international organizations

International Organizations

List of International Organizations

Political international organizations which make up the United Nations, the European Union, the IMF, OPEC, NATO the Commonwealth and more.

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International Organizations Acronym Date HQ President / CEO / General Secretary Country Elected Members Composition, Elections, Seats of international organizations
Eurogroup 1998 Brussels Jeroen Djisselbloem The Netherlands 21 Jan 2013 17 Finance minister from each Euro country plus a consultant meet once monthly.
European Parliament EP or Europarl 1952 Strasbourg Martin Schulz Germany 1 Jan 2012 776 Direct election every 5 years (most recently in 2009 with 776 MEPs.
EU European Council 1975 Brussels Herman Van Rompuy Belgium 2009 28 All EU heads of state meet 4 times a year.
Council of Europe  CoE 1949 Strasbourg Thorbjørn Jagland Norway 2009 47  Frenchman Jean-Claude Mignon has been in charge of the Parliamentary Assembly since 2012.
EU Commission EC 1952 Brussels Jose M. Barroso Portugal 2004 28 One commissioner per member state.
EU European Court of Justice ECJ 1952 Luxembourg Vassilios Skouris Greece 2003 28 One judge per member state +8.
EU European Court of Auditors ECA 1975 Luxembourg Vítor Manuel Caldeira Portugal 2008 28 One member per member state.
EU Economic and Social Committee EESC 1957 Brussels Mario Sepi Italy 2008 344 By country and weighting.
EU European Central Bank ECB 1993 Frankfurt Mario Draghi Italy 24 June 2011 28 6 seats in the Executive Board (4 fixed and 2 variable)
United Nations UN 1945 New York Ban Ki-moon South Korea 2007 193 193 members plus 2 observers
UN Security Council UNSC 1946 New York Chair changes every month 15 5 permanent and 10 variable members (every 2 years).
International Monetary Fund IMF 1944 Washington Christine Lagarde France July 2011 188 188 member states with different levels of voting rights (depending on capital).
International Court of Justice ICJ 1945 The Hague Judge Peter Tomka Slovakia 2012 15 15 judges are elected for nine years by the United Nations.
United Nations Human Rights Council UNHRC 2006 Geneva Alex Van Meeuwen Belgium 2009 47 47 members are elected by the general council for 3 years from 5 continents.
UN Department of Peacekeeping Operations DKPO 1948 New York Variable according to the UN mission. 112 countries provide 81,000 UN peacekeepers, 9400 police officers, 7000 observers and experts.
United Nations Children’s Fund UNICEF 1946 New York Anthony Lake USA 2010 7000 employees in around 160 countries.
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization UNESCO 1946 Paris Irina Bokova Bulgaria 2009 193 One member per UN country + 6 Associate Members.
UN World Health Organization WHO 1947 Geneva Margaret Chan  Hong Kong 2007 194  one member per UN country except Lichtenstein plus Niue and the Cook Islands.
World Food Programme WFP 1961 Rome Ertharin Cousin USA 2012 36 Executive Council consists of 36 Member States.
African Union AU 2002 Addis Ababa Erastus Mwencha Kenya 2012 54 54 African countries (except Morocco).
Pan-African Parliament PAP 2004 Midrand, South Africa Bethel Nnaemeka Amadi Nigeria 2012 265 265 delegates elected by the legislatures of 47 of the 54 AU states.
North Atlantic Treaty Organization NATO 1949 Brussels Anders Fogh Rasmussen Denmark 2009 28 Alliance of 28 countries provide mutual defense in response to an attack by any external party.
International Monetary Fund IMF 1944 Washington Christine Lagarde France 2011 188 188 Member States, 29 founders.
Organisation of Petroleum Exporting Countries OPEC 1960 Vienna Seyyed Masoudak Mirkazemi Iran 12 Petroleum exporting countries including Iraq, Iran, Kuwait, etc.
Commonwealth of Nations
aka The Commonwealth
1931
1949
London Elizabeth II / Kamalesh Sharma Great Britain / India 53 53+Fuji (suspended). Most were formerly part of the British Empire including Australia, New Zealand, Canada and South Africa.

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