roman gods and goddesses

Roman Gods and Goddesses A-Z

Roman Gods and Goddesses A-Z List of Roman Deities

ADDucation’s list of Roman gods and goddesses is part of our series of Roman and Greek mythology lists packed with key facts including parents, consorts, siblings, grouping and the equivalent deities in Greek mythology which were adopted into Roman mythology.

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Key: Bold indicates male/masculine entities and bold+Italics indicates female/feminine entities

Roman DeitiesTitle/sFestivals and AnniversariesGroup/sGenderParentsSiblingsConsort/sOffspringGreek Equivalent
Abeona
Roman goddess of partings.Indigitamenta. Conception, childbirth and childcare.Female
Adeona / Adiona
Roman goddess of safe return, learning to walk and guiding children home.Indigitamenta. Childhood development.Female
Agenoria
Roman goddess that encourages children to be active, e.g. walking reasoning, counting, singing etc.Indigitamenta. Childhood development.Female
Alemona
Roman goddess of unborn children who nourishes the growth of the embryo.Indigitamenta. Conception and pregnancy.Female
Angerona / Angeronia
Roman goddess of suffering and silence who relieved pain and sorrow. Protector of Rome and keeper of the sacred name of the city – which should not be spoken to conceal it from her enemies.21 December Angeronalia / Divalia festival in honor of Angerona. Sacrifices were made in the temple of Voluptia (which contained a statue of Angerona) to Angerona, Hercules and Ceres.Female
Anna Perenna
Roman goddess of the year, the annual lunar cycle of the moon (per annum). See also Luna.15 March New Year’s Day festival and holiday to honor Anna Perenna.FemaleBellus (king of Sidon)Dido / Elissa (Phoenician princess and founder of Carthage)
Antevorta / Porrima
Roman goddess of childbirth and the future. Present when child born head first. See also Postvorta.The Camenae. Aspect of Carmenta. Indigitamenta. Conception, childbirth and childcare.
FemalePostverta
Apollo / Phoebus / Apollo Phoebus
Roman god of the sun (rides the sun). Roman god of healing, medicine, music and poetry.
  • 6-13 July Ludi Apollinares games.
  • 14-19 July Ludi Apollinare games, markets and fairs.
  • 23 September temple of Apollo (and Latona) rededication anniversary.
Di selecti (The 20 main Roman gods).MaleJupiter and LatonaDiana (twin)various
  • with Coronis: Aesculapius
  • with ? Janus
Apollo
Aesculapius
Roman god of healing and medicine, truth and prophecy.1 January festival to Aesculapius for new year prosperity.DemigodMaleApollo and Coronis (mortal)
Asclepius
Aurora / Mater Matuta
Virgin Roman goddess of dawn and matrons.11 June festival with offerings for blessings on children at Mater Matuta’s temple.FemaleSol, LunaTithonus (mortal prince of Troy)Eos
BacchusRoman god of agriculture, fertility and wine (parties/festivals, madness and merriment)25 December Brumalia winter solstice festival honoring Saturn, Ceres and Bacchus consisting of feasting and merriment.MaleJupiter and SemeleDionysius
BellonaRoman goddess of war.3 June temple of Bellona anniversary.FemaleJupiter and JunoDiscordia, Juventas, Lucina, Mars, VulcanMarsEnyo
Caelus
Roman god of the sky.Primordial god (Uranus).MaleEther and Dies (Day, Hemera in Greek)With Trivia: JanusUranus
Candelifera
Roman childbirth goddess that bears a candle during night time labor and possibly to ward off evil spirits by candlelight in the nursery.Childbirth and neonatel. Indigitamenta.Female
Catius pater
“Father Catius”
Roman god who protected boys and was invoked to sharpen the intellect of children.Childhood development. Indigitamenta.MaleTellusWith Tellus: Moneta
Cardea / Carda / Carna / Cranea
Roman goddess of the hinges of doorways. Specifically Carna was associated with building strong muscles and defending flesh and internal organs from strigea (witches).1 June festival to Carna.Childhood development. Nymph. Aspect of Juno.Female
Carmena
Roman goddess that enabled children to sing.Childhood development. Aspect of Juno.Female
The Carmenae / The Casmenae
Prophetic Roman nymph goddesses of childbirth, fountains and wells. See also (The Muses). The Carmenae:
  • Antevorta
  • Postvorta
  • Carmenta / Carmentis
  • Egeria /Aegeria
13 August Diana on the Aventine festival.The Camenae. Roman gods group.FemaleThe Muses
Carmenta / Carmentis (Nicostrate)
Roman goddess of childbirth and prophecy, technological innovation, protection of mothers and children.11 & 15 January Carmentalia feast days.Di Flaminales. The Camenae. Cimmerian Sibyl.FemaleMercuryEvander
CeresRoman goddess of the bounty (of growth and creation) including farming,  agriculture, the harvest, fertility and motherly relationships.
  • 12-19 April Cerialia festival and games to Ceres with chariot racing on the last day.
  • 4 October Ieiunium Cereris fasting day in honor of Ceres.
  • 24 August first of three days the “mundus cerialis” (world of Ceres)” ritual pit was opened. Offerings were made to Ceres and other agricultural and underworld deities.
  • 5 October second opening of the “mundus” pit.
  • 8 November third opening of the “mundus” pit.
  • 13 December lectisternium (propitiatory meal offering ceremony) to Ceres.
  • 25 December Brumalia winter solstice festival honoring Saturn, Ceres and Bacchus consisting of feasting and merriment.
Dii Consentes (aka Di/Dei Consentes deities). Di Flaminales. Di selecti. Aventine Triad (Ceres, Liber, Libera).FemaleSaturn and Ops
Pluto / Dis Pater, Jupiter, Neptune, Juno, VestaDemeter
Cinxia / Virginiensis
Roman goddess that loosened the bride’s girdle after marriage so the groom could remove it after their wedding.Conception and pregnancy. Aspect of Juno.Female
Concordia
Roman goddess of concord (agreement and harmony) in marriage and society.
  • 5 February temple of Concordia anniversary.
  • 22 July temple of Concordia anniversary.
FemaleHarmonia
Consevius / Consivius / Deus ConseviusRoman god of insemination and propagation.Conception and pregnancy. Aspect of Janus.Male
Consus
Roman god protector of grains.
  • 7 July sacrifice to Consus by public priests.
  • 21 August Consualia festival parades and chariot races.
  • 12 December temple of Consus on the Aventine ceremonies.
Agricultural god.Male
Cuba
Roman goddess that helps a child transition from cradle to bed.Childhood development. Indigitamenta.Female
Cunina
Roman goddess that protects the cradle from malevolent magic.Childhood development. Indigitamenta.Female
Cupid / Amor
Roman god of erotic love, attraction and affection.Cupid is commonly depicted as a boy carrying a quiver of arrows. Cupid’s arrows could not only draw people together but also drive them apart.MaleMars and VenusPsycheEros
Cybele / Magna Mater
Roman “Great Mother” or mother of the Roman gods.4-10 April Megalesia festival to Cybele with games and chariot racing on the last day.Female
Dea Tacita “The silent goddess. mute goddess”
Roman goddess of the dead who sealed up hostile mouths and unfriendly tongues. Associated with Larunda.21 February Feralia festival to celebrate di Manes chthonic (underworld) deities representing the souls of the deceased. Feralia was held on the last day of the Parentalia festival to remember ancesters. Rites in the name of Dea Tacita were also performed.Muse (Carmenae). Di inferni. Di Manes.Female
Decima
Roman goddess who uses her rod to measure the thread of life at birth.The Parcae (the Fates. Greek: The Moirai). Conception and pregnancy.FemaleScotus and NoxMorta, NonaLachesis
DeverraRoman goddess who used a broom to sweep away evil influences and protect midwives and women in labor.Neonatel and childhood.Male
DianaRoman virgin goddess of childbirth and women. Roman goddess of the hunt and the moon.13-15 August (or on the August Full Moon) Nemoralia (festival of torches) to Diana at the temple of Diana on the Aventine.Di selecti (The 20 main Roman gods). 1 of 3 maiden goddesses along with Minerva and Vesta. Triad of Roman goddesses with Egeria and Virbius. Sabine goddess.FemaleJupiter and LatonaApollo (twin)Artemis
Dis Pater / Orcus
Roman god of the underworld.MaleSaturn and OpsJupiter, Neptune, Juno, Vesta, CeresProserpinaHades / Pluto
Dominduca
Roman goddess that accompanies children returning home. See also Interduca.Childhood development. Aspect of Juno.Female
Edusa / Edula / Edulia /Educa / Edesia
Roman goddess of teaching children to eat food and nourishment.Childhood development. Aspect of Juno.Female
Egeria / Aegeria
Roman minor nymph nature goddess associated with a place or landform.The Camenae. Aspect of Carmenta. Childbirth.
FemaleNuma Pompilius, (Second Sabine king of Rome).
Epona
Celtic-Roman goddess protector of horses, mares, ponies, donkeys, mules and fertility.18 December Eponalia in honor of Epona.Female
Evander of Pallene
Evander brought Greek culture to Italy including the Greek pantheon, alphabet and laws and was deified after his death. Evander founded the city of Pallantium on the site where Rome was built.15 February Lupercalia pastoral festival instituted by Evander in pre-Roman times.Deified Hero.MaleMercury and CarmentaPallasEvander
FabulinusRoman god who enables children to speak their first words.Di nixi /Nixae. Indigitamenta. Childhood development.Male
Fauna / Fatua / Bona Dea
“The good goddess”
Roman goddess of prophecy, chastity, fertility, healing and the protection of individuals and the Roman state.
  • 1 May temple of Bona Dea anniversary.
  • 3 December Bona Dea rites for women.
Fauni.FemaleFaunusFaunusFaunusDamia
Farinus
Roman god that enables speech in children.Indigitamenta. Childhood development.Male
FaunusRoman god of the forest, plains and fields. Roman god of prophecy.
  • 13 February festival for Faunus on Tiber island.
  • 15 February Pre-Roman Lupercalia festival (dies Februatus) to Faunus with offerings, sacrifices, feasting, a foot race and fertility rites which eventually became the Christian St. Valentine’s Day!
  • 5 December country festival for Faunus.
Fauni.MalePicusFaunaFaunaBona Dea / Fauna / FatuaPan
Febris “Fever”
Roman goddess who wards off and protects against fever.21 February Feralia festival to honor the gods of the underworld and souls of dead ancestors.Di inferi.Female
Februus “Purifier”
Roman god of god of purification, death and riches.21 February Feralia festival to honor the gods of the underworld and souls of dead ancestors.Etruscan god. Di inferi.Male
FeroniaRoman goddess of fertility, wildlife, abundance, health and granted freedom and/or civil rights to slaves.13 November festival in honor of Feronia.Sabine goddess.Female
FidesRoman goddess of trust and good faith (bona fides).1 October ceremony for Fides.Sabine goddess.Female
Felicitas / Felicitas Augusta / Felicitas Fausta / Felicitas Publica / Felicitas Temporum
Roman goddess of woman’s fertility, good fortune and good luck in general.9 October rites at shrines on the Capitolium for Genius Publicus, Fausta Felicitas and Venus Victrix.Female
FloraRoman goddess of youth, spring and flowers. One of several Roman fertility goddesses.
  • 27 April-3 May Ludi Florales (Flora games) to celebrate fertility with promiscuous activities and chariot racing on the last day.
  • 13 August Diana on the Aventine festival.
Di Flaminales. Sabine goddess.FemaleFavonius (God of the west wind).Chloris
Fluonia / Fluvionia
Roman goddess who holds back menstruation to allow conception.Conception and pregnancy. Indigitamenta.Female
Fontus / Fons
Roman god of flowing water, springs and wells.13 October Fontinalia religious festival in honor of Fons. Wells and fountains were decorated with garlands.Sabine god.MaleJanus and JuturnaAithex, Canens, Tiberinus, Olistene
Fornax
Roman goddess of ovens and baking of bread17 February festival.Female
FortunaRoman goddess of good fortune and the personification of luck.
  • 1 April Veneralia festival.
  • 5 April temple of Fortuna anniversary.
  • 25 May temple of Fortuna Primigenia anniversary.
  • 13 August Diana on the Aventine festival.
  • 24 June Fors Fortuna festival with sacrifices.
  • 6 July Temple of Fortuna Muliebris anniversary.
  • 3-12 October Augustalia (Augustus games) altar to Fortuna Redux.
  • 13 November festival in honor of Fortuna Primigenia.
Sabine goddess.FemaleJupiterTyche
Furrina / FurinaRoman goddess of springs and bubbling water.25 July Furrinalia festival to Furrina.Di Flaminales.Female
The Genii / Genius / Genius PublicusThe Genii are anonymous Roman gods and goddesses. Every person is followed by their own genius from birth until death. Most places and things have a genius and there are specific Genii “guardian spirits” including Genius Publicus Populi Romani who looked after the Roman people.9 October rites at shrines on the Capitolium for Genius Publicus, Fausta Felicitas and Venus Victrix.Di inferi.Male ( Aspect of Jupiter) / Female (Aspect of Juno)
Hercules
Roman hero and, divinized by apotheosis to god. 
  • 4 June restoration of Hercules Custos temple anniversary.
  • 29 June temple of Hercules Musarum anniversary.
  • 12 August sacrifice of a heifer (cow) to Hercules Invictus and offering from the skyphos (ritual 2 handled cup) of Hercules.
Deified Hero.MaleJupiter and Alcmene
JuventasHeracles
Innus / Mutunus Tutunus
Roman phallic god of sexual penetration and urge to mate.Conception and pregnancy.Male
Invidia
Roman goddess of jealousy, divine retribution and envy.Di inferi. The Dirae.FemalePhthonus
Intercidona
Roman goddess who protects the mother and newborn child against Silvanus the forest god.Neonatel and childhood.Female
Interduca
Roman goddess that accompanies children leaving the house. See also Domiduca.Childhood development. Aspect of Juno.Female
JanusRoman god of gates, doorways endings, beginnings, time, transition, duality and passages. Janus “opened up access to the generative seed” provided by Saturn. January is named after Janus who is typically depicted with two faces, one looking forwards, the other backwards.
  • 9 January Agonalia (religious) festival to Janus.
  • 17 March Agonalia festival to Janus.
  • 21st May Agonalia festival to Janus.
  • 11th December Agonalia festival to Janus.
  • 17 August Temple of Janus anniversary.
Di selecti (The 20 main Roman gods). Italian god.MaleCaelus and Trivia (Greek: Uranus and Hecate) or primordial deities Ether and DiesCameseCamese, Juturna, Venilia
  • With Venilia: Canens
  • With Juturna: Fontus
  • With Camese: Aithex, Olistene, Tiberinus
none
Jugatinus
Roman god of marriage and conjugal matters.Conception and childbirth.Male
Juno / Luno / Iovino / Iuno Regina “Queen Juno”
Juno was the Roman goddess of the sky, childbirth, marriage and beginnings. Protector and counselor of the Roman state. When Juno touched a magical herb she became pregnant and gave birth to Mars.
  • 1 July temple of Juno Felicitas anniversary.
  • 1 September ceremonies for Juno Regina on the Aventine and Jupiter Tonans “the Thunderer” on the Capitolium.
Di selecti (The 20 main Roman gods). Capitoline Triad (Jupiter, Juno, Minerva).FemaleSaturnPluto / Dis Pater, Neptune, Jupiter,Vesta, CeresJupiterMars, Vulcan, Bellona, JuventasHera
Juno Moneta
Roman goddess responsible for protecting money and funds in general.
  • 1 June temple of Juno Moneta anniversary.
  • 10 October temple of Juno Moneta re-dedication.
Aspect of Juno.Female
Jupiter / Jove / Lovis / Diespiter
“Heavenly father” (King of Roman gods and goddesses)
Roman god of the sky, thunder and lightning and brings babies towards daylight. Later Jupiter also became a protector of the Roman people.
  • 13 January Ides festival to Jupiter.
  • 13 February Ides festival to Jupiter and first day of Parentalia festival in honor of family ancestors when a priestess of Vesta conducted a rite for the collective Di Parentes of Rome.
  • 15 March Ides festival to Jupiter.
  • 1 April Veneralia wine festival to Jupiter and Venus.
  • 13 April temple of Jupiter Victor anniversary.
  • 23 April Vinalia Priora wine festival to Jupiter and Venus.
  • 15 May Ides festival to Jupiter.
  • 13 June Ides festival to Jupiter.
  • 27 June temple of Jupiter Stator anniversary.
  • 5 July Poplifugia festival to Jupiter.
  • 15 July Ides festival to Jupiter.
  • 13 August Ides festival to Jupiter.
  • 19 August Vinalia Rustica wine harvest festival to Jupiter and Venus.
  • 5 September Jupiter Stator temple anniversary.
  • 5-19 September Ludi Romani (Roman games) festival.
  • 13 September Ides festival and temple to Jupiter Optimus Maximus anniversary. Epulums (ritual feasts) to Jove and the Capitoline Triad.
  • 7 October rites for Juno Curitis and Jupiter Fulgur “daytime lightning”.
  • 11 October Meditrinalia festival in honor of the new wine vintage offered to Roman gods Jupiter (in his guise of wine god) and Meditrina.
  • 15 October Ides festival to Jupiter.
  • October 26-1 November Ludi Victoriae Sullanae games in honor of Jupiter.
  • 1 November Ludi circenses (Roman circus races) in honor of Jupiter.
  • 4-17 November Ludi Plebeii (Plebeian Games) in honor of Jupiter.
  • 13 November Ides festival to Jupiter and Epulum (ritual feast) to Jupiter.
Capitoline Triad (Jupiter, Juno, Minerva). Archaic Triad. Di Flaminales. Di selecti. Childbirth.MaleSaturn and OpsPluto / Dis Pater, Neptune, Juno, Vesta, Ceres
Juno, Moneta
  • With Juno: Vulcan, Minerva, Mars, Bellona
  • With Dione: Venus
  • With Latona: Apollo, Diana
  • With Maia: Mercury
  • With Semele: Bacchus
  • With Ceres: Prosperina
  • With Alcmene: Hercules
  • With Moneta: The Muses
  • Possibly: Invidia, Lucina
Zeus
Jupiter Fidius / Dius Fidius
Roman god of oaths, loyalty and justice.
  • June 5 temple of Dius Fidius anniversary.
  • 1 September ceremonies for Juno Regina on the Aventine and Jupiter Tonans “the Thunderer” on the Capitolium.
  • 7 October rites for Juno Curitis and Jupiter Fulgur “daytime lightning”.
Epithet of Jupiter.Male
Justitia / Justice / Iustitia / Lustitia
Roman goddess of justice, sometimes called “Lady Justice”. Typically depicted in Western cultures with sword and scales, often blindfolded symbolizing “Blind Justice”.8 January: Sacred day for JusticiaFemaleJupiter
Pax
Dike and Themis
JuturnaRoman goddess of fountains, wells and springs11 January festival.NaiadFemaleTurnus (King of the Rutili)Janus, JupiterFontus
Juventas / Lucentus
Roman goddess of youth and rejuvenation.FemaleHerculesHebe
Larenta / Larunda / Larunde / Laranda / Lara / Acca Larentia / Acca Larentina / Lupa
Municipal goddess of Larentum who was imported as a Roman earth goddess following it’s conquest.23 December Larentalia sacrifices were offered to the Lares at the temples of Diana and Juno Regina in the Circus Flaminius and the Tempestates. Offerings were presented to Lara in a mundus (pit).NaiadFemaleMercury
Levana
Ancient Roman goddess that symbolically “lifts” the baby from Mother Earth for the midwife to cut the umbilical cord.Childbirth.Female
Liber / Liber Pater
“Father Liber”
Roman god of viticulture, wine, freedom and fertility (release of semen).17 March Liberalia festival to Liber.Aventine Triad (Ceres, Liber, Libera). Di selecti. Conception and childbirth.MaleDionysus / Bacchus
LiberaRoman goddess of wine, freedom and fertility (contributing semina “seed”).17 March Liberalia festival to Libera.Aventine Triad (Ceres, Liber, Libera). Conception and childbirth.Female
LocutiusRoman god who enables children to form sentences.Childhood development. Indigitamenta.Male
Lucina / Juno Lucina
Roman goddess of childbirth and childhood development. Lucina introduces babies to the light.1 March Matronalia festival.Di nixi /Nixae. Sabine goddess. Childbirth and childhood development. Indigitamenta.FemaleJupiter
LunaRoman goddess of the moon. See also Anna Perenna.
  • 31 March temple of Luna anniversary.
  • 24 August sacrifices to Luna on the Graecostasis platform.
  • 28 August Circus Maximus games in honor of Sol and Luna.
Di selecti (The 20 main Roman gods). Sabine goddess.Aurora, SolSelene
Mania
Roman goddess of the dead and the underworld.Di inferi. Mantus 
Mantus
Roman god of the dead and the underworld.Di inferi. Mania
 
MarsMars is the Roman god of war.
  • 27 February and 14 March Equirria festivals (horse racing) to Mars.
  • 1 March, 19 March Feriae Marti (festival for Mars).
  • 17 March Agonalia (religious) festival.
  • 19-23 March Quinquatrus festival to Mars and Minerva.
  • 23 March Tubilustrium festival to Mars. War trumpets cleaned and priests of Mars danced on the streets.
  • 14 May Temple of Mars Invictus (Mars the Unconquered) anniversary.
  • 1 June temple of Mars on the clivus anniversary.
  • 13–15 June Quinquatrus minusculae festival to Mars and Minerva.
  • 15 October October Horse / Equus October festival with animal sacrifice to honor Mars. Two-horse chariot races on the Campius Martius.
  • 19 October Armilustrium (military festival) with trumpets, garlands for soldiers, rites, animal sacrifice and torches in honor of Mars.
Di selecti (The 20 main Roman gods). Archaic Triad. Di Flaminales.MaleJuno Lucina and a magical herb. (Without Jupiter)Rhea Silvia / IliaRomulus and Remus (twins and founders of Rome.Ares
Meditrina
Roman goddess of wine, health, longevity and healing.11 October Meditrinalia festival in honor of the new wine vintage offered to Roman gods Jupiter (in his guise of wine god) and Meditrina.FemaleAesculapius and EpioneAceso, Aglaea, Aratus, Hygieia, Iaso, Machaon, Panacea, Podaleirios, Telesphoros
Mena / Dea Mena
Roman goddess of menstrual flow.Conception and childbirth. Indigitamenta.Female
Mens Bona / Bona Mens /Mens “Good mind”
Roman goddess that gives a child consciousness and reasoning.8 June temple of Mens anniversary.Childhood development. Aspect of Juno.Female
MercuryRoman god of thieves, merchants, commerce and travelers. Mercury was the winged messenger of the Roman gods.15 May Mercuralia festival to Mercury.Di selecti (The 20 main Roman gods). Etruscan god.MaleJupiterCarmentaEvanderHermes
MinervaRoman virgin goddess of wisdom, handicrafts, strategic warfare, and trade
  • 19-23 March Quinquatrus festival to Mars and Minerva.
  • 13–15 June Quinquatrus minusculae festival to Mars and Minerva.
  • 19 June temple of Minerva on the Aventine anniversary.
Di selecti (The 20 main Roman gods). Capitoline Triad (Jupiter, Juno, Minerva). Sabine goddess. 1 of 3 maiden goddesses along with Diana and Vesta.FemaleJupiter and MetisAthena / Athene
Moneta
Roman goddess of memoryFemaleCaelus and Tellus (Greek: Uranus and GaiaJupiterWith Jupiter: The MusesMnemosyne
Morta
Roman goddess of death who cuts the thread of life and chooses the manner of a person’s death. See also Parca.The Parcae (the Fates. Greek: The Moirai). Childbirth.FemaleScotus and Nox
Decima, NonaAtropos / Aisa
Neptune / Neptunus
Roman god of the sea and water, and a god of fertility.
  • 23 July Neptunalia festival to Neptune celebrated by dock workers on the Tiber river with food and games.
  • 1 December temple ceremonies for Neptune.
Di selecti (The 20 main Roman gods).MaleSaturn and OpsPluto / Dis Pater, Jupiter, Juno, Vesta, CeresDis Pater, JupiterPoseidon
Nona
Roman goddess that spin the thread of life from her distaff onto her spindle at birth.The Parcae (the Fates. Greek: The Moirai). Conception, pregnancy. Childbirth. Indigitamenta.FemaleScotus and NoxDecima, MortaClotho
NoxRoman goddess of the night.Primordial goddess (Nyx).FemaleNyx
Numeria
Roman goddess that taught children to count.Childhood development. Indigitamenta.Female
Ops/Opis / Ops Consiva / Ops Opifera “Plenty”
Roman goddess of the harvest and fertility.
  • 23 August Vulcanalia festival with sacrifices to Vulcan and goddesses Ops Opifera, Maia, nymphs and the Hora.
  • 25 August Opiconsivia end of harvest festival.
  • 19 December Opalia festival marking the storage of grain.
Sabine goddess.FemaleSaturnDis Pater, Jupiter, NeptuneRhea
Orcus / Dis Pater
Roman god of the underworld and punisher of broken oaths.Di selecti (The 20 main Roman gods).MaleHades
Ossipago / Ossipagina / Ossilago / Opigena / Ossipango / OssipagaRoman goddess that builds strong bones.Childhood development. Indigitamenta.Female
PalatuaRoman teaching goddess of the Palatine Hill.Di Flaminales.Female
Pales or Pales
Roman god or goddess of shepherds, flocks and livestock.
  • 21 April Parilia rustic festival and commemoration of the birthday of the city of Rome.
  • 7 July festival to the two Pales.
Sabine god.Male or Female
Partula
Roman goddess that oversees separation of the child from the mother and sets the limit of life. See also Morta.Conception and pregnancy. Childbirth. Indigitamenta.Female
PaxRoman goddess of peace and security. Pax is typically depicted holding an olive branch, a cornucopia and a scepter.3 January festivalChildhood development. Indigitamenta.FemaleJupiter and JustitiaIrene / Eirene
Paventia / Paventina
Roman goddess that distracts fear from children.Childhood development. Indigitamenta.Female
PetaRoman goddess who looks after a child’s first wants.Indigitamenta. 
Picumnus
Roman god of fertility, matrimony, infants, children and agriculture.Neonatel and childhood. Indigitamenta.MalePilumnus
Pietas
Roman goddess that cautioned humans against intrusion into the realm of the Roman gods.1 December temple ceremonies for Pietas.Female
Pilumnus
Roman nature god who ensured children stayed healthy and grew properly.Neonatel and childhood. Indigitamenta.MalePicumnus
Pertunda
Roman goddess of sexual penetration.Conception and pregnancy. Indigitamenta.Female
PlutoRoman god of death and riches under the Earth. Pluto was originally a god of wealth and only later became associated with Hades, taking the role previously fulfilled by Dis Pater in Roman culture.MaleHades
PomonaRoman goddess of fruitful abundance, fruit trees, gardens, and orchards.13 August temple of Diana on the Aventine festival.Di Flaminales.FemaleVertumnus
PortunusRoman god of keys, doors, livestock and ports.17 August Portunalia festival.Di Flaminales.Male
Postvorta / Postverta / Prosa
Roman goddess of childbirth and the past. Present when child born feet first (breech birth). See also Antevorta.The Camenae. Aspect of Carmenta. Childbirth. Indigitamenta.
FemaleAntevorta
Potina / Potica / Bibesa
Roman goddess that enables a child to drink.Childhood development. Indigitamenta.Female
PotuaChildhood development. Indigitamenta.Female
Prema (dea Mater) / Prema mater
Roman mother goddess who causes the bride to be submissive on her wedding night.Conception and pregnancy. Indigitamenta.Female
Proserpina/ProserpineRoman goddess of springtime. Queen of the underworld.FemaleCeresDis Pater / Pluto
Persephone
Quirinus
Quirinus was a Sabine god of war. His altar, on one of the seven hills of Rome, was called the Quirinal. It was renamed for Romulus the founder and first king of Rome and Quirinus became one of the Roman gods of state associated with myrtle.17 February Quirinalia festival to honor Quirinus by the high priest, the Flamen Quirinalis.Di Flaminales. Archaic Triad. Sabine god.Male
Robigus
Roman god of rust andagricultural disease.25 April Robigalia festival to avert crop failure with prayer, sacrifice and chariot racing.Male
Salus (Salus Semonia)Roman goddess of safety and well-being (welfare, health and prosperity) of individuals and the state.
  • 1 January New Year Day sacrifice to temple of Jupiter.
  • 5 August public sacrifice at the temple of Salus.
Sabine goddess.FemaleHygieia
Saturn / Saturnus
(King of the titans)
Roman god of generation/sowing, plenty, wealth, agriculture, dissolution, renewal, liberation and the Roman god of time over mortals and immortals.
  • 17-23 December Saturnalia festival including feasting, gift-giving, gambling, wearing of the Pilleus (felt hat) public sacrifice and a banquet to honor Saturn.
  • 23 December The last day of Saturnalia was called Sigillaria where wax/pottery figurines were given as gifts.
  • 25 December Brumalia winter solstice festival honoring Saturn, Ceres and Bacchus consisting of feasting and merriment.
Di selecti (The 20 main Roman gods). Sabine god.MaleUranusDis Pater, Jupiter, NeptuneChronos
Scotus
Roman god of darkness.Primordial god.MaleErebus
SentiaRoman goddess who gives sentience (thought and senses) to the unborn child.Conception and pregnancy. Indigitamenta.Female
Sentinus
Roman god who gives sentience (thought and senses) to the unborn child.Conception and pregnancy. Indigitamenta.Male
Statina / Statilina / Statinus / Statilinus
Roman goddess who gives the baby “fitness” in order that the father accepts responsibility to raise the child.Childbirth. Indigitamenta.Female
Sol / Sol Indiges / Sol Invictus
Roman Sun god. Helios is most closely associated with the later Sol Invictus title. Sol’s origins lie in Mesopotamian mythology.
  • 9 August public sacrifice at the Quirinal to Sol Indiges.
  • 28 August Circus Maximus games in honor of Sol and Luna.
  • 11 December Agonalia (religious) festival for Sol Indiges.
Di selecti (The 20 main Roman gods). Sabine god.MaleAurora, LunaHelios
Somnus
Roman god of sleep.MaleNox (Greek: Nyx)Hypnos
SpesRoman goddess of hope.1 August temple of Spes anniversary.Female
Subigus / Subigus pater
Roman god who causes the bride to submit (sexually) to her husband.Conception and pregnancy. Indigitamenta.Male
SummanusRoman god of nocturnal thunder.20 June temple of Summanus anniversary.Sabine god.Male
Terminus
Roman god of boundary markers. 
  • 23 February Terminalia festival in honor of Terminus. where farmers agreed borders and made sacrifices to ward off evil.
  • 24 February Regifugium festival to Terminus marking the expulsion of the last king of Rome.
Sabine god.Malenone
Terra Mater / Tellus Mater
Roman goddess of Mother Earth and fertility.
  • 15 April Fordicidia fertility festival and games.
  • 8 December festival for Gaia.
  • 13 December temple of Tellus anniversary.
Di selecti (The 20 main Roman gods). Primordial goddess (Gaia).FemaleCaelusWith Caelus: MonetaGaia
Tiberinus Pater / Father Tiber
Roman river god of the Tiber river.
  • June 7 Ludi Piscatorii “Fishermen’s Games”.
  • 8 December festival for Tiberinus Pater.
GeniusMaleOceanus and TethysAithex, Canens, Fontus, OlisteneRhea Silvia / Ilia
Trivia
(Queen of Ghosts)
Roman goddess of sorcery, witchcraft, haunted graveyards and crossroads.FemaleWith Caelus: JanusHecate
VagitanusRoman god who opened the newborn’s mouth to cry.Di nixi /Nixae. Childbirth. Indigitamenta.Male
Vejovis / Vediovis / Vejove / VedovusRoman god of healing and medicine. One of the first gods in the world.
  • 1 January festival to Vejovis.
  • 7 March festival to Vejovis.
  • 21 May festival to Vejovis.
Sabine god.MaleAsclepius
Venus / Venus Victrix / Venus Genetrix
Roman goddess of love and beauty.
  • 1 April Veneralia wine festival to Jupiter and Venus.
  • 23 April Vinalia Priora wine festival to Jupiter and Venus.
  • 19 August Vinalia Rustica wine harvest festival to Jupiter and Venus.
  • 26 September temple of Venus Genetrix anniversary.
  • 9 October rites at shrines on the Capitolium for Genius Publicus, Fausta Felicitas and Venus Victrix.
Di selecti (The 20 main Roman gods).FemaleJupiter and Dione
VenusAphrodite
VeritasRoman goddess of truth.Female
Vertumnus
Roman god of the seasons, gardens, plant growth, fruit trees and change.13 August Diana on the Aventine festival.MalePomona
Vesper
Roman god of the evening star.MaleHesperus
VestaRoman virgin goddess of home and hearth.13-21 February Parentalia festival in honor of family ancestors. On the opening day (the Ides of February) a preistess of Vesta conducted a rite for the collective Di Parentes of Rome at the tomb of Tarpeia.Di selecti (The 20 main Roman gods). 1 of 3 maiden goddesses along with Diana and Minerva.
7-15 June Vestalia religious festival (apart from 9 June which was non-religious “dies religiosus”).
FemaleSaturn and OpsPluto / Dis Pater, Neptune, Jupiter, JunoCeresHestia
Victoria (Dispiter / Vacuna)
Victoria was the Roman goddess of victory. Dispiter was an earlier Roman goddess later identified with Victoria. Vacuna was an earlier Sabine goddess who was also later indentifed with Victoria.17 July temple of Honos and Virtus anniversary and sacrifice to Victory.FemaleNike
Vitumnus
Roman god who endows the fetus with life.Conception and pregnancy. Indigitamenta.Male
Volumnus / Volumna
Roman goddess that instills the will to do good in children.Childhood development. Indigitamenta.Female
Voluptas / Volupta
Roman goddess of sensual pleasure or delight and to drive away the sorrow and chagrin of life.the Gratiae (The Graces / The Charities).FemaleCupid and PhycheHedone
VolturnusRoman god of the seasons, plant growth, gardens, fruit trees and change.27 August Volturnalia sacrifice to Volturnus festival.Di Flaminales.MaleEurus
Vulcan / Vulcanus / Mulciber
Roman god of fire, blacksmiths, metalworking and volcanoes. Vulcan was often a symbol of male fertility. Vulcan later became identified with Greek smith god Hephaestus and became the god of smithing. In Greek mythology Hephaistos forged thunderbolts for Zeus, in Roman mythology Vulcan provided the bolts for Jupiter.
  • 23 May Tubilustria purification of trumpets ceremony.
  • 23 August Vulcanalia festival with sacrifices to Vulcan and goddesses Ops Opifera, Maia, nymphs and the Horae.
Di selecti (The 20 main Roman gods). Di Flaminales. Sabine god.MaleJupiter and JunoVenusHephaestus

Notes and FAQ about ADDucation Roman Gods & Goddesses A to Z list:

  • This list is primarily compiled from the works of Roman scholar Marcus Terentius Varro (116-27 BC) and Roman poet Ovid (43 BC ~ 17 AD) and other Roman historians.
  • Roman mythology has many conflicting stories so this list of Roman gods and goddesses and their Greek equivalents will always be a work in progress. Please use the comments area to help us resolve issues and improve the list.
  • Romans considered odd numbers lucky which is why almost all the Roman festivals and anniversaries were held on odd-numbered days.

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