roman gods and goddesses

Roman Gods and Goddesses A-Z

Roman Gods and Goddesses A-Z List of Roman Deities

ADDucation’s list of Roman gods and goddesses is part of our series of Roman and Greek mythology lists packed with key facts including parents, consorts, siblings, grouping and the equivalent deities in Greek mythology which were adopted into Roman mythology.

ADDucation Tips: Click column headings with arrows to sort Roman gods and goddesses. Click the + icon to expand columns on tablets and mobiles. Resize your browser to see more/less columns. To quickly find specific Roman gods enter the name of the deity in the “Filter table…” below.
Key: Bold indicates male/masculine entities and bold+Italics indicates female/feminine entities

Roman Deities Title/s Festivals and Anniversaries Group/s Gender Parents Siblings Consort/s Offspring Greek Equivalent
Abeona
Roman goddess of partings. Indigitamenta. Conception, childbirth and childcare. Female
Adeona / Adiona
Roman goddess of safe return, learning to walk and guiding children home. Indigitamenta. Childhood development. Female
Agenoria
Roman goddess that encourages children to be active, e.g. walking reasoning, counting, singing etc. Indigitamenta. Childhood development. Female
Alemona
Roman goddess of unborn children who nourishes the growth of the embryo. Indigitamenta. Conception and pregnancy. Female
Angerona / Angeronia
Roman goddess of suffering and silence who relieved pain and sorrow. Protector of Rome and keeper of the sacred name of the city – which should not be spoken to conceal it from her enemies. 21 December Angeronalia / Divalia festival in honor of Angerona. Sacrifices were made in the temple of Voluptia (which contained a statue of Angerona) to Angerona, Hercules and Ceres. Female
Anna Perenna
Roman goddess of the year, the annual lunar cycle of the moon (per annum). See also Luna. 15 March New Year’s Day festival and holiday to honor Anna Perenna. Female Bellus (king of Sidon) Dido / Elissa (Phoenician princess and founder of Carthage)
Antevorta / Porrima (past)
Roman goddess of childbirth. The Camenae. Aspect of Carmenta. Indigitamenta. Conception, childbirth and childcare.
Female
Apollo / Phoebus / Apollo Phoebus
Roman god of the sun (rides the sun). Roman god of healing, medicine, music and poetry.
  • 6-13 July Ludi Apollinares games.
  • 14-19 July Ludi Apollinare games, markets and fairs.
  • 23 September temple of Apollo (and Latona) rededication anniversary.
Di selecti (The 20 main Roman gods). Male Jupiter and Latona Diana (twin) various
  • with Coronis: Aesculapius
  • with ? Janus
Apollo
Aesculapius
Roman god of healing and medicine. Male Apollo and Coronis Asclepius
Aurora / Mater Matuta
Virgin Roman goddess of dawn and matrons. 11 June festival with offerings for blessings on children at Mater Matuta’s temple. Female Sol, Luna Tithonus (mortal prince of Troy) Eos
Bacchus Roman god of agriculture, fertility and wine (parties/festivals, madness and merriment) 25 December Brumalia winter solstice festival honoring Saturn, Ceres and Bacchus consisting of feasting and merriment. Male Jupiter and Semele Dionysius
Bellona Roman goddess of war. 3 June temple of Bellona anniversary. Female Jupiter and Juno Discordia, Juventas, Lucina, Mars, Vulcan Mars Enyo
Caelus
Roman god of the sky. Primordial god (Uranus). Male Ether and Dies (Day, Hemera in Greek) With Trivia: Janus Uranus
Candelifera
Roman childbirth goddess that bears a candle during night time labor and possibly to ward off evil spirits by candlelight in the nursery. Childbirth and neonatel. Indigitamenta. Female
Catius pater
“Father Catius”
Roman god who protected boys and was invoked to sharpen the intellect of children. Childhood development. Indigitamenta. Male Tellus With Tellus: Moneta
Cardea / Carda / Carna / Cranea
Roman goddess of the hinges of doorways. Specifically Carna was associated with building strong muscles and defending flesh and internal organs from strigea (witches). 1 June festival to Carna. Childhood development. Nymph. Aspect of Juno. Female
Carmena
Roman goddess that enabled children to sing. Childhood development. Aspect of Juno. Female
The Carmenae / The Casmenae
Prophetic Roman nymph goddesses of childbirth, fountains and wells. See also (The Muses). The Carmenae:
  • Antevorta
  • Postvorta
  • Carmenta / Carmentis
  • Egeria /Aegeria
13 August Diana on the Aventine festival. The Camenae. Roman gods group. Female The Muses
Carmenta / Carmentis (Nicostrate)
Roman goddess of childbirth and prophecy, technological innovation, protection of mothers and children. 11 & 15 January Carmentalia feast days. Di Flaminales. The Camenae. Cimmerian Sibyl. Female Mercury Evander
Ceres Roman goddess of the bounty (of growth and creation) including farming,  agriculture, the harvest, fertility and motherly relationships.
  • 12-19 April Cerialia festival and games to Ceres with chariot racing on the last day.
  • 4 October Ieiunium Cereris fasting day in honor of Ceres.
  • 24 August first of three days the “mundus cerialis” (world of Ceres)” ritual pit was opened. Offerings were made to Ceres and other agricultural and underworld deities.
  • 5 October second opening of the “mundus” pit.
  • 8 November third opening of the “mundus” pit.
  • 13 December lectisternium (propitiatory meal offering ceremony) to Ceres.
  • 25 December Brumalia winter solstice festival honoring Saturn, Ceres and Bacchus consisting of feasting and merriment.
Dii Consentes (aka Di/Dei Consentes deities). Di Flaminales. Di selecti. Aventine Triad (Ceres, Liber, Libera). Female Saturn and Ops
Pluto / Dis Pater, Jupiter, Neptune, Juno, Vesta Demeter
Cinxia / Virginiensis
Roman goddess that loosened the bride’s girdle after marriage so the groom could remove it after their wedding. Conception and pregnancy. Aspect of Juno. Female
Concordia
Roman goddess of concord (agreement and harmony) in marriage and society.
  • 5 February temple of Concordia anniversary.
  • 22 July temple of Concordia anniversary.
Female Harmonia
Consevius / Consivius / Deus Consevius Roman god of insemination and propagation. Conception and pregnancy. Aspect of Janus. Male
Consus
Roman god protector of grains.
  • 7 July sacrifice to Consus by public priests.
  • 21 August Consualia festival parades and chariot races.
  • 12 December temple of Consus on the Aventine ceremonies.
Agricultural god. Male
Cuba
Roman goddess that helps a child transition from cradle to bed. Childhood development. Indigitamenta. Female
Cunina
Roman goddess that protects the cradle from malevolent magic. Childhood development. Indigitamenta. Female
Cupid / Amor
Roman god of erotic love, attraction and affection. Male Mars and Venus Psyche Eros
Cybele / Magna Mater
Roman “Great Mother” or mother of the Roman gods. 4-10 April Megalesia festival to Cybele with games and chariot racing on the last day. Female
Dea Tacita “The silent goddess. mute goddess”
Roman goddess of the dead who sealed up hostile mouths and unfriendly tongues. Associated with Larunda. 21 February Feralia festival to celebrate di Manes chthonic (underworld) deities representing the souls of the deceased. Feralia was held on the last day of the Parentalia festival to remember ancesters. Rites in the name of Dea Tacita were also performed. Muse (Carmenae). Di inferni. Di Manes. Female
Decima
Roman goddess who uses her rod to measure the thread of life at birth. The Parcae (the Fates. Greek: The Moirai). Conception and pregnancy. Female Scotus and Nox Morta, Nona Lachesis
Deverra Roman goddess who used a broom to sweep away evil influences and protect midwives and women in labor. Neonatel and childhood. Male
Diana Roman virgin goddess of childbirth and women. Roman goddess of the hunt and the moon. 13-15 August (or on the August Full Moon) Nemoralia (festival of torches) to Diana at the temple of Diana on the Aventine. Di selecti (The 20 main Roman gods). 1 of 3 maiden goddesses along with Minerva and Vesta. Triad of Roman goddesses with Egeria and Virbius. Sabine goddess. Female Jupiter and Latona Apollo (twin) Artemis
Dis / Dis Pater / Orcus / Pluto
Roman god of the underworld. Male Saturn and Ops Jupiter, Neptune, Juno, Vesta, Ceres Proserpina Hades / Pluto
Dominduca
Roman goddess that accompanies children returning home. See also Interduca. Childhood development. Aspect of Juno. Female
Edusa / Edula / Edulia /Educa / Edesia
Roman goddess of teaching children to eat food and nourishment. Childhood development. Aspect of Juno. Female
Egeria / Aegeria
Roman minor nymph nature goddess associated with a place or landform. The Camenae. Aspect of Carmenta. Childbirth.
Female Numa Pompilius, (Second Sabine king of Rome).
Epona
Celtic-Roman goddess protector of horses, mares, ponies, donkeys, mules and fertility. 18 December Eponalia in honor of Epona. Female
Evander of Pallene
Evander brought Greek culture to Italy including the Greek pantheon, alphabet and laws and was deified after his death. Evander founded the city of Pallantium on the site where Rome was built. 15 February Lupercalia pastoral festival instituted by Evander in pre-Roman times. Deified Hero. Male Mercury and Carmenta Pallas Evander
Fabulinus Roman god who enables children to speak their first words. Di nixi /Nixae. Indigitamenta. Childhood development. Male
Fauna / Fatua / Bona Dea
“The good goddess”
Roman goddess of prophecy, chastity, fertility, healing and the protection of individuals and the Roman state.
  • 1 May temple of Bona Dea anniversary.
  • 3 December Bona Dea rites for women.
Fauni. Female Faunus Faunus Faunus Damia
Farinus
Roman god that enables speech in children. Indigitamenta. Childhood development. Male
Faunus Roman god of the forest, plains and fields. Roman god of prophecy.
  • 13 February festival for Faunus on Tiber island.
  • 15 February Pre-Roman Lupercalia festival (dies Februatus) to Faunus with offerings, sacrifices, feasting, a foot race and fertility rites which eventually became the Christian St. Valentine’s Day!
  • 5 December country festival for Faunus.
Fauni. Male Picus Fauna Fauna Bona Dea / Fauna / Fatua Pan
Febris “Fever”
Roman goddess who wards off and protects against fever. 21 February Feralia festival to honor the gods of the underworld and souls of dead ancestors. Di inferi. Female
Februus “Purifier”
Roman god of god of purification, death and riches. 21 February Feralia festival to honor the gods of the underworld and souls of dead ancestors. Etruscan god. Di inferi. Male
Feronia Roman goddess of fertility, wildlife, abundance, health and granted freedom and/or civil rights to slaves. 13 November festival in honor of Feronia. Sabine goddess. Female
Fides Roman goddess of trust and good faith (bona fides). 1 October ceremony for Fides. Sabine goddess. Female
Felicitas / Felicitas Augusta / Felicitas Fausta / Felicitas Publica / Felicitas Temporum
Roman goddess of woman’s fertility, good fortune and good luck in general. 9 October rites at shrines on the Capitolium for Genius Publicus, Fausta Felicitas and Venus Victrix. Female
Flora Roman goddess of youth, spring and flowers. One of several Roman fertility goddesses.
  • 27 April-3 May Ludi Florales (Flora games) to celebrate fertility with promiscuous activities and chariot racing on the last day.
  • 13 August Diana on the Aventine festival.
Di Flaminales. Sabine goddess. Female Favonius (God of the west wind). Chloris
Fluonia / Fluvionia
Roman goddess who holds back menstruation to allow conception. Conception and pregnancy. Indigitamenta. Female
Fontus / Fons
Roman god of flowing water, springs and wells. 13 October Fontinalia religious festival in honor of Fons. Wells and fountains were decorated with garlands. Sabine god. Male Janus and Juturna Aithex, Canens, Tiberinus, Olistene
Fornax
Roman goddess of ovens and baking of bread 17 February festival. Female
Fortuna Roman goddess of good fortune and the personification of luck.
  • 1 April Veneralia festival.
  • 5 April temple of Fortuna anniversary.
  • 25 May temple of Fortuna Primigenia anniversary.
  • 13 August Diana on the Aventine festival.
  • 24 June Fors Fortuna festival with sacrifices.
  • 6 July temple of Temple of Fortuna Muliebris anniversary.
  • 3-12 October Augustalia (Augustus games) altar to Fortuna Redux.
  • 13 November festival in honor of Fortuna Primigenia.
Sabine goddess. Female Jupiter Tyche
Furrina / Furina Roman goddess of springs and bubbling water. 25 July Furrinalia festival to Furrina. Di Flaminales. Female
The Genii / Genius / Genius Publicus The Genii are anonymous Roman gods and goddesses. Every person is followed by their own genius from birth until death. Most places and things have a genius and there are specific Genii “guardian spirits” including Genius Publicus Populi Romani who looked after the Roman people. 9 October rites at shrines on the Capitolium for Genius Publicus, Fausta Felicitas and Venus Victrix. Di inferi. Male ( Aspect of Jupiter) / Female (Aspect of Juno)
Hercules
Roman hero and, divinized by apotheosis to god.  
  • 4 June restoration of Hercules Custos temple anniversary.
  • 29 June temple of Hercules Musarum anniversary.
  • 12 August sacrifice of a heifer (cow) to Hercules Invictus and offering from the skyphos (ritual 2 handled cup) of Hercules.
Deified Hero. Male Jupiter and Alcmene
Juventas Heracles
Innus / Mutunus Tutunus
Roman phallic god of sexual penetration and urge to mate. Conception and pregnancy. Male
Invidia
Roman goddess of jealousy, divine retribution and envy. Di inferi. The Dirae. Female Phthonus
Intercidona
Roman goddess who protects the mother and newborn child against Silvanus the forest god. Neonatel and childhood. Female
Interduca
Roman goddess that accompanies children leaving the house. See also Domiduca. Childhood development. Aspect of Juno. Female
Janus Roman god of gates, doorways endings, beginnings, time, transition, duality and passages. Janus “opened up access to the generative seed” provided by Saturn.
  • 9 January Agonalia (religious) festival to Janus.
  • 17 August Temple of Janus anniversary.
Di selecti (The 20 main Roman gods). Male Caelus and Trivia (Greek: Uranus and Hecate) or primordial deities Ether and Dies Camese Camese, Juturna, Venilia
  • With Venilia: Canens
  • With Juturna: Fontus
  • With Camese: Aithex, Olistene, Tiberinus
none
Jugatinus
Roman god of marriage and conjugal matters. Conception and childbirth. Male
Juno / Luno / Iovino / Iuno Regina “Queen Juno”
Roman goddess of childbirth, marriage and beginnings. Protector and counselor of the Roman state.
  • 1 July temple of Juno Felicitas anniversary.
  • 1 September ceremonies for Juno Regina on the Aventine and Jupiter Tonans “the Thunderer” on the Capitolium.
Di selecti (The 20 main Roman gods). Capitoline Triad (Jupiter, Juno, Minerva). Female Saturn Pluto / Dis Pater, Neptune, Jupiter,Vesta, Ceres Jupiter Mars, Vulcan, Bellona, Juventas Hera
Juno Moneta
Roman goddess responsible for protecting money and funds in general.
  • 1 June temple of Juno Moneta anniversary.
  • 10 October temple of Juno Moneta rededication.
Aspect of Juno. Female
Jupiter / Jove / Lovis / Diespiter
“Heavenly father” (King of Roman gods and goddesses)
Roman god of lightning, thunder, sky and brings babies towards daylight.
  • 13 January Ides festival to Jupiter.
  • 13 February Ides festival to Jupiter and first day of Parentalia festival in honor of family ancestors when a preistess of Vesta conducted a rite for the collective Di Parentes of Rome.
  • 15 March Ides festival to Jupiter.
  • 1 April Veneralia wine festival to Jupiter and Venus.
  • 13 April temple of Jupiter Victor anniversary.
  • 23 April Vinalia Priora wine festival to Jupiter and Venus.
  • 15 May Ides festival to Jupiter.
  • 13 June Ides festival to Jupiter.
  • 27 June temple of Jupiter Stator anniversary.
  • 5 July Poplifugia festival to Jupiter.
  • 15 July Ides festival to Jupiter.
  • 13 August Ides festival to Jupiter.
  • 19 August Vinalia Rustica wine harvest festival to Jupiter and Venus.
  • 5 September Jupiter Stator temple anniversary.
  • 5-19 September Ludi Romani (Roman games) festival.
  • 13 September Ides festival and temple to Jupiter Optimus Maximus anniversary. Epulums (ritual feasts) to Jove and the Capitoline Triad.
  • 7 October rites for Juno Curitis and Jupiter Fulgur “daytime lightning”.
  • 11 October Meditrinalia festival in honor of the new wine vintage offered to Roman gods Jupiter (in his guise of wine god) and Meditrina.
  • 15 October Ides festival to Jupiter.
  • October 26-1 November Ludi Victoriae Sullanae games in honor of Jupiter.
  • 1 November Ludi circenses (Roman circus races) in honor of Jupiter.
  • 4-17 November Ludi Plebeii (Plebeian Games) in honor of Jupiter.
  • 13 November Ides festival to Jupiter and Epulum (ritual feast) to Jupiter.
Capitoline Triad (Jupiter, Juno, Minerva). Archaic Triad. Di Flaminales. Di selecti. Childbirth. Male Saturn and Ops Pluto / Dis Pater, Neptune, Juno, Vesta, Ceres
Juno, Moneta
  • With Juno: Vulcan, Minerva, Mars, Bellona
  • With Dione: Venus
  • With Latona: Apollo, Diana
  • With Maia: Mercury
  • With Semele: Bacchus
  • With Ceres: Prosperina
  • With Alcmene: Hercules
  • With Moneta: The Muses
  • Possibly: Invidia, Lucina
Zeus
Jupiter Fidius / Dius Fidius
Roman god of oaths, loyalty and justice.
  • June 5 temple of Dius Fidius anniversary.
  • 1 September ceremonies for Juno Regina on the Aventine and Jupiter Tonans “the Thunderer” on the Capitolium.
  • 7 October rites for Juno Curitis and Jupiter Fulgur “daytime lightning”.
Epithet of Jupiter. Male
Juturna Roman goddess of fountains, wells and springs 11 January festival. Naiad Female Turnus (King of the Rutili) Janus, Jupiter Fontus
Juventas / Lucentus
Roman goddess of youth and rejuvenation. Female Hercules Hebe
Larenta / Larunda / Larunde / Laranda / Lara / Acca Larentia / Acca Larentina / Lupa
Municipal goddess of Larentum who was imported as a Roman earth goddess following it’s conquest. 23 December Larentalia sacrifices were offered to the Lares at the temples of Diana and Juno Regina in the Circus Flaminius and the Tempestates. Offerings were presented to Lara in a mundus (pit). Naiad Female Mercury
Levana
Ancient Roman goddess that symbolically “lifts” the baby from Mother Earth for the midwife to cut the umbilical cord. Childbirth. Female
Liber / Liber Pater
“Father Liber”
Roman god of viticulture, wine, freedom and fertility (release of semen). 17 March Liberalia festival to Liber. Aventine Triad (Ceres, Liber, Libera). Di selecti. Conception and childbirth. Male Dionysus / Bacchus
Libera Roman goddess of wine, freedom and fertility (contributing semina “seed”). 17 March Liberalia festival to Libera. Aventine Triad (Ceres, Liber, Libera). Conception and childbirth. Female
Locutius Roman god who enables children to form sentences. Childhood development. Indigitamenta. Male
Lucina / Juno Lucina
Roman goddess of childbirth and childhood development. Lucina introduces babies to the light. 1 March Matronalia festival. Di nixi /Nixae. Sabine goddess. Childbirth and childhood development. Indigitamenta. Female Jupiter
Luna Roman goddess of the moon. See also Anna Perenna.
  • 31 March temple of Luna anniversary.
  • 24 August sacrifices to Luna on the Graecostasis platform.
  • 28 August Circus Maximus games in honor of Sol and Luna.
Di selecti (The 20 main Roman gods). Sabine goddess. Aurora, Sol Selene
Mania
Roman goddess of the dead and the underworld. Di inferi.   Mantus  
Mantus
Roman god of the dead and the underworld. Di inferi.   Mania
 
Mars Roman god of war
  • 27 February and 14 March Equirria festivals (horse racing) to Mars.
  • 1 March, 19 March Feriae Marti (festival for Mars).
  • 17 March Agonalia (religious) festival.
  • 19-23 March Quinquatrus festival to Mars and Minerva.
  • 23 March Tubilustrium festival to Mars. War trumpets cleaned and priests of Mars danced on the streets.
  • 14 May Temple of Mars Invictus (Mars the Unconquered) anniversary.
  • 1 June temple of Mars on the clivus anniversary.
  • 13–15 June Quinquatrus minusculae festival to Mars and Minerva.
  • 15 October October Horse / Equus October festival with animal sacrifice to honor Mars. Two-horse chariot races on the Campius Martius.
  • 19 October Armilustrium (military festival) with trumpets, garlands for soldiers, rites, animal sacrifice and torches in honor of Mars.
Di selecti (The 20 main Roman gods). Archaic Triad. Di Flaminales. Male Juno Lucina (without Jupiter) Ares
Meditrina
Roman goddess of wine, health, longevity and healing. 11 October Meditrinalia festival in honor of the new wine vintage offered to Roman gods Jupiter (in his guise of wine god) and Meditrina. Female Aesculapius and Epione Aceso, Aglaea, Aratus, Hygieia, Iaso, Machaon, Panacea, Podaleirios, Telesphoros
Mena / Dea Mena
Roman goddess of menstrual flow. Conception and childbirth. Indigitamenta. Female
Mens Bona / Bona Mens /Mens “Good mind”
Roman goddess that gives a child consciousness and reasoning. 8 June temple of Mens anniversary. Childhood development. Aspect of Juno. Female
Mercury Roman god of thieves, merchants, commerce and travelers. Winged messenger of the Roman gods. 15 May Mercuralia festival to Mercury. Di selecti (The 20 main Roman gods). Male Jupiter Carmenta Evander Hermes
Minerva Roman virgin goddess of wisdom, handicrafts, strategic warfare, and trade
  • 19-23 March Quinquatrus festival to Mars and Minerva.
  • 13–15 June Quinquatrus minusculae festival to Mars and Minerva.
  • 19 June temple of Minerva on the Aventine anniversary.
Di selecti (The 20 main Roman gods). Capitoline Triad (Jupiter, Juno, Minerva). Sabine goddess. 1 of 3 maiden goddesses along with Diana and Vesta. Female Jupiter and Metis Athena / Athene
Moneta
Roman goddess of memory Female Caelus and Tellus (Greek: Uranus and Gaia Jupiter With Jupiter: The Muses Mnemosyne
Morta
Roman goddess of death who cuts the thread of life and chooses the manner of a person’s death. See also Parca. The Parcae (the Fates. Greek: The Moirai). Childbirth. Female Scotus and Nox
Decima, Nona Atropos / Aisa
Neptune / Neptunus
Roman god of the sea
  • 23 July Neptunalia festival to Neptune celebrated by dock workers on the Tiber river with food and games.
  • 1 December temple ceremonies for Neptune.
Di selecti (The 20 main Roman gods). Male Saturn and Ops Pluto / Dis Pater, Jupiter, Juno, Vesta, Ceres Dis Pater, Jupiter Poseidon
Nona
Roman goddess that spin the thread of life from her distaff onto her spindle at birth. The Parcae (the Fates. Greek: The Moirai). Conception, pregnancy. Childbirth. Indigitamenta. Female Scotus and Nox Decima, Morta Clotho
Nox Roman goddess of the night. Primordial goddess (Nyx). Female Nyx
Numeria
Roman goddess that taught children to count. Childhood development. Indigitamenta. Female
Ops/Opis / Ops Consiva / Ops Opifera “Plenty”
Roman goddess of fertility.
  • 23 August Vulcanalia festival with sacrifices to Vulcan and goddesses Ops Opifera, Maia, nymphs and the Hora.
  • 25 August Opiconsivia end of harvest festival.
  • 19 December Opalia festival marking the storage of grain.
Sabine goddess. Female Dis Pater, Jupiter, Neptune Rhea
Orcus / Dis Pater
Roman god of the underworld and punisher of broken oaths. Di selecti (The 20 main Roman gods). Male Hades
Ossipago / Ossipagina / Ossilago / Opigena / Ossipango / Ossipaga Roman goddess that builds strong bones. Childhood development. Indigitamenta. Female
Palatua Roman teaching goddess of the Palatine Hill. Di Flaminales. Female
Pales or Pales
Roman god or goddess of shepherds, flocks and livestock.
  • 21 April Parilia rustic festival and commemoration of the birthday of the city of Rome.
  • 7 July festival to the two Pales.
Sabine god. Male or Female
Partula
Roman goddess that oversees separation of the child from the mother and sets the limit of life. See also Morta. Conception and pregnancy. Childbirth. Indigitamenta. Female
Pax Roman goddess of peace. Childhood development. Indigitamenta. Female Jupiter and Justice / Lustitia Irene
Paventia / Paventina
Roman goddess that distracts fear from children. Childhood development. Indigitamenta. Female
Peta Roman goddess who looks after a child’s first wants. Indigitamenta.  
Picumnus
Roman god of fertility, matrimony, infants, children and agriculture. Neonatel and childhood. Indigitamenta. Male Pilumnus
Pietas
Roman goddess that cautioned humans against intrusion into the realm of the Roman gods. 1 December temple ceremonies for Pietas. Female
Pilumnus
Roman nature god who ensured children stayed healthy and grew properly. Neonatel and childhood. Indigitamenta. Male Picumnus
Pertunda
Roman goddess of sexual penetration. Conception and pregnancy. Indigitamenta. Female
Pluto Roman god of death and riches under the Earth Male
Pomona Roman goddess of fruitful abundance, fruit trees, gardens, and orchards. 13 August temple of Diana on the Aventine festival. Di Flaminales. Female Vertumnus
Portunus Roman god of keys, doors, livestock and ports. 17 August Portunalia festival. Di Flaminales. Male
Postverta / Postvorta / Prosa
Roman goddess to avoid breech birth The Camenae. Aspect of Carmenta. Childbirth. Indigitamenta.
Female
Potina / Potica / Bibesa
Roman goddess that enables a child to drink. Childhood development. Indigitamenta. Female
Potua Childhood development. Indigitamenta. Female
Prema (dea Mater) / Prema mater
Roman mother goddess who causes the bride to be submissive on her wedding night. Conception and pregnancy. Indigitamenta. Female
Proserpina/Proserpine Roman goddess of springtime. Queen of the underworld. Female Ceres Dis Pater / Pluto
Persephone
Quirinus
Quirinus was a Sabine god of war. His altar, on one of the seven hills of Rome, was called the Quirinal. It was renamed for Romulus the founder and first king of Rome and Quirinus became one of the Roman gods of state associated with myrtle. 17 February Quirinalia festival to honor Quirinus by the high priest, the Flamen Quirinalis. Di Flaminales. Archaic Triad. Sabine god. Male
Robigus
Roman god of rust andagricultural disease. 25 April Robigalia festival to avert crop failure with prayer, sacrifice and chariot racing. Male
Salus (Salus Semonia) Roman goddess of safety and well-being (welfare, health and prosperity) of individuals and the state. 5 August public sacrifice at the temple of Salus. Sabine goddess. Female Hygieia
Saturn / Saturnus
(King of the titans)
Roman god of generation/sowing, plenty, wealth, agriculture, dissolution, renewal, liberation and the Roman god of time over mortals and immortals.
  • 17-23 December Saturnalia festival including feasting, gift-giving, gambling, wearing of the Pilleus (felt hat) public sacrifice and a banquet to honor Saturn.
  • 23 December The last day of Saturnalia was called Sigillaria where wax/pottery figurines were given as gifts.
  • 25 December Brumalia winter solstice festival honoring Saturn, Ceres and Bacchus consisting of feasting and merriment.
Di selecti (The 20 main Roman gods). Sabine god. Male Uranus Dis Pater, Jupiter, Neptune Chronos
Scotus
Roman god of darkness. Primordial god. Male Erebus
Sentia Roman goddess who gives sentience (thought and senses) to the unborn child. Conception and pregnancy. Indigitamenta. Female
Sentinus
Roman god who gives sentience (thought and senses) to the unborn child. Conception and pregnancy. Indigitamenta. Male
Statina / Statilina / Statinus / Statilinus
Roman goddess who gives the baby “fitness” in order that the father accepts responsibility to raise the child. Childbirth. Indigitamenta. Female
Sol / Sol Indiges / Sol Invictus
Roman Sun god.
  • 9 August public sacrifice at the Quirinal to Sol Indiges.
  • 28 August Circus Maximus games in honor of Sol and Luna.
  • 11 December Agonalia (religious) festival for Sol Indiges.
Di selecti (The 20 main Roman gods). Sabine god. Male Aurora, Luna Helios
Somnus
Roman god of sleep. Male Nox (Greek: Nyx) Hypnos
Spes Roman goddess of hope. 1 August temple of Spes anniversary. Female
Subigus / Subigus pater
Roman god who causes the bride to submit (sexually) to her husband. Conception and pregnancy. Indigitamenta. Male
Summanus Roman god of nocturnal thunder. 20 June temple of Summanus anniversary. Sabine god. Male
Terminus
Roman god of boundary markers.  
  • 23 February Terminalia festival in honor of Terminus. where farmers agreed borders and made sacrifices to ward off evil.
  • 24 February Regifugium festival to Terminus marking the expulsion of the last king of Rome.
Sabine god. Male none
Terra Mater / Tellus Mater
Roman goddess of mother Earth.
  • 15 April Fordicidia fertility festival and games.
  • 8 December festival for Gaia.
  • 13 December temple of Tellus anniversary.
Di selecti (The 20 main Roman gods). Primordial goddess (Gaia). Female Caelus With Caelus: Moneta Gaia
Tiberinus Pater / Father Tiber
Roman river god of the Tiber river.
  • June 7 Ludi Piscatorii “Fishermen’s Games”.
  • 8 December festival for Tiberinus Pater.
Genius Male Oceanus and Tethys Aithex, Canens, Fontus, Olistene Rhea Silvia / Ilia
Trivia
(Queen of Ghosts)
Roman goddess of sorcery, witchcraft, haunted graveyards and crossroads. Female With Caelus: Janus Hecate
Vagitanus Roman god who opened the newborn’s mouth to cry. Di nixi /Nixae. Childbirth. Indigitamenta. Male
Vejovis / Vediovis / Vejove Roman god of healing and medicine. One of the first gods to be born.
  • 1 January festival to Vejovis.
  • 7 March festival to Vejovis.
  • 21 May festival to Vejovis.
Sabine god. Male Asclepius
Venus / Venus Victrix / Venus Genetrix
Roman goddess of love and beauty.
  • 1 April Veneralia wine festival to Jupiter and Venus.
  • 23 April Vinalia Priora wine festival to Jupiter and Venus.
  • 19 August Vinalia Rustica wine harvest festival to Jupiter and Venus.
  • 26 September temple of Venus Genetrix anniversary.
  • 9 October rites at shrines on the Capitolium for Genius Publicus, Fausta Felicitas and Venus Victrix.
Di selecti (The 20 main Roman gods). Female Jupiter and Dione
Venus Aphrodite
Veritas Roman goddess of truth. Female
Vertumnus
Roman god of the seasons, gardens, plant growth, fruit trees and change. 13 August Diana on the Aventine festival. Male Pomona
Vesper
Roman god of the evening star. Male Hesperus
Vesta Roman virgin goddess of home and hearth. 13-21 February Parentalia festival in honor of family ancestors. On the opening day (the Ides of February) a preistess of Vesta conducted a rite for the collective Di Parentes of Rome at the tomb of Tarpeia. Di selecti (The 20 main Roman gods). 1 of 3 maiden goddesses along with Diana and Minerva.
7-15 June Vestalia religious festival (apart from 9 June which was non-religious “dies religiosus”).
Female Saturn and Ops Pluto / Dis Pater, Neptune, Jupiter, JunoCeres Hestia
Victoria
Roman goddess of victory 17 July temple of Honos and Virtus anniversary and sacrifice to Victory. Female Nike
Vitumnus
Roman god who endows the fetus with life. Conception and pregnancy. Indigitamenta. Male
Volumnus / Volumna
Roman goddess that instills the will to do good in children. Childhood development. Indigitamenta. Female
Voluptas / Volupta
Roman goddess of sensual pleasure or delight and to drive away the sorrow and chagrin of life. the Gratiae (The Graces / The Charities). Female Cupid and Phyche Hedone
Volturnus Roman god of the seasons, plant growth, gardens, fruit trees and change. 27 August Volturnalia sacrifice to Volturnus festival. Di Flaminales. Male Eurus
Vulcan / Volcanus
Roman god of fire, blacksmiths, metalworking and volcanoes.
  • 23 May Tubilustria purification of trumpets ceremony.
  • 23 August Vulcanalia festival with sacrifices to Vulcan and goddesses Ops Opifera, Maia, nymphs and the Hora.
Di selecti (The 20 main Roman gods). Di Flaminales. Sabine god. Male Jupiter and Juno Venus Hephaestus

Notes and FAQ about ADDucation Roman Gods & Goddesses A to Z list:

  • This list is primarily compiled from the works of Roman scholar Marcus Terentius Varro (116-27 BC) and Roman poet Ovid (43 BC ~ 17 AD) and other Roman historians.
  • Roman mythology has many conflicting stories so this list of Roman gods and goddesses and their Greek equivalents will always be a work in progress. Please use the comments area to help us resolve issues and improve the list.
  • Romans considered odd numbers lucky which is why almost all the Roman festivals and anniversaries were held on odd-numbered days.

ADDucation Lists Related to Roman Gods and Goddesses:


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.

5 + 12 =