Roman gods

Roman Gods List 🔱🗒️

Roman Gods 🔱🗒️ A-Z List of Roman Deities

ADDucation’s list of Roman gods includes the groups, consorts, parents along with the titles of Roman gods. ADDucation’s mega list of Roman deities additionally includes offspring, siblings and equivalent Greek deities.  ADDucation’s other lists on Roman and Greek mythology include trivia, key facts, and fascinating insights into the daily lives of Roman and Greek people.

ADDucation Tips: Click column headings with arrows to sort Roman gods. Reload page for original sort order. Resize your browser to full screen and/or zoom out to display as many columns as possible. Click the ➕ icon to reveal any hidden columns. Use the “Filter table…” to find any Roman deity quickly. Key: Bold indicates male/masculine entities and bold+Italics indicates female/feminine entities

Roman Gods 🔱 Title/s Group/s Parents Consort/s
Apollo / Phoebus / Apollo Phoebus
Apollo was the Roman god of the sun (rides the sun), healing, medicine, music and poetry. One of the best known Roman gods. Di selecti[1].
Dii Consentes[7].
Jupiter and Latona. various
Aesculapius
Apollo and Coronis (mortal).
Averruncus / Auruncus
Roman divine personification of averting harm. Abstract deity[4].
Bacchus / Liber Roman god of agriculture, fertility and wine (parties/festivals, madness and merriment). Aspect of Liber Jupiter and Semele.
Caelus
Caelus was the Roman god of the sky, before Jupiter. Primordial god (Uranus). Ether and Dies (Day, Hemera in Greek).
Castor and Pollux / Polydeuces
(aka Dioscuri “youths of Zeus” and the Gemini twins)
Castor and Pollux were Roman and Greek gods of sailors, horsemanship and travelers. Greek gods.
  • Caster: Tyndareus (King of Sparta) and Leda (Spartan queen)19*
  • Or Zeus and Leda1*
  • Or Pollux: Zeus and Leda1*
Catius Pater
“Father Catius”
Catius Pater was the Roman god who protected boys who was invoked to sharpen the intellect of children. Childhood development. Indigitamenta[3]. Tellus
Conditor Roman god of grain storage. One of Ceres 12 helper gods invoked during Cerialia. Assistant deity. Agricultural deity. Indigitamenta[3].
Conuector / Convector Roman god of carrying grain. One of Ceres 12 helper gods invoked during Cerialia. Assistant deity. Agricultural deity. Indigitamenta[3].
Consevius / Consivius / Deus Consevius Roman god of insemination and propagation. Conception and pregnancy. Aspect of Janus.
Consus
Consus was the Roman god protector of grain and grain storage. Agricultural god. Chthonic deity[6].
Tutelary deity[5].
Cupid / Amor
Cupid was the Roman god of erotic love, attraction and affection. Cupid is commonly depicted as a boy carrying a quiver of arrows. Cupid’s arrows could not only draw people together but also drive them apart. One of the Roman gods that remains part of popular culture today. Mars and Venus. Psyche
Deverra / Devera
Deverra was a Roman goddess who used a broom to sweep away evil influences and protect midwives and women in labor. Neonatel and childhood.
Dius Fidius / Duis Fidus
Dius Fidius was the Roman god of oaths, loyalty and justice.
Associated with Jupiter Fidius.
Possibly related to Fides.
Dis Pater / Orcus
Dis Pater / Orcus was the Roman god of the underworld. Di inferi. Chthonic deity[6]. Saturn and Ops. Proserpina
Evander of Pallene
Evander brought Greek culture to Italy including the Greek pantheon, alphabet and laws and was deified after his death. Evander founded the city of Pallantium on the site where Rome was built. Deified Hero. Mercury and Carmenta.
Fabulinus Fabulinus was the Roman god who enabled children to speak their first words. Di nixi /Nixae. Childhood development. Indigitamenta[3].
Farinus
Farinus was the Roman god that enabled children to speak. Childhood development. Indigitamenta[3].
Faunus Faunus was the King of Latium. Ancient horned, half man, half goat, Roman god of the forest, plains and fields. Roman god of prophecy. Fauni. Deified mortal. Woodland deity. Tutelary deity[5]. Ancient Roman deity. King Picus (a demi-god) and Canens (a nymph).
Fauna / Fatua, Marica (nymph), Bona Dea (as Dryad nymph)
Februus “Purifier”
Februus was the Roman god of purification, death and riches. Etruscan god.
Di inferi.
Chthonic deity[6].
Fontus / Fons
Fontus was the Roman god of flowing water, springs and wells. Sabine god. Abstract deity[4]. Janus and Juturna. Juturna
The Genii / Genius / Genius Publicus The Genii are anonymous Roman gods and goddesses. Every person is followed by their own genius from birth until death. Most places and things had a genius and there were specific Genii “guardian spirits” including Genius Publicus Populi Romani who looked after the Roman people. Di inferi.
Helernus / Alernus / Elernus
Minor Roman god of the beans used during the Lemuria festival. Archaic Roman deity.
Minor Chthonic deity[6]
Hercules
Hercules was a Roman hero who was divinized by apotheosis to god. Hercules is one of the best known Roman gods and the most famous Roman hero. Deified Hero. Jupiter and Alcmene.
Juventas
Honos Honos was the Roman personification of honor. Normally depicted with Virtus and honored together at the temple of Honos and Virtus. Abstract deity[4].
Imporcitor
Roman god of ploughing land with a wide furrow and maker of pigs. One of Ceres 12 helper gods of invoked during Cerialia. Assistant deity. Agricultural deity. Indigitamenta[3].
Innus / Mutunus Tutunus
Roman phallic god of sexual penetration and the urge to mate. Conception and pregnancy.
Insitor Roman god of planting seeds. One of Ceres 12 helper gods of invoked during Cerialia. Assistant deity. Agricultural deity. Indigitamenta[3].
Janus Janus was the Roman god of gates, doorways endings, beginnings, time, transition, duality and passages. Janus “opened up access to the generative seed” provided by Saturn. January is named after Janus who is typically depicted with two faces, one looking forwards, the other backwards. As guardian of passages Janus was the gatekeeper between Heaven and Earth so he was always invoked first to ensure communication between gods and worshipers. Di selecti[1]. Italian god.
  • Caelus and Trivia (Greek: Uranus and Hecate)
  • Or primordial deities Ether and Dies.
Camese, Juturna, Venilia
Jugatinus
Jugatinus was the Roman god of marriage and conjugal matters. Conception and childbirth.
Jupiter / Jove / Lovis / Diespiter /Iupiter and epithets.
“Heavenly father” (King of Roman gods and goddesses)
Jupiter was the Roman god of the sky, thunder and lightning and brings babies towards daylight. Anywhere lightning strikes is sacred to Jupiter. Later Jupiter also became a protector of the Roman people and one of the most famous Roman gods. Di selecti[1].
Dii Consentes[7].
Capitoline Triad (Jupiter, Juno, Minerva). Archaic Triad.
Di flaminales[2]. Childbirth. Deified mortal (Sol Indiges).
Saturn and Ops. Juno, Moneta
Liber / Liber Pater / Bacchus
“Father Liber”
Roman god of viticulture, wine, freedom and fertility (release of semen). Di selecti[1].
Dii Consentes[7].
Aventine Triad (Ceres, Liber, Libera). Conception and childbirth. Deified mortal.
Locutius Roman god who enables children to form sentences. Childhood development. Indigitamenta[3].
Mantus
Mantus was the Roman god of the dead and ruler of the underworld. Di inferi. Chthonic deity[6]. Mania
Mars and epithets Mars was the Roman god of war and one of the most famous Roman gods. Di selecti[1].
Dii Consentes[7].
Archaic Triad.
Di flaminales[2]. Di inferi. Chthonic deity[6].
  • Juno Lucina and a magical herb.
  • Or Jupiter and Juno.
Rhea Silvia / Ilia, Venus
Mercury / Mercurius
Mercury was the Roman god of thieves, merchants, commerce and travelers. Mercury was the winged messenger of the Roman gods. Di selecti[1].
Dii Consentes[7].
Etruscan god.
Jupiter. Carmenta
Messor Roman god of reaping. One of Ceres 12 helper gods invoked during Cerialia. Assistant deity. Agricultural deity. Indigitamenta[3].
Neptune / Neptunus
Neptune was the Roman god of the sea and water, and a god of fertility. One of the most famous Roman gods. Di selecti[1].
Dii Consentes[7].
Saturn and Ops.
Obarator Oberator was the Roman god of the last ploughing. Invoked after the furrows containing the seeds were ploughed over. One of Ceres 12 helper gods of invoked during Cerialia. Assistant deity. Agricultural deity. Indigitamenta[3].
Occator Roman god of harrowing (breaking up the soil). One of Ceres 12 helper gods of invoked during Cerialia. Assistant deity. Agricultural deity. Indigitamenta[3].
Orcus / Dis Pater
Orcus was the Roman god of the underworld and punisher of broken oaths. Di selecti[1].
Di inferi. Chthonic deity[6].
Pales or Pales
Roman god or goddess of shepherds, flocks and livestock. Sabine god.
Picumnus / Sterquilinus “manure”/ Stercutus
Picumnus was the Roman god of fertility, matrimony, infants, children and agriculture. Neonatel and childhood. Indigitamenta[3].
Picus
Picus was the Roman god of agriculture and manure. Picus was the first king of Latium. Demi-god Saturn and an unknown mortal? Canens
Pilumnus
Roman nature god who ensured children stayed healthy and grew properly. Neonatel and childhood. Indigitamenta[3].
Pluto Pluto was the Roman god of death and riches under the Earth. Pluto was originally a god of wealth and only later became associated with Hades, taking the role previously fulfilled by Dis Pater in Roman culture.
Portunus Portunus was the Roman god of keys, doors, livestock and, later, ports. Di flaminales[2]. Probably ancient Italian deity.
Quirinus
Quirinus was a Sabine god of war. His altar, on one of the seven hills of Rome, was called the Quirinal. It was renamed for Romulus the founder and first king of Rome and Quirinus became one of the Roman gods of state, associated with myrtle. Di flaminales[2]. Archaic Triad. Sabine god. Hora
Reparator / Rederator Roman god of preparing fallow land for crops. One of Ceres 12 helper gods of invoked during Cerialia. Assistant deity. Agricultural deity. Indigitamenta[3].
Robigus / Robigus or Robigus / Robigus
Robigus was the Roman god or goddess of rust, protected crops and agricultural disease.
Roma
Roma was the Roman personification of the city of Rome and the Roman state. State deity. Abstract deity[4].
Saturn / Saturnus
(King of the titans)
Saturn was the Roman god of generation/sowing, plenty, wealth, agriculture, dissolution, renewal, liberation and the Roman god of time over mortals and immortals. Saturn was one of the most famous Roman gods. Di selecti[1].
Sabine god.
Caelus and Terra Mater.
Ops
Scotus
Scotus was the Roman god of darkness. Primordial god.
Sentinus
Sentinus was the Roman god who gives sentience (thought and senses) to the unborn child. Conception and pregnancy. Indigitamenta[3].
Serritor Serritor was the Roman god of digging and hoeing. One of Ceres 12 helper gods of invoked during Cerialia. Assistant deity. Agricultural deity. Indigitamenta[3].
Sol / Sol Indiges / Sol Invictus
Sol was the Roman Sun god. The personifications are used inconsistently with much disagreement among scholars:
  • Sol Indiges “Native / Invoked sun”, probably earliest
  • Sol Invictus “Unconquered Sun”.

Sol’s origins lie in Mesopotamian mythology. Helios is most closely associated with Sol Invictus.

Di selecti[1].
Sabine god. Deified mortal (Sol Indiges).
Somnus
Somnus was the Roman god of sleep. Nox (Greek: Nyx).
Subigus / Subigus pater
Subigus was the Roman god who caused a bride to submit (sexually) to her husband. Conception and pregnancy. Indigitamenta[3].
Subruncinator Roman god of weeding. One of Ceres 12 helper gods invoked during Cerialia. Assistant deity. Agricultural deity. Indigitamenta[3].
Summanus Summanus was the Roman god of nocturnal thunder. Sabine god. Di inferi. Chthonic deity[6].
Terminus
Terminus was the Roman god of boundary markers. Sabine god.
Tiberinus Pater / Father Tiber
Roman river god of the Tiber river. Genius Oceanus and Tethys. Rhea Silvia / Ilia.
Vagitanus Roman god who opened the newborn’s mouth to cry. Di nixi /Nixae. Childbirth. Indigitamenta[3].
Vejovis / Vediovis / Vejove / Vedovus

Aesculapius

Vejovis / Aesculapius was the Roman god of healing and medicine, truth and prophecy.
One of the first Roman gods in the world.
Demi-god. Sabine god.
Di inferi.
Chthonic deity[6]
Apollo and Coronis (mortal daughter of Phlegyas, king of the Lapiths).
  • Epione
  • Salus (maybe)
Vertumnus / Vortumnus / Vertimnus
Vertumnus was the Roman god of the seasons, gardens, plant growth, fruit trees and change. Etruscan god (probably). Pomona
Vervactor Minor Roman god of the first ploughing. One of Ceres 12 helper gods of invoked during Cerialia. Assistant deity. Agricultural deity. Indigitamenta[3].
Vesper
Vesper was the Roman god of the evening star.
Virtus or Virtus
Virtus or Virtus was the Roman god or goddess of bravery and military strength, normally depicted, and honored together with Honor, at the temple of Honos and Virtus.
Vitumnus
Minor Roman god who endows the fetus with life. Conception and pregnancy.
Volturnus Roman god of the river Tiber, fountains and waters. Di flaminales[2]. Etruscan deity.
Vulcan / Vulcanus / Mulciber
Vulcan was the Roman god of fire, blacksmiths, metalworking and volcanoes. Vulcan was often a symbol of male fertility. Vulcan later became identified with Greek smith god Hephaestus and became the god of smithing. In Greek mythology Hephaistos forged thunderbolts for Zeus, in Roman mythology Vulcan provided the bolts for Jupiter. Vulcan is one of the most famous Roman gods. Di selecti[1].
Dii Consentes[7].
Di flaminales[2]. Sabine god.
Jupiter and Juno. Venus, Maia, Aetna (nymph), Aglaea / Charis.

Notes and FAQ about ADDucation Roman Gods A to Z list:

  • [1]Di selecti: 20 main Roman gods and goddesses.
  • [2]Di flaminales: 15 Roman gods and goddesses with devoted flamens (priests, plural “flamines”).
  • [3]Indigitamenta: The College of Pontiffs maintained the indigitamenta list which included Roman deities primarily known by name alone (or as an epithet of a major god or a minor entity or epithets of major gods), to ensure the correct names were invoked during public prayers.
  • [4] Abstract deity: Divine personification of a virtue which can be invoked in prayer or used as an epithet “byname/nickname”.
  • [5] Tutelary deity: Guardian/protector or patron of specific places, people and occupations.
  • [6]Chthonic deity: Underworld “subterranean” god/goddess or spirit.
  • This list of Roman deities is primarily compiled from the works of Roman scholar Marcus Terentius Varro (116-27 BC) and Roman poet Ovid (43 BC ~ 17 AD) and other Roman historians.
  • Roman mythology has many conflicting stories so this table of Roman gods will always be a work in progress. Please use the comments area to help us resolve issues and improve the list.

ADDucation Lists Related to Roman Gods:


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *