roman gods and goddesses

Roman Gods and Goddesses A-Z

Roman Gods and Goddesses A-Z List of Roman Deities

ADDucation’s list of Roman gods and goddesses includes the parents, consorts, siblings, groups and titles of Roman gods. In addition the table includes the equivalent Greek gods on which the Roman pantheon of gods and Roman mythology is based. Similarly ADDucation’s other lists on Greek and Roman mythology include key facts, trivia and fascinating insights into the everyday lives of Greek and Roman people.

ADDucation Tips: Click column headings with arrows to sort Roman gods and goddesses. Click the + icon to expand columns on tablets and mobiles. Resize your browser to see more/less columns. To quickly find specific Roman gods enter the name of the deity in the “Filter table…” below. Key: Bold indicates male/masculine entities and bold+Italics indicates female/feminine entities

Roman Deities Title/s Festivals and Anniversaries Group/s Gender Parents Siblings Consort/s Offspring Greek Equivalent
Abeona
Abeona was the Roman goddess of partings. Conception, childbirth and childcare. Indigitamenta[3]. Female
Abundantia
Roman divine personification of abundance and prosperity. Abstract deity[4]. Female
Acca Larentia
Acca Larentia was a mythical women who later became a Roman goddess associated with the Lares and identified with Larentina, Mana GenitaGeneta Mana and Muta. 23 December Larentalia festival Agricultural goddess. Etruscan origin. Female Faustulus (mortal shepherd).
Foster mother of Romulus and Remus. She had 12 sons. Romulus and her remaining 11 sons formed the Arval Brethren of priests.
Adeona / Adiona
Roman goddess of safe return, learning to walk and guiding children home. Childhood development. Indigitamenta[3]. Female
Aequitas / Aecetia / Equitas
Roman divine personification of equity or fairness beyond legal justice. Used as an epithet “byname” for propaganda, e.g. Aequitas Augusti. Abstract deity[4]. Female
Aestas / Aestatis
Roman goddess of summer usually depicted naked and garlands of grain/ears of corn. Associated with Phoebus. 27 June Initium Aestatis festival marking the beginning of summer. Female
Agenoria
Roman goddess that encourages children to be active, e.g. walking reasoning, counting, singing etc. Childhood development. Indigitamenta[3]. Female
Alemona
Roman goddess of unborn children who nourishes the growth of the embryo. Conception and pregnancy. Indigitamenta[3]. Female
Angerona / Angeronia
Roman goddess of will, the winter solstice, suffering and silence who relieved pain and sorrow of men. Angerona was the protector of Rome and keeper of the sacred name of the city – which should not be spoken to conceal it from her enemies. 21 December Angeronalia / Divalia Roman festival in honor of Angerona. Sacrifices were made in the temple of Voluptia (which contained a statue of Angerona) to Angerona, Hercules and Ceres. Female
Anna Perenna /Annae Perena
Anna Perenna was the Roman goddess of the succession of years based on the annual lunar cycle of the moon (per annum). Represented as an old woman. See also Luna. 15 March New Year’s Day festival and holiday to honor Anna Perenna. Female Bellus (king of Sidon) Dido / Elissa (Phoenician princess and founder of Carthage).
Antevorta / Porrima
Antevorta was the Roman goddess of childbirth and the future. Present when a child was born head first. See also Postvorta. The Camenae. Aspect of Carmenta. Conception, childbirth and childcare. Indigitamenta[3].
Female Postverta
Apollo / Phoebus / Apollo Phoebus
Apollo was the Roman god of the sun (rides the sun), healing, medicine, music and poetry. One of the best known Roman gods.
  • 6-13 July Ludi Apollinares games.
  • 14-19 July Ludi Apollinare games, markets and fairs.
  • 23 September temple of Apollo (and Latona) rededication anniversary.
Di selecti[1] (1 of 20 main Roman gods). Male Jupiter and Latona. Diana (twin), Vulcan, Minerva, Hercules, Bellona, Mars, Diana, Bacchus various
  • with Coronis: Aesculapius
  • with ? Janus
Apollo
Aesculapius
Aesculapius was the Roman god of healing and medicine, truth and prophecy. 1 January festival to Aesculapius for new year prosperity. Demi-god Male Apollo and Coronis (mortal).
Salus Asclepius / Asklepios
Aurora / Mater Matuta
Aurora was the virgin Roman goddess of dawn and matrons. 11 June Matralia festival with offerings for blessings on children at Mater Matuta’s temple. Latin god Female Sol, Luna Tithonus (mortal prince of Troy) Eos
Averruncus / Auruncus
Roman divine personification of averting harm Abstract deity[4]. Male
Bacchus / Liber Roman god of agriculture, fertility and wine (parties/festivals, madness and merriment).
  • 17 March Liberalia festival to Liber / Bacchus.
  • 25 December Brumalia winter solstice festival honoring Bacchus, Saturn, Ceres which  consisted of feasting and merriment.

Bacchus was associated with Bacchanalia Roman festivals.

Aspect of Liber Male Jupiter and Semele. Vulcan, Minerva, Hercules, Bellona, Apollo, Diana, Apollo Dionysus
Bellona Bellona was the Roman goddess of war. 3 June temple of Bellona anniversary. Deified mortal. Female Jupiter and Juno. Mars, Vulcan, Minerva, Hercules, Apollo, Diana, Bacchus, Discordia, Juventas, Lucina, etc.
Mars Enyo
Bona Dea
“Good goddess”
Bona Dea was the Roman goddess of chastity, fertility, prophecy for women, healing and the protection of individuals and the Roman state. Her “true” name was known only to herself.
  • 1 May temple of Bona Dea anniversary.
  • 3 December Bona Dea rites for women.
Fauni. Female Faunus Faunus Faunus Damia
Caelus
Caelus was the Roman god of the sky. Primordial god (Uranus). Male Ether and Dies (Day, Hemera in Greek). With Trivia: Janus Uranus
Candelifera
Roman childbirth goddess that bears a candle during night time labor and possibly to ward off evil spirits by candlelight in the nursery. Childbirth and neonatel. Indigitamenta[3]. Female
Castor and Pollux / Polydeuces
(aka Dioscuri “youths of Zeus” and the Gemini twins)
Castor and Pollux were Roman and Greek gods of sailors, horsemanship and travelers. 13 August temple anniversary to Castor and Pollux in the Circus Flaminius. Greek gods. Male
  • Caster: Tyndareus (King of Sparta) and Leda (Spartan queen)19*
  • Or Zeus and Leda1*
  • Or Pollux: Zeus and Leda1*
Castor and Pollox were twin half brothers. They also had twin sisters/half sisters:
  • Helen of Troy.
  • Clytemnestra.
  Castor and Pollux
Catius Pater
“Father Catius”
Catius Pater was the Roman god who protected boys who was invoked to sharpen the intellect of children. Childhood development. Indigitamenta[3]. Male Tellus With Tellus: Moneta
Cardea / Carda / Carna / Cranea / Cranaë
Cardea was the Roman goddess of the hinges of doorways. Specifically Carna was associated with building strong muscles and defending flesh and internal organs from strigea (witches). 1 June festival to Carna. Childhood development. Nymph. Aspect of Juno. Female Helernus maybe. (According to Ovid Carna was born in Helernus’ sacred grove). Janus (in Ovid’s Fasti the nymph Cranaë is raped by Janus)
Carmena
Carmena was the Roman goddess that enabled children to sing. Childhood development. Aspect of Juno. Female
The Carmenae / The Casmenae
The Carmenae were prophetic Roman nymph goddesses of childbirth, fountains and wells. See also (The Muses). The Carmenae:
  • Antevorta.
  • Postvorta.
  • Carmenta / Carmentis.
  • Egeria /Aegeria.
13 August temple anniversary for the Camenae held on the Caelian Hill. The Camenae. Roman gods group. Female The Muses
Carmenta / Carmentis (Nicostrate)
Carmenta was the Roman goddess of childbirth and prophecy, technological innovation, protection of mothers and children. 11 and 15 January were Carmentalia feast days. Di flaminales[2]. The Camenae. Cimmerian Sibyl. Female Mercury Evander
Ceres Ceres was the Roman goddess of the bounty (of growth and creation) including farming, agriculture, the harvest, fertility and motherly relationships.
  • 12-19 April Cerialia festival and games to Ceres with chariot racing on the last day.
  • May/June Ambarvalia 1 or 3 day festival to Ceres / Dea Dia by the Fratres Arvales preists.
  • 4 October Ieiunium Cereris fasting day in honor of Ceres.
  • 24 August first of three days the “mundus cerialis” (world of Ceres)” ritual pit was opened. Offerings were made to Ceres and other agricultural and underworld deities.
  • 5 October second opening of the “mundus” pit.
  • 8 November third opening of the “mundus” pit.
  • 13 December lectisternium (propitiatory meal offering ceremony) to Ceres.
  • 25 December Brumalia winter solstice festival honoring Saturn, Ceres and Bacchus consisting of feasting and merriment.
Dii Consentes (aka Di/Dei Consentes deities). Di flaminales[2]. Di selecti[1] (1 of 20 main Roman gods). Aventine Triad (Ceres, Liber, Libera). Female Saturn and Ops.
Pluto / Dis Pater, Jupiter, Neptune, Juno, Vesta Demeter
Cinxia / Virginiensis
Roman goddess that loosened the bride’s girdle after marriage so the groom could remove it after their wedding. Conception and pregnancy. Aspect of Juno. Female
Conditor Roman god of grain storage. One of Ceres 12 helper gods invoked during Cerialia. 12 April Cerialia festival. Assistant deity. Agricultural deity. Indigitamenta[3]. Male  
Conuector / Convector Roman god of carrying grain. One of Ceres 12 helper gods invoked during Cerialia. 12 April Cerialia festival. Assistant deity. Agricultural deity. Indigitamenta[3]. Male  
Concordia
Concordia was the Roman goddess of concord (agreement and harmony) in marriage and society.
  • 5 February temple of Concordia anniversary.
  • 22 July temple of Concordia anniversary.
Abstract deity[4]. Female Harmonia
Consevius / Consivius / Deus Consevius Roman god of insemination and propagation. Conception and pregnancy. Aspect of Janus. Male
Consus
Consus was the Roman god protector of grain and grain storage.
  • 7 July sacrifice to Consus by public priests.
  • 21 August Consualia festival parades and chariot races.
  • 12 December Consus festival.
  • 15 December Consualia festival parades and chariot races.
Agricultural god. Chthonic deity[6]. Tutelary deity[5]. Male
Cuba
Roman goddess that helps a child transition from cradle to bed. Childhood development. Indigitamenta[3]. Female
Cunina
Roman goddess that protects the cradle from malevolent magic. Childhood development. Indigitamenta[3]. Female
Cupid / Amor
Cupid was the Roman god of erotic love, attraction and affection. Cupid is commonly depicted as a boy carrying a quiver of arrows. Cupid’s arrows could not only draw people together but also drive them apart. One of the Roman gods that remains part of popular culture today. Male Mars and Venus. Psyche With Psyche: Voluptas Eros
Cybele / Magna Mater
Cybele was the Roman “Great Mother” or mother of the Roman gods.
  • 15-28 March Hilaria festival to Cybele with religious rites.
  • 4-10 April Megalesia festival to Cybele with games and chariot racing on the last day.
Phrygian goddess. Female Cybele
Dea Dia “divine goddess”
Dea means “goddess” and Dia means “divine” so Dea Dia is the divine Roman goddess of growth and fertility. Sometimes identified with Ceres.
  • May/June Ambarvalia 1 or 3 day festival to Ceres / Dea Dia by the Fratres Arvales preists.
Female
Dea Tacita “The silent goddess. mute goddess”
Dea Tacita was the Roman goddess of the dead. She sealed up hostile mouths and unfriendly tongues. Dea Tacita is associated with Larunda.
  • 21 February Feralia festival to celebrate di Manes chthonic deities representing the souls of the deceased. Feralia was held on the last day of the Parentalia festival to remember ancesters. Rites in the name of Dea Tacita were also performed.
Muse (Carmenae). Di inferni. Di Manes. Chthonic deity[6]. Female
Decima
Decima was the Roman goddess who used her rod to measure the thread of life (lifespan) at birth. The Parcae (the Fates. Greek: The Moirai). Conception and pregnancy. Female Scotus and Nox. Morta, Nona Lachesis
Deverra Roman goddess who used a broom to sweep away evil influences and protect midwives and women in labor. Neonatel and childhood. Male
Diana (triple goddess)
Diana was the Roman virgin goddess of childbirth and women. Diana was a triple goddess (Diana triformis) with history dating back to 6 BC. As Diana she was goddess of the hunt and wild animals, as Luna she was goddess of the moon and as Diana Trivia (Hecate) she was goddess of the underworld. One of the most famous Roman goddesses. 13 or 15 August (around the full moon of August) Nemoralia “festival of torches” to Diana at the temple of Diana on the Aventine hill and in sacred grove next to Lake Nemi, near town of Ariccia. 1 of 3 maiden goddesses along with Minerva and Vesta. Triad of Roman goddesses with Egeria and Virbius. Di selecti[1] (1 of 20 main Roman gods). Sabine goddess. Female Jupiter and Latona. Apollo (twin), Vulcan, Minerva, Hercules, Bellona, Mars, Diana, Bacchus Artemis / Hecate
Dis Pater / Orcus
Dis Pater / Orcus was the Roman god of the underworld. Di inferi. Chthonic deity[6]. Male Saturn and Ops. Jupiter, Neptune, Juno, Vesta, Ceres Proserpina Hades / Pluto
Dominduca
Roman goddess who accompanied children returning home. See also Interduca. Childhood development. Aspect of Juno. Female
Edusa / Edula / Edulia /Educa / Edesia
Roman goddess who taught children to eat food and nourishment. Childhood development. Aspect of Juno. Female
Egeria / Aegeria
Roman minor nymph nature goddess associated with a place or land form. The Camenae. Aspect of Carmenta. Childbirth.
Female Numa Pompilius, (Second Sabine king of Rome).
Epona
Epona was a Celtic-Roman goddess protector of horses, mares, ponies, donkeys, mules and fertility. 18 December Eponalia in honor of Epona. Female
Evander of Pallene
Evander brought Greek culture to Italy including the Greek pantheon, alphabet and laws and was deified after his death. Evander founded the city of Pallantium on the site where Rome was built. 15 February Lupercalia pastoral festival instituted by Evander in pre-Roman times. Deified Hero. Male Mercury and Carmenta. Pallas Evander
Fabulinus Fabulinus was the Roman god who enabled children to speak their first words. Di nixi /Nixae. Childhood development. Indigitamenta[3]. Male
Farinus
Farinus was the Roman god that enabled children to speak. Childhood development. Indigitamenta[3]. Male
Faunus Faunus was the King of Latium. Ancient horned, half man, half goat, Roman god of the forest, plains and fields. Roman god of prophecy.
  • 13 February festival for Faunus on Tiber island.
  • 15 February Pre-Roman Lupercalia festival (dies Februatus) to Faunus with offerings, sacrifices, feasting, a foot race and fertility rites which eventually became the Christian St. Valentine’s Day!
  • 5 December country festival for Faunus.
Fauni. Deified mortal. Woodland deity. Tutelary deity[5]. Ancient Roman deity. Male King Picus (a demi-god) and Canens (a nymph).
Fauna Fauna / Fatua, Marica (nymph), Bona Dea (as Dryad nymph)
  • With Marica: Latinus
  • With ?: Fauna
Pan
Febris “Fever”
Febris was the Roman goddess who warded off and protected against fever. 21 February Feralia festival to honor the gods of the underworld and souls of dead ancestors. Di inferi. Chthonic deity[6]. Female
Februus “Purifier”
Februus was the Roman god of purification, death and riches. 21 February Feralia festival to honor the gods of the underworld and souls of dead ancestors. Etruscan god. Di inferi. Chthonic deity[6]. Male
Feronia Roman goddess of fertility, wildlife, abundance, health and granted freedom and/or civil rights to slaves. 13 November festival in honor of Feronia. Sabine goddess. Abstract deity[4]. Female
Fides Fides was the Roman goddess of trust and good faith (bona fides). 1 October ceremony for Fides. Sabine goddess. Female
Felicitas / Felicitas Augusta / Felicitas Fausta / Felicitas Publica / Felicitas Temporum
Felicitas was the Roman goddess of woman’s fertility, good fortune and good luck in general.
  • 1 July temple anniversary to Felicitas at her temple on the Campus Martius.
  • 9 October rites at shrines on the Capitolium for Genius Publicus, Fausta Felicitas and Venus Victrix.
Female
Flora Flora was the Roman goddess of youth, spring and flowers. Flora was one of several Roman fertility goddesses.
  • 27 April-3 May Ludi Florales (Flora games) to celebrate fertility with promiscuous activities and chariot racing on the last day.
  • 24 May (or mid July) Rosalia festival to honor Flora and commemorate the dead with flowers.
  • 13 August Flora temple anniversary near the Circus Maximus.
Di flaminales[2]. Sabine goddess. Female Favonius (God of the west wind). Chloris
Fluonia / Fluvionia
Roman goddess who holds back menstruation to allow conception. Conception and pregnancy. Indigitamenta[3]. Female
Fontus / Fons
Fontus was the Roman god of flowing water, springs and wells. 13 October Fontinalia religious festival in honor of Fons. Wells and fountains were decorated with garlands. Sabine god. Abstract deity[4]. Male Janus and Juturna. Aithex, Canens, Tiberinus, Olistene Juturna
Fornax
Roman goddess of ovens and baking of bread. 17 February festival. Female
Fortuna and epithets
Fortuna was the Roman goddess of good fortune and the Roman divine personification of luck.
  • 1 April Veneralia festival.
  • 5 April temple of Fortuna anniversary.
  • 25 May temple of Fortuna Primigenia anniversary.
  • 24 June Fors Fortuna festival with sacrifices.
  • 6 July Temple of Fortuna Muliebris anniversary.
  • 13 August Fortuna Equestris temple anniversary.
  • 3-12 October Augustalia (Augustus games) altar to Fortuna Redux.
  • 13 November festival in honor of Fortuna Primigenia.
Sabine goddess. Abstract deity[4]. Female Jupiter. Tyche
Furrina / Furina Roman goddess of springs and bubbling water. 25 July Furrinalia festival to Furrina. Di flaminales[2] Female
The Genii / Genius / Genius Publicus The Genii are anonymous Roman gods and goddesses. Every person is followed by their own genius from birth until death. Most places and things had a genius and there were specific Genii “guardian spirits” including Genius Publicus Populi Romani who looked after the Roman people. 9 October rites at shrines on the Capitolium for Genius Publicus, Fausta Felicitas and Venus Victrix. Di inferi. Male ( Aspect of Jupiter) / Female (Aspect of Juno)
Helernus / Alernus Minor Roman god of the beans used during the Lemuria festival.
  • 1 February Helernus sacred day. A black ox was sacrificed at his sacred grove near mouth of river Tiber.
  • 9/11/13 May Lemuria festival
Archaic Roman deity. Minor Chthonic deity[6] Male       Carna (maybe. She was born in Alernus’ sacred grove)
 
Hercules
Hercules was a Roman hero who was divinized by apotheosis to god. Hercules is one of the best known Roman gods and the most famous Roman hero.
  • 4 June restoration of Hercules Custos temple anniversary.
  • 29 June temple of Hercules Musarum anniversary.
  • 12 August sacrifice of a heifer (cow) to Hercules Invictus and offering from the skyphos (ritual two handled cup) of Hercules.
Deified Hero. Male Jupiter and Alcmene.
Vulcan, Minerva, Mars, Bellona, Apollo, Diana, Bacchus Juventas Heracles
Honos Honos was the Roman god and personification of honor. Normally depicted with Virtus and honored together at the temple of Honos and Virtus.
  • 29 May Honos and Virtus temple anniversary.
  • 17 July temple of Honos and Virtus anniversary and sacrifice to Victoria.
  • 19 July festival to Honos
  • 12 August Venus Victrix temple anniversary and festival to Honos and Virtus, Felicitas and possibly Vesta.
Abstract deity[4]. Male Arete
Imporcitor
Roman god of ploughing land with a wide furrow and maker of pigs. One of Ceres 12 helper gods of  invoked during Cerialia. 12 April Cerialia festival. Assistant deity. Agricultural deity. Indigitamenta[3]. Male
Innus / Mutunus Tutunus
Roman phallic god of sexual penetration and the urge to mate. Conception and pregnancy. Male
Insitor Roman god of planting seeds. One of Ceres 12 helper gods of  invoked during Cerialia. 12 April Cerialia festival. Assistant deity. Agricultural deity. Indigitamenta[3]. Male  
Invidia
Invidia was the Roman goddess of jealousy, divine retribution and envy. Di inferi. The Dirae. Female Phthonus
Intercidona
Roman goddess who protects the mother and newborn child against Silvanus the forest god. Neonatel and childhood. Female
Interduca
Roman goddess that accompanies children leaving the house. See also Domiduca. Childhood development. Aspect of Juno. Female
Janus Janus was the Roman god of gates, doorways endings, beginnings, time, transition, duality and passages. Janus “opened up access to the generative seed” provided by Saturn. January is named after Janus who is typically depicted with two faces, one looking forwards, the other backwards. As guardian of passages Janus was the gatekeeper between Heaven and Earth so he was always invoked first to ensure communication between gods and worshipers.
  • 1 January New Year Kalends.
  • 9 January Agonalia (religious) festival to Janus.
  • 17 March Agonalia festival to Janus.
  • 21st May Agonalia festival to Janus.
  • 11th December Agonalia festival to Janus.
  • 17 August Temple of Janus anniversary.
Di selecti[1] (1 of 20 main Roman gods). Italian god. Male
  • Caelus and Trivia (Greek: Uranus and Hecate)
  • Or primordial deities Ether and Dies.
Camese Camese, Juturna, Venilia
  • With Venilia: Canens
  • With Juturna: Fontus
  • With Camese: Aithex, Olistene, Tiberinus
none
Jugatinus
Jugatinus was the Roman god of marriage and conjugal matters. Conception and childbirth. Male
Juno / Luno / Iovino / Iuno Regina “Queen Juno”
Juno was the Roman goddess of the sky, childbirth, marriage and beginnings. Protector and counselor of the Roman state. When Juno touched a magical herb she became pregnant and gave birth to Mars.
  • 1 July temple of Juno Felicitas anniversary.
  • 1 September ceremonies for Juno Regina on the Aventine and Jupiter Tonans “the Thunderer” on the Capitolium.
Di selecti[1] (1 of 20 main Roman gods). Capitoline Triad (Jupiter, Juno, Minerva). Female Saturn. Pluto / Dis Pater, Neptune, Jupiter,Vesta, Ceres Jupiter Mars, Vulcan, Bellona, Juventas Hera
Juno Moneta
Roman goddess responsible for protecting money and funds in general.
  • 1 June temple of Juno Moneta anniversary.
  • 10 October temple of Juno Moneta re-dedication.
Aspect of Juno. Female
Jupiter / Jove / Lovis / Diespiter /Iupiter and epithets.
“Heavenly father” (King of Roman gods and goddesses)
Jupiter was the Roman god of the sky, thunder and lightning and brings babies towards daylight. Anywhere lightning strikes is sacred to Jupiter. Later Jupiter also became a protector of the Roman people and one of the most famous Roman gods.
  • 13 January Ides festival to Jupiter.
  • 13 February Ides festival to Jupiter and first day of Parentalia festival in honor of family ancestors when a priestess of Vesta conducted a rite for the collective Di Parentes of Rome.
  • 15 March Ides festival to Jupiter.
  • 1 April Veneralia wine festival to Jupiter and Venus.
  • 13 April temple of Jupiter Victor anniversary.
  • 23 April Vinalia Priora wine festival to Jupiter and Venus.
  • 15 May Ides festival to Jupiter.
  • 13 June Ides festival to Jupiter.
  • 27 June temple of Jupiter Stator anniversary.
  • 5 July Poplifugia festival to Jupiter.
  • 15 July Ides festival to Jupiter.
  • 13 August Ides festival to Jupiter.
  • 19 August Vinalia Rustica wine harvest festival to Jupiter and Venus.
  • 5 September Jupiter Stator temple anniversary.
  • 5-19 September Ludi Romani (Roman games) festival.
  • 13 September Ides festival and temple to Jupiter Optimus Maximus anniversary. Epulums (ritual feasts) to Jove and the Capitoline Triad.
  • 7 October rites for Juno Curitis and Jupiter Fulgur “daytime lightning”.
  • 11 October Meditrinalia festival in honor of the new wine vintage offered to Roman gods Jupiter (in his guise of wine god) and Meditrina.
  • 15 October Ides festival to Jupiter.
  • October 26-1 November Ludi Victoriae Sullanae games in honor of Jupiter.
  • 1 November Ludi circenses (Roman circus races) in honor of Jupiter.
  • 4-17 November Ludi Plebeii (Plebeian Games) in honor of Jupiter.
  • 13 November Ides festival to Jupiter and Epulum (ritual feast) to Jupiter.
Capitoline Triad (Jupiter, Juno, Minerva). Archaic Triad. Di flaminales[2].Di selecti[1] (1 of 20 main Roman gods). Childbirth. Deified mortal (Sol Indiges). Male Saturn and Ops. Pluto / Dis Pater, Neptune, Juno, Vesta, Ceres
Juno, Moneta
  • With Juno: Vulcan, Minerva, Mars, Bellona
  • With Dione: Venus
  • With Latona: Apollo, Diana
  • With Maia: Mercury
  • With Semele: Bacchus
  • With Ceres: Prosperina
  • With Alcmene: Hercules
  • With Moneta: The Muses
  • Possibly: Invidia, Lucina
Zeus
Dius Fidius Dius Fidius was the Roman god of oaths, loyalty and justice.
  • June 5 temple of Dius Fidius anniversary.
  • 1 September ceremonies for Juno Regina on the Aventine and Jupiter Tonans “Thunderer” on the Capitolium.
  • 7 October rites for Juno Curitis and Jupiter Fulgur “daytime lightning”.
Associated with Jupiter Fidius. Male
Justitia / Justice / Iustitia / Lustitia
Justitia was the Roman goddess of justice, sometimes called “Lady Justice”. Typically depicted in Western cultures with sword and scales, often blindfolded symbolizing “Blind Justice”. 8 January: Sacred day for Justicia Abstract deity[4]. Female Jupiter
Pax
Dike and Themis
Juturna Juturna was the Roman goddess of fountains, wells and springs. Identified with a spring in Latium and a pool near the temple of Vesta in the Forum of Rome.
  • 11 January Juturnalia temple anniversary.
  • 27 August Volturnalia festival.
Naiad water nymph. Female Volturnus. Turnus (King of the Rutili) Janus, Jupiter With Janus: Fontus
Juventas / Lucentus
Ancient Roman goddess of youth and rejuvenation, especially young men who had just come of age (to wear the adult toga). 19 December Juventas festival. Ancient Roman deity. Female Hercules Hebe
Larenta / Larunda / Larunde / Laranda / Lara / Acca Larentia / Acca Larentina / Lupa
Larenta is the municipal Roman goddess of Larentum who was imported as a Roman earth goddess following its conquest. 23 December Larentalia sacrifices were offered to the Lares at the temples of Diana and Juno Regina in the Circus Flaminius and the Tempestates. Offerings were presented to Lara in a mundus (pit). Naiad. Di inferi. Chthonic deity[6]. Female Mercury
Levana
Ancient Roman goddess that symbolically “lifts” the baby from Mother Earth for the midwife to cut the umbilical cord. Childbirth. Ancient Roman deity. Female
Liber / Liber Pater / Bacchus
“Father Liber”
Roman god of viticulture, wine, freedom and fertility (release of semen).
  • 17 March Liberalia festival to Liber / Bacchus.
  • 5 September Mammes vindemia wine festival (originally to Greek god Dionysus)
Aventine Triad (Ceres, Liber, Libera). Di selecti[1]. Conception and childbirth. Deified mortal. Male Dionysus / Bacchus
Libera Roman goddess of wine, freedom and fertility (contributing semina “seed”). Libera is often combined with Proserpina. 17 March Liberalia festival to Libera. Aventine Triad (Ceres, Liber, Libera). Conception and childbirth. Deified mortal. Female Ceres. Liber
Locutius Roman god who enables children to form sentences. Childhood development. Indigitamenta[3]. Male
Lucina / Juno Lucina
Lucina was the Roman goddess of childbirth and childhood development. Lucina introduces babies to the light. 1 March Matronalia festival. Di nixi /Nixae. Sabine goddess. Childbirth and childhood development. Indigitamenta[3]. Female Jupiter. Eileithyia
Luna Luna was the Roman goddess of the moon. See also Anna Perenna.
  • 31 March temple of Luna anniversary.
  • 24 August sacrifices to Luna on the Graecostasis platform.
  • 28 August Circus Maximus games in honor of Sol and Luna.
Di selecti[1] (1 of 20 main Roman gods). Di inferi. Chthonic deity[6]. Sabine goddess. Female Aurora, Sol Selene
Maia
Maia was the Roman goddess of growth.
  • 1 May sacrifice day to Maia
  • 23 August Vulcanalia festival with sacrifices to Vulcan and goddesses Ops Opifera, Juturna, Maia, Hora and the water nymphs.

 

 

Adopted Greek goddess associated with earth goddesses Terra and Bona Dea Female Atlas and Pleione (an Oceanid nymph).  
  • 7 Pleiades sisters (Atlantides):
    • Maia eldest
    • Electra
    • Taygete
    • Alcyone
    • Celaeno
    • Sterope/Asterope
    • Merope youngest
  • Calypso
  • Hyas
  • the Hyades
  • the Hesperides
Jupiter Mercury Maia
Mania
Mania was the Roman goddess of the dead and ruler of the underworld. 11 May sacrifice day to Mania, possibly as part of the public Lemuralia ceremony. Di inferi. Chthonic deity[6]. Female Mantus
  • the Manes
  • the Lares
  • ghosts, restless spirits and undead
Mantus
Mantus was the Roman god of the dead and ruler of the underworld. Di inferi. Chthonic deity[6]. Male Mania
Mars and epithets Mars was the Roman god of war and one of the most famous Roman gods.
  • 27 February and 14 March Equirria festivals (horse racing) to Mars.
  • 1 March, 19 March Feriae Marti (festival for Mars).
  • 17 March Agonalia (religious) festival.
  • 19-23 March Quinquatrus festival to Mars and Minerva.
  • 23 March Tubilustrium festival to Mars. War trumpets cleaned and priests of Mars danced on the streets.
  • 14 May Temple of Mars Invictus (Mars the Unconquered) anniversary.
  • 1 June temple of Mars on the clivus anniversary.
  • 13–15 June Quinquatrus minusculae festival to Mars and Minerva.
  • 15 October October Horse / Equus October festival with animal sacrifice to honor Mars. Two-horse chariot races on the Campius Martius.
  • 19 October Armilustrium (military festival) with trumpets, garlands for soldiers, rites, animal sacrifice and torches in honor of Mars.
Di selecti[1] (1 of 20 main Roman gods). Archaic Triad. Di flaminales[2]. Di inferi. Chthonic deity[6]. Male
  • Juno Lucina and a magical herb.
  • Or Jupiter and Juno.
Vulcan, Minerva, Hercules, Bellona, Apollo, Diana, Bacchus Rhea Silvia / Ilia, Venus
  • With Rhea Silvia: Romulus and Remus (twins and founders of Rome.
  • with Venus: Cupid, Himerus, Formido, Pavor
Ares
Meditrina
Meditrina was the Roman goddess of wine, health, longevity, healing and medicine.
  • 30 September Meditrinalia festival  to honor Meditrina as Roman goddess of medicine with fruits.
  • 11 October Meditrinalia festival in honor of the new wine vintage offered to Roman gods.

Jupiter (in his guise of wine god) and Meditrina.

Female Aesculapius and Epione. Aceso, Aglaea, Aratus, Hygieia, Iaso, Machaon, Panacea, Podaleirios and Telesphoros.
Mena / Dea Mena
Mena was the Roman goddess of menstrual flow. Conception and childbirth. Indigitamenta[3]. Female
Mens Bona / Bona Mens /Mens “Good mind”
Mens Bona was a Roman goddess that gave a newborn child consciousness and reasoning. 8 June temple of Mens anniversary. Childhood development. Aspect of Juno. Female
Mercury Mercury was the Roman god of thieves, merchants, commerce and travelers. Mercury was the winged messenger of the Roman gods. 15 May Mercuralia festival to Mercury. Di selecti[1] (1 of 20 main Roman gods). Etruscan god. Male Jupiter. Carmenta Evander Hermes
Messor Roman god of reaping. One of Ceres 12 helper gods invoked during Cerialia. 12 April Cerialia festival. Assistant deity. Agricultural deity. Indigitamenta[3]. Male      
Minerva Minerva was the Roman virgin goddess of wisdom, the arts and battle. Her patronage included learning, handicrafts, doctors, teachers, artists, strategic warfare, trade.
  • 19-23 March Quinquatrus festival to Mars and Minerva.
  • 13–15 June Quinquatrus minusculae festival to Mars and Minerva.
  • 19 June temple of Minerva on the Aventine anniversary.
  • 4 December Minerva festival.
Di selecti[1] (1 of 20 main Roman gods). Capitoline Triad (Jupiter, Juno, Minerva). Sabine goddess. 1 of 3 maiden goddesses along with Diana and Vesta. Female Jupiter and Metis. Vulcan, Mars, Hercules, Bellona, Apollo, Diana, Bacchus Athena / Athene
Moneta
Moneta was the Roman goddess of memory. Female Caelus and Tellus (Greek: Uranus and Gaia). Jupiter With Jupiter: The Muses Mnemosyne
Morta
Morta was the Roman goddess of death. Morta cuts the thread of life and chooses the manner of a person’s death. See also Parca. The Parcae (the Fates. Greek: The Moirai). Childbirth. Female Scotus and Nox.
Decima, Nona. Atropos / Aisa
Nerio / Nerine
Nerio was the Roman goddess of war and personification of valor. 23 March Tubilustrium as partner with Mars. Sabine goddess. Female     Mars    
Neptune / Neptunus
Neptune was the Roman god of the sea and water, and a god of fertility. One of the most famous Roman gods.
  • 23 July Neptunalia festival to Neptune celebrated by dock workers on the Tiber river with food and games.
  • 1 December temple ceremonies for Neptune.
Di selecti[1] (1 of 20 main Roman gods). Male Saturn and Ops. Pluto / Dis Pater, Jupiter, Juno, Vesta and Ceres. Dis Pater, Jupiter Poseidon
Nona
Nona was the Roman goddess that spun the thread of life from her distaff onto her spindle at birth. The Parcae (the Fates. Greek: The Moirai). Conception, pregnancy. Childbirth. Indigitamenta[3]. Female Scotus and Nox. Decima, Morta. Clotho
Nox Nox was the primordial Roman goddess of the night. Primordial goddess. Female Nyx
Nundina
Nundina was the Roman goddess of birth naming ceremonies. Because girls mature before boys they were named on the eighth day after birth, boys were named on the ninth day. The umbilical cord typically drops off on the seventh day signifying the child now has its own fate. A family feast typically followed the naming ceremony. Childbirth, childhood development. Female
Numeria
Numeria was the Roman goddess that taught children to count. Childhood development. Indigitamenta[3]. Female
Obarator Oberator was the Roman god of the last ploughing. Invoked after the furrows containing the seeds were ploughed over. One of Ceres 12 helper gods of  invoked during Cerialia. 12 April Cerialia festival. Assistant deity. Agricultural deity. Indigitamenta[3]. Male          
Occator Roman god of harrowing (breaking up the soil). One of Ceres 12 helper gods of  invoked during Cerialia. 12 April Cerialia festival. Assistant deity. Agricultural deity. Indigitamenta[3]. Male          
Ops/Opis / Ops Consiva / Ops Opifera “Plenty”
Ops was the Roman goddess of the harvest and fertility. Associated with Consus.
  • 23 August Vulcanalia festival with sacrifices to Vulcan and goddesses Ops Opifera, Juturna, Maia, Hora and the water nymphs.
  • 25 August Opiconsivia end of harvest festival.
  • 19 December Opalia festival marking the storage of grain.
Chthonic deity[6]. Sabine goddess. Female Caelus and Terra. Saturn, Janus. Saturn Dis Pater / Pluto, Jupiter, Neptune, Juno, Ceres, Vesta Rhea
Orcus / Dis Pater
Orcus was the Roman god of the underworld and punisher of broken oaths. Di selecti[1] (1 of 20 main Roman gods). Di inferi. Chthonic deity[6]. Male Hades
Ossipago / Ossipagina / Ossilago / Opigena / Ossipango / Ossipaga Roman goddess that builds strong bones. Childhood development. Indigitamenta[3]. Female
Palatua Roman teaching goddess of the Palatine Hill. Di flaminales[2]. Female
Pales or Pales
Roman god or goddess of shepherds, flocks and livestock.
  • 21 April Parilia rustic festival and commemoration of the birthday of the city of Rome.
  • 7 July festival to the two Pales.
Sabine god. Male or Female
Partula
Roman goddess that oversees separation of the child from the mother and sets the limit of life. See also Morta. Conception and pregnancy. Childbirth. Indigitamenta[3]. Female
Pax Pax was the Roman goddess of peace and security. Pax is typically depicted holding an olive branch, a cornucopia and a scepter. 3 January festival. Childhood development. Indigitamenta[3]. Abstract deity[4]. Female Jupiter and Justitia. Irene / Eirene
Paventia / Paventina
Roman goddess that distracts fear from children. Childhood development. Indigitamenta[3]. Female
Peta Roman goddess who looks after a child’s first wants. Indigitamenta[3]. Female
Picumnus / Sterquilinus “manure”/ Stercutus
Picumnus was the Roman god of fertility, matrimony, infants, children and agriculture. Neonatel and childhood. Indigitamenta[3]. Male Pilumnus
Picus
Picus was the Roman god of agriculture and manure. Picus was the first king of Latium. Demi-god Male Saturn and  an unknown mortal? Canens Faunus
Pietas
Roman goddess that cautioned humans against intrusion into the realm of the Roman gods. 1 December temple ceremonies for Pietas. Abstract deity[4]. Female
Pilumnus
Roman nature god who ensured children stayed healthy and grew properly. Neonatel and childhood. Indigitamenta[3]. Male Picumnus
Pertunda
Pertunda was the Roman goddess of sexual penetration. Conception and pregnancy. Indigitamenta[3]. Female
Pluto Pluto was the Roman god of death and riches under the Earth. Pluto was originally a god of wealth and only later became associated with Hades, taking the role previously fulfilled by Dis Pater in Roman culture. Male Hades
Pomona Pomona was the Roman goddess of fruitful abundance, fruit trees, gardens, and orchards. 13 August Pomona shared the Vertumnalia festival with Vertumnus. Di flaminales[2]. Female Vertumnus
Portunus Portunus was the Roman god of keys, doors, livestock and, later, ports. 17 August Portunalia festival. Di flaminales[2]. Probably ancient Italian deity. Male
Postvorta / Postverta / Prosa
Postvorta was the Roman goddess of childbirth and the past. Present when child born feet first (breech birth). See also Antevorta. The Camenae. Aspect of Carmenta. Childbirth. Indigitamenta.
Female Antevorta
Potina / Potica / Bibesa
Roman goddess that enables a child to drink. Childhood development. Indigitamenta[3]. Female
Potua Roman childhood goddess. Childhood development. Indigitamenta[3]. Female
Prema (dea Mater) / Prema mater
Prema was the Roman mother goddess who caused the bride to be submissive on her wedding night. Conception and pregnancy. Indigitamenta[3]. Female
Proserpina/Proserpine Proserpina  was the Roman goddess of springtime and Queen of the underworld. Proserpina was a fusion of Libera, Persephone and Demeter (Greek agricultural goddesses).
  • 17 March Liberalia festival to Libera.
  • 25 November sacred day to Prosperpina.
Di inferi. Chthonic deity[6]. Female Ceres. Dis Pater / Pluto
Persephone
Quirinus
Quirinus was a Sabine god of war. His altar, on one of the seven hills of Rome, was called the Quirinal. It was renamed for Romulus the founder and first king of Rome and Quirinus became one of the Roman gods of state, associated with myrtle. 17 February Quirinalia festival to honor Quirinus by the high priest, the Flamen Quirinalis. Di flaminales[2]. Archaic Triad. Sabine god. Male
Reparator / Rederator Roman god of  preparing fallow land for crops. One of Ceres 12 helper gods of  invoked during Cerialia. 12 April Cerialia festival. Assistant deity. Agricultural deity. Indigitamenta[3]. Male
Robigus
Robigus was the Roman god of rust and agricultural disease. 25 April Robigalia festival to avert crop failure with prayer, sacrifice and chariot racing. Male
Roma
Roma was the Roman personification of the city of Rome and the Roman state. 21 April Paralia/Romeae festival to celebrate the official date for the founding of Rome, by Romulus, on 21 April 753 BCE. State deity. Abstract deity[4]. Female      
Salacia Roman goddess of salt water who presided over the ocean depths and was the personification of calm and sunlit seas. 23 July Neptunalia festival with Neptune. Sea nymph. Female Neptune Triton (half man, half fish) Amphitrite
Salus (Salus Semonia) Roman goddess of safety and well-being (welfare, health and prosperity) of individuals and the state.
  • 1 January New Year Day sacrifice to temple of Jupiter.
  • 5 August offerings and public sacrifice at the temple of Salus.
Sabine goddess. Abstract deity[4]. Female Aesculapius Hygieia
Saturn / Saturnus
(King of the titans)
Saturn was the Roman god of generation/sowing, plenty, wealth, agriculture, dissolution, renewal, liberation and the Roman god of time over mortals and immortals. Saturn was one of the most famous Roman gods.
  • 17-23 December Saturnalia festival including feasting, gift-giving, gambling, wearing of the Pilleus (felt hat) public sacrifice and a banquet to honor Saturn.
  • 23 December The last day of Saturnalia was called Sigillaria where wax/pottery figurines were given as gifts.
  • 25 December Brumalia winter solstice festival honoring Saturn, Ceres and Bacchus consisting of feasting and merriment.
Di selecti[1] (1 of 20 main Roman gods). Sabine god. Male Caelus and Terra Mater.
Janus, Ops. Ops Dis Pater/Pluto, Jupiter, Neptune, Picus, Juno, Ceres, Vesta
Chronos
Scotus
Scotus was the Roman god of darkness. Primordial god. Male Erebus
Securitas
Securitas was the Roman goddess of security and stability both personal and of Rome. Abstract deity[4]. Female
Sentia Sentia was the Roman goddess who gives sentience (thought and senses) to the unborn child. Conception and pregnancy. Indigitamenta[3]. Female
Sentinus
Sentinus was the Roman god who gives sentience (thought and senses) to the unborn child. Conception and pregnancy. Indigitamenta[3]. Male
Serritor Serritor was the Roman god of digging and hoeing. One of Ceres 12 helper gods of  invoked during Cerialia. 12 April Cerialia festival. Assistant deity. Agricultural deity. Indigitamenta[3]. Male
Sol / Sol Indiges / Sol Invictus
Sol was the Roman Sun god. The personifications are used inconsistently with much disagreement among scholars:
  • Sol Indiges “Native / Invoked sun”, probably earliest.
  • Sol Invictus “Unconquered Sun”.

Sol’s origins lie in Mesopotamian mythology. Helios is most closely associated with Sol Invictus.

  • 9 August public sacrifice at the Quirinal to Sol Indiges.
  • 28 August Circus Maximus games in honor of Sol and Luna.
  • 11 December Agonalia (religious) festival for Sol Indiges.
Di selecti[1] (1 of 20 main Roman gods). Sabine god. Deified mortal (Sol Indiges). Male Aurora, Luna. Helios
Somnus
Somnus was the Roman god of sleep. Male Nox (Greek: Nyx). Hypnos
Spes Spes was the Roman goddess of hope. 1 August temple of Spes anniversary. Abstract deity[4]. Female Elpis
Statina / Statilina / Statinus / Statilinus Roman goddess who gives the baby “fitness” in order that the father accepts responsibility to raise the child. Childbirth. Indigitamenta[3]. Female
Subigus / Subigus pater
Subigus was the Roman god who caused a bride to submit (sexually) to her husband. Conception and pregnancy. Indigitamenta[3]. Male
Subruncinator Roman god of weeding. One of Ceres 12 helper gods invoked during Cerialia. 12 April Cerialia festival. Assistant deity. Agricultural deity. Indigitamenta[3]. Male
Summanus Summanus was the Roman god of nocturnal thunder. 20 June temple of Summanus anniversary. Sabine god. Di inferi. Chthonic deity[6]. Male
Terminus
Terminus was the Roman god of boundary markers.  
  • 23 February Terminalia festival in honor of Terminus. where farmers agreed borders and made sacrifices to ward off evil.
  • 24 February Regifugium festival to Terminus marking the expulsion of the last king of Rome.
Sabine god. Male none
Tellus Mater / Tellus / Terra Mater “Mother Earth”
Tellus Mater was the primordial Roman goddess of Mother Earth and fertility.
  • 15 April Fordicidia fertility festival and games.
  • 8 December festival for Gaia.
  • 13 December temple of Tellus anniversary.
Di selecti[1] (Tellus was 1 of 20 main Roman gods). Primordial goddess (Gaia). Abstract deity[4]. Female Caelus With Caelus: Moneta Gaia
Tiberinus Pater / Father Tiber
Roman river god of the Tiber river.
  • June 7 Ludi Piscatorii “Fishermen’s Games”.
  • 8 December festival for Tiberinus Pater.
  • 17 August Tiberinalia festival to Father Tiber.
Genius Male Oceanus and Tethys. Aithex, Canens, Fontus and Olistene. Rhea Silvia / Ilia.
Trivia
(Queen of Ghosts)
Trivia was the Roman goddess of sorcery, witchcraft, haunted graveyards and crossroads. Di inferi. Chthonic deity[6]. Female With Caelus: Janus. Hecate
Vagitanus Roman god who opened the newborn’s mouth to cry. Di nixi /Nixae. Childbirth. Indigitamenta[3]. Male
Vejovis / Vediovis / Vejove / Vedovus Vejovis was the Roman god of healing and medicine. One of the first Roman gods in the world.
  • 1 January festival to Vejovis.
  • 7 March festival to Vejovis.
  • 21 May festival to Vejovis.
Sabine god. Di inferi. Chthonic deity[6]. Male Asclepius
Venus / Venus Victrix / Venus Genetrix
Venus was the Roman goddess of love and beauty. Venus is one of the most famous Roman goddesses.
  • 1 April Veneralia wine festival to Jupiter and Venus.
  • 23 April Vinalia Priora wine festival to Jupiter and Venus.
  • 19 August Vinalia Rustica wine harvest festival to Jupiter and Venus.
  • 26 September temple of Venus Genetrix anniversary.
  • 9 October rites at shrines on the Capitolium for Genius Publicus, Fausta Felicitas and Venus Victrix.
Di selecti[1] (1 of 20 main Roman gods). Female Jupiter and Dione.
Mars, Vulcan, Aeneas (mortal).
  • with Anchises (mortal): Aeneas
  • with Mars: Cupid, Himerus, Formido, Pavor.
Aphrodite
Veritas Veritas was the Roman goddess of truth. Female
Vertumnus / Vortumnus / Vertimnus
Vertumnus was the Roman god of the seasons, gardens, plant growth, fruit trees and change. 13 August Vertumnalia festival shared with Pomona. Etruscan god (probably) Male Pomona
Vervactor Minor Roman god of the first ploughing. One of Ceres 12 helper gods of  invoked during Cerialia. 12 April Cerialia festival. Assistant deity. Agricultural deity. Indigitamenta[3]. Male  
Vesper
Vesper was the Roman god of the evening star. Male Hesperus
Vesta Vesta was the Roman virgin goddess of home and hearth. Vesta was a beloved household Roman goddess. 13-21 February Parentalia festival in honor of family ancestors. On the opening day (the Ides of February) a preistess of Vesta conducted a rite for the collective Di Parentes of Rome at the tomb of Tarpeia. Di selecti[1]. 1 of 3 maiden goddesses along with Diana and Minerva.
7-15 June Vestalia religious festival (apart from 9 June which was non-religious “dies religiosus”).
Female Saturn and Ops. Pluto / Dis Pater, Neptune, Jupiter, Juno and Ceres. Hestia
Victoria
Victoria was the Roman goddess of victory and triumph over death. Other goddesses were identified with Victoria:
  • Dispiter was an earlier Roman goddess.
  • Vacuna was an earlier Sabine goddess.
  • 17 July temple of Honos and Virtus anniversary and sacrifice to Victoria.
  • 20 July, Ludi Victoriae Caesari (Roman games)
  • 1 August Victoria temple anniversary on the Palatine hill.
  • 26 October to 1 November Ludi Victoriae Sullanae (Sulla’s Victory games).
Abstract deity[4]. Adapted from Sabine goddess. Female Pallas (Greek) and Styx (Greek). Nike
Virtus
Virtus was the Roman god of bravery and military strength, normally depicted, and honored together with Honor, at the temple of Honos and Virtus.
  • 29 May Honos and Virtus temple anniversary.
  • 17 July temple of Honos and Virtus anniversary and sacrifice to Victoria.
  • 12 August Venus Victrix temple anniversary and festival to Honos and Virtus, Felicitas and possibly Vesta.
Male Arete
Vitula
Vitula was the Roman goddess of joy and celebration (of victories). 8 July Vitulatio festival. Female
Vitumnus
Minor Roman god who endows the fetus with life. Conception and pregnancy. Male
Volumnus / Volumna
Roman goddess that instills the will to do good in children. Childhood development. Indigitamenta[3]. Female
Voluptas / Volupta
Voluptas was the Roman goddess of sensual pleasure or delight and to drive away the sorrow and chagrin of life. the Gratiae (The Graces / The Charities). Female Cupid and Phyche. Hedone
Volturnus Roman god of the river Tiber, fountains and waters. 27 August Volturnalia sacrifice to Volturnus festival. Di flaminales[2]. Etruscan deity. Male Juturna Eurus
Vulcan / Vulcanus / Mulciber
Vulcan was the Roman god of fire, blacksmiths, metalworking and volcanoes. Vulcan was often a symbol of male fertility. Vulcan later became identified with Greek smith god Hephaestus and became the god of smithing. In Greek mythology Hephaistos forged thunderbolts for Zeus, in Roman mythology Vulcan provided the bolts for Jupiter. Vulcan is one of the most famous Roman gods.
  • 23 May Tubilustria purification of trumpets ceremony.
  • 23 August Vulcanalia festival with sacrifices to Vulcan and goddesses Ops Opifera, Juturna, Maia, Hora and the water nymphs.
Di selecti[1] (1 of 20 main Roman gods). Di flaminales[2]. Sabine god. Male Jupiter and Juno. Mars, Minerva, Hercules, Bellona, Apollo, Diana and Bacchus. Venus, Maia, Aetna (nymph), Aglaea / Charis.
Hephaestus

Notes and FAQ about ADDucation Roman Gods & Goddesses A to Z list:

  • Notes: [1] Di selecti: 20 main Roman gods. [2] Di flaminales: 15 Roman gods with devoted flamens (priests, plural “flamines”). The Rex Sacrorum[17] “king of the sacred” was officially the highest position in Roman state religion, followed by the three flamines maiores: Flamen Dialis (Jupiter), Flamen Martialis (Mars), Flamen Quirinalis (Quirinus), then the Pontifex Maximus[18] “greatest priest” (who actually had the most power) then the 12 flamines minores. [3]Indigitamenta: Roman deities primarily known by name alone, or as an epithet of a major god or a minor entity. ies, or epithets of major gods. The College of Pontiffs maintained the indigitamenta list to ensure the correct names were invoked in public prayers. [4] Abstract deity: Divine personification of a virtue which can be invoked in prayer or used as an epithet “byname/nickname”. [5] Tutelary deity: Guardian/protector or patron of specific places, people and occupations. [6]Chthonic deity: Underworld “subterranean” god/goddess or spirit.
  • This list of Roman deities is primarily compiled from the works of Roman scholar Marcus Terentius Varro (116-27 BC) and Roman poet Ovid (43 BC ~ 17 AD) and other Roman historians.
  • Roman mythology has many conflicting stories so this table of Roman goddesses and gods and their Greek equivalents will always be a work in progress. Please use the comments area to help us resolve issues and improve the list.
  • Interestingly the Romans considered odd numbers lucky which is why almost all the Roman festivals and temple anniversaries were held on odd-numbered days.

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