British prime ministers live at 10 Downing Street, London, England

UK Prime Ministers

British Prime Ministers since 1721 – All Time List

Theresa May is the 76th UK Prime Minister to join our list of British Prime Ministers. She was the 12th British Prime Minister to be appointed by Queen Elizabeth II on Wednesday 13th July 2016, following an internal Conservative leadership process. David Cameron resigned on 24th June 2016 following the UK Referendum to leave the EU (Brexit) result was announced.

Frequently Asked Questions About British Prime Ministers

Frequently Asked Questions About British Prime Ministers

  • Who is the current British Prime Minister?
    Theresa May became the 76th British Prime Minister on Wednesday 13th July 2016. She is the second female British Prime Minister and the 12th UK Prime Minister appointed by Queen Elizabeth II.

  • Who was the first UK/British Prime Minister?
    The office of British Prime Minister has evolved so it’s not clear exactly who was the first UK Prime Minister. The accolade is generally given to Sir Robert Walpole who was appointed First Lord of the Treasury in 1721.

  • How many UK / British Prime Ministers have there been?
    There have been 76 British Prime Ministers.

  • Who was the first female British Prime Minister?
    Margaret Thatcher was the first female British Prime Minister, appointed by Queen Elizabeth II on 4 May 1979. There have been two female British Prime Ministers, the other one is Theresa May.

  • How many UK / British Prime Ministers were Scottish?
    There have been 7 different British Prime Ministers born in Scotland; Tony Blair, Gordon Brown, Ramsay MacDonald, Arthur James Balfour, George Hamilton-Gordon, John Stuart and Henry Campbell-Bannerman.

  • How many UK / British Prime Ministers were Irish?
    There have been 2 Irish born British Prime Ministers. Arthur Wesley, The Duke of Wellington (1828-1830 then 1834) and William Petty (1782-1783).

  • How many UK Prime Ministers were Welsh?
    No British Prime Ministers were born in Wales but Prime Minister David Lloyd George was raised as a Welsh speaker, with English as his second language.

  • How many British Prime Ministers were born outside the UK?
    Bonar Law was born in New Brunswick, Canada.

  • Who has been British Prime Minister the most times?
    William Ewart Gladstone served four terms as Prime Minister. Stanley Baldwin, Robert Gascoyne-Cecil and Edward Smith-Stanley each served three terms each.

  • Which British Prime Minister was not a member of either of the Houses of Parliament?
    Alec Douglas-Home was appointed by Queen Elizabeth II as British Prime Minister while he was a member of the House of Lords, which had not happened since 1894. In order to lead his administration from the House of Commons, Douglas-Home disclaimed his earldom and peerages and stepped down from the House of Lords so he could stand as a candidate for the vacant safe seat of Kinross and West Perthshire. Parliament was due to return on 24 October 1963 but postponed until 12 November 1963 pending the result of the by-election. So, for 20 days in 1963, the British Prime Minister was not a member of either of the Houses of Parliament.

  • Who is the oldest living former British Prime Minister?
    John Major is the oldest living former British Prime Minister?

  • Who is the longest lived British Prime Minister?
    James Callaghan, aged 92 is the longest-lived British Prime Minister. He died of heart failure in 2005.

  • Which British Prime Minister has served under the most monarchs?
    Stanley Baldwin served under three monarchs; King George V, Edward VIII and George VI.

ADDucation Tips: Click column headings with arrows to sort British Prime Ministers. Click the + icon to expand columns on tablets and mobiles. Resize browser to see more/less columns. Start typing in the Filter table box to find anything inside the table of all British Prime Ministers since 1721. In the UK blue is traditionally used to represent right wing parties and red for left wing parties (the opposite is true in the USA).

Name / TitleTerm/sPM FromPM ToPartyUK General ElectionsMonarchBornDiedCountry / County / PlaceStyle of Address / Peerage / Title/sKey Facts, Trivia and Quotes by British Prime Ministers#
Theresa May12016Conservative
  • 8 June 2017
Elizabeth II1956England, Sussex, EastbourneTheresa May MPFollowing David Cameron’s resignation in 2016 Theresa May won the Conservative party leadership contest against Michael Gove and Andrea Leadsom. They both dropped out leaving her to take over the leadership unopposed. Theresa May was previously the British home secretary and famous for having once said “Some people call us [the Tories] the nasty party” but Theresa May’s most famous quote has to be “Brexit means Brexit”.76
David Cameron120102016Conservative
  • 7 May 2015
  • 6 May 2010
Elizabeth II1966England, London, MaryleboneDavid Cameron MPThe 2010 general election resulted in a hung Parliament. David Cameron formed a coalition government between the Conservatives and the Liberal Democrats. David Cameron was the youngest British Prime Minister since Robert Banks Jenkinson in 1812. In 2016 David Cameron fulfilled a manifesto pledge to hold a referendum on EU membership and resigned after the 2016 “Brexit” referendum result to leave the EU.75
Gordon Brown120072010Labour5 May 2005Elizabeth II1951Scotland, Renfrewshire, Giffnock
  • From 2018: The Right Honourable Dr James Gordon Brown FRSE
  • 2015-2018: The Right Honourable Dr James Gordon Brown
  • 1996-2015: The Right Honourable Dr James Gordon Brown MP
  • 1983-1996: Dr James Gordon Brown MP
  • 1982-1983: Dr James Gordon Brown
  • 1951-1982: Mr James Gordon Brown
Gordon Brown was appointed UK Prime Minister in 2017 by Queen Elizabeth II. Gordon Brown made the Bank of England independent, opposed the Euro and supported efforts to deal with climate change. Having served over 10 years as Chancellor of the Exchequer it’s no surprise one of Gordon Brown’s best known quotes is “Britain does not want a return to boom and bust.”74
Tony Blair119972007Labour
  • 5 May 2005
  • 7 June 2001
  • 1 May 1997
Elizabeth II1953Scotland, Edinburgh
  • From 2007: The Rt Hon Anthony Charles Lynton Blair
  • 1994-2007: The Rt Hon Anthony Charles Lynton Blair MP
  • 1983-1994: Mr Anthony Charles Lynton Blair MP
  • 1953-1983: Mr Anthony Charles Lynton Blair
Tony Blair was appointed Prime minister following the 1997 general election by Queen Elizabeth II. Tony Blair took the UK into the 2003 Iraq War based on Iraq’s alleged possession of weapons of mass destruction which (after UN inspection) it was found Iraq did not possess.73
John Major
Sir John Major
119901997Conservative
  • 9 April 1992
  • 11 June 1987
Elizabeth II1943England, Surrey, St Helier
  • From 2005: The Rt Hon Sir John Major KG CH
  • 2001-2005: The Rt Hon John Major CH
  • 1999-2001: The Rt Hon John Major CH MP
  • 1987-1999: The Rt Hon John Major MP
  • 1979-1987: Mr John Major MP
  • 1971-1979: Mr John Major
  • 1968-1971: Cllr John Major
  • 1943-1968: Mr John Major
John Major was appointed British Prime Minister on 28 November 1990 by Queen Elizabeth II. John Major is pro European, anti-federalist and negotiated the UK opt-out of the social chapter and single currency. John Major is the oldest living British Prime Minister. John Major almost resigned over “Black Wednesday” (16th September 1992) after the UK exited the Exchange Rate Mechanism (ERM). ADDucation’s favorite John Major quote: “We don’t want another three more of the bastards out there. What’s Lyndon Johnson’s maxim?” referring to three rebel cabinet ministers who threatened to resign if John Major agreed to the social chapter in order to get the Maastricht Treaty ratified.72
Margaret Thatcher119791990Conservative
  • 11 June 1987
  • 9 June 1983
  • 3 May 1979
Elizabeth II19252013England, Lincolnshire, Grantham
  • 1995-2013: The Rt Hon The Baroness Thatcher LG OM DStJ PC FRS HonFRSC
  • 1992-1995: The Rt Hon The Baroness Thatcher OM DStJ PC FRS HonFRSC
  • 1992: The Rt Hon Margaret Thatcher OM DStJ FRS HonFRSC
  • 1991-1992: The Rt Hon Margaret Thatcher OM DStJ MP FRS HonFRSC
  • 1990-1991: The Rt Hon Margaret Thatcher OM MP FRS HonFRSC
  • 1983-1990: The Rt Hon Margaret Thatcher MP FRS HonFRSC
  • 1980-1983: The Rt Hon Margaret Thatcher MP HonFRSC
  • 1979-1980: The Rt Hon Margaret Thatcher MP HonFRIC
  • 1970-1979: The Rt Hon Margaret Thatcher MP
  • 1959-1970: Mrs Margaret Thatcher MP
  • 1951-1959: Mrs Margaret Thatcher
  • 1925-1951: Miss Margaret Roberts
Following the 1979 general election Margaret Thatcher was appointed British Prime Minister by Queen Elizabeth II. Margaret Thatcher became the first female British Prime Minister. She effectively neutered trade unions, privatized state utilities, won the Falklands War and sold over 1 million council homes to tenants. ADDucation’s favorite Margaret Thatcher quote “If you are guided by opinion polls, you are not practicing leadership, you are practicing followership.”71
James Callaghan119761979Labour10 October 1974Elizabeth II19122005England, Hamshire, Portsmouth
  • 1987-2005: The Right Honourable The Lord Callaghan of Cardiff KG PC
  • 1987-1987: The Right Honourable Sir James Callaghan KG
  • 1987-1987: The Right Honourable Sir James Callaghan KG MP
  • 1964-1987: The Right Honourable James Callaghan MP
  • 1945-1964: James Callaghan MP
  • 1943-1945: Lieutenant James Callaghan RNVR
  • 1912-1943: Mr James Callaghan
James Callaghan, Baron Callaghan of Cardiff, had many nicknames including “Sunny Jim”, “Gentleman Jim” and “Big Jim”. As Foreign Secretary in 1974 he renegotiated the UK’s EEC (EU) membership terms and campaigned for the UK to remain in the 1975 referendum. His term of office finished in the “Winter of Discontent” in 1978/79. At 92 James Callaghan is the longest-lived of all former British Prime Ministers. ADDucation’s favorite James Callaghan quote “A leader must have the courage to act against an expert’s advice.”70
Harold Wilson219741976Labour
  • 10 October 1974
  • 28 February 1974
Elizabeth II19161995England, HuddersfieldHarold Wilson, Lord Wilson of Rievaulx KG OBE PC FRS FSS MPThe 1974 general election resulted in a hung Parliament. James Harold Wilson was appointed British Prime Minister and served his second and final term. He was famous for pipe smoking and regarded as “cool” in the Swinging Sixties. He awarded MBEs to the Beatles though John Lennon returned his a few years later. The referendum on continued membership of the EEC in 1975 resulted in a 67% majority for remaining. Harold Wilson stood down in 1976 because he was suffering from Alzheimer’s.69
Edward Heath119701974Conservative18 June 1970Elizabeth II19162005England, Kent, Broadstairs
  • 2001-2005: The Right Honourable Sir Edward R. G. Heath KG MBE
  • 1992-2001: The Right Honourable Sir Edward R. G. Heath KG MBE MP
  • 1955-1992: The Right Honourable Edward R. G. Heath MBE MP
  • 1950-1955: Edward R. G. Heath MBE MP
  • 1947-1950: Lieutenant-Colonel E. R. G. Heath MBE
  • 1946-1947: Captain E. R. G. Heath MBE
  • 1946: Major E. R. G. Heath MBE
  • 1943-1946: Major E. R. G. Heath
  • 1942-1943: Captain E. R. G. Heath
  • 1916-1942: Mr Edward R. G. Heath
Following the 1970 general election Sir Edward Richard George Heath, known as Ted Heath, was appointed as Prime Minister by Queen Elizabeth II on 19 June 1970 at the height of troubles in Northern Ireland. During his tenure major events included “Decimal Day” on 15 February 1971, entering the European Economic Community in 1973, imposed direct British rule in Northern Ireland, implemented the Three Day Week to save energy caused by miners’ strikes then called a general election with the slogan “Who governs Britain?” which resulted in a hung Parliament and he eventually resigned and lost his position as party leader to Margaret Thatcher in 1975. He was a keen yachtsman. ADDucation’s favorite Ted Heath quote “A diplomat is a man who thinks twice before he says nothing.”68
Harold Wilson219641970Labour
  • 31 March 1966
  • 15 October 1964
Elizabeth II19161995England, HuddersfieldLord KG OBE PC FRS FSS MPFollowing the 1964 general election Harold Wilson was appointed his first of two terms as British Prime Minister. Important decisions included decolonization of Rhodesia, failing to enter the EEC (EU) in 1967, abolishing the death penalty, legalizing homosexuality, founding the Open University, legalizing abortion, and the EU again. ADDucation’s favorite Harold Wilson quote “I’m an optimist, but I’m an optimist who takes his raincoat.”67
Alec Douglas-Home
Sir Alec Douglas-Home
119631964Conservative
  • 8 October 1959
Elizabeth II19031995England, London, MayfairSir Alec Douglas-Home, Lord Home of the Hirsel KT PC MPAlexander Frederick Douglas-Home, Baron Home of the Hirsel, was appointed as Prime Minister on 19 October 1963 by Queen Elizabeth II. Alec Douglas-Home is the most recent Prime Minister to take office while a member of the House of Lords, which had not happened since Archibald Philip Primrose became Prime Minister in 1894. To become an MP so he lead his administration from the House of Commons, Douglas-Home disclaimed his titles and stepped down from the House of Lords. Alec Douglas-Home stood as a candidate for the vacant safe seat of Kinross and West Perthshire in 1963. Parliament was due to return on 24 October 1963 which was postponed until 12 November 1963 pending the result of the by-election. For 20 days Douglas-Home was the only British Prime Minister who was not a member of either House of Parliament! Earlier in his political career he served as MP for Lanark (1931-1945 and 1950-1951).66
Harold Macmillan119571963Conservative
  • 8 October 1959
  • 26 May 1955
Elizabeth II18941986England, London, Belgravia
  • 1984-1986: The Rt Hon. The Earl of Stockton OM PC FRS
  • 1976-1984: The Rt Hon. Harold Macmillan OM FRS
  • 1964-1976: The Rt Hon. Harold Macmillan FRS
  • 1962-1964: The Rt Hon. Harold Macmillan FRS MP
  • 1945-1962: The Rt Hon. Harold Macmillan MP
  • 1945 The Rt Hon. Harold Macmillan
  • 1942-1945: The Rt Hon. Harold Macmillan MP
  • 1931-1942: Mr Harold Macmillan MP
  • 1929-1931: Mr Harold Macmillan
  • 1924-1929: Mr Harold Macmillan MP
  • 1894-1924: Mr Harold Macmillan
Maurice Harold Macmillan, Earl of Stockton, aka “Supermac” was Prime Minister during the Profumo scandal. He was the last of the British Prime Ministers who served in the First World War. Macmillan was wounded three times and never recovered full mobility. Macmillan ended compulsory National Service in 1960, procured the Polaris nuclear missile from the US and signed the Partial Nuclear Test Ban Treaty along with the US and the Soviet Union. MacMillan’s “wind of change” speech during his tour of Africa in 1960 marked the process of decolonisation in that continent. The UK applied to join the European Economic Community (EEC) in 1961 but French President Charles de Gaulle vetoed the application. Macmillan was the last British Prime Minister to receive a hereditary peerage.65
Anthony Eden
Sir Anthony Eden
119551957Conservative
  • 26 May 1955
  • 25 October 1951
Elizabeth II18971997England, County Durham, Rushyford, Windlestone Hall
  • 1961-1977: The Rt Hon The Earl of Avon KG MC PC
  • 1957-1961: The Rt Hon Sir Anthony Eden KG MC
  • 1954-1957: The Rt Hon Sir Anthony Eden KG MC MP
  • 1934-1954: The Rt Hon Anthony Eden MC MP
  • 1923-1934: Mr Anthony Eden MC MP
  • 1916-1923: Mr Anthony Eden MC
  • 1897-1916: Mr Anthony Eden
Sir Anthony Eden, Earl of Avon, was the first British Prime Minister appointed by Queen Elizabeth II. The Suez Crisis in 1956 ended Britain’s influence in the Middle East and Eden resigned shortly afterwards on the grounds of ill health, bringing to an end a political career which included three spells as British Foreign Minister and Deputy Prime Minister to Winston Churchill between 26 October 1951 to 6 April 1955.64
Winston Churchill
Sir Winston Churchill
2/119511955Conservative25 October 1951George VI18741965England, Oxfordshire, WoodstockThe Right Honourable Sir Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchill KG OM CH TD DL FRS RA MPFollowing the 1951 general election Sir Winston Churchill was the last of four different British Prime Minsters appointed by King George VI for his second and final term. Churchill was focused on remaining a global power courting the US for support without success. Churchill was an accomplished artist, writer and historian with a keen interest in science and technology. Churchill became the first person to be made an honorary US citizen in 1963, his mother was born in America. Churchill was awarded The Nobel Prize for Literature in 1953 and was undoubtedly the most famous of all British Prime Ministers.63
Clement Attlee119451951Labour
  • 23 February 1950
  • 5 July 1945
George VI18831967England, Surrey, Putney
  • 1956-1967: The Right Honourable The Earl Attlee KG OM CH PC FRS
  • 1955-1956: The Right Honourable The Earl Attlee OM CH PC FRS
  • 1951-1955: The Right Honourable Clement Attlee OM CH FRS MP
  • 1947-1951: The Right Honourable Clement Attlee CH FRS MP
  • 1945-1947: The Right Honourable Clement Attlee CH MP
  • 1931-1945: The Right Honourable Clement Attlee MP
  • 1922-1931: Mr Clement Attlee MP
  • 1883-1922: Mr Clement Attlee
The end of War in Europe in May 1945 was the end of the coalition government and the 1945 general election was held. The result was a landslide victory and the first Labour party majority in Parliament in history. Clement Attlee was the first British Prime Minister appointed by King George VI. Labour campaigned on nationalisation and social reform, based on the recommendations in the 1942 Beveridge Report. Attlee used to help set up the welfare state and the NHS was up and running in 1948. By 1951 coal, iron, steel, telephony, gas, electric and the railways were all nationalised. Clement Attlee became Britain’s first Deputy Prime Minister in 1942 and was a key member of Winston Churchill’s war cabinet. Most historians agree Attlee was a modest man and very effective politician.62
Winston Churchill2/219401945Conservative14 November 1935George VI18741965England, Oxfordshire, WoodstockThe Right Honourable Sir Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchill KG OM CH TD DL FRS RA MPOn 10 May 1940, at Chamberlain suggestion, King George VI invited Churchill to be Prime Minister for the first of two terms. Chamberlain believed Churchill would be able to command all-party support in the House of Commons. Winston Churchill gave his “finest hour” speech to the House of Common, created and appointed himself as Minster for Defence and put his friend Lord Beaverbrook in charge of aircraft production. More famous speeches followed during the Battle of France and the Battle of Britain including the famous “Never in the field of human conflict was so much owed by so many to so few”. Churchill enjoyed good relations with US President Roosevelt and the 1941 US Lend-Lease policy to defeat Germany, Italy and Japan helped ensure crucial supplies. After the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor the US entered the war and Germany was eventually defeated on 8 May 1945, Victory in Europe day, Churchill conducted a huge crowd in Whitehall singing “Land of Hope and Glory”. The Japanese surrendered on 15 August 1945, ending World War II. During the Boer War Churchill was a newspaper war reporter and was captured and held as a prisoner of war. Amazingly he escaped and returned a hero.61
Neville Chamberlain119371940Conservative
  • 14 November 1935
George VI18691940England, Birmingham, Edgbaston
  • 1938-1940: The Right Honourable Arthur Neville Chamberlain MP FRS
  • 1922-1938: The Right Honourable Arthur Neville Chamberlain MP
  • 1918-1922: The Honourable Arthur Neville Chamberlain MP
  • 1869-1918: Mr Arthur Neville Chamberlain
In 1937 the Right Honourable Neville Chamberlain was the first British Prime Minister appointed by King George VI as British Prime Minister. Chamberlain is remembered as the Prime Minister that tried to appease Adolf Hitler by signing the Munich Agreement in 1938 and he led the National Government until it collapsed in 1940 to be replaced by an all-party coalition under Winston Churchill. When Germany (and the Soviets and (first) Slovak Republic) invaded Poland the UK had treaty obligations to assist Poland and, following Chamberlain’s address to the nation on radio, the UK declared war on Germany on 3 September 1939.60
Stanley Baldwin3/319351937Conservative14 November 1935George V18671947England, Worcestershire, Bewdley
  • 1937-1947: The Rt Hon The Earl Baldwin of Bewdley KG PC PC (Can) JP FRS
  • 1937: The Rt Hon Sir Stanley Baldwin KG MP JP FRS
  • 1927-1937: The Rt Hon Stanley Baldwin MP JP FRS
Following the 1935 general election Stanley Baldwin was the last British Prime Minister appointed by King George V for his third and final term. Stanley Baldwin steered the National Government through the 1935 Ethiopian crisis and Edward VIII’s abdication in 1936. He announced his retirement on the occasion of King George VI’s coronation. Stanley Baldwin is the only British Prime Minister to have served under three monarchs; King George V, Edward VIII and George VI.59
Ramsay MacDonald2/219291935National Labour
  • 27 October 1931
  • 30 May 1929
George V18661937Scotland, Morayshire, LossiemouthMP FRSThe 1929 general election resulted in a hung Parliament and Ramsay MacDonald was appointed Prime Minister for his second and last term by King George V. MacDonald formed his second minority government, with the support of the Liberals, and focused on healing the domestic issues behind the 1926 general strike. The 1929 Stock Market crash, against the background of the global depression and the deteriorating economic situation, prompted the Conservative and Liberal parties to meet with King George V and MacDonald. King George V urged MacDonald to form a National Government. As a result Labour expelled MacDonald. The 1931 general election resulted in a landslide victory for the National Government and Ramsey MacDonald remained Prime Minister until he retired in 1935, due to ill health.58
Stanley Baldwin3/219241929Conservative
  • 29 October 1924
  • 6 December 1923
George V18671947England, Worcestershire, Bewdley
  • 1927-1937: The Rt Hon Stanley Baldwin MP JP FRS
  • 1920-1927: The Rt Hon Stanley Baldwin MP JP
Following the 1924 general election Stanley Baldwin was appointed British Prime Minister for his second of three terms and led the government during the 1926 general strike.57
Ramsay MacDonald2/119241924Labour6 December 1923George V18661937Scotland, Morayshire, LossiemouthMP FRSFollowing the 1923 general election James Ramsay MacDonald became the first Labour party Prime Minister. He was appointed, for the first of two terms, by King George V. Ramsey formed a minority government which proved the Labour Party were fit to govern but only lasted nine months. Ramsey MacDonald was a founder of the Labour Party along with Keir Hardie and others.56
Stanley Baldwin3/119231924Conservative
  • 15 November 1922
George V18671947England, Worcestershire, Bewdley
  • 1920-1927: The Rt Hon Stanley Baldwin MP JP
  • 1908-1920: Mr Stanley Baldwin MP JP
  • 1897-1908: Mr Stanley Baldwin JP
  • 1867-1897: Mr Stanley Baldwin
The 1923 general election resulted in a hung Parliament. Stanley Baldwin was appointed Prime Minister for the first of three terms by King George V.55
Bonar Law119221923Conservative
  • 15 November 1922
  • 14 December 1918
George V18581923Canada, New BrunswickMPFollowing the 1922 general election Andrew Bonar Law was appointed British Prime Minister by King George V. Bonar Law is the only British Prime Minister not born in the British Isles.54
David Lloyd George119161922Liberal
  • 14 December 1918
  • 31 January 1911
George V18631945England, Lancashire, Manchester, Chorlton-on-MedlockEarl Lloyd-George of Dwyfor OM PC MPThe 1918 general election was called after the armistice with Germany ended the First World War. David Lloyd George led a coalition government and was the first British Prime Minister to be appointed by King George V.53
Herbert Henry Asquith119081916Liberal
  • 31 January 1911
  • 15 February 1910
  • 13 February 1906
Edward VII18521928England, West Riding of Yorkshire, MorleyHerbert Henry Asquith Earl of Oxford and Asquith KG PC KC FRS MPIn 1908 Asquith was the last British Prime Minister appointed by King Edward VII. Following the 1910 general election H. H. Asquith headed the last majority Liberal government which took Great Britain and the British Empire into the First World War in August 2014. The British welfare state was founded on Liberal reforms between 1906 and 1914, focused on the young, old and working people.52
Henry Campbell-Bannerman
Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman
119051908Liberal
  • 13 February 1906
  • 3 December 1900
Edward VII18361908Scotland, GlasgowThe Right Honourable Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman GCB MPSir Henry Campbell-Bannerman (nicknamed “CB”) is the only person, to date, to hold the positions of Prime Minister and Father of the House at the same time. Campbell-Bannerman resigned due to ill health in April 1908 and died just days later. He was replaced by Asquith, his Chancellor. Five days after taking office the, previously separate, office of Prime minister and office of First Lord of the Treasury were joined so Henry Campbell-Bannerman and all subsequent British Prime Ministers were also First Lord of the Treasury. Some, but not all, earlier British Prime Ministers also head the office of First Lord of the Treasury.51
Arthur James Balfour119021905Conservative
  • 3 December 1900
Edward VII18481930Scotland, East Lothian
  • 1922-1930: The Right Honourable The Earl of Balfour KG OM PC FRS DL
  • 1922 The Right Honourable Sir Arthur James Balfour KG OM FRS MP DL
  • 1916-1922: The Right Honourable Arthur James Balfour OM FRS MP DL
  • 1888-1916: The Right Honourable Arthur James Balfour FRS MP DL
  • 1885-1888: The Right Honourable Arthur James Balfour MP DL
  • 1880-1885: Mr Arthur James Balfour MP DL
  • 1874-1880: Mr Arthur James Balfour MP
  • 1848-1874: Mr Arthur James Balfour
Following the resignation of Robert Gascoyne-Cecil on 11 July 1902 Arthur James Balfour was the first British Prime Minister appointed by King Edward VII. The Anglo-French Convention secured the Entente Cordiale with France in 1904. Balfour resigned as Prime Minister in December 1905 and lost his seat in the 1906 general election.50
Robert Gascoyne-Cecil
3rd Marquess of Salisbury
3/318951902Conservative
  • 3 December 1900
  • 12 August 1895
  • 4 August 1892
Victoria18301903England, Hertfordshire, Hatfield
  • 1902-1903: The Most Honourable The Marquess of Salisbury KG GCVO PC FRS
  • 1878-1902: The Most Honourable The Marquess of Salisbury KG PC FRS
Following the 1895 general election Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, 3rd Marquess of Salisbury was the last British Prime Minister appointed by Queen Victoria for his third and final term, serving over thirteen years in total.49
Archibald Philip Primrose
5th Earl of Rosebery
118941895Liberal
  • 4 August 1892
Victoria18471929England, Middlesex, MayfairArchibald Primrose 5th Earl of Rosebery & 1st Earl of Midlothian, KG KT PC FRS FBAArchibald Philip Primrose, Lord Rosebery, was not elected as a member of Parliament. He was appointed as British Prime Minister while serving in the House of Lords. Primrose collaborated with Gladstone who said that he was “one of the very ablest men I have ever known”.48
William Ewart Gladstone4/418921894Liberal
  • 4 August 1892
Victoria18091898England, LiverpoolWilliam Ewart Gladstone FRS FSS MP1892 was the fourth and final term William Gladstone was appointed as United Kingdom Prime Minister. Gladstone was British Prime Minister for twelve years in a political career spanning over 60 years. William Gladstone was appointed as Prime Minister more times than any other British politician. The Second Home Rule Bill for Ireland was introduced in 1893 was passed by the House of Commons but defeated in the House of Lords. Gladstone was the oldest off all British Prime Ministers to be elected to office and the oldest to leave office, aged 84 years and 63 days on 2 March 1894. He was not offered a peerage, having earlier declined an earldom.47
Robert Gascoyne-Cecil
3rd Marquess of Salisbury
3/218861892Conservative
  • 5 August 1886
  • 12 January 1886
  • 29 April 1880
Victoria18301903England, Hertfordshire, Hatfield
  • 1878-1902: The Most Honourable The Marquess of Salisbury KG PC FRS
1886 was the second of three terms Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, 3rd Marquess of Salisbury, was appointed as British Prime Minister.46
William Ewart Gladstone4/318861886Liberal5 August 1886Victoria18091898England, LiverpoolWilliam Ewart Gladstone FRS FSS MP1886 was the third of four terms Gladstone was appointed as the British Prime Minister. The Home Rule Bill for Ireland was introduced. Gladstone also served as Chancellor of the Exchequer four times between 1852 and 1882.45
Robert Gascoyne-Cecil
3rd Marquess of Salisbury
3/118851886Conservative
  • 12 January 1886
Victoria18301903England, Hertfordshire, Hatfield
  • 1878-1902: The Most Honourable The Marquess of Salisbury KG PC FRS
  • 1869-1878: The Most Honourable The Marquess of Salisbury PC FRS
  • 1868-1869: The Most Honourable The Marquess of Salisbury PC
  • 1866-1868: The Right Honourable Viscount Cranborne MP
  • 1865-1866: Viscount Cranborne MP
  • 1853-1865: Lord Robert Gascoyne-Cecil MP
  • 1830-1853: Lord Robert Gascoyne-Cecil
1885 was the first of three terms Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, 3rd Marquess of Salisbury, was appointed as British Prime Minister by Queen Victoria. Lord Robert Cecil, Marquess of Salisbury, was the last British Prime minister to run his administration from the House of Lords. He was previously MP for Stamford for fifteen years between 1853 and 1868.44
William Ewart Gladstone4/218801885Liberal
  • 29 April 1880
Victoria18091898England, LiverpoolWilliam Ewart Gladstone FRS FSS MP1880 was the second of four terms Gladstone was United Kingdom Prime Minister. The failed rescue attempt of General Gordon’s force in Khartoum, Sudan in 1885 resulted in a telegram of rebuke from Queen Victoria which ended up in the press. He resigned in June 1885 and declined an earldom from Queen Victoria.43
Benjamin Disraeli2/218741880Conservative
  • 5 March 1874
Victoria18041881England, Middlesex, BloomsburyBenjamin Disraeli 1st Earl of Beaconsfield KG PC FRS MP1874 was the second and final term Benjamin Disraeli was appointed as British Prime Minister in a UK government administration.42
William Ewart Gladstone4/118681874Liberal10 December 1868Victoria18091898England, LiverpoolWilliam Ewart Gladstone FRS FSS MPFollowing the 1868 general election Gladstone was appointed by Queen Victoria for the first of his four terms as Prime Minister. The UK Ballot Act 1872 introduced the secret ballot for local government elections and parliamentary elections. Gladstone was first elected as a Member of Parliament for Newark in between 1833 and 1846, followed by Oxford University (1847-65), South Lancashire (1865-68), Greenwich (1868-80) and finally Midlothian from 1880 until 1895. Gladstone was a member of four political parties. Gladstone was a Tory in 1828, switching to the Conservative party in 1834, then he became a Peelite until 1859 after which he remained a Liberal party politician for the rest of his career.41
Benjamin Disraeli2/118681868Conservative
  • 11 July 1865
Victoria18041881England, Middlesex, BloomsburyBenjamin Disraeli 1st Earl of Beaconsfield KG PC FRS MPBenjamin Disraeli was appointed as British Prime Minister by Queen Victoria in 1868, the first of two terms. His literary and political career made him one of the most eminent figures in Victorian public life. One of Benjamin Disraeli’s most famous novels was Sybil, the Two Nations published in 1845 and charts the struggle of the English working classes.40
Edward Smith-Stanley
14th Earl of Derby
3/318661868Conservative
  • 11 July 1865
  • 31 May 1859
  • 30 April 1857
  • 4 November 1852
  • 9 August 1847
Victoria17991869England, Lancashire, Knowsley14th Earl of Derby KG GCMG PC PC (Ire) MP1866 was the third and last term Smith-Stanley was appointed as British Prime Minister, a total of just three years and 280 days in office. He also served as Member of Parliament for Stockbridge (1822-1826), MP for Preston (1826–30), Windsor (1831-1832) and North Lancashire (1832-1844).39
John Russell
Lord John Russell
2/218651866Liberal
  • 11 July 1865
Victoria17921878England, Middlesex, MayfairLord John Russell, 1st Earl Russell KG GCMG PC FRS MP1865 was John Russell’s second term as Prime minister for under a year following the sudden death of Palmerston in 1865. Also known as Lord John Russell until 1861.38
Henry John Temple
The Viscount Palmerston
2/218591865Liberal
  • 11 July 1865
  • 31 May 1859
  • 30 April 1857
Victoria17841865England, Middlesex, WestminsterHenry John Temple 3rd Viscount Palmerston KG GCB PC FRS MP1859 was the second and final term Viscount Palmerston was appointed as the first Prime Minister of the newly formed Liberal Party.37
Edward Smith Stanley
14th Earl of Derby
3/218581859Conservative30 April 1857Victoria17991869England, Lancashire, Knowsley14th Earl of Derby KG GCMG PC PC (Ire) MP1858 was the second of three terms Smith-Stanley was appointed as British Prime Minister. Edward Smith Stanley is also the longest serving Conservative Party leader (1846-1868). Leader of the House of Lords three times in 1852, 1858-59 and 1866-68.36
Henry John Temple
The Viscount Palmerston
2/118551858Whig4 November 1852Victoria17841865England, Middlesex, WestminsterHenry John Temple 3rd Viscount Palmerston KG GCB PC FRS MP1855 was the first of two terms Henry John Temple aka Palmerston was appointed as British Prime Minister. Before 1859 Palmerston was a Whig and a Tory before 1822.35
George Hamilton-Gordon
4th Earl of Aberdeen
118521855Peelite4 November 1852Victoria17841860Scotland, Midlothian. Edinburgh
  • George Hamilton-Gordon, 4th Earl of Aberdeen, KG KT FRSE FRS PC FSA Scot
  • 1791-1801: Lord Haddo
In 1852 George Hamilton-Gordon was appointed Prime Minister by Queen Victoria. George Hamilton-Gordon formed a coalition government between the Whigs and Peelites with Radical and Irish support in 1852. George Hamilton-Gordon was elected as an MP to the House of Commons as a Whig in 1822 before serving in Peel’s second government in 1841.34
Edward Smith Stanley
14th Earl of Derby
3/118521852Conservative
  • 4 November 1852
  • 9 August 1847
Victoria17991869England, Lancashire, Knowsley14th Earl of Derby KG GCMG PC PC (Ire) MP1852 was the first of three terms Edward Smith-Stanley was appointed as British Prime Minister. Smith-Stanley is one of four British Prime Ministers who served three or more terms in office. Edward Smith-Stanley was known as Edward Stanley before 1834, Lord Stanley until 1851 then 14th Earl of Derby or just Derby. Member of the Whig party before 1841.33
John Russell
Lord John Russell
2/118461852Whig9 August 1847Victoria17921878England, Middlesex, Mayfair1st Earl Russell KG GCMG PC FRS MP1846 was the first of two terms John Russell was appointed British Prime Minister by Queen Victoria. His leadership during the Irish Great Famine (1845-49) resulted in the loss of around a quarter of Ireland’s population and was the last time the Whig party formed a Government. Russell served as Leader of the House of Commons four times between 1834 and 1855.32
Robert Peel
Sir Robert Peel
2/218411846Conservative19 August 1841Victoria17881850England, Lancashire, BurySir Robert Peel, 2nd Baronet Bt FRS MP1841 was the second and final term Sir Robert Peel, 2nd Baronet was the first British Prime Minister appointed by Queen Victoria.31
William Lamb
2nd Viscount Melbourne
2/218351841Whig
  • 19 August 1841
  • 19 February 1835
William IV17991848England, LondonWilliam Lamb, 2nd Viscount Melbourne PC PC (Ire) FRS MP1835 was the second and final term William Lamb, 2nd Viscount Melbourne was the last British Prime Minister appointed by William IV.30
Robert Peel
Sir Robert Peel
2/118341835Conservative
  • 19 February 1835
  • 29 January 1833
William IV17881850England, Lancashire, BurySir Robert Peel, 2nd Baronet Bt FRS MP1834 was the first of two terms Sir Robert Peel, 2nd Baronet was appointed as British Prime Minister.29
Arthur Wellesley
The Duke of Wellington
2/218341834Tory29 January 1833William IV17691852Ireland, Dublin
  • 1847-1852: FM His Grace The Duke of Wellington KG GCB GCH FRS
  • 1816-1852: FM His Grace The Duke of Wellington KG GCB GCH
  • 1815-1852: FM His Grace The Duke of Wellington KG GCB
1835 was the second and final term Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington was appointed as British Prime Minister.28
William Lamb
2nd Viscount Melbourne
2/118341834Whig29 January 1833William IV17991848England, LondonWilliam Lamb, 2nd Viscount Melbourne PC PC (Ire) FRS MP1834 was the first of two terms William Lamb, 2nd Viscount Melbourne was appointed as British Prime Minister.27
Charles Grey
2nd Earl Grey
118301834Whig
  • 29 January 1833
  • 25 July 1831
  • 9 August 1830
William IV17641845England, Northumberland, Fallodon
  • 1831-1845: The Rt Hon The Earl Grey KG PC
  • 1807-1831: The Rt Hon The Earl Grey PC
  • 1806-1807: The Rt Hon Viscount Howick MP
  • 1806: Viscount Howick MP
  • 1801-1806: The Hon Charles Grey MP
  • 1786-1801: Mr Charles Grey MP
  • 1764-1786: Mr Charles Grey
Charles Grey, 2nd Earl Grey was the first British Prime Minister appointed by King William IV. Earl Grey tea is named after him.26
Arthur Wellesley
The Duke of Wellington
2/118281830Tory
  • 9 August 1830
  • 19 June 1826
King George IV17691852Ireland, Dublin
  • 1816-1852: FM His Grace The Duke of Wellington KG GCB GCH
  • 1815-1852: FM His Grace The Duke of Wellington KG GCB
  • 1814-1815: FM His Grace The Duke of Wellington KG
  • 1813-1814: FM The Most Hon The Marquess of Wellington KG
  • 1821-1813: Gen The Most Hon The Marquess of Wellington KG
  • 1812-1813: Gen The Most Hon The Marquess of Wellington KB
  • 1812: Gen The Rt Hon The Earl of Wellington KB
  • 1811-1812: Gen The Rt Hon The Viscount Wellington KB
  • 1809-1811: Lt-Gen The Rt Hon The Viscount Wellington KB
  • 1808-1809: Lt-Gen The Rt Hon Sir Arthur Wellesley KB
  • 1807-1808: Maj-Gen The Rt Hon Sir Arthur Wellesley KB
  • 1804-1807: Maj-Gen The Hon Sir Arthur Wellesley KB
  • 1802-1804: Maj-Gen The Hon Arthur Wellesley
  • 1798-1802: Col The Hon Arthur Wellesley
  • 1796-1798: Col The Hon Arthur Wesley
  • 1793-1796: Lt-Col The Hon Arthur Wesley
  • 1793: Maj The Hon Arthur Wesley
  • 1791-1793: Capt The Hon Arthur Wesley
  • 1787-1791: Lt The Hon Arthur Wesley
  • 1787: Ensign The Hon Arthur Wesley
  • 1769-1787: The Hon Arthur Wesley
1828 was the first of two terms Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, nicknamed the “Iron Duke” was appointed as British Prime Minister by King George IV. The Duke of Wellington gained victory over Napoleon at the Battle of Waterloo in 1815.25
Frederick John Robinson
Viscount Goderich
118271828Tory / Canningite19 June 1826George IV17821859England, Yorkshire, Skelton-on-Ure
  • 1833-1859: The Rt Hon The Earl of Ripon PC
  • 1827-1833: The Rt Hon The Viscount Goderich PC
  • 1812-1827: The Rt Hon Frederick John Robinson MP
  • 1806-1812: The Hon Frederick John Robinson MP
  • 1782-1806: The Hon Frederick John Robinson
Frederick J. Robinson, 1st Viscount Goderich was appointed as British Prime Minister by King George IV and resigned after just 144 days in office.24
George Canning118271827Tory / Canningite19 June 1826George IV17701827England, Middlesex, MaryleboneGeorge Canning FRS MPGeorge Canning was the first British Prime Minister to be appointed by King George IV. George Canning died from consumption after just 119 days in office, George Canning had the shortest overall term in office of all British Prime Ministers, aged 57, on 8 August 1827.23
Robert Banks Jenkinson
2nd Earl of Liverpool
118121827Tory / Pittite
  • 19 June 1826
  • 16 January 1821
  • 4 August 1818
  • 24 November 1812
  • 22 June 1807
King George III17701828England, London
  • 1814-1828: The Rt Honourable The Earl of Liverpool KG PC FRS
  • 1808-1814: The Rt Honourable The Earl of Liverpool PC FRS
  • 1801-1808: The Rt Honourable The Lord Hawkesbury PC FRS
  • 1799-1801: The Rt Honourable Lord Hawkesbury FRS MP
  • 1796-1799: Lord Hawkesbury FRS MP
  • 1794-1796: The Honourable Robert Banks Jenkinson FRS MP
  • 1790-1794: The Honourable Robert Banks Jenkinson MP
  • 1786-1790: The Honourable Robert Banks Jenkinson
  • 1770-1786: Mr Robert Banks Jenkinson
In 1812, Robert Jenkinson, the 2nd Earl of Liverpool, was the last British Prime Minister appointed by King George III. Robert Banks Jenkinson oversaw the Peterloo Massacre on 16 August 1819 at St Peter’s Field, Manchester during which cavalry charged into a crowd of pro-democracy reformers, men, women and children, killing 15 people and injuring hundreds of people. The immediate aftermath of Peterloo saw a crackdown on reform, campaigners, and journalists but reform was unstoppable and in 1832 the Great Reform Act was passed.22
Spencer Perceval118091812Tory / Pittite22 June 1807George III17621812England, Middlesex, MayfairSpencer Perceval KC MPIn 1809 Spencer Perceval was appointed British Prime Minister by King George III. Spencer Perceval is the only British Prime Minister to be assassinated while in office. Spencer Perceval was shot and killed in the House of Commons lobby on 11 May 1812 by John Bellingham who acted alone and did not try to escape. He was tried, convicted and hanged one week later.21
William Cavendish-Bentinck
3rd Duke of Portland
2/218071809Tory / Pittite
  • 22 June 1807
  • 17 November 1806
George III17381809England, Nottinghamshire1794-1809: His Grace The Duke of Portland, KG, PC, FRSIn 1807 William Cavendish-Bentinck, the 3rd Duke of Portland, was appointed British Prime Minister for his second and final term by King George III.20
William Wyndham Grenville
Baron Grenville
118061807Whig22 July 1802George III17591834England, Buckinghamshire, Wotton Underwood
  • The Right Honourable, The Lord Grenville, PC PC (Ire) FRS
  • 1782-1790: William Wyndham Grenville, 1st Baron Grenville PC PC (Ire) FRS MP
William Wyndham Grenville, 1st Baron Grenville, was appointed as British Prime Minister by King George III.19
William Pitt The Younger2/218041806Tory / Pittite22 July 1802George IV17591806England, Kent, Hayes1781-1806: The Right Honourable William Pitt MP1804 was the second and final term William Pitt The Younger was appointed as British Prime Minister for his second and final term by King George III.18
Henry Addington118011804Tory / Addingtonian22 July 1802George III17571844England, Middlesex, Holborn
  • 1805-1844: The Right Honourable The Viscount Sidmouth PC
  • 1789-1805: The Right Honourable Henry Addington MP
  • 1784-1789: Mr Henry Addington MP
  • 1757-1784: Mr Henry Addington
Henry Addington, 1st Viscount Sidmouth was appointed as British Prime Minister by King George III until he was ousted from office in 1804 by the Foxites, Grenvillites and Pittites.17
William Pitt The Younger2/117831801Tory / PittiteGeorge III17591806England, Kent, Hayes1781-1806: The Right Honourable William Pitt MP1783 was the first of two terms William Pitt The Younger was appointed as British Prime Minister aged 24, the youngest British Prime Minister so far, by King George III. 16
William Cavendish-Bentinck
3rd Duke of Portland
2/117831783WhigGeorge III17381809England, Nottinghamshire
  • 1766-1794: His Grace The Duke of Portland, PC, FRS
  • 1765-1766: His Grace The Duke of Portland, PC
  • 1762-1765: His Grace The Duke of Portland
  • 1761-1762: Marquess of Titchfield MP
  • 1738-1761: Marquess of Titchfield
In 1783 William Cavendish-Bentinck, the 3rd Duke of Portland, was appointed for the first of two terms as British Prime Minister by King George III.15
William Petty
2nd Earl of Shelburne
117821783Tory / ChathamiteGeorge III17371805Ireland, Dublin
  • 1784-1805: The Most Hon. The Marquess of Lansdowne, KG, PC
  • 1782-1784: The Rt. Hon. The Earl of Shelburne, KG, PC
  • 1763-1782: The Rt. Hon. The Earl of Shelburne, PC
  • 1761-1763: The Rt. Hon. The Earl of Shelburne
  • 1760-1761: Viscount Fitzmaurice, MP
  • 1753-1760: Viscount Fitzmaurice
  • 1751-1753: The Hon. William Petty
  • 1751: Mr. William Petty
  • 1737-1751: Mr. William Fitzmaurice
In 1782 William Petty, the 2nd Earl of Shelburne, was appointed British Prime Minister by King George III.14
Charles Watson-Wentworth
2nd Marquess of Rockingham
2/217821782Tory / RockinghamiteGeorge III17301782England, Yorkshire, Wentworth
  • 1765-1782: The Most Hon. The Marquess of Rockingham, KG, PC, FRS
In 1782 Charles Watson-Wentworth, the 2nd Marquess of Rockingham, was appointed for his second and final term as Prime Minister by King George III and made widespread ministerial changes. His ministry sought to acknowledge the independence of the United States and started to end British involvement in the American War of Independence. After opposing Thomas Gilbert’s advocacy for poor relief for many years the Relief of the Poor Act 1782 was passed. Workhouses and outdoor relief by unions of civil parishes were to be provided. Rockingham died of Influenza after just 96 days (27 March to 1 July 1782) in office. Charles Watson-Wentworth is the Prime Minister with the shortest single term in office.13
Frederick North
Lord North
117701782Tory / NorthiteGeorge III17321792England, Middlesex, Piccadilly
  • 1790–1792: The Rt Hon. The Earl of Guilford, KG, PC
  • 1790: The Rt Hon. Lord North, KG
  • 1772–1790: The Rt Hon. Lord North, KG, MP
  • 1766–1772: The Rt Hon. Lord North, MP
  • 1754–1766: Lord North, MP
  • 1752–1754: Lord North
  • 1732–1752: The Hon. Frederick North
In 1770 Lord North was appointed British Prime Minister by King George III. North’s ministry oversaw the 1770 Falklands Crisis, the 1780 Gordon Riots and the outbreak of the American Revolution. North resigned in 1782 following defeat at the Siege of Yorktown during the American War of Independence.12
Augustus Henry Fitzroy
Duke of Grafton
117681770Tory / ChathamiteGeorge III17351811England, Suffolk, Euston Hall
  • 1769-1811: His Grace The Duke of Grafton KG PC
  • 1765-1769: His Grace The Duke of Grafton PC
  • 1757-1765: His Grace The Duke of Grafton
  • 1756-1757: The Earl of Euston MP
  • 1747-1756: The Earl of Euston
  • 1735-1747: Mr Augustus FitzRoy
In 1768 Augustus Henry Fitzroy, the 3rd Duke of Grafton, was appointed Prime Minister by King George III. Augustus Henry Fitzroy was the youngest British Prime Minister at the time aged 33, until William Pitt The Younger, aged 24, was appointed in 1783. Britain’s power was at a high point following the Seven Years’ War but his handling of the Corsican Crisis, which resulted in France annexing Corsica, led to his resignation.11
William Pitt The Elder
Earl of Chatham
117661768Tory / ChathamiteGeorge III17081778England, Middlesex, WestminsterWilliam Pitt, 1st Earl of Chatham PC FRSIn 1766 William Pitt The Elder was appointed British Prime Minister by King George III. Pitt of Chatham led Britain to victory over France in the Seven Years’ War which established Britain’s global dominance.10
Charles Watson-Wentworth
2nd Marquess of Rockingham
2/117651766Tory / RockinghamiteGeorge III17301782England, Yorkshire, Wentworth
  • 1761-1765: The Most Hon. The Marquess of Rockingham, KG, FRS
  • 1751-1761: The Most Hon. The Marquess of Rockingham, FRS
  • 1750-1751: The Most Hon. The Marquess of Rockingham
  • 1750-1750: The Rt. Hon. The Earl Malton
  • 1746-1750: Earl of Malton
  • 1733-1746: Viscount Higham
  • 1730-1733: The Hon. Charles Watson-Wentworth
In 1765 Charles Watson-Wentworth, the 2nd Marquess of Rockingham, was appointed by King George III, for the first of two terms as Prime Minister. The American issue dominated his ministry. The American Colonies Act 1766 (Declaratory Act) stated laws passed in the British Parliament also applied to the American colonies. This divided the cabinet and led to his resignation.9
George Grenville117631765Whig / GrenvilliteGeorge III17121770England, Buckinghamshire, Wotton Underwood
  • 1754-1770: The Rt Hon George Grenville
  • 1749-1754: The Hon George Grenville
  • 1741-1749: Mr George Grenville MP
  • 1712-1741: Mr George Grenville
In 1763 George Grenville was appointed British Prime Minster by King George III.8
John Stuart
3rd Earl of Bute
117621763ToryGeorge III17131792Scotland, Midlothian, Edinburgh
  • 1762-1792: The Rt Hon The Earl of Bute KG PC
  • 1760-1762: The Rt Hon The Earl of Bute KT PC
  • 1738-1760: The Rt Hon The Earl of Bute KT
  • 1723-1738: The Rt Hon The Earl of Bute
  • 1713-1723: Lord Mount Stuart
In 1762 John Stuart, the 3rd Earl of Bute, was the first British Prime Minster born in Scotland and the first Prime Minister appointed by King George III.7
Thomas Pelham-Holles
Duke of Newcastle
2/217571762WhigGeorge II16931768England, Middlesex, Lincoln’s Inn Fields
  • 1756-1768: His Grace The Duke of Newcastle KG PC FRS
  • 1749-1756: His Grace The Duke of Newcastle-upon-Tyne KG PC FRS
In 1757 Thomas Pelham-Holles, the 1st Duke of Newcastle, was the last British Prime Minster appointed by King George II for his second and final term,6
William Cavendish
4th Duke of Devonshire
117561757WhigGeorge II17201764England, Derbyshire, Hardwick Hall
  • 1756-1764: His Grace The Duke of Devonshire, KG, PC
  • 1755-1756: His Grace The Duke of Devonshire, PC
  • 1751-1755: The Rt. Hon. Marquess of Hartington
  • 1741-1751: Marquess of Hartington, MP
  • 1729-1741: Marquess of Hartington
  • 1720-1729: Lord Cavendish of Hardwick
In 1756 William Cavendish, the 4th Duke of Devonshire, was appointed British Prime Minster by King George II.5
Thomas Pelham-Holles
Duke of Newcastle
2/117541756WhigGeorge II16931768England, Middlesex, Lincoln’s Inn Fields
  • 1756-1768: His Grace The Duke of Newcastle KG PC FRS
  • 1749-1756: His Grace The Duke of Newcastle-upon-Tyne KG PC FRS
  • 1718-1749: His Grace The Duke of Newcastle-upon-Tyne KG PC
  • 1717-1718: His Grace The Duke of Newcastle-upon-Tyne PC
  • 1715-1717: His Grace The Duke of Newcastle-upon-Tyne
  • 1714-1715: The Rt Hon The Earl of Clare
  • 1712-1714: The Rt Hon The Lord Pelham of Laughton
  • 1706-1712: The Hon Thomas Pelham
  • 1693-1706: Mr Thomas Pelham
In 1754 Thomas Pelham-Holles, the 1st Duke of Newcastle, was appointed British Prime Minster, for the first of two terms, by King George II.4
Henry Pelham117431754WhigGeorge II16941754England, Sussex, Laughton
  • 1746-1754: The Rt. Hon. Henry Pelham, FRS, MP
  • 1725-1746: The Rt. Hon. Henry Pelham, MP
  • 1717-1725: The Hon. Henry Pelham, MP
  • 1706-1717: The Hon. Henry Pelham
  • 1694-1706: Mr. Henry Pelham
In 1743, following the death in office of Spencer Compton was appointed British Prime Minster by King George II.3
Spencer Compton
Earl of Wilmington
117421743WhigGeorge II16731743England, Warwickshire, Compton Wynyates
  • 1733-1743: The Rt Hon. The Earl of Wilmington, KG, KB, PC
  • 1730-1733: The Rt Hon. The Earl of Wilmington, KB, PC
  • 1728-1730: The Rt Hon. The Lord Wilmington, KB, PC
  • 1725-1728: The Rt Hon. Sir Spencer Compton, KB, MP
  • 1716-1725: The Rt Hon. Spencer Compton, MP
  • 1713-1716: The Hon. Spencer Compton, MP
  • 1710-1713: The Hon. Spencer Compton
  • 1698-1710: The Hon. Spencer Compton, MP
  • 1673-1698: The Hon. Spencer Compton
In 1742 Spencer Compton, the 1st Earl of Wilmington, was appointed as the second British Prime Minister by King George II and the first Prime Minister to die in office. He took measures without reaching a consensus and exerted control over his ministers.2
Robert Walpole
Earl of Orford
117211742WhigGeorge I16761745England, Norfolk
  • 1742-1745: Rt Hon The Earl of Orford KG KB PC
  • 1726-1742: Rt Hon Sir Robert Walpole KG KB MP
  • 1725-1726: Rt Hon Sir Robert Walpole KB MP
  • 1714-1725: Rt Hon Robert Walpole MP
  • 1701-1714: Mr Robert Walpole MP
  • 1676-1701: Mr Robert Walpole
Around 1721 Robert Walpole was appointed by King George I as the first British Prime Minister and he served longer in office than all the subsequent British Prime Ministers to date. Walpole handled the South Sea Company financial crisis, passing the Bubble Act of Parliament of Great Britain in 1720. Walpole shared power with his brother in law, Charles Townshend but after George I died and was succeeded by George II in 1727 Walpole gradually consolidated his position some historians cite 15 May 1730, when Townshend retired, as the date when Walpole became the first British Prime Minister. In 1742 the British navy and army suffered heavy losses in the Battle of Cartagena de Indias against Spain and Walpole’s government was defeated in a vote of no confidence (over an election issue). Walpole resigned and was elevated to the House of Lords as Earl of Orford, Viscount Walpole and Baron Walpole of Houghton in the County of Norfolk.1
* British Prime Ministers are not elected but appointed by the Monarch and remain in office until they lose the confidence of the House of Commons. Key: KG Order of the Garter, recipient can use Sir/Dame/Lady prefix. GCVO/KCVO/DCVO Sir/Dame of Royal Victorian Order. OM Order of Merit. PC Privy Council of the United Kingdom. FRS Fellow of the Royal Society. FBA Fellow of the British Academy. FSS Royal Statistical Society. MP Member of Parliament. DL Deputy lieutenant.

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