phanes9*Erebus, Gaia, TartarusErebus (her brother)
  • With Erebus:
    • Aether1&7*
    • Hemera1&7*
    • Eros3*
    • Eleos (Compassion),
    • Sophrosyne (Moderation)3*,
    • Epiphron (Prudence)
    • Styx3*
    • Dolos (Trickery)3*
    • Eleos (Pity, mercy)3*
    • Hubris/Hybris (Insolence)3*
  • Nyx by parthenogenesis99*:
    • Moros (Doom)
    • Ker
    • Brothers:
      • Thanatos (Non-violent death)
      • Hypnos (Ssleep)
      • Charon (Ferryman of Hades)
    • the Oneiroi (Dream spirits)
    • Momus (Ridicule)
    • Oizys (Misery)
    • the Hesperides
    • the Moirai (Fates)
    • the Keres
    • the Erinyes21*
    • Nemesis (Retribution)11*
    • Apate
    • Philotes (Friendship)
    • Geras (Old age)
    • Eris (Strife)
    • Hecate (Magic, witchcraft, ghosts)22*
  • With Cronus: Hemera22*
  • From Orphic world egg:
    • Eros
    • Aether
  • In the Orphic cosmogony: Uranus
  • Nyx alone (Orphic cosmogony):
    • Astra Planeta / Five planets / Wandering Stars:
      • Phainon (Saturn)
      • Phaethon (Jupiter)
      • Pyroeis (Mars)
      • Eosphoros/Hesperos (Venus)
      • Stilbon (Mercury)
Out of Chaos darkness (Erebus) and night (Nyx) appeared.
Night (and day) were imagined as real substances and separate from the sun in ancient Greek cosmogony. Every day Nyx (night) left Tartarus just as Hemera (day) entered and vice versa1*
OceanusOceanusGod of the riverTitanMale
  • Uranus and Gaia
  • or Aether and Gaia3*
  • Coeus
  • Crius
  • Hyperion
  • Iapetus
  • Theia
  • Rhea
  • Themis
  • Mnemosyne
  • Phoebe
  • Tethys
  • Cronus
  • the Cyclopes
  • the Hekatonkheires
  • Tethys
  • Parthenope
  • With Tethys:
    • the Oceanids
    • the Potamoi
    • Metis3*
    • the Nephelae (Oceanid-nymphs of clouds and rain)
  • With Parthenope:
    • Thrace (has sister Europa)
  • With unknown mother:
    • the Aurae (Breezes, nymphs)
Titan of the all-encircling river Oceans around the Earth. Source of all Earth’s fresh-water.
Oceanus and his brothers Coeus, Hyperion, Crius, Iapetus and Cronus were banished to Tartarus, the lowest level of Hades by Zeus after they were overthrown in the Titanomachy96* against the Olympians.
OdysseusUlyssesKing of IthacaMortalMale
  • Laertes and Anticlia
  • or Sisyphus and Anticlia
  • Penelope
  • Circe
  • Calypso
  • Callidice
  • Thoas’ daughter
  • Polymele
  • Evippe

 

  • With Penelope:
    • Telemachus
    • Poliporthes
    • Acusilaus
  • With Circe or Calypso:
    • Telegonus
    • Latinus
  • With Circe:
    • Agrius
    • Romanus
    • Romus
    • Anteias
    • Ardeias
  • With Calypso:
    • Nausithous
    • Nausinous
  • With Callidice:
    • Polypoetes
  • With Thoas’ daughter:
    • Leontophonus
  • With Evippe:
    • Euryalus
Odysseus was brilliant, versatile and cunning and most famous for “The Odyssey” an epic poem written by Greek poet Homer. According to the poem Odysseus’s journey kept him away from his home and family for another ten years after the end of the decade-long Trojan War. Here’s the ADDucation Odyssey plot summary:
While Odysseus is battling mystical creatures and interference from gods, his wife Penelope and son Telemachus are left to fend off over 100 suitors after Penelope’s hand and Ithaca’s throne desperately hoping Odysseus will return. Telemachus is coming of age and the suitors, angry about the delay, plot to ambush and kill him. King Menelaus reports Odysseus is alive and is being held captive by beautiful Calypso, who wants to marry Odysseus and grant him immortality.
Athena persuades the gods to free Odysseus but Poseidon takes revenge on Odysseus for blinding his son Cyclops and shipwrecks them on Phaeacia, ruled by King Alcinous where he relates his story.
After the Trojan War, Odysseus, and his men, sail for home and are hit by a storm which blows them to the land of the Lotus-eaters where eating the lotus plant removes ambition and memory. They succomb but eventually get away and their next stop is the land of the Cyclops, home to cannibalistic one-eyed giants. Polyphemus (known simply as Cyclops) traps Odysseus who blinds him to make good his escape. Their next host is Aeolus, the wind god, who collects all the adverse weather in a bag as a parting gift for Odysseus and they sail within sight of Ithaca. While Odysseus is sleeping his greedy crew open the bag, expecting treasure, and release winds which blow them back to Aeolus, who speculates they are cursed by the gods and won’t help them again. They sail to the cannibalistic Laestrygonians, who sink eleven of their twelve ships and eat most of the men leaving just Odysseus and his crew to sail on to Aeaea where enchantress Circe turns some of the crew into pigs. Taking advice from Hermes, Odysseus outwits Circe and becomes her lover and she eventually lifts the spell from his men. They set sail a year later, on Cicres’s advice, for the Land of the Dead where Odysseus receives various Greek heroes, a visit from his mother and an important prophecy from seer Tiresias. They resume their journey, barely surviving the Sirens’ song, an attack by Scylla, a six-headed monster, and arrive at the island of Helios the sun god. Odysseus warns the men not to eat the cattle but they do anyway, which outrages Zeus, who destroys their ship as it departs killing everyone, apart from Odysseus, who washes up on Calypso’s island.
The Phaeacians, grateful for the story and being good hosts, sail Odysseus to Ithaca. Meanwhile, Athena helped Telemachus avoid the suitors’ ambush, and set up a meeting where Odysseus and Telemachus are reunited and, with the help of his faithful swineherd Eumaeus, Odysseus returns to his palace disguised as a beggar.
Odysseus takes insults and assaults from the suitors and Penelope suspects he could be her husband, which is confirmed by his childhood nurse Eurycleia, who noticed an old scar on his leg when she bathed him.
Penelope announces a contest for her hand to any man who can string the great bow of Odysseus and shoot an arrow through a dozen axes. Odysseus wins and helped by Athena, Telemachus and two faithful herdsmen they kill all the suitors. Odysseus, Penelope and his elderly father Laertes are reunited and they manage to make peace with the suitors’ families, avoiding a civil war.
OedipusOedipusKing of ThebesMortalMaleKing Laius and Queen JocastaJocasta (wife, in an unknowingly incestuous relationship)Polynices, Eteocles, Antigone and IsmeneOedipus is a tragic hero in Greek mythology because he accidentally fulfilled a prophecy that he would kill his father Laius and marry his mother Jocasta. Upon realizing she had married her own son and her husband’s murderer Jocasta hanged herself. Oedipus then blinded himself with pins from her dress bringing disaster to the city and his family.
Oedipus’ story is told in three plays by Sophocles: Oedipus the King, Oedipus at Colonus and Antigone.
OizysMiseriaPersonified spirit/daimon of Misery, woe, distress and sufferingSpirit/DaimonaFemale
  • Erebus and Nyx3*
  • or Nyx1* alone by parthenogenesis99*
  • From Erebus and Nyx:
    • Aether
    • Hemera
    • the Keres
    • the Hesperides
    • the Oneiroi
  • From Nyx by parthenogenesis99*:
    • Apate
    • Eris
    • Geras
    • Hypnos
    • Momus
    • Moros
    • Nemesis
    • Philotes
    • Thanatos
    • the Hesperides
    • the Keres
    • the Moirai
    • the Oneiroi

 

Nyx (alone)Oizys was evil-minded and spiteful.
OphionOphioneusRuler of Earth8*Titan (or Primordial God)Male
  • Eurynome alone
  • speculatively Gaia and Uranus
EurynomeOphion was the first Titan king of heaven until he was overthrown in a wrestling match by Cronus. Eurynome, Ophion’s wife, was also beaten by Rhea and they were both cast into Oceanus or Tartarus.
In the Greek Pelasgian creation myth recreated by Robert Graves in his book: The Greek Myths Eurynome is the primordial “Goddess of All Things” which arises out of Chaos to part sea and sky and dance on the primordial waters. Eurynome creates Orphin in the form of a serpent and they mate. Eurynome, in the form of a dove, lays a “World egg” (Orphic egg, cosmic egg) on the waves and bids Ophion to hatch it by entwining around the egg seven times until it splits into two halves and hatches the world.
Ophion and Eurynome ruled the earth8* before being overthrown by Cronus and Rhea and cast down to Tartarus or Oceanus.
OrpheusMortalMale
  • Oeagrus6&19* (King of Thrace)
  • or Apollo and Calliope (muse)
  • The Muses
  • the Graces
  • Linus
EurydiceMusaeus of Athens24* (or his father was Eumolpus)Orpheus was a muse (musician, poet and prophet). Orpheus fell in love with nymph Eurydice/Euridice/Argiope and they got married but she was killed by a viper. Grief stricken Orpheus played such mournful songs that even the gods wept. Orpheus travelled to the underworld and Hades and Persephone agreed to allow Eurydice to return to the upper world so long as he walked in front of her and didn’t look back until they had both reached the upper world. Sadly when he reached the upper world Orpheus looked back before Eurydice had reached the upper world and she vanished forever.
Orpheus joined Jason and the Argonauts on their epic voyage and, as the seer Chiron had foretold to Orpheus, when the Argo approached the Sirens, Orpheus played music on his lyre that was louder and more beautiful to drown out the Sirens’ bewitching songs. According to Phanokles, Orpheus loved Calais, son of Boreas, with all his heart and sang about it shady groves.
There are various myths about Orpheus’s death. He may have been killed by Ciconian women, spurned by Orpheus for taking only male lovers, who tore him to pieces during a frenzied Bacchic orgy. Orpheus’s head was thrown into the River Hebrus and never stopped singing as the river, waves and winds carried it to Lesbos where his head was buried and a shrine and oracle prophesied in a cave in Antissa, Lesbos until it was silenced by Apollo. Orpheus’s lyre and body fragments were carried to heaven by the Muses and Apollo placed the lyre in the night sky as the constellation, Lyra. The Muses buried his body fragments at Leibethra below Mount Olympus, where nightingales sang over his grave. After the river Sys flooded Leibethra, the Macedonians took Orpheus’s bones to Dion and his soul returned to the underworld where Orpheus was reunited with Eurydice.
PallasGod of warcraft and of the springtime campaign seasonTitan 2nd Gen.MaleCrius and Eurybia
  • Astraeus
  • Perses
Styx
  • Zelus (Zeal)
  • Nike (Victory)
  • Kratos
  • Bia
  • (maybe) Scylla
  • (maybe) Fontes
  • (maybe) Lacus
Pallus was killed by Athena during the Titanomachy96*
Pan (aka Aegipan)FaunusGod of fields, groves, wooded glens, the wild, forest, pasture, shepherds, flocks, goats, hunting and rustic music (pan-pipes), theatrical criticism and associated to fertility, Spring and male sexualityMale
  • Hermes and Penelope3,6,17,18*
  • or Apollo and Penelope19*
  • or Hermes and Driope/Dryope, Aphrodite or Hecate.
  • Other possible fathers are Zeus or Dionysus
  • Circe
  • Laertes
  • the Maenads
  • the Satyrs (hybrid creatures)
  • Syrinx
  • Echo
  • Peitho
  • Pitys
  • Eupheme
  • With Echo or Peitho: Iynx
  • With Eupheme: Krotos
  • Silenos (maybe)
  • Xanthus and 11 other sons allied with Dionysus
Pan’s parentage is uncertain, so uncertain it’s possible there is more than one Pan. Pan lived in rustic Arcadia and had the hindquarters, legs, and horns of a goat.
Pan tried to seduce Syrinx, a beautiful nymph, but she managed to escape to her sisters who turned her into a reed which, as the air blew through, produced a sad mournful melody. Unsure which reed she had becom Pan took 7 (or 9) reeds, cut them into various lengths, and fashioned them into the first Syrinx (pan-pipes) and he was seldom seen without it.
The word “panic” is derived from his name and he claimed credit for the Athenians victory over the Persians in the Battle of Marathon (490 BC) because his angry shout/screech caused panic amongst his enemies.
PandoraPandoraFirst WomanFemalePandora was created from clay by Hephaestus on Zeus’ orders and she was the first woman. Each Olympian god gave a gift to make her completeEpimetheusPandora was given to Epimetheus as a bride by the gods to punish his father Prometheus who had tricked Zeus and helped the humans.
Zeus gave Pandora a storage jar (Pandora’s box is a popular idiom based on Greek mythology) as a wedding gift which she opened when she was received in Epimetheus’s house and unleashed evil spirits into the world to plague mankind. Pandora closed the jar (box) leaving just Elpis (hope) inside.
PasitheaFemale
  • Zeus and Eurynome
  • (or Hera and Dionysus10*)
Pasithea is one of the Graces/Charities
PegasusPegasusImmortal creatureHorsePoseidon and the Gorgon MedusaChrysaor (married to Callirrhoe, daughter of Oceanus and Tethys) father to the triple-headed GeryonImmortal, winged horse that sprung from the Gorgon Medusa when she was beheaded – a product of intercourse with Poseidon. Flown to Mount Olympus by hero Bellerophon, and adopted by Zeus to carry lightning bolts.
PersephoneProserpinaQueen of the Underworld. Goddess of the Afterlife, Spring Growth, GrainFemaleZeus and Demeter
  • Areion (stallion)
  • Athena
  • Aphrodite
  • Apollo
  • Artemis
  • Ares
  • the Horae
  • the Muses
  • the Charites
  • the Moirai
  • Hermes
  • Hephaestus
  • Dionysos
  • Heracles
  • Helen of Troy
  • Perseus
  • Hebe
  • Enyo*
  • Eris
  • Eileithyia
  • Plutus
  • Hades
  • Zeus (by deception and as serpent in the Orphic cosmogony9*)
  • With Zeus: Melinoë (Zeus disguised as Hades9*)
  • With Zeus: Zagreus (Zeus in serpent form9*)
Persephone was abducted by Hades to be his wife and Queen of the underworld. Demeter cursed the world causing the land to become barren and plants to wither and die. Zeus tried to return Persephone from the underworld but unfortunately Persephone had eaten seeds of a pomegranate, given to her by Hades, so she was bound to the underword for a third of each year (Winter). Demeter, withdraws her gifts from the world until Persephone‘s return each Spring.
PersesGod of destructionTitan 2nd Gen.MaleCrius and Eurybia
  • Astraeus
  • Pallus
Asteria (his cousin)HecateHesiod describes Perses as “preeminent among all men in wisdom” without further explantion.
PerseusHeroMaleZeus and Danaë, Acrisius(stepfather)
  • Apollo
  • Ares
  • Artemis
  • Aphrodite
  • Athena
  • Dionysus
  • Hebe
  • Hermes
  • Heracles
  • Helen of Troy
  • Hephaestus
  • Minos
  • the Muses
  • the Charities
Andromeda
  • Perses
  • Alcaeus
  • Sthenelus
  • Electryon (king of Tiryns and Mycenae)
  • Mestor (father of Hippothoe)
  • Cynurus (founder of the city Cynura, Laconia)
  • Gorgophone
  • Autochthe
  • Heleus (youngest son)
Famous Greek hero who beh.eaded the Gorgon Medusa, saved Andromeda from the sea monster Cetus, founder of Mycenae and the Perseid Danaans dynasty (with Bellerophon and Cadmus)
PhanesGod of procreation and the generation of new lifePrimordial Orphic9*Male Female
  • Chronos (time) and Ananke (Inevitability)9*
  • or Hydrus and Gaia9*
Nyx9*In the Orphic cosmogony (Orphism9*) Phanes was hatched from the world egg (cosmic egg) entwined with a serpent. Phanes had a helmet and golden wings.and gives birth to the universe.
In the Orphic cosmogony (Orphism9*) Hydrus was the protogenos of the primordial waters and emerged alongside Creation (Thesis) and mud. The primordial mud solidified into Gaia (Earth) and with Hydrus created Chronos (time) and Ananke (compulsion). Chronos and Ananke circled and split open the primal world egg (cosmic egg) to form the god Phanes (creator of life) and the four elements of Heaven (fire), Earth, Air and Sea (water).
The Orphic Rhapsodies later dropped Chronos and Ananke and Phanes was born directly from Hydrus and Gaia.
PhilotesPersonification of friendship and affectionSpirit/daimonaFemale
  • Erebus and Nyx3*
  • or Nyx1* alone by parthenogenesis99*
  • From Erebus and Nyx:
    • Aether
    • Hemera
    • the Keres
    • the Hesperides
    • the Oneiroi
  • From Nyx by parthenogenesis99*:
    • Apate
    • Eris
    • Geras
    • Hypnos
    • Momus
    • Moros
    • Oizys
    • Nemesis
    • Thanatos
    • the Hesperides
    • the Keres
    • the Moirai
    • the Oneiroi
Philotês means in Greek so Philotes may have been the spirit of sexual intercourse. Philotes opposite were the Neikea (Arguments).
Phoebe
(Phoibe)
Goddess of prophecy and oracular intellectTitaness ElderMaleUranus and Gaia
  • Oceanus
  • Hyperion
  • Crius
  • Coeus
  • Iapetus
  • Theia
  • Rhea
  • Themis
  • Mnemosyne
  • Tethys
  • Cronus
Coeus
  • Lelantos (father of Aura by Periboa)
  • Leto (Goddess of Womanly Demure and Motherhood)
  • Asteria3* (a star-goddess. mother of Hecate, her only child)
According to some accounts Phoebe (after Daphnis and Themis) was the third preistess or “Pythia”, commonly known as the “Oracle of Delphi”, to serve as the oracle at the Temple of Apollo at Delphi. Phoebe eventually passed her seat to Apollo, her grandson, who was the last to hold it.
Associated with the moon and the Endymion myth.
Phosphorous
(Eosphorus and Hesperus)
LuciferThe bringer of light (from Venus – the morning star)MaleAstraeus and Eos
  • Ceyx (King of Thessaly, married to Alcyone)6*
  • Daedalion4*
  • Leuconoe (mother of Philammon by Apollo)3*
  • the Hesperides
Phosphorous (the planet Venus) was originally called Eosphorus (Dawn bringer) in the morning sky and Hesperus (Evening) in the evening sky.
PontusGod of the sea, father of the fish and other sea creaturesPrimordialMale
  • Parthenogenetic offspring of Gaia1*
  • or Aether and Gaia3*
  • or Uranus and Gaia3*
  • the Ourea (mountains)
Thalassa
  • With Gaia:
    • Nereus
    • Thaumas
    • Phorcys
    • Ceto
    • Eurybia
  • With Thalassa:
    • the Telchines
    • Halia
    • Aphrodite
As the primordial god of the sea Pontus was the sea itself from the moment of creation, not merely its current deity.
PoseidonNeptuneKing of the Seas. God of Rivers, Earthquakes, HorsesOlympianMaleCronus and Rhea
  • Zeus
  • Hera
  • Hades
  • Hestia
  • Demeter
  • Chiron
Divine consorts:
  • Amphitrite (wife and Queen of the sea)
  • Aphrodite
  • Demeter
  • Gaia
  • Halie/Halia (sea-goddess, daughter of Thalassa)
  • Helle3*/Athamantis (mortal deified as sea-goddess)
  • Keroessa/Ceroessa (daughter of Zeus and Io)
  • Nerites (lover, sea god)

Giant consorts:

  • Thoosa

Nymph consorts:

  • Aba
  • Alcyone (Pleiades)
  • Amphimedusa (Danaid)
  • Amymone (Danaid)
  • Arethusa (Nereid)
  • Ascre
  • Beroe (Oceanid, no offspring)
  • Callirrhoe/Callirhoe (wife and Naiad)
  • Celaeno (Pleiades)
  • Celaeno (Danaid)
  • Diopatra (no offspring)
  • Eidothea
  • Euryte/Bathycleia
  • Kleodora/Cleodora (Thriai)
  • Khione/Chione (daughter of Boreas)
  • Korkyra/Corcyra24* (Naiad)
  • Larissa (Princess of Argos)
  • Melia (Ash tree)
  • Mideia
  • Olbia 34*
  • Peirene (Naiad, daughter of Asopus23&24*, Oebalus12* or Achelous12*)
  • Pero6*/Kelousa
  • Pitane3*/Lena
  • Rhode27*
  • Salamis24* (Daughter of Asopus)
  • Satyrion

Mortal consorts:

  • Aethra/Aithra (daughter of King Pittheus)
  • Agamede2* (physcian)
  • Alistra27*
  • Alope3*
  • Arene
  • Arne (mortal) / Melanippe (foal)
  • Astydameia (daughter of Phorbas, princess of Olenos)
  • Astypalaea3*(daughter of Phoenix)
  • Budeia/Boudeia/Buzyge (daughter of Lycus28&31*)
  • Caeneus (no offspring)
  • Calchinia (daughter of Leucippus12*)
  • Calyce / Harpale / Scamandrodice (daughter of Hecaton)
  • Canace6* (daughter of Aiolos)
  • Cerebia27*
  • Cleito (daughter of Evenor and Leucippe)
  • Coronis (no offspring)
  • Europa/Mecionice (Lady of Hyria, daughter of Tityos)
  • Euryale1&3* (daughter of Minos, King of Crete)
  • Eurycyda (daughter of Endymion)
  • Eurynome/Eurymede (daughter of Nisos, King of Megara)
  • Hermippe28*(daughter of Boeotus)
  • Hippothoe3*
  • Iphimedeia 2,3&19*(daughter of Triopas of Thessaly)
  • Khrysogeneia / Chrysogeneia (daughter of Almos, princess of Orchomenus3*)
  • Laodice33* (no offspring)
  • Leis (Daughter of Orus, princess of Troezen11*)
  • Libya (daughter of King Epaphus of Egypt)
  • Lysianassa/Anippe (Daughter of Epaphus)
  • Melantheia (Daughter of Alpheus)
  • Melantho (maid of Penelope)
  • Mestra (a shapeshifter, gift from Poseidon4* , no offspring)
  • Molione
  • Mytilene 34*(daughter of Pelops or Macareus)
  • Tyro (daughter of Salmoneus)
  • Oenope (daughter of Epopeus and Lady of Onchestus)
  • Ossa
  • Patroclus38* (King of Opus, lover)
  • Pelops (King of Pisa, lover)
  • Periboea (daughter of Giant Eurymedon2*)
  • Phoenice
  • Pronoe34*(Daughter of Asopus)
  • Rhodope(Daughter of Strymon, Queen Rhodope of Thrace)
  • Syme24*
  • Themisto (Lady of Athamantia)
  • Theophane 3*(Daughter of Bisaltes)
  • Thyia1* (Daughter of Deucalion, no offspring)
  • Unnamed daughter of Amphictyon

 

Divine offspring:
  • With Amphitrite:
    • Triton/Triden (merman messenger)
    • Benthesikyme6*
    • Rhode16 (or with Aphrodite or Halia)
    • Cymopoleia, Haliad nymph
  • With Aphrodite:
    • (possibly) Herophile the Sibyl, nymph
    • Rhode (or with Amphitrite or Halia)
  • With Demeter:
    • Areion (immortal talking horse)
    • Despoine (goddess)
    • Pelasgos (King of Arcadia)
    • Euadne (princess of Arcadia)
  • With Gaia:
    • Antaeus
    • Charybdis (sea-monster)
    • Laestrygon (founder of the Laestrygonians)
  • With Keroessa/Ceroessa:
    • Byzas (founder and ruler of Byzantium / Constantinople / Istanbul)
  • With Halie/Halia:
    • Rhode (or with Amphitrite or Aphrodite)
    • the Daimones Proseoous (6 sea gods)
  • With Gorgon Medusa:
    • Chrysaor (married to Callirrhoe)
    • Pegasus (winged horse)
  • With Pero6*or Kelousa:
    • Asopus (river god, the most likely parents are Oceanus and Tethys)
  • With unknown mother:
    • Proteus (primordial god, “old man of the sea”)
  • With unknown mother:
    • Ourea3* (nymph)

Giant offspring:

  • With Thoosa:
    • Polyphemus (Giant, Cyclops)

Mortal offspring:

  • With Aba:
    • Ergiscus/Ergiskos20*
  • With Aethra/Aithra (and Aegeus):
    • Theseus (King of Athens
  • With Agamede2*:
    • Dictys3* (Prince of Elis)
  • With Alcyone:
    • Hyrieus (Lord of Hyria)
    • Hyperenor, Lycus (Lord of Thebes)
    • Aethusa (Lady of Eleutherai)
    • Hyperes
    • Anthas (Lord of Anthedon)
    • Glaucus14* (prophetic sea-god)
  • With Alistra27*:
    • Ogygus (possibly)
  • With Alope3*:
    • Hippothoon (King of Eleusis, Attic hero)
  • With Amphimedusa:
    • Erythras
  • With Amymone:
    • Nauplius (founder of Nauplia)
  • With Arene:
    • Idas6*
  • With Arne:
    • twins Aeolus and Boeotus
  • With Arethusa:
    • Abas3* (King of Euboea)
  • With Ascre:
    • Oeoclus11* (Lord of Ascre)
  • With Astydameia:
    • Caucon29* (Prince of Olenos or Messenia)
  • With Astypalaea:
    • Ancaeus (King of Samos, Argonaut helmsman30*)
    • Eurypylus of Kos3*
  • With Budeia/Boudeia/Buzyge:
    • Erginus (King of Minyan Orchomenus)28*
  • With Calchinia:
    • Peratus12* (King of Sicyon)
  • With Callirrhoe:
    • Minyas27*
  • With Calyce / Harpale / Scamandrodice:
    • Cycnus3* (defender of Troy)
  • With Canace: (Kings of Thessalia6*)
    • Aloeus
    • Hopleus
    • Nireus
    • Triopas
    • Epopeus (King of Sicyonia)
  • With Celaeno (Pleiad or daughter of Ergeus):
    • Lycus and Nycteus6* (Co-Regents of Thebes)
    • Lycaon
    • Eurypylus/Eurytus28* (King of Cyrene)
  • With Celaeno (Danaid):
    • Celaenus
  • With Cerebia:
    • Polydectes27* (Ruler of Seriphos)
  • With Cleito25*: (10 Co-Kings of Atlantis):
    • Ampheres
    • Atlas
    • Autochthon
    • Azaes
    • Diaprepes
    • Elasippus
    • Euaemon
    • Eumelus (Gadeirus)
    • Mestor
    • Mneseus
  • With Eidothea:
    • Euseirus
  • With Europa / Mecionice:
    • Euphemus (Lord of Hyria or Boiotia or Psamathus. Argonaut)
  • With Euryale:
    • Orion1&3* (giant Prince of Hyria)
  • With Eurycyda:
    • Eleius (King of the Epeans)
  • With Eurynome/Eurymede :
    • Bellerophon (hero)
  • With Euryte/Bathycleia:
    • Halirrhothius (killed by Ares)
  • With Helle/Athamantis:
    • Almops (King of Almopia)
    • Edonus3* (King of Edonia)
    • Paion3* (King of Paionia)
  • With Hippothoe:
    • Taphius (founder of Taphos)
  • With Iphimedeia:
    • The Aloadae: Otus and Ephialtes
  • With Kleodora/Cleodora:
    • Parnassus12* (Lord of Parnassos)
  • With Khione/Chione:
    • Eumolpus3* (Thracian king, founder of city of Eumolpias/Eumolpiada)
  • With Khrysogeneia / Chrysogeneia:
    • Khryses/Chryses (King of Orchomenus, one possible father of Minyas3*)
  • With Korkyra/Corcyra:
    • Phaeax/Phaiax24* (King of the Phaeacians)
  • With Hermippe:
    • Minyas3* (King of Orchomenus, possibly son of Poseidon and Callirhoe27*)
  • With Larissa: Lords of Argos:
    • Achaeus
    • Pelasgus (founder of the Thessalian Argos)
    • Pythius
  • With Leis:
    • Altephus11* (King of Althepia)
  • With Libya:
    • Agenor
    • Belus
    • Lelex (King of Laconia, demigod)
  • With Lysianassa/Anippe:
    • Busiris (King of Egypt, killed by Heracles6*)
  • With Melantheia:
    • Eirene
  • With Melantho:
    • Delphus27* (or Apollo and Celaeno or unknown father and Thyia or Melanis)
  • With Melia:
    • Amycus (King of the Bebryces, a boxer3&6*)
      Mygdon (King of the Bebryces, killed by Heracles6*)
  • With Mideia:
    • Aspledon (Lord of Aspledon)
  • With Molione: The Molionides:
    • Eurytus
    • Cteatus
  • With Mytilene:
    • Myton
  • With Olbia:
    • Astacus (founder of Astacus, Bithynia)
  • With Oenope:
    • Megareus (Lord of Onchestus)
  • With Ossa:
    • Sithon (or Ares and Anchiroe35*)
  • With Peirene: Lords of Corinthia:
    • Cenchrias
    • Leches
  • With Periboea:
    • Nausithous (King of the Phaeacians)
  • With Pitane/Lena:
    • Evadne/Euadne (raised by Aepytus of Arcadia, son Lamus “Boy of the Violets” founded the Iamidae seers)
  • With Phoenice:
    • Torone34*)
  • With Pronoe:
    • Phocus34* (hero of Phocis)
  • With Rhode27*:
    • Cameirus
    • Ialysus
    • Lindus
  • With Rhodope:
    • Athos32*
  • With Salamis:
    • Cychreus (maybe King of Salamis)
  • With Satyrion:
    • Taras (founder of Taras)
  • With Syme:
    • Chthonius24* (founder of colony on island of Syme, after his mother)
  • With Themisto:
    • Leucon (Prince of Athamantia)
  • With Theophane:
    • Ram of the Golden Fleece3* (which carried Phrixus to Colchis)
  • With Tyro:
    • Neleus (King of Pylos)
    • Pelias (King of Iolcus)
  • With unnamed daughter of Amphictyon:
    • Cercyon (King of Eleusis)
  • With unnamed Nymph:
    • Chios (founder of the island of Chios)
  • With unnamed Nymph of Chios:
    • Agelus (Lord of Chios)
    • Malina
    • Melas (Lord of Chios)

Poseidon’s offspring from unknown consorts:

  • Albion/Alebion and brother Dercynus/Bergion
  • Amphimarus11*
  • Amyrus
  • Aon (Boeotian hero)
  • Calaurus34*
  • Dicaeus (founder of Dicaea in Thrace)
  • Albion/Alebion, Dercynus/Bergion
  • Messapus36* (horse tamer)
  • Onchestus11&34* (founder of Onchestus)
  • Palaestinus37* (father of Haliacmon)
  • Phorbas20,31,38* (of Acarnania)
  • Poltys13&34* and Sarpedon28*(Thracian brothers)
  • Procrustes/Damastes (torturer)
  • Sciron4* (bandit)
  • Syleus6,24,27* (of Aulis, a villian)
  • Taenarus28*

 

According to some accounts Poseidon, like Zeus, was also hidden by Rhea at birth and entrusted to Caphira (an Oceanid) and the Telchines to raise but others say he was swallowed whole by Cronus at birth just as Hestia, Hera, Hades and Demeter were.
Following the Olympians victory over the Titans Poseidon was given the Sea and received a trident from the Cyclopes. Poseiden built a fence with bronze gates around Tartarus to imprison the Titans.
Poseiden had various land disputes with Helios over Corinth, Hera over Argos, Athena over Troezen and Attica and also with Zeus over Thetis. Themis (or the Morae or Proteus) prophesied the son born of Thetis would be mightier than his father so they both backed off. Zeus told his grandson Peleus to marry Thetis and they gave birth to Achilles who did turn out to be mightier than his father.
When Poseidon decided to marry Amphitrite (an Oceanid, nymph) she fled to Atlas because she wanted to remain a virgin. Amphitrite was eventually found by Delphin (sea god and leader of the dolphins) who persuaded her to marry Poseidon and organized the wedding. Poseidon rewarded Delphin by placing the constellation Delphinus in the sky.
Poseidon and Apollo were punished by Zeus for participating in one of Hera’s rebellious schemes. They were stripped of divine authority and sent to serve King Laomedon of Troy who made them build the walls of Troy for reward but when he refused to pay Poseidon sent a sea monster to destroy Troy which was slayed by Heracles.
Poseiden sent a sea monster against the Teucrians because Hierax was devoted to Demeter and would not honour him. When Queen Cassiopea boasted she was better than the Nereids he sent a flood and sea-monster to invade the land.
Poseiden and Atlas were also connected to the legend of Atlantis where the first ten kings of Atlantis (five pairs of twins) were all sons of Poseidon and Cleito. Atlas was born first and appointed king over the rest and the island was named after him. Poseiden is one of the most famous of all Greek gods and goddesses.
PrometheusPromitheasGod of forethoughtTitan 2nd Gen.MaleIapetus and Clymene
  • Atlas
  • Menoetius and his twin Epimetheus
  • maybe Anchiale
Prometheus protected and looked after mankind. At Mecone he tricked Zeus into claiming the inedible parts of sacrifical animals leaving the nourishing parts for eternity to mankind. Zeus was furious and hid fire from mortals but Prometheus stole it back which caused Zeus to ask Hephaestus to create Pandora, the first woman, to bring troubles to mankind and condemed Prometheus to eternal punishment, from which he was saved by Hercules.
RheaOpsMother of gods. Goddess of fertility, motherhood and the mountain wildsTitaness ElderFemaleUranus and Gaia
  • Cronus
  • Oceanus
  • Coeus
  • Crius
  • Hyperion
  • Iapetus
  • Theia
  • Themis
  • Tethys
  • Mnemosyne
  • Phoebe
Cronus (brother)
  • Poseidon
  • Hera
  • Hades
  • Hestia
  • Demeter
  • Zeus
Rhea hid Zeus from Cronus in a cave in Crete guarded by the Curetes.
Rhea was skilled in wrestling and cast Queen Eurynome into the Underworld.
SeleneLunaGoddess of the moonTitaness 2nd Gen.FemaleHyperion and Theia
  • Helios
  • Eos
  • Zeus
  • Helios (brother)
  • Pan
  • Endymion
  • With brother Helios: The Horae (Seasons):
    • Eiar (Spring)
    • Theros (Summer)
    • Phthinoporon (Autumn/Fall)
    • Cheimon (Winter)
Selene was associated with Artemis and Hecate – all three regarded as lunar goddesses. Selene drove a chariot across the heavens like Helios the Sun god.
StyxGoddess of the River StyxTitaness 2nd Gen.Female
  • Oceanus and Tethys
  • or Erebus and Nyx3*
  • or Oceanus alone
  • the Oceanids
  • the Potamoi
Pallus
  • With Pallus:
    • Zelus (Zeal)
    • Nike (Victory)
    • Kratos
    • Bia
  • Possible offspring from other accounts:
    • Scylla
    • Eos
    • Fontes
    • Lacus
Styx was the first to side with Zeus and the Olympians in the Titanomachy96* against the Titans. After victory she was honoured by Zeus who added Styx to the binding oath sworn by the gods.
The River Styx forms the boundary between the underworld and earth. Achilles was immersed in the River Styx by, his mother Thetis, to make him immortal. Holding him by the heel left his Achilles’ heel vulnerable.
TartarusGod of the underworldPrimordialMaleAether and GaiaGaiaTyphon, a monstrous giantThe Tartarean pit is the deepest, darkest part of the underworld. It’s borh a name and a place.
TethysGoddess of fresh-water, mother of the rivers, springs, streams, fountains and cloudsTitaness ElderFemaleUranus and Gaia
  • Oceanus
  • Coeus
  • Crius
  • Hyperion
  • Iapetus
  • Theia
  • Rhea
  • Themis
  • Mnemosyne
  • Phoebe
  • Cronus
Oceanus (brother)
  • With Oceanus:
    • the Potamoi (3000 river gods)
    • the Oceanids (3000 sea nymphs)
Tethys was mother of the Rivers and Springs.
ThanatosMorsPersonification of Non-violent deathSpirit/DaimonMale
  • Erebus and Nyx3*
  • or Nyx1* alone by parthenogenesis99*
  • From Erebus and Nyx:
    • Aether
    • Hemera
    • the Keres
    • the Hesperides
    • the Oneiroi
  • From Nyx by parthenogenesis99*:
    • Apate
    • Eris
    • Geras
    • Hypnos
    • Momus
    • Moros
    • Oizys
    • Philotes
    • Nemesis
    • the Hesperides
    • the Keres
    • the Moirai
    • the Oneiroi

 

Thanatos was the twin brother of Hypnos.
ThalassaPersonification of the seaPrimordialFemaleAether and Hemera3*PontusThalassa spawned the tribes of fish with Pontus. Thalassadefends herself in Aesop’s fable “The Farmer and the Sea”.
They were later replaced by other marine couples Oceanus and Tethys and Poseidon and Amphitrite.
ThaumasPersonification of the the wonders of the seaSea godMalePontus and Gaia
  • Nereus
  • Eurybia
Electra (Amber tingd clouds, an Oceanid)
  • the Harpies
  • Iris (goddess of rainbows and a messenger of the gods) and twin sister Arce
Thaumas means “Miracle” or “Wonder” in Greek.
TheiaMother of the SunTitaness ElderFemaleUranus and Gaia
  • Oceanus
  • Coeus
  • Crius
  • Hyperion
  • Iapetus
  • Rhea
  • Themis
  • Mnemosyne
  • Phoebe
  • Tethys
  • Cronus
Hyperion (brother)
  • Helios (the Sun)
  • Eos (the Dawn)
  • Selene (the Moon).
  • possibly Titan12*
in Pindar’s Fifth Isthmian ode he says “Theia of many names” which could include Euryphaessa and sun related goddesses Leto and Phoebe and Leto or mother figures Rhea and Cybele.
ThemisThemisPersonification of divine law and order, natural law and customTitaness ElderFemale
  • Uranus and Gaia
  • or Aether and Gaia3*
  • Oceanus
  • Coeus
  • Crius
  • Hyperion
  • Iapetus
  • Theia
  • Rhea
  • Tethys
  • Mnemosyne
  • Phoebe
Zeus
  • The Horae1&6* (2nd Gen. Triad)
  • the Moirai1&6* (Fates)
Themis established the rules of conduct for the gods and was a trusted advisor for Zeus. As the divine voice and oracle, including Delphi, Themis also laid down the laws of justice and morality for mankind. Themis was closely associated with Demeter.
Thesis
(Thetis)
Goddess of CreationPrimordial Orphic9*FemalePhanes
  • Chronos (time)
  • Ananke (inevitability)9*
Associated as mother of all figures with Metis and Tethys.
TycheFortunaGoddess of fortune, chance and luckOlympianFemaleOceanus and Tethysmaybe Plutus
Uranus
(Ouranus)
CaelusGod of the heavens. Father of the TitansPrimordialMale
  • Gaia or Aether and Gaia
  • or Aether and Hemera
  • or Nyx
Gaia
  • the Twelve Titans
  • the Muses
  • the Cyclopes
  • the Hecatonchires
  • the Meliae (blood of Uranus)
  • The Erinyes (blood of Uranus)
  • the Gigantes (blood of Uranus)
  • Aphrodite (sea foam where Uranus‘ genitals fell)
Eldest son of Gaia. Introduced maleness to the world.
ZagreusMinor godMaleZeus (in serpent form9*) and Persephone and then SemeleOften combined with Dionysus but separate to followers of the prophet Orpheus, Orphism and the Orphic cosmogony. Zeus intended Zagreus to be his heir but Hera asked the Titans to kill him. Zagreus evaded them by turning into various animal forms before they finally killed and ate him as a bull. Zeus took revenge, killing the Titans with a thunderbolt. From the combined ashes of the good Zagreus and the evil Titans humans made from both good and evil arose. Persephone (or Athena, Rhea, or Hermes) found Zagreus‘ beating heart and Zeus placed it into the mortal body of Semele who gave birth to Zagreus again.
Zelus / Zelos
Zelus is the personification of zeal, dedication, emulation, keen rivalry, envy and jealousy.Minor godMalePallas and Styx
  • Nike (Victory)
  • Cratos (Strength)
  • Bia (Force)
Zelus, along with Nike, Cratos and Bia were the sentinels of Zeus‘ throne. The English word “zeal” is derived from Zelus‘ name.
ZeusJupiter, JoveKing of Heaven. God of Sky, Weather, Fate, KingshipOlympianMaleCronos and Rhea
  • Hera
  • Poseidon
  • Hades
  • Hestia
  • Demeter
  • Chiron
  • Aega
  • Ananke
  • Themis
  • Aphrodite
  • Demeter
  • Dione
  • Thalassa
  • Eris
  • Eurynome
  • Gaia
  • Hera
  • Hebe
  • Leto
  • Maia
  • Metis
  • Mnemosyne
  • Nemesis
  • Persephone
  • Selene
  • Thalia
  • Eos
  • Callirhoe
  • Aegina
  • Alcmene
  • Antiope
  • Anaxithea
  • Asterope
  • Callisto
  • Calyce
  • Carme
  • Cassiopeia
  • Chaldene
  • Danaë
  • Dia
  • Elara
  • Electra
  • Europa
  • Eurymedousa
  • Euryodeia
  • Himalia
  • Idaea
  • Iodame
  • Io
  • Isonoe
  • Lamia
  • Lamia
  • Laodamia
  • Leda
  • Maera
  • Niobe
  • Othreis
  • Pandora
  • Phthia
  • Plouto
  • Podarge
  • Protogeneia (first born daughter of Deucalion and Pyrrha6*)
  • Pyrrha
  • Semele
  • Taygete
  • Thyia
  • Torrhebia
  • African
  • Samothracian
  • Sithnid
  • Ganymede
Divine offspring:
  • With Aega:
    • Aegipan
  • With Ananke (or Themis):
    • The Moirai
  • With Aphrodite: maybe Tyche
  • With Demeter: Persephone
  • With Dione or Thalassa: Aphrodite
  • With Eris: Limos
  • With Eurynome:
    • The Charities
  • With Gaia: Manes
  • With Hera:
    • Ares
    • Eileithyia
    • Hebe
    • Enyo
    • Eris
    • Hephaestus
    • maybe Angelos
  • With Leto:
    • Apollo
    • Artemis
  • With Maia: Hermes
  • With Metis: Athena
  • With Mnemosyne (Titan/Boeatian):
    • The Muses (Boeatian)
    • The Muses (Olympian)
  • With Nemesis: maybe Helen of Troy
  • With Persephone:
    • Zagreus21*
    • Melinoe (Zeus disguised as Hades9*)
  • With Selene:
    • Ersa
    • Nemean (Lion)
    • Pandia
  • With Thalia: Palici (twins)
  • With Themis:
    • Astraea, Nymphs of Eridanos (river of Hades)
    • Nemesis
    • The Moirai
    • The Horae (1st & 2nd generation triads):
  • With Eos: Carae
  • With unknown mothers:
    • Aletheia (Roman: Veritas)
    • Ate
    • Caerus
    • the Litae

Semi-divine/mortal children:

  • With Aegina: Aeacus Damocrateia
  • With Alcmene: Heracles
  • With Antiope: twins Amphion & Zethus
  • With Anaxithea: Olenus
  • With Oceanid Asterope: Acragas
  • With Callisto: Arcas
  • With Calyce: maybe Aethlius
  • With Carme: Britomartis
  • With Cassiopeia: Atymnius
  • With Chaldene:
    • maybe Solymus
    • Milye
  • With Danaë: Perseus
  • With Dia: Pirithous (King of the Lapiths)
  • With Elara: Tityos (a giant)
  • With Electra:
    • Dardanus
    • Iasion
    • Harmonia
  • With Europa:
    • Minos (King of Crete)
    • Rhadamanthus (King)
    • Sarpedon
    • Alagonia
    • Carnus
    • Dodon
  • With Eurymedousa: Myrmidon
  • With Euryodeia: Arcesius
  • With Himalia:
    • Kronios
    • Spartaios
    • Kytos
  • With Idaea, nymph: Cres
  • With Iodame: Thebe
  • With Io:
    • Epaphus
    • Keroessa
  • With Isonoe: Orchomenus
  • With Lamia:
    • Acheilus
    • Phemonoe daughter of Poseidon (Libyan Sibyl)
  • With Laodamia: Sarpedon
  • With Leda:
    • Pollux
    • Helen of Troy
  • With Maera: Locrus
  • With Niobe:
    • Argus (King of Argos)
    • Pelasgus of Arcadia
  • With Othreis: Meliteus
  • With Pandora: Graecus
  • With Phthia (daughter of Phoroneus): maybe Achaeus
  • With Plouto: Tantalus
  • With Podarge: (immortal horses):
    • Balius
    • Xanthus
  • With Protogeneia:
    • maybe Aethlius (first King of Elis)
    • Opus (king of the Epeians)
  • With Pyrrha: Hellen
  • With Semele: Dionysus
  • With Taygete: Lacedaemon (King of Laconia)
  • With Thyia:
    • Magnes
    • Makednos
  • With Torrhebia: Carius
  • With African nymph: Iarbas
  • With Samothracian nymph: maybe Saon
  • With Sithnid Sithnid nymph: Megarus
  • With unknown mothers:
    • Brothers Calabrus, Geraestus and Taenarus
    • Corinthus (founder of Corinth)
    • Crinacus
Zeus, and his brothers, overthrew his Titan father Cronus to become the Olympian supreme ruler of cosmos, the gods, the spiritual world, and all mortals. Using Aegis, his shield, Zeus could summon storms, tempests, darkness, thunder and lightning, rain and sunshine. Zeus was god of regulated time, as marked by night and day and the changing seasons rather than eternity. Zeus took a paternal interest in the actions of mortals including their affairs of state, duties, disputes, misdeeds and punishments. On the one hand Zeus rewarded truth, fairness and charity and on the other he punished cruelty and perjury.
Zeus was never faithful to Hera and had love affairs and offspring with goddesses, nymphs, and mortals much to her chagrin.
One of the most famous of all Greek gods and goddesses.

* Notes about Greek gods and goddesses:

  • This list is primarily compiled from the works of Hesiod (Theogony c700 BC) and Homer (Iliad and Odyssey 760-710 BC) because these authority sources are credited by ancient authors with establishing Greek religious customs. We have also referenced other sources, including later Roman sources, as indicated: 1*Hesiod, Theogony. 2*Homer, Iliad. 3*Hyginus. 4*Roman poet Ovid, Metamorphoses. 5*Plato, Republic. 6*Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca. 7*Cicero. 8*Pherecydes of Syros (6th century BCE). 9*Orphic cosmogony. 10*Nonnus, Dionysiaca. 11*Pausanias and Varro. 12*Pausanias, Guide to Greece. 13*Strabo, Geography. 14*Athenaeus. 15*Fulgentius. 16*The Theoi Project. 17*Herodotus. 18* Cicero. 19*Pindar. 20*the Suda. 21*Aeschylus. 22*Bacchylides. 23*Greek poet Panyasis. 24*Greek historian Diodorus Siculus, Bibliotheca historian. 25*Plato, Apology 41a. 26*Euripides. 27*Tzetzes. 28*Scholia on Apollonius Rhodius. 29*Aelian, Historical Miscellany. 30*Apollonius Rhodius, Argonautica. 31*Scholia on Homer Iliad. 32*Scholia on Theocritus. 33*Roman poet Ovid, Heroides. 34*Stephanus Byzantinus. 35*Conon. 36*Virgil, Aeneid. 37*Plutarch. 38*Scholia on Euripides, Phoenician Women. 38*Ptolemy Hephaestion, New History. 39*Robert Graves, The Greek Myths. 95*The Trojan war: Decade long war between the Achaeans (Greeks) and the Trojans (North West Anatolia, Turkey). The Trojans lost. 96*Titanomachy: Decade long war between Titan and Olympian gods. The Olympians won. AKA War of the Titans. 97*Gigantomachy: A later battle between the Gigantes and the Olympian gods. The Olympians won. 98*Protogenoi: First born, primordial deities. 99*Parthenogenesis: asexual reproduction.
  • ADDucation’s list of Greek Gods and Goddesses also includes some semi-divine (demi-gods) and mortals for clarity and completeness.
  • Latin spellings have been used throughout instead of the original Greek or Transliteration spellings, although some have been included for clarity.
  • In Greek mythology gods often desired mortal women and got what they wanted one way or another. Sometimes by seduction, sometimes in disguise and sometimes by rape/forced sex against their will. In many cases the myths are ambiguous.

 

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