US presidents lists

US Presidents (1789-1901)

Presidents of USA (United States of America) from 1789-1901

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Presidents of USA#BornDiedIn OfficePartySignificant Actions and DecisionsVice-Presidents
George Washington1st173217991789-97No partyLed the United States to victory over England in the War of Independence (1775-83) before being elected as the first of 45 Presidents of USA – the United States of America.John Adams
John Adams2nd173518261797-1801FederalistAsserted his will in his party and thus prevented a war against France who had provoked one with attacks by French pirates.Thomas Jefferson
Thomas Jefferson3rd174318261801-09DemocratA flawless Democrat who in 1803 almost doubled the land size of the USA through the purchase of Louisiana (for $15 mio).
  • Aaron Burr
  • George Clinton
James Madison4th175118361809-17DemocratWaged war in 1812-14 against England but had to flee Washington after British troops took the city and burned it down.
  • George Clinton
  • Elbridge Gerry
James Monroe5th175818311817-25DemocratPurchased Florida from Spain for $ 5 mio in 1819. Introduced the so-called “Monroe Doctrine” in 1823 declaring the independence of all US states against “old Europe” and non-interference in European conflicts.Daniel D. Tompkins
John Quincy Adams6th176718481825-29No partyAttempted to introduce a civil service against the will of the people and the Senate which was understandably doomed to failure.John C. Calhoun
Andrew Jackson7th176718451829-37DemocratA general before becoming president, he triumphed in the Battle of New Orleans against superior British troops in January 1815, unaware that the “Treaty of Ghent” had been agreed in 1814.
  • John C. Calhoun
  • Martin Van Buren
Martin Van Buren8th178218621837-41DemocratPrevented the spread of slavery and declined the accession of Texas to the Union fearing it would trigger a war with Mexico.Richard Johnson
William Harrison9th177318411841WhigDied of pneumonia just 1 month after taking office.John Tyler
John Tyler10th179018621841-45WhigAnnexed Texas and successfully admitted it to the union in 1845. Texas had been independent of Mexico since 1836.Vacant
James Knox Polk11th179518491845-49DemocratSpecified the 49° latitude as the border between the US and Canada in 1846, waged war against Mexico (1846-48) then subsequently purchased land areas of Mexico for $15 m which later became California, Nevada, Utah, New Mexico, Arizona and Colorado.George M. Dallas
Zachary Taylor12th178418501849-50WhigTaylor, a conservative, himself owned slaves but he switched to the Whigs and fought against slavery. Adopted the slave-free California into the Union and died a short time later of cholera.Milliard Fillmore
Millard Fillmore13th180018741850-53WhigSearched for an ideal solution to the slave conflict between North and South but ended up causing greater alienation between the parties.Vacant
Franklin Pierce14th180418691853-57DemocratAlso tried to prevent the impending civil war, but found no way of appeasing the South. Paid in the “Gadsden Purchase” $10 m for parts of Arizona and New Mexico.William R. King
James Buchanan15th179118681857-61DemocratJames Buchanan was against slavery, yet supported the accession to the union of slave state Kansas. Was unable to prevent 7 southern states banding together to form the self-governing Confederacy of Confederate States.John C. Breckinridge
Abraham Lincoln16th180918651861-65RepublicanThe unavoidable happened when four more states joined the Confederacy and the American Civil War began with the attack by the South on Fort Sumter in Charleston, South Carolina on 12 April 1861. By 1865, numerous and costly battles took place, among others in Gettysburg (1-3 July 1863) where the Southern General Robert E. Lee lost. On 9 April 1865 Lee was definitively defeated, ending the war. 5 days later Lincoln was shot dead in a theater, the first of four US presidents assassinated while in office followed by James A Garfield in 1881, William McKinley in 1901 and John F. Kennedy in 1963.
  • Hannibal Hamlin
  • Andrew Johnson
Jefferson Davis180818891861-65President of the southern Confederate States of America during the American Civil War 1861-1865 and is not one of the presidents of USA, the United States of America.Alexander H. Stephens
Andrew Johnson17th180818751865-69DemocratAngered by his conciliatory course towards the defeated South, the Republicans launched impeachment proceedings against him. In vain – they failed by just one vote. Purchased Alaska for $ 7.2 m from Russia.Vacant
Ulysses S. Grant18th182218851869-77RepublicanGrant was a victorious general in the Civil War and accompanied the reconstruction of the united country. In 1870 he gave black males the vote. His general George Custer was crushingly defeated at the Battle of Little Big Horn (June 25, 1876) by Sioux and Cheyenne Indians led by Sitting Bull and Crazy Horse.
  • Schulyer Colfax
  • Henry Wilson
Rutherford B. Hayes19th182218931877-81RepublicanWithdrew the last union troops from the south in 1877 thus completing the reunion.William A. Wheeler
James A. Garfield20th183118811881RepublicanThe second of four presidents of USA to have been killed by gunshot in office. Shot just four months after taking office by Charles Guiteau. He died shortly afterwards from the consequences.Chester A. Arthur
Chester A. Arthur21st183018861881-85RepublicanReformed the civil service in a fight against corruption in 1883.Vacant
Grover Cleveland22nd183719081885-89DemocratFounded the Trade Commission to nationalize the railways of individual US states. Ended the war against the Apaches in 1886 with the arrest of their chief Geronimo.Thomas Hendricks
Benjamin Harrison23rd183319011889-93RepublicanSuccessfully combated the formation of industry monopolies with the help of the so-called anti-trust law. Ended the Indian Wars in 1890 through the carnage at “Wounded Knee” in South Dakota.Levin P. Morton
Grover Cleveland24th183719081893-97DemocratThe only US president ever to hold office twice with a break between terms. Led the country through the fierce economic crisis of 1893.Adlai E. Stevenson
William McKinley25th1843-19011897-1901RepublicanBattle for Cuba and war against Spain (1898), which was suspected to have caused the explosion aboard the battleship “Maine”. After defeating Cuba it was occupied by the military. Spain was forced to cede Puerto Rico and Guam and sell the Philippines to the US for $20 m. McKinley also took Hawaii into the Union in 1898. The third of four presidents of USA to have been assassinated in office in 1901.
  • Garret Hobart
  • Theodore Roosevelt

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