international organizations

International Organizations

List of International Organizations

Political international organizations which make up the United Nations, the European Union, the IMF, OPEC, NATO the Commonwealth and more.

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International OrganizationsAcronymDateHQPresident / CEO / General SecretaryCountryElectedMembersComposition, Elections, Seats of international organizations
Eurogroup1998BrusselsJeroen DjisselbloemThe Netherlands21 Jan 201317Finance minister from each Euro country plus a consultant meet once monthly.
European ParliamentEP or Europarl1952StrasbourgMartin SchulzGermany1 Jan 2012776Direct election every 5 years (most recently in 2009 with 776 MEPs.
EU European Council1975BrusselsHerman Van RompuyBelgium200928All EU heads of state meet 4 times a year.
Council of Europe CoE1949StrasbourgThorbjørn JaglandNorway200947 Frenchman Jean-Claude Mignon has been in charge of the Parliamentary Assembly since 2012.
EU CommissionEC1952BrusselsJose M. BarrosoPortugal200428One commissioner per member state.
EU European Court of JusticeECJ1952LuxembourgVassilios SkourisGreece200328One judge per member state +8.
EU European Court of AuditorsECA1975LuxembourgVítor Manuel CaldeiraPortugal200828One member per member state.
EU Economic and Social CommitteeEESC1957BrusselsMario SepiItaly2008344By country and weighting.
EU European Central BankECB1993FrankfurtMario DraghiItaly24 June 2011286 seats in the Executive Board (4 fixed and 2 variable)
United NationsUN1945New YorkBan Ki-moonSouth Korea2007193193 members plus 2 observers
UN Security CouncilUNSC1946New YorkChair changes every month155 permanent and 10 variable members (every 2 years).
International Monetary FundIMF1944WashingtonChristine LagardeFranceJuly 2011188188 member states with different levels of voting rights (depending on capital).
International Court of JusticeICJ1945The HagueJudge Peter TomkaSlovakia20121515 judges are elected for nine years by the United Nations.
United Nations Human Rights CouncilUNHRC2006GenevaAlex Van MeeuwenBelgium20094747 members are elected by the general council for 3 years from 5 continents.
UN Department of Peacekeeping OperationsDKPO1948New YorkVariable according to the UN mission.112 countries provide 81,000 UN peacekeepers, 9400 police officers, 7000 observers and experts.
United Nations Children’s FundUNICEF1946New YorkAnthony LakeUSA20107000 employees in around 160 countries.
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural OrganizationUNESCO1946ParisIrina BokovaBulgaria2009193One member per UN country + 6 Associate Members.
UN World Health OrganizationWHO1947GenevaMargaret Chan Hong Kong2007194 one member per UN country except Lichtenstein plus Niue and the Cook Islands.
World Food ProgrammeWFP1961RomeErtharin CousinUSA201236Executive Council consists of 36 Member States.
African UnionAU2002Addis AbabaErastus MwenchaKenya20125454 African countries (except Morocco).
Pan-African ParliamentPAP2004Midrand, South AfricaBethel Nnaemeka AmadiNigeria2012265265 delegates elected by the legislatures of 47 of the 54 AU states.
North Atlantic Treaty OrganizationNATO1949BrusselsAnders Fogh RasmussenDenmark200928Alliance of 28 countries provide mutual defense in response to an attack by any external party.
International Monetary FundIMF1944WashingtonChristine LagardeFrance2011188188 Member States, 29 founders.
Organisation of Petroleum Exporting CountriesOPEC1960ViennaSeyyed Masoudak MirkazemiIran12Petroleum exporting countries including Iraq, Iran, Kuwait, etc.
Commonwealth of Nations
aka The Commonwealth
LondonElizabeth II / Kamalesh SharmaGreat Britain / India5353+Fuji (suspended). Most were formerly part of the British Empire including Australia, New Zealand, Canada and South Africa.

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