greek mythology groups

Greek Mythology Groups

Greek Mythology Groups and Collective Names

List of Greek mythology groups. The collective names of mythological Greek gods and goddesses grouped together. Visit ADDucation’s list of Greek Gods and Goddesses for individual semi-divine Greek goddesses (demi-goddesses), Greek heros and mortals, siblings, consorts and offspring along with extra detail, trivia, facts and references.

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GroupingMembersAssociationsGroup TypeGenderParentsSiblingsOffspringRoman EquivalentGreek Mythology Groups
The AloadaeOtus and EphialteThe GigantesGiantsMale
  • Poseidon and Iphimedeia 2,3&19*
  • or Aloeus and Iphimedeia11*(daughter of Triopas of Thessaly)
  • Otus
  • Ephialtes
UnknownThe Aloadae were strong, handsome and daring giants. Every month they grew nine fingers taller and, aged 9, they were 9 fathoms (16.5m or 54ft tall.
They were called the Aloadae after their stepfather.
The Aloadae planned an audacious attack on Mount Olympus to gain Hera for Ephialtes and Artemis for Otus. After piling Mount Ossa and Mount Pelion on top of Mount Olympus they, according to Apollodorus, threatened to change land into sea and sea into land. According to Homer they managed to abduct Ares and imprison him in a bronze jar for a lunar year (13 months) where he would have died but was secretly released by Hera who was tipped off by Eriboea, stepmother of Otus and Ephialtes.
Their death is unclear. Apollodorus says they were tied to pillars, by serpents, facing away from each other and perpetually tortured by the shrieks of Styx in the form of an owl in Hades. This is consistent with Homer’s Odyssey concise version which says Apollo destroys them before their beards began to appear. According to Pindar, Artemis appears in the form of a stag, on the island of Naxos, runs between them, they both threw their spears and end up killing each other. Hyginus substitutes Apollo as the stag instead of Artemis. Alternatively Diodorus reports the Aloadae were sent by their father Aloeus to rescue their mother Iphimedeia and daughter Pancratis, who had been carried off by Thracians. After catching and defeating the Thracians on the island of Naxos they stayed and ruled over the Thracians but killed each other in a dispute between them.
Pausanias states the Aloadae introduced the cult of the Muses to Mount Helicon in Boeotia which they consecrated to them and founded the town of Ascra.
The Aloadae are often confused with the Gigantes in the Gigantomachy97*. Despite being giants, the Aloadae, with just two members are one of the smallest Greek mythology groups.
The Alseid (Alsea)NymphsUnknownNymphs of glens, pleasant woods and groves2*. One of the Greek Mythology Groups without a complete list of names.
The Anemoi
Wind deities:
  • Boreas (North wind, bringer of cold winter air)
  • Notus (South wind, bringer of the storms of late summer and autumn)
  • Eurus (East wind)
  • Zephyrus (West wind, bringer of light spring and early summer breezes)

Five planets/Wandering Stars:

  • Phainon (Saturn)
  • Phaethon (Jupiter)
  • Pyroeis (Mars)
  • Eosphoros/Hesperos (Venus)
  • Stilbon (Mercury)
Wind deitiesMaleThe VentiOrphic cosmogony refers to 4 lesser Anemoi representing the north-east, south-east, north-west, and south-west winds.
The Aurae (the Aurai)Unnamed nymphsAuraNymphsFemaleOceanus or Boreas (God of the North wind)UnknownThe Aurae could disappear into thin air like ghosts and start and stop breezes. Cousins of the Harpies. One of the Greek mythology groups with an incomplete list of names.
The Boreads
(Wind brothers)
Zephyrus and CalaïsJason and the ArgonautsImmortalsMaleBoreas and Oreithyia
  • Eurus
  • Notus
UnknownThe Boreads (Wind brothers) are the winged sons of Boreas (God of the North wind) who became immortal.
As Argonauts the brothers held off monsters during the rescue of the blind soothsayer Phineus from the Harpies. The Boreads persuaded the Argonauts to set sail without waiting for Heracles who was trying to find his kidnapped friend Hylas. the insult was not forgotten and, after completing his twelve labors Heracles tracked down the Boreads and killed them both with arrows.
Associated with Jason and the Argonauts.
The Charities
(The Graces)
The Elder Charities:
  • Children of Zeus and Eurynome (or Dionysus and Aphrodite):
    • Charis/Aglaea (Splendor, also wife of Hephaestus)
    • Euphrosyne (Mirth) daughter
    • Thalia (Good cheer) daughter

The Younger Charities:

  • Children of Hephaestus and Aglaea:
    • Eucleia (Good repute)
    • Eupheme (Acclaim)
    • Euthenia (Prosperity)
    • Philophrosyne (Welcome)
  • Children of Dionysus and Hera:
    • Pasithea
      (Relaxation) wife of Hypnos

Charities worshiped by the Spartans:

  • Cleta (Fame/Glory)
  • Phaenna (Radiant)

Other Charities:

  • Auxo (Spring growth)
  • Euthymia (Cheerfulness/ Contentment)
  • Hegemone (Leader)

Charities (Attendants of Aphrodite on vase paintings):

  • Anthea (Blossoms/Flowers)
  • Eudaemonia (Prosperity)
  • Pannychis (Parties)
  • Paedia (Play)
  • Pandaesia (Banquet)
Greek underworld, Eleusinian MysteriesGoddesses of Charm, Beauty, Nature, Human creativity and FertilityFemale
  • Zeus and Eurynome
  • Dionysus and Aphrodite
  • Helios and Aegle (Niaid)
  • Dionysus and Hera
  • Hephaestus and Aglaea
  • Apollo
  • Ares
  • Artemis
  • Aphrodite
  • Athena
  • Dionysus
  • Hebe
  • Hermes
  • Heracles
  • Helen of Troy
  • Hephaestus
  • Perseus
  • Minos
  • the Muses
The GratiaeThe attendants to Aphrodite and Hera. were depicted on vase paintings holding hands and dancing naked in a circle.
Aphrodite’s retinue included other younger Charities who looked after other pleasures including banqueting, floral decoration, happiness, rest and relaxation, play and amusement. The Charities were also associated with the underworld and the Eleusinian mysteries, one of the first secret societies.
The CrinaeaeNot many Crinaeae are known by name but they include: Aganippe, Myrtoessa (helped nurse Zeus and dwelled in a well in Arcadia), the Sithnides who were nymphs associated with a fountain in Megara and Appias (from Roman mythology)Nymphs, sub species of the NaiadsFemaleUnknownNymphs associated with fountains or wells. One of the Greek mythology groups with an incomplete list of names.
The Curetes
(The Kuretes/
There were three, five, or nine Curetes according to various accounts including:
  • Melisseus3&6&24* (Honey/Beekeeping)
  • Damneus10*
  • Idaeus10* (Sharp sighted, Shake-a-shield)
  • Prymneus10*
  • Mimas Waddlefoot10*
  • Ocythoos10* (Swift footed)
  • Pyrrhichus10&13&12*
  • Cyrbas10*
  • Paeoneus/
  • Iasius12*
  • Idas12*
Associated, and easily confused with, the Cyclopes and the TelchinesRustic demigods of the mountain sideMale
  • The Dactyls and Hecaterides
  • (or Gaia and the blood of Uranus1*)
UnknownChosen by Rhea to guard and raise Zeus in a cave on Mount Ida in Crete. Their frenzied dancing in armor with spears and shields clashing drowned out the cries of Zeus to keep him safe from Cronus. One of the Greek mythology groups with a disputed number of members.
The CyclopsThere were three elder Cyclops parthenogenetic offspring of Gaia:
  • Brontes (thunder)
  • Strops (lightning bolt)
  • Arges1* (vivid flash)

According to Nonnus there were three four younger Cyclops:

  • Elatreus (forged iron)
  • Euryalus (wide-stepping, sea-roaming)
  • Halimedes (sea-ruling)
  • Trachius (rugged, fast-moving)
GiantsUranus and GaiaCyclopesCyclops were orb-eyed, immortal giants.
The elder Cyclops, along with the Hekatonkheires, were locked away in Tartarus at birth by Uranus.
They were also imprisoned by Cronus in Tartarus before being released by Zeus. In gratitude the Cyclops forged lightning bolts for Zeus, the storm-raising trident for Poseidon and the helm (cap) of invisibility for Hades.
The younger four Cyclops where killed by Apollo to avenge the death of Asclepius who was killed by Zeus using a lightning bolt. One of the most famous Greek mythology groups.
The Dactyls (The Fingers, the Daktyloi)Named Dactyl brothers:
  • Titias (hero)
  • Cyllenus6*
  • Acmon (the Anvil
  • Celmis (the Smelter)
  • Damnameneus (the Hammer) maybe
  • Scythes (inventor of iron smelting)
  • Heracles
  • Delas
Associated, and easily confused with, the Cyclopes and the TelchinesRustic demigodsMale
  • Hecaterus (minor god) and Anchiale (daughter of Phoroneus, son of Inachus and Oceanid Melia or Archia)
The Hecaterides
  • the Satyrs
  • the Oreads
  • the Curetes
Rustic godsThe Dactyls, originally from Phrygia, lived at the foot of mount Ida in Crete. They were mysterious sorcerers who discovered iron and the art of working it using fire and other inventions.
The five brothers of the Dactyls were married to the five sisters of the Hecaterides.
The Daimones ProseoousSix unnamed sea-godsAssociated with the TelchinesSea GodsMale
  • Poseidon and Halia24*
  • or Zeus and Himalia, nymph
  • Poseidon and Halia:
    • Six unnamed sons
  • Zeus and Himalia:
    • Kronios
    • Spartaios
    • Kytos
Sea GodsSix sea gods from the island of Rhodes that drove Aphrodite away when she wanted to land. Aphrodite drove them mad and they raped their mother, Halia, who threw herself into the sea in shame. Poseidon was furious and cast them into the dark sea-caves beneath Rhodes.
No known namesNymphs, sub species of the NaiadsFemaleUnknownThe Eleionomae lived in fresh water wetlands and marshes. They used their beauty to seduce young virgin boys and also led travelers astray with illusions of their loved ones. One of the Greek mythology groups without any names.
The Erinyes
(The Furies)
  • Alecto (unnameable / endless)
  • Megaera (grudging /jealous rage)
  • Tisiphone (avenging murder / vengeful destruction)
  • and others
Lyssa, the ManiaeChthonic (underworld) goddesses of vengeanceFemale
  • Zeus’ blood
  • or parthenogenetic offspring99* of Nyx
The DiraeThe Erinyes were crones who lived in Erebus. They listened to complaints from mortals and punished the culprits by tormenting them to death. One of the Greek mythology groups with an incomplete list of names.
The Erotes
  • Anteros (love returned)
  • Eros (love, desire)
  • Himeros (impetuous love or pressing desire)
  • Pothus (Longing, yearning)
Gods of love and sexual desire
  • Erebus and Nyx3*
  • or Nyx1* alone by parthenogenesis99*
UnknownWinged gods, part of Aphrodite’s retinue each associated with different aspects of love and desire
The GigantesThere were 100 giants in total including:
  • Agasthenes
  • Agrius clubbed to death by the Moirai with maces of bronze
  • Aegaeon slain by Artemis by arrows
  • Alcyoneus a king of the Gigantes, slain by Hercules with arrows
  • Aristaeus the only survivor of the Gigantomachy97* because Gaia hid him as a dung beetle
  • Astraeus maybe the same person as the Titan of the same name
  • Azeus fought in the titan wars, an ancestor of the Arcadian kings
  • Damysus so fast so when slain Chiron extracted the speed of his feet and placed it in the heel of Achilles
  • Emphytus
  • Enceladus fought Athena and fled so she crushed him beneath mount Etna.
  • Ephialtes, slain by Apollo and Hercules, each pierced one of the Gigante’s eyes with their arrows.
  • Euboeus
  • Euphorbus
  • Euryalus
  • Eurymedon the king of the gigantes who led them to their doom in the Gigantomachy97*
  • Eurytus slain by Dionysus with his thyrsos (pine-cone tipped staff)
  • Hippolytus slain by Hermes with his sword wearing Hades cap of invisibility
  • Hyperbius
  • Iapetus probably the Titan of the same name
  • Chthonius
  • Clytius immolated by the torches of Hecate in the Gigantomachy97*
  • Coeus probably the Titan of the same name
  • Leon fought divine hero Heracles in single combat during the Gigantomachy97*. Heracles won and made a protective cloak from his skin.
  • Mimas was slain by Hephaestus with a volley of molten iron then finished of by Heracles in the Gigantomachy97*
  • Mimon killed by Ares in the Gigantomachy97*and was perhaps the same as Mimas
    “molios” the Gigante opponent of the sun-god Helios who was slain after fierce fighting on the isle of aiaia. From his blood sprung the magical moly plant
  • Mylinus slain by Zeus on Crete
  • Olympus, foster father of Zeus, who encouraged the Gigantes to rebel against the Titan gods
  • Otus, possibly one of the Aloadae giants of the same name, but this is disputed
  • Uranian
  • Pallas maybe the Titan of the same name, killed by Athena in the Gigantomachy97*.
    Athena used his goat like skin to make the protective and magical Aegis shield
  • Pancrates
  • Peloreus had many arms and in the Gigantomachy97* wielded mount Pelion
  • Periboea youngest daughter of Eurymedon, king of the gigantes, probably a giantess
  • Phoetius slain by Hera in the Gigantomachy97*
  • Polybotes fled the battlefield in the Gigantomachy97* and was crushed under the rock of Nisyros on Kos by Poseiden
  • Porphyrion, king of the Gigantes, tried to rape Hera in the Gigantomachy97*Zeus struck him down with a thunderbolt and Heracles shot him with an arrow
  • Rhoecus
  • Syceus chased by Zeus to Cilicia where Gaia transformed him into a fig tree to escape Theodamas
  • Theodamas
  • Theomises
  • Thoon clubbed to death in the Gigantomachy97* by the Moirai (Fates) with maces of bronze
  • Typhoeus slain by Dionysos in the war against the Gigantomachy97*
GiantsMaleGaia impregnated by the blood from the castration of UranusA race of men born from the blood of the slain GigantesUnknownGaia urged the Gigantes to wage war on the gods in the Gigantomachy97*. All the Gigantes died in the battle apart from Aristaeus who Gaia disguised as a dung beetle.
Depicted as
Many of the Gigantes were buried under volcanoes, rocks and islands. It was believed volcanic activity and earthquakes were the Gigantes stirring. One of the Greek mythology groups with an incomplete list of names.
The Gorgons (Dreadful)Stheno, Euryale, and MedusaCreatures, monstersFemale
  • Gorgon Medusa: Phorcys and Ceto
  • Gorgons Stheno and Euryale: Typhon and Echidna
  • With Gorgon Medusa:
    • Pegasus
    • Chrysaor
UnknownThe Gorgons were winged monsters with grotesque faces and live venomous snakes for hair: Stheno and Euryale, were immortal and mortal Medusa.
Medusa was a one time lover of Poseidon with a gaze that turned all onlookers into stone instantly – and they remained stone even after death. Medusa was killed by Greek hero and demigod Perseus.
The Harpies
(Harpy sisters)
  • Aello
  • Celaeno
  • Ocypete
Spirit goddessesFemale
  • Thaumas (wondrous) and Electra (amber), a cloud nymph
  • or Ozomene3*
  • Iris
  • Arce
UnknownThe Harpies were goddess spirits of sudden, sharp gusts of wind. Also known as the “Hounds of Zeus” who dispatched the Harpies to snatch people and things away from the Earth. In Greek mythology the Harpies are typically depicted as lovely haired creatures1* with wings. In later Roman accounts as birds with ugly human faces.
Five unnamed sistersNymphsFemale
  • Hecaterus (minor god) and unnamed daughter of Phoroneus (son of Inachus and Oceanid Melia or Archia)
The Dactyls
  • the Satyrs
  • the Oreads
  • the Curetes
UnknownThe five sisters of the Hecaterides were married to the five brothers of the Dactyls and known collectively as “the Fingers” which could because there were five (or ten) of them or because they were the fingers that served the hand of Rhea. One of the Greek mythology groups without the names of any members.
Hekaton-kheires (Hecaton-chires)The three Hekatonkheires (hundred-handed) are:
  • Cottus (the furious)
  • Briareos (vigorous)
  • Gyges/Gyes (big-limbed)
MaleUranus and GaiaUnknownThe Hecatonchires along with the Cyclops were locked away in Tartarus at birth by Uranus
The HesperidesThere are probably three Hesperides but there could be four or seven depending on which sources are referenced:
  • Hesiod cites 3:
    • Aigle/Aegle (dazzling light)
    • Erytheia/
    • Hesperethusa/
      Hesperarethusa (ox-eyed sunset glow)
  • Hyginus cites 3:
    • Aegle
    • Hesperie
    • Aerica
  • Apollonius of Rhodes cites 3:
    • Aigle
    • Erytheis
    • Hespere/Hespera
  • Peter Parley (1839 cites 3:
    • Ægle
    • Arethusa
    • Hesperethusa
  • A Pyxis vessel illustrates 3:
    • Hippolyte
    • Mapsaura
    • Thetis
  • Pseudo-Apollodorus 4:
    • Aigle
    • Erytheia
    • Hesperia/
    • Arethusa
  • Fulgentius cites 4:
    • Aegle
    • Hesperie
    • Medusa
    • Arethusa
  • Ancient vase painting illustrates 4:
    • Asterope
    • Chrysothemis
    • Hygieia
    • Lipara
  • Petrus Apianus cites 7 nymph daughters of Atlas and Hesperis:
    • Aegle
    • Erythea
    • Arethusa
    • Hestia
    • Hespera
    • Hesperusa
    • Hespereia
  • Ancient vase paintings illustrates seven:
    • Aiopis
    • Antheia
    • Donakis
    • Kalypso
    • Mermesa
    • Nelisa
    • Tara
Minor goddesses of charm, beauty, nature, human creativity, and fertilityFemale
  • Erebus and Nyx3*
  • Nyx1* alone by parthenogenesis99*
  • Atlas or Zeus with either Hesperis or Themis
  • Phorcys and Ceto or Hesperus
  • From Erebus and Nyx:
    • Aether
    • Hemera
    • the Keres
    • the Moirai
    • the Oneiroi
  • From Nyx by parthenogenesis99*:
    • Apate
    • Eris
    • Geras
    • Hypnos
    • Momus
    • Moros,
    • Nemesis
    • Oizys
    • Philotes
    • Thanatos
    • the Keres
    • the Moirai
    • the Oneiroi
UnknownThe Hesperides are nymphs, of the evening and golden light of sunset and daughters of the night/evening.
The Hesperides guard the golden apples and tend a peaceful garden located at the western corner of the world, near the Atlas mountains on the edge of the encircling Oceanus world-ocean.
The HyadesThe number of Hyades ranges from 3 to 15. The earliest sources cite three with later sources extending the list to 15 which include:
  • Aesyle
  • Ambrosia
  • Cleeia
  • Coronis
  • Eudora
  • Pedile
  • Phaeo/Phaeote
  • Phyto
  • Polyxo
  • Thyone and Prodice (maybe daughters of Hyas and Aethra)
  • Atlas and Pleione
  • Atlas and Aethra (an Oceanid)
  • or Hyas and Boeotia
  • Hyas (son of Titan),
  • the Hesperides,
  • the Pleiades
UnknownThe Hyades are a sisterhood of nymphs that bring rain. They may have tutored Dionysus. Hyginus, Ovid and the Suda indicate the Hyades were subject to aging. Dionysus expressed his gratitude for raising him by asking Medea to restore their youth. After Hyas was killed in a hunting accident the Hyades wept with grief and were transformed into the Hyades cluster of stars located in the head of the Taurus constellation. One of the Greek mythology groups with a disputed number of members.
The Horae (The Hours, the Seasons)First generation triad: Offspring of Zeus and Aphrodite (linked to the classical three seasons of the year):
  • Thallo/Thalatte: Bringer of blossoms/flora) goddess of Spring and blooming and protecting young people
  • Auxo/Auxesia: Personifcation of Summer and protector of plants, growth and fertility
  • Carpo: Bringer of food. Autumn/Fall ripening and harvesting. She also guarded the path to Mount Olympus and hid it behind the clouds

Second generation triad: Offspring of Zeus and Themis for law and order:

  • Dice/Dike (Justice): Goddess of moral justice. Placed on earth to ruler over human justice by Zeus, associated with The Maiden constellation.
  • Eunomia (Order): Goddess of law and legislation.
  • Eirene/Irene (Peace): Personification of peace and wealth, depicted as a beautiful young woman.

Third triad: Hyginus describes a third triad:

  • Pherusa : Goddess of substance and farm estates
  • Euporie/Euporia : Goddess of abundance
  • Orthosie/Orthosia : Goddess of prosperity

Nonnus in Dionysiaca describes a fourth set of four Horae as the daughters of Helios and Selene who he describes as the four handmaidens of Hera, the Seasons:

  • Eiar (Spring)
  • Theros (Summer)
  • Phthinoporon (Autumn/Fall)
  • Cheimon (Winter)
Goddesses of the seasons, law and the natural order of time
  • The Horae 1st Generation:
    Zeus and Aphrodite
  • The Horae 2nd Generation:
    Zeus and Themis3*
  • The Horae Seasons:
    Helios and Selene10*
The Horae (2nd Gen. Offspring of Jupiter and Justitia)
  • Dice/Dike (Justice)
  • Eunomia (No Roman equivalent)
  • Pax (Peace)
The Horae guarded the gates of Olympus, promoted the fertility of the Earth and rallied the stars and constellations
Ichthyo-centaurs (Ikhthyo-kentauroi)The Ichthyocentaurs were Bythos (Sea-Depths) and Aphros (Sea-Foam)Sea GodsMaleChronos and Philyra20*
  • Chiron (brother)
UnknownThe Ichthyocentaurs were centaurines with the head and torso of male humans, the lower front of a horse and the serpentine tail of a fish, crowned with lobster-claw horns. Set in the sky as the Pisces constellation by Zeus.
The Judges of the dead
  • Minos
  • Rhadamanthus
  • Aeacus
  • (possibly) Triptolemos25*
Deified mortalsMale
  • Zeus and Europa:
    • Minos
    • Rhadamanthus
  • Zeus and Aegina:
    • Aeacus
  • Oceanus and Gaia:
    • Triptolemos
UnknownThe three Judges of the dead were originally mortal men and sons of Zeus. In death they were rewarded for establishing law and order on Earth with the role of Judge of the dead. Aeacus was the guardian of the keys of Hades and judge of men of Europe. Rhadamanthus was the Lord of Elysium and judge of men of Asia. Minos had the third and final vote. In Plato Apology25* a fourth judge, Triptolemos, presided over the souls of Initiates of the Elysium Mysteries.
The Keres (Ker)Death spirits:
  • Anaplekte (Quick, painful death)
  • Akhlys (Mist, of death)
  • Nosos (Disease)
  • Ker (Destruction)
  • Stygere (Hateful)
  • and other personifications
Goddesses of violent deathFemale
  • Erebus and Nyx3*
  • or Nyx1* alone by parthenogenesis99*
  • From Erebus and Nyx:
    • Aether
    • Hemera
    • the Hesperides
    • the Moirai
  • From Nyx by parthenogenesis99*:
    • Apate
    • Eris
    • Geras
    • Hypnos
    • Momus
    • Moros
    • Nemesis
    • Oizys
    • Philotes
    • Thanatos
    • the Hesperides
    • the Moirai
UnknownThe Keres were female spirits of violent or cruel death including death in battle, murder, ravaging disease or by accident. The Keres were depicted as fanged and taloned women dressed in bloody garments. Hesiod indirectly suggests the Keres may have been the evil spirits released from Pandora’s box. One of the Greek mythology groups with an incomplete list of names.
The Laestrygones (Laistrygones)The Laestrygones were a tribe of giant cannibals numbered in thousands. Founded by Laistrygon. Their names are unknown apart from King AntiphatesGiantsBothPoseiden and Gaia1*UnknownThe Laestrygonians were a tribe of cannibal giants encountered by Odysseus on his journey home to Ithaca. The Laestrygonians lived somewhere in the far north in a land where the sun rose shortly after it set. On his journey home to Ithaca Odysseus and his twelve ships approached the Laesrygonian city of Telepylus/Telepylos. A cove surrounded by steep rocky cliffs with a narrow entrance between two headlands looked like a good harbor so the captains sailed into the cove and tied up to each others ships. Odysseus tied his ship to a rock outside the bay and climbed the headland and spotted a wisp of smoke he sent two sailors and a messenger to scout the area. They were eventually directed to giant King Antiphates’ house where he snatched up and killed the messenger so the sailors fled chased by thousands of Laestrygonians giants who threw rocks from the cliffs and speared the crew like fish to eat. Odysseus, and his crew, managed to escape and sailed to Aeaea, the home of Circe, having lost his army and fleet. One of the Greek mythology groups with an incomplete list of names.
The Limnads or LimnatidesThe named Limnads were:
  • The Astakides: Nymphs of lake Astakos in Bithynia
  • Limnaee: Daughter of Ganges, Indian river god, and possible mother of Athis4*
  • Pallas: Daughter of Triton
  • Tritonis: Nymph of the homonymous salt-water lake in Libya11*
Nymphs, sub species of the NaiadsFemaleUnknownThe Limnads were Naiads, water nymphs, that dwelled in freshwater lakes. One of the Greek mythology groups with an incomplete list of names.
The ManiaeLyssa, the ErinyesFemaleNyx (presumably)UnknownPersonified spirit, or group of spirits, of insanity, madness, and crazed frenzy.
The Maenads (the Bassarids, Bacchae or Bacchantes)
  • Alcimacheia: Daughter of Harpalion, a vintner
  • Bromie: Attempted to kill Lycurgus along with:
  • Cisseis
  • Clite
  • Eriphe
  • Phlio
  • Polyxo
  • Theope
  • Gigarto (also tried to kill Lycurgus, killed by Indian general Morrheus)
  • Calybe: Followed Dionysus in the Indian War and survived along with:
  • Gorge
  • Melictaina
  • Myrto
  • Nyse
  • Oenone
  • Codone: Followed Dionysus in the Indian War but was killed by Indian general Morrheus along with:
  • Eurypyle
  • Soe
  • Staphyle
  • Sterope
  • Terpsichore: Followed Dionysus in the Indian War and drove away the Indian army with her dance
  • Chalcomede: Followed Dionysus in the Indian War. Morrheus fell in love with her when he was hit by an arrow from Eros.
  • Charopeia: Leader of the Bacchic dance)
  • Chorea: Followed Dionysus against Argos, killed by Perseus
  • Coronis: Raped by Thracian Butes, Dionysus drove him mad and died when he threw himself into a well
  • Phasyleia: Maid of Methe and leader of the Bacchanal dance
  • Harpalion and unknown mother:
    • Alcimacheia
UnknownThe Maenads were human female devotees of the retinue of Dionysus, usually depicted as drunken revelers in the Bacchic dance.
Methe (personification of Drunkenness) was in Dionysus’s retinue.
Lycurgus, king of the Edoni in Thrace, banned the cult of Dionysus and imprisoned the Maenads or drove them out of Thrace using cattle prods. Dionysus took his revenge by driving Lycurgus insane and cursed the land of Thrace. In his madness Lycurgus killed his son and was killed by his people so Dionysus would lift his curse.
The Meliae (Ash Tree Nymphs)The Meliae is a sisterhood that appear together and are referred to in the plural. Hersoid mentions Melia, daughter of Oceanus married to Inachus (her brother and river god and their Meliae offspring were:
  • Io
  • Phoroneus
  • Aegialeus or Phegeus
  • Philodice

Melia is also mentioned in other stories as the mother of Amycus by Poseidon

  • Inachus and Melia
  • Poseidon and Melia
  • the Erinyes
  • the Gigantes
  • With Inachus and Melia:
    • Io
    • Phoroneus
    • Aegialeus or Phegeus
    • Philodice
  • With Poseidon and Melia:
    • Amycus
UnknownThe Meliae appeared from the blood spilled when Cronus castrated Uranus along with the Erinyes and the Gigantes. Mankind of the age of Bronze sprang from the Meliae.
The Minyades or Minyads
  • Alcathoe/Alcithoe
  • Leucippe/Leuconoe
  • Arsippe/
the ErinyesFemaleKing Minyas of Orchomenus and an unknown motherUnknownLyssa, is sent by Dionysos to drive the Minyades mad because they were neglecting their worship of Dionysus. They later join the Maenads.
The Moirai (the Fates)
  • Clotho (Spinner)
  • Lachesis (Allotter)
  • Atropos (Unturnable)
white-robed incarnations of destinyFemale
  • Erebus and Nyx3*
  • or Nyx1* alone by parthenogenesis99*
  • or Zeus and Themis
  • From Erebus and Nyx:
    • Aether
    • Hemera
    • the Hesperides
    • the Keres
  • From Nyx by parthenogenesis99*:
    • Apate
    • Eris
    • Geras
    • Hypnos
    • Momus
    • Moros
    • Nemesis
    • Oizys
    • Philotes
    • Thanatos
    • the Hesperides
    • the Oneiroi
ParcaeThe Moirai were birth-goddesses who apportioned the lifespan of each mortal as they enter the world.
The Moirai control the threads of fate and were independent – even from the gods.
The Moliones (Molionidai)Eurytus and CteatusMortalMale
  • Poseidon and Molione
  • or Actor (son of Phorbas and Hyrmine, King of Elis) and Molione
  • Eurytus with Theraephone
    • Thalpius
  • Cteatus with Therenice
    • Amphimachus
UnknownThe brothers Eurytus and Cteatus were born conjoined with one body but two heads, four arms and four legs.
Eurytus and Cteates married twin daughters Theraephone and Therenice of Dexamenus and had sons Thalpius and Amphimachus. The Moliones were prominent Achaean leaders during the Trojan War. The Molionides led an army again their uncle Augeas at Heracles request but they later attacked Heracles and he killed them outside Cleonae.
The Muses (Boeatian)The original 3 or 5 muses11*:
  • Melete (Practice) 1 of the 3 original Boeotian muses
  • Mneme (Memory) 1 of the 3 original Boeotian muses
  • Aoide (Song) 1 of the 3 original Boeotian muses
  • Thelxinoe (Mind charmer)
  • Arche (Origins)
Goddesses of literature, science, and the artsFemaleUranus and Gaia
  • Apollo
  • Ares
  • Artemis
  • Aphrodite
  • Athena
  • Dionysus
  • Hebe
  • Hermes
  • Heracles
  • Helen of Troy
  • Hephaestus
  • Perseus
  • Minos
  • the Charities
UnknownNine goddesses of literature, science, and the arts.
The Muses (Olympian)The later nine muses1*&2* (also adopted in Roman mythology):
  • Calliope (epic poetry)
  • Clioglory” (history)
  • Erato (love poetry)
  • Euterpe (lyric poetry)
  • Melpomene (tragedy)
  • Polyhymnia (sacred poetry)
  • Terpsichore (dance)
  • Thalia (comedy and pastoral poetry)
  • Urania (astronomy)
Goddesses of literature, science, and the artsFemaleZeus and Mnemosyne
  • Apollo
  • Ares
  • Artemis
  • Aphrodite
  • Athena
  • Dionysus
  • Hebe
  • Hermes
  • Heracles
  • Helen of Troy
  • Hephaestus
  • Perseus
  • Minos
  • the Charities
The MusesZeus lay with Mnemosyne for nine consecutive days which lead to the birth of the nine Muses (which were also water nymphs).
The NaiadsAba, Abarbarea, Aegina, Aegle, Aia, Alcinoe, Alexirhoe, Anchinoe, Anchiroe, Anippe, Annaed, Anthedon, Arethusa, Argyra
Bateia, Bistonis, Byzia (related to Byzantium)
Caliadne, Callirrhoe, Carmenta, Castalia, Charybdis, Cleochareia, Creusa
Daphne, Diogeneia, Diopatre, Drosera
Harpina, Herkyna
Ismenis, Langia, Lara, Lethe, Lilaea, Liriope
Melite, Memphis, Metope, Minthe, Moria
Nana, Neaera, Nicaea
Pegasis, Periboea, Pitane, Polyxo, Praxithea, Pronoe,
Salmacis, Sparta, Stilbe, Strymo, Styx
Telphousa, Thronia, Tiasa
and the Corycian nymphs:
  • Corycia
  • Cleodora/Kleodora
  • Melaina
Water nymphsFemaleUnknownThe Naiads were Female water nymph spirits who presided over any fresh water including fountains, wells, springs, streams and brooks. Naiads could be jealous. Hylas of the Argo’s crew was lost when he was taken by naiads fascinated by his beauty. Salmacis forced herself into a carnal embrace with young Hermaphroditus and, when he sought escape, they were merged into one androgynous form. Daphnis, a shepherd and lover of Nomia or Echenais had been unfaithful on more than occasion so she turned him to stone or blinded him.
The NereidsThere are 50 Nereids in total including:
Thetis (wife of Peleus, mother of Achillies and leader of the Nereids)
Actaea, Agaue, Amatheia, Amphinome, Amphithoe, Amphitrite (the youngest Nereid and wife of Poseidon), Apseudes, Arethusa, Asia, Autonoe,
Callianassa, Callianeira, Ceto, Clio, Clymene, Cranto, Creneis, Cydippe, Cymo, Cymatolege, Cymodoce, Cymothoe,
Deiopea, Dero, Dexamene, Dione, Doris, Doto, Drymo, Dynamene,
Eione, Ephyra, Erato, Euagore, Euarne, Eucrante, Eudore, Eulimene, Eumolpe, Eunice, Eupompe, Eurydice,
Galene, Galatea (lover of the Cyclops Polyphemus), Glauce, Glauconome,
Halie, Halimede, Hipponoe, Hippothoe,
Iaera, Ianassa, Ianeira, Ione, Iphianassa,
Laomedeia, Leiagore, Leucothoe, Ligea, Limnoreia, Lycorias, Lysianassa,
Maera, Melite, Menippe,
Nausithoe, Nemertes, Neomeris, Nerea, Nesaea, Neso,
Opis, Oreithyia,
Panopea, Panope, Pasithea, Pherusa, Phyllodoce, Plexaure, Ploto, Polynome, Pontomedusa, Pontoporeia, Poulynoe, Pronoe, Proto, Protomedeia, Psamathe,
Sao, Speio,
Thaleia, Themisto, Thoe,
This list of Nereids is compiled from Hesiod’s Theogony, Homer’s Iliad, Hyginus and the Bibliotheca so there are more than 50 names in total in the list.
Sea NymphsNereus and Doris (sister of Nerites)UnknownThe Nereids are 50 sea nymphs that dwell in a golden palace in the depths of the Aegean Sea in the Mediterranean. Sea nymphs are beautiful and kind with melodious voices and they carry Poseidon’s (god of the sea) trident. The Nereids can help sailors in storms, as they helped the Argonauts to find the Golden Fleece. One of the Greek mythology groups with a fixed and complete list of names.
The NesoiUnknownPrimordialGoddesses of islandsFemaleGaia maybeUnknownThe Nesoi (islands) may have originally been Ourea (mountains) that Poseidon (god of the sea) cast under the sea, in a rage, with his trident. One of the Greek mythology groups with no names.
The Oceanids (includes The Nephelai/
There are 3000 Oceanids in total including:
Oceanids who helped nurse Zeus: Anthracia, Glauke, Hagno, Ithome, Myrtoessa, Nede, Oinoe, Phrixa and Theisoa.
who attended Artemis: Hyale, Nephele (not Nephele, goddess of clouds), Phiale, Psekas and Rhanis.
Other Oceanids:
Acaste, Admete, Aethra, Amaltheia, Amphiro, Amphitrite, Anchiroe, Argia, Asia (sister to Europa), Asterodia, Asterope (mother of Acragas with Zeus)
Beroe, Bolbe,
Cleodora, Callirrhoe, Calypso, Camarina, Capheira, Cerceis, Ceto, Chryseis, Clio, Clymene (wife of Iapetus), Clytie/Clytia, Crocale,
Daira/Daeira (mother of Eleusis with Hermes), Dione, Dodone, Doris (wife of sea god Nereus and mother of the fifty Nereides),
Electra (wife of Thaumas, mother of Iris, Arce/Arke and the Harpies), Ephyra, Euagoreis, Eudora, Europa, Eurynome,
Hesione (wife of Prometheus), Hippo,
Iakhe, Ianira, Ianthe, Idyia/Eidyia (wife of Aeetes and mother of Medea),
Leucippe, Lysithea,
Melia (sister of Caanthus), Meliboea, Melite, Melobosis, Menestho, Merope, Metis (first wife of Zeus, goddess of wisdom), Mopsopia,
Ocyrrhoe, Ozomene,
Pasithoe, Peitho, Periboea, Perse/Perseis (consort of Helios), Petraea, Phaino, Philyra (with Cronus, mother of Chiron), Pleione (with Atlas, mother of the Pleiades), Plexaure, Plouto/Pluto (with Zeus, mother of Tantalus), Polydora, Polyphe (possibly with Posiden, mother of Athena), Polyxo, Pronoia, Prymno,
Rhodea or Rhodeia, Rhodope,
Stilbo, Styx (Oceanid of the river Styx)
Telesto, Thoe, Tyche,
Urania (not the Muse Urania),
This list of Oceanids is compiled from Hesiod’s Theogony, Homer’s Iliad, Hyginus and other sources. Many names are unknown.
The Nephelai/Nephelae were Oceanid nymphs of clouds and rain
Sea nymphsFemaleOceanus and TethysUnknownThere are 3000 Oceanids in total. Each sea nymph is a patroness of a particular salt water river, sea, lake, pasture, flower or cloud. One of the Greek mythology groups with the most goddesses.
The OneiroiMorpheus was the Oneiroi leader and reportedly had a thousand siblings4* including:
  • Morpheus (Dreams)
  • Phobetor (Nightmares)
  • Icelos/Ikelos (People in prophetic dreams)
  • Phantasos (Inanimate objects: Earth, rock, water, wood etc. in prophetic dreams)
  • Nyx1* alone by parthenogenesis99*
  • or Zeus and Themis or Hypnos and Pasithea
  • or parthenogenetic99* offspring of Gaia
  • From Nyx:
    • Apate
    • Eris
    • Geras
    • Hypnos
    • Ker
    • Momus
    • Moros
    • Nemesis
    • Oizys
    • Philotes
    • Thanatos
    • the Moirai
    • the Hesperides
    • the Keres
UnknownThe Oneiroi were Dream spirits. Morpheus was the leader of the Oneiroi.
The Oreads (Oreiades)EchoNymphs of the mountain conifersThe eldest were daughters of the five Dactyls and five HecateridesUnknownSubsequent generations of Oreads were the offspring of elder Oreads and their brother Satyrs.
The Ourea (Mountains)
  • Aitna
  • Athos
  • Helikon/Helicon
  • Cithaeron
  • Nysos
  • Olympus (in Thessaly)
  • Olympus (in Anatolia)
  • Oreios
  • Parnes
  • Tmolus
Gods and goddesses of mountainsMale and Femaleparthenogenetic99* offspring of GaiaUnknownEach mountain has its own spirit called an oread. Although individual mountains were not usually personified Tmolus was both a mountain and a king.
The Pegaeae (Springs)
    Here are some of the known Pegaeae:
  • Albunea (Roman mythology)
  • Alexirhoe4&16*, daughter of the river god Grenikos
  • The Anigrides11,12,16*, daughters of the river god Anigros, that were believed to cure skin diseases
  • Archidemia
  • Arethusa4&16*
  • Castalia/Cassotis16*
  • Comaetho, daughter or wife of river god Cydnus.
  • The Corycian nymphs: Coryceia, Cleodora, Daphnis and Melaina. Cyane
  • The Cyrtonian nymphs16* which lived in springs in Cyrtones, Boeotia)
  • The Deliades16*, daughters of Inopus, god of the river Inopus on Delos
  • Dirce, transformed into a spring after her death
  • Gargaphie/Plataia16* a daughter of the river god Asopus
  • Hagno, one of the nurses of infant Zeus.
  • The Himerian naiads
  • The Inachides, daughters of the river god Inachus:Amymone16*, Io, Messeis, Hyperia16*.and Philodice
  • The Ionides: Calliphaea, Iasis, Pegaea and Synallaxis
  • Ismene6&16*
  • The Ithacian nymphs who dwelled in sacred caves on Ithaca
  • Langia
  • The Leibethrides including Libethrias and Petra
  • Magea
  • Metope, wife of river god Asopus
  • Milichie
  • The Mysian naiads: Euneica, Malis and Nycheia who dwelled in the spring of Pegae near lake Askanios in Bithynia and kidnapped Hylas
  • The Ortygian nymphs16* who dwelled in springs in Syracuse, Sicily)
  • Pegasis, daughter of the river god Grenikos
  • Peirene
  • Pharmaceia, companion of Orithyia. Dwelled in a poisonous spring in Attika
  • Psanis who dwelled in Arcadia
  • The Rhyndacides16*, daughters of the river god Rhyndacus
  • Salmacis
  • The Spercheides, daughters of the river god Spercheus
  • Strophia16* who dwelled in a spring on Mount Cithaeron near Thebes
  • Telphousa
  • Temenitis
Nymphs, sub species of the NaiadsFemaleUnknownThe total number of Pegaeae nymphs is unknown.
The Pegaeae lived in springs and were great uncles of the river gods. One of the Greek mythology groups with an incomplete list of names.
The Pleiades
(Seven Sisters)
The Seven Sisters:
  1. Maia, the eldest. Mother of Hermes by Zeus
  2. Electra, mother of Dardanus and Iasion by Zeus
  3. Taygete, mother of Lacedaemon (king of Laconia) by Zeus
  4. Alcyone, mother of Hyrieus, Hyperenor and Aethusa by Poseidon
  5. Celaeno, mother of Nycteus, Lycus (kings of Thebes in turn) and Eurypylus by Poseidon and Lycus and Chimaereus by Prometheus
  6. Sterope/Asterope, mother of Oenomaus by Ares
  7. Merope. the youngest was wooed by Orion. In some stories she became mortal by marrying Sisyphus and they had several sons together before she faded away
NymphsAtlas and Pleione (sea nymph)
  • Calypso
  • Hyas
  • the Hyades
  • the Hesperides
UnknownThe Pleiades were companions of Artemis and, along with the Hyades, were called the Atlantides, Dodonides or Nysiades, nursemaids and tutors to the infant Dionysus/Bacchus.
All seven sisters committed suicide after their sisters (the Hyads) were transformed into stars or due to the fate of Atlas, their father.
Zeus immortalized the Hyads by transforming them into stars, known today as the Plaides/Seven Sisters, located in the constellation of Taurus. One of the Greek mythology groups that has a constellation named after it. One of the Greek mythology groups with a fixed and complete list of names.
The Potamoi (Potameides)There are 3000 Potamoi in total including:
, Acheron, Acragas, Aeas, Aegaeus, Aesar, Aesepus, Almo, Alpheus, Amnisos, Amphrysos, Anapos, Anauros, Anigros, Apidanus, Arar, Araxes, Ardescus, Arnos, Asopus, Asterion, Axius,
Baphyras, Borysthenes, Brychon,
Caanthus, Caicinus, Caicus, Cayster, Cebren, Cephissus, Chremetes, Cladeus or Kladeos, Clitumnus (Roman mythology), Cocytus, Cratais, Crinisus, Cydnos, Cytheros,
Elisson, Enipeus, Erasinus, Eridanus, Erymanthus, Euphrates, Eurotas, Evenus,
Ganges, Granicus,
Haliacmon, Halys, Hebrus, Heptaporus, Hermus, Hydaspes,
Ilissos, Imbrasos, Inachus, Indus, Inopos, Ismenus, Istrus or Ister,
Ladon, Lamos, Lethe (exceptionally feminine), Lycormas,
Marsyas, Maeander, Meles, Mincius,
Nestos, Nilus, Numicius, Nymphaeus,
Pactolus, Parthenius, Phasis, Phlegethon/
, Phyllis, Peneus, Pleistos, Porpax
Rhesus, Rhine, Rhodius, Rhyndacus
Satnioeis, Sangarius, Scamander, Simoeis, Spercheus, Strymon, Symaethus,
Tanais, Termessus, Thermodon, Tiberinus (Roman mythology), Tigris and Titaressus.
This list of Potamoi is compiled from Hesiod’s Theogony, Homer’s Iliad, Hyginus and other sources. Many names are unknown.
River godsOceanus and TethysUnknownGods of rivers and grassy meadows. One of the Greek mythology groups with the most gods. One of the Greek mythology groups with an incomplete list of names.
The SatyrsThere were various types of Satyrs including:
  • Panes goat-legged Satyrs
  • Silens fat elderly Satyrs with balding (sometimes fluffy) hair and sometimes with Ox horns
  • Satyriskoi (Satyrisci) child Satyrs
  • Tityroi flute-playing Satyrs
Satyrs consorted with nymphs and were companions to various male and female gods including DionysusRustic fertility spirits of the countryside and wildsMale
  • the Dactyls
  • the Hecaterides
The Oreadsmore OreadsSatyri, FauniThe Satyrs were animalistic, furry with ass-like ears and tails, snub noses. As companions of Dionysus they were depicted playing flutes, drinking, dancing and raving with the Maenads, who were followers of Dionysus.
The Telchines
  • Actaeus
  • Lycus
  • Megalesios
  • Ormenos1
  • Damnameneus (Hammer)
  • Scythes (who invented iron smelting)10*
  • Damon: Chief of the Telchines22*
Associated, and easily confused with the Cyclopes, the Dactyls and the CuretesSea godsMale
  • Pontus and Gaia16*
  • Tartarus and Nemesis or Gaia from the blood of Uranus’ genitals along with the Erinyes
  • or Pontus and Thalassa or Poseiden10*
UnknownThe Telchines were natives of the islands of Kea (Keos/Ceos) and Rhodes. Magicians and smiths which invented metal working. Telchines were said to have the heads of dogs and fish fins for hands. They crafted the sickle used by Cronus to castrate Uranus and Poseiden’s trident. The Telchines use of magic angered Zeus who cast them to Tartarus.
The ThemeidesThree unnamed nymph goddessesNymphsFemaleZeus and Themis6*UnknownThe Themeides were prophets and keepers of divine artifacts.

* Notes about Greek mythology groups:
This list is primarily compiled from the works of Hesiod (Theogony c700 BC) and Homer (Iliad and Odyssey 760-710 BC) because these authority sources are credited by ancient authors with establishing Greek religious customs. We have also referenced other sources, including later Roman sources, as indicated: 1*Hesiod, Theogony. 2*Homer, Iliad. 3*Hyginus. 4*Roman poet Ovid, Metamorphoses. 5*Plato, Republic. 6*Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca. 7*Cicero. 8*Pherecydes of Syros (6th century BCE). 9*Orphic cosmogony. 10*Nonnus, Dionysiaca. 11*Pausanias and Varro. 12*Pausanias, Guide to Greece. 13*Strabo, Geography. 14*Athenaeus. 15*Fulgentius. 16*The Theoi Project. 17*Herodotus. 18* Cicero. 19*Pindar. 20*the Suda. 21*Aeschylus. 22*Bacchylides. 23*Greek poet Panyasis. 24*Greek historian Diodorus Siculus, Bibliotheca historian. 25*Plato, Apology 41a. 26*Euripides. 27*Tzetzes. 28*Scholia on Apollonius Rhodius. 29*Aelian, Historical Miscellany. 30*Apollonius Rhodius, Argonautica. 31*Scholia on Homer Iliad. 32*Scholia on Theocritus. 33*Roman poet Ovid, Heroides. 34*Stephanus Byzantinus. 35*Conon. 36*Virgil, Aeneid. 37*Plutarch. 38*Scholia on Euripides, Phoenician Women. 38*Ptolemy Hephaestion, New History. 39*Robert Graves, The Greek Myths. 95*The Trojan war: Decade long war between the Achaeans (Greeks) and the Trojans (North West Anatolia, Turkey). The Trojans lost. 96*Titanomachy: Decade long war between Titan and Olympian gods. The Olympians won. AKA War of the Titans. 97*Gigantomachy: A later battle between the Gigantes and the Olympian gods. The Olympians won. 98*Protogenoi: First born, primordial deities. 99*Parthenogenesis: asexual reproduction.
ADDucation’s list of Greek mythology groups also includes some semi-divine (demi-gods) and mortals for clarity and completeness.
Latin spellings have been used throughout instead of the original Greek or Transliteration spellings, although some have been included for clarity.

“Of all the subjects on this planet, I think my parents would have been hard put to name one less useful than Greek mythology to securing the keys to an executive bathroom” – J. K. Rowling

J. K. Rowling (author of the Harry Potter books) has an amusing point of view about Greek mythology groups. We have some sympathy with her opinion but knowing the basics of Greek mythology groups is useful to help make sense of frequent references to Greek and Roman gods and heroes in literature and their names are commonly used for constellations, planetary bodies and more.

ADDucation Lists Related to Greek Mythology Groups:

One response to “Greek Mythology Groups”

  1. Sharyl Simms says:

    Very well written which will be useful to everyone who uses it – myself included. Keep up the good work – i will definitely read more posts.

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