nobel prize winners

Nobel Prize Winners in Science

List of All Nobel Prize Winners in Science Since 1901

Alfred Nobel said If I have a thousand ideas and only one turns out to be good, I am satisfiedand is said to have instigated the awards after reading an obituary of his life, while he was still alive, which read “The merchant of death is dead“. Keen to be remembered in a better light, he donated the bulk of his estate to setting up the awards. Nobel prize winners, for Physics, Chemistry and Medicine or Physiology have been awarded to scientists that make the most outstanding contributions to mankind since 1901. Nobel prizes are awarded yearly on 10th December, the anniversary of the founder’s death.

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YearPhysicsChemistryMedicine or Physiology
1901Wilhelm Conrad RöntgenJacobus Henricus van ‘t HoffEmil Adolf von Behring
1902Hendrik Lorentz,  Pieter ZeemanHermann Emil FischerRonald Ross
1903Henri Becquerel,  Pierre Curie,  Marie CurieSvante ArrheniusNiels Ryberg Finsen
1904Lord RayleighWilliam RamsayIvan Pavlov
1905Philipp LenardAdolf von BaeyerRobert Koch
1906J. J. ThomsonHenri MoissanCamillo Golgi, Santiago Ramón y Cajal
1907Albert Abraham MichelsonEduard BuchnerCharles Louis Alphonse Laveran
1908Gabriel LippmannErnest RutherfordÉlie Metchnikoff, Paul Ehrlich
1909Karl Ferdinand Braun,  Guglielmo MarconiWilhelm OstwaldEmil Theodor Kocher
1910Johannes Diderik van der WaalsOtto WallachAlbrecht Kossel
1911Wilhelm WienMarie CurieAllvar Gullstrand
1912Gustaf DalénVictor Grignard,  Paul SabatierAlexis Carrel
1913Heike Kamerlingh OnnesAlfred WernerCharles Richet
1914Max von LaueTheodore William RichardsRobert Bárány
1915William Henry Bragg, William Lawrence BraggRichard WillstätterNo Nobel Prize Winners awarded
1916No Nobel Prize Winners awardedNo Nobel Prize Winners awardedNo Nobel Prize Winners awarded
1917Charles Glover BarklaNo Nobel Prize Winners awardedNo Nobel Prize Winners awarded
1918Max PlanckFritz HaberNo Nobel Prize Winners awarded
1919Johannes StarkNo Nobel Prize Winners awardedJules Bordet
1920Charles Édouard GuillaumeWalther NernstAugust Krogh
1921Albert EinsteinFrederick SoddyNo Nobel Prize Winners awarded
1922Niels BohrFrancis William AstonArchibald Hill, Otto Fritz Meyerhof
1923Robert Andrews MillikanFritz PreglFrederick Banting, John James, Rickard Macleod
1924Manne SiegbahnNo Nobel Prize Winners awardedWillem Einthoven
1925James Franck, Gustav Ludwig HertzRichard Adolf ZsigmondyNo Nobel Prize Winners awarded
1926Jean Baptiste PerrinTheodor SvedbergJohannes Fibiger
1927Arthur Compton, Charles Thomson Rees WilsonHeinrich Otto WielandJulius Wagner-Jauregg
1928Owen Willans RichardsonAdolf Otto Reinhold WindausCharles Nicolle
1929Louis de BroglieArthur Harden, Hans von Euler-ChelpinChristiaan Eijkman, Frederick Gowland Hopkins
1930C. V. RamanHans FischerKarl Landsteiner
1931No Nobel Prize Winners awardedCarl Bosch, Friedrich BergiusOtto Heinrich Warburg
1932Werner HeisenbergIrving LangmuirCharles Scott Sherrington,  Edgar Adrian
1933Erwin Schrödinger, Paul DiracNo Nobel Prize Winners awardedThomas Hunt Morgan
1934No Nobel Prize Winners awardedHarold UreyGeorge Whipple, George Minot, William P. Murphy
1935James ChadwickFrédéric Joliot-Curie, Irène Joliot-CurieHans Spemann
1936Victor Francis Hess, Carl David AndersonPeter DebyeHenry Hallett Dale, Otto Loewi
1937Clinton Davisson, George Paget ThomsonNorman Haworth, Paul KarrerAlbert Szent-Györgyi
1938Enrico FermiRichard Kuhn[A]Corneille Heymans
1939Ernest LawrenceAdolf Butenandt, [A] Leopold RužičkaGerhard Domagk[A]
1940No Nobel Prize Winners awardedNo Nobel Prize Winners awardedNo Nobel Prize Winners awarded
1941No Nobel Prize Winners awardedNo Nobel Prize Winners awardedNo Nobel Prize Winners awarded
1942No Nobel Prize Winners awardedNo Nobel Prize Winners awardedNo Nobel Prize Winners awarded
1943Otto SternGeorge de HevesyHenrik Dam, Edward Adelbert Doisy
1944Isidor Isaac RabiOtto HahnJoseph Erlanger, Herbert Spencer Gasser
1945Wolfgang PauliArtturi Ilmari VirtanenAlexander Fleming, Ernst Boris Chain, Howard Florey
1946Percy Williams BridgmanJames B. Sumner, John Howard Northrop, Wendell Meredith StanleyHermann Joseph Müller
1947Edward Victor AppletonRobert RobinsonCarl Ferdinand Cori, Gerty Cori, Bernardo Houssay
1948Patrick BlackettArne TiseliusPaul Hermann Müller
1949Hideki YukawaWilliam GiauqueWalter Rudolf Hess, António Egas Moniz
1950C. F. PowellOtto Diels, Kurt AlderPhilip Showalter Hench, Edward Calvin Kendall, Tadeus Reichstein
1951John Cockcroft, Ernest WaltonEdwin McMillan, Glenn T. SeaborgMax Theiler
1952Felix Bloch, Edward Mills PurcellArcher John Porter Martin,  Richard Laurence Millington SyngeSelman Waksman
1953Frits ZernikeHermann StaudingerHans Adolf Krebs, Fritz Albert Lipmann
1954Max Born, Walther BotheLinus PaulingJohn Franklin Enders, Frederick Chapman Robbins, Thomas Huckle Weller
1955Willis Lamb, Polykarp KuschVincent du VigneaudHugo Theorell
1956John Bardeen, Walter Houser Brattain, William ShockleyCyril Norman Hinshelwood,  Nikolay SemyonovAndré Frédéric Cournand, Werner Forssmann, Dickinson W. Richards
1957Chen Ning Yang, Tsung-Dao LeeThe Lord ToddDaniel Bovet
1958Pavel Cherenkov, Ilya Frank, Igor TammFrederick SangerGeorge Wells Beadle, Edward Lawrie Tatum, Joshua Lederberg
1959Emilio G. Segrè, Owen ChamberlainJaroslav HeyrovskýArthur Kornberg, Severo Ochoa
1960Donald A. GlaserWillard LibbyFrank Macfarlane Burnet, Peter Medawar
1961Robert Hofstadter, Rudolf MössbauerMelvin CalvinGeorg von Békésy
1962Lev LandauMax Perutz, John KendrewFrancis Crick, James D. Watson, Maurice Wilkins
1963Eugene Wigner, Maria Goeppert-Mayer, J. Hans D. JensenKarl Ziegler, Giulio NattaJohn Eccles, Alan Lloyd Hodgkin, Andrew Huxley
1964Charles Hard Townes, Nikolay Basov, Alexander ProkhorovDorothy HodgkinKonrad Emil Bloch, Feodor Felix, Konrad Lynen
1965Sin-Itiro Tomonaga, Julian Schwinger, Richard FeynmanRobert Burns WoodwardFrançois Jacob, André Michel Lwoff, Jacques Monod
1966Alfred KastlerRobert S. MullikenFrancis Peyton Rous, Charles Brenton Huggins
1967Hans BetheManfred Eigen,  Ronald George Wreyford Norrish,  George PorterRagnar Granit, Haldan Keffer Hartline, George Wald
1968Luis Walter AlvarezLars OnsagerRobert W. Holley, Har Gobind Khorana, Marshall Warren Nirenberg
1969Murray Gell-MannDerek Barton,  Odd HasselMax Delbrück, Alfred Hershey,  Salvador Luria
1970Hannes Alfvén, Louis NéelLuis Federico LeloirJulius Axelrod, Ulf von Euler,  Bernard Katz
1971Dennis GaborGerhard HerzbergEarl Wilbur Sutherland, Jr.
1972John Bardeen, Leon Cooper, John Robert SchriefferChristian B. Anfinsen, Stanford Moore, William Howard SteinGerald Edelman, Rodney Robert Porter
1973Leo Esaki, Ivar Giaever, Brian David JosephsonErnst Otto Fischer, Geoffrey WilkinsonKarl von Frisch, Konrad Lorenz,  Nikolaas Tinbergen
1974Martin Ryle, Antony HewishPaul FloryAlbert Claude, Christian de Duve, George Emil Palade
1975Aage Bohr, Ben Roy Mottelson, James RainwaterJohn Cornforth, Vladimir PrelogDavid Baltimore, Renato Dulbecco, Howard Martin Temin
1976Burton Richter, Samuel C. C. TingWilliam LipscombBaruch Samuel Blumberg,  Daniel Carleton Gajdusek
1977Philip Warren Anderson, Nevill Francis Mott, John Hasbrouck Van VleckIlya PrigogineRoger Guillemin, Andrew Schally, Rosalyn Sussman Yalow
1978Pyotr Kapitsa, Arno Allan Penzias, Robert Woodrow WilsonPeter D. MitchellWerner Arber, Daniel Nathans,  Hamilton O. Smith
1979Sheldon Lee Glashow, Abdus Salam, Steven WeinbergHerbert C. Brown, Georg WittigAllan McLeod Cormack, Godfrey Hounsfield
1980James Cronin, Val Logsdon FitchPaul Berg, Walter Gilbert,  Frederick SangerBaruj Benacerraf, Jean Dausset,  George Davis Snell
1981Nicolaas Bloembergen, Arthur Leonard Schawlow, Kai SiegbahnKenichi Fukui, Roald HoffmannRoger Wolcott Sperry, David H. Hubel, Torsten Wiesel
1982Kenneth G. WilsonAaron KlugSune Bergström,  Bengt I. Samuelsson,  John Vane
1983Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar, William Alfred FowlerHenry TaubeBarbara McClintock
1984Carlo Rubbia, Simon van der MeerRobert Bruce MerrifieldNiels Kaj Jerne, Georges J. F. Köhler, César Milstein
1985Klaus von KlitzingHerbert A. Hauptman,  Jerome KarleMichael Stuart Brown, Joseph L. Goldstein
1986Ernst Ruska, Gerd Binnig, Heinrich RohrerDudley R. Herschbach, Yuan T. Lee,  John PolanyiStanley Cohen, Rita Levi-Montalcini
1987Johannes Georg Bednorz, Karl Alexander MüllerDonald J. Cram, Jean-Marie Lehn,  Charles J. PedersenSusumu Tonegawa
1988Leon M. Lederman, Melvin Schwartz, Jack SteinbergerJohann Deisenhofer, Robert Huber, Hartmut MichelJames W. Black, Gertrude B. Elion, George H. Hitchings
1989Norman Foster Ramsey, Jr., Hans Georg Dehmelt, Wolfgang PaulSidney Altman, Thomas CechJ. Michael Bishop, Harold E. Varmus
1990Jerome Isaac Friedman, Henry Way Kendall, Richard E. TaylorElias James CoreyJoseph Murray, E. Donnall Thomas
1991Pierre-Gilles de GennesRichard R. ErnstErwin Neher, Bert Sakmann
1992Georges CharpakRudolph A. MarcusEdmond H. Fischer, Edwin G. Krebs
1993Russell Alan Hulse, Joseph Hooton Taylor, Jr.Kary Mullis, Michael SmithRichard J. Roberts, Phillip Allen Sharp
1994Bertram Brockhouse, Clifford ShullGeorge Andrew OlahAlfred G. Gilman, Martin Rodbell
1995Martin Lewis Perl, Frederick ReinesPaul J. Crutzen, Mario J. Molina,  Frank Sherwood RowlandEdward B. Lewis, Christiane Nüsslein-Volhard, Eric F. Wieschaus
1996David Lee, Douglas Osheroff, Robert Coleman RichardsonRobert F. Curl Jr., Harry Kroto, Richard SmalleyPeter C. Doherty, Rolf M. Zinkernagel
1997Steven Chu, Claude Cohen-Tannoudji, William Daniel PhillipsPaul D. Boyer, John E. Walker, Jens Christian SkouStanley B. Prusiner
1998Robert B. Laughlin, Horst Ludwig Störmer, Daniel C. TsuiWalter Kohn, John PopleRobert F. Furchgott, Louis Ignarro, Ferid Murad
1999Gerard ‘t Hooft, Martinus J. G. VeltmanAhmed ZewailGünter Blobel
2000Zhores Alferov, Herbert Kroemer, Jack KilbyAlan J. Heeger, Alan MacDiarmid, Hideki ShirakawaArvid Carlsson, Paul Greengard,  Eric Kandel
2001Eric Allin Cornell, Wolfgang Ketterle, Carl WiemanWilliam Standish Knowles,  Ryōji Noyori, Karl Barry SharplessLeland H. Hartwell, Tim Hunt,  Paul Nurse
2002Raymond Davis, Jr., Masatoshi Koshiba, Riccardo GiacconiJohn Fenn, Koichi Tanaka,  Kurt WüthrichSydney Brenner, H. Robert Horvitz, John Sulston
2003Alexei Alexeyevich Abrikosov, Vitaly Ginzburg, Anthony James LeggettPeter Agre, Roderick MacKinnonPaul Lauterbur, Peter Mansfield
2004David Gross, Hugh David Politzer, Frank WilczekAaron Ciechanover, Avram Hershko, Irwin RoseRichard Axel, Linda B. Buck
2005Roy J. Glauber, John L. Hall, Theodor W. HänschYves Chauvin,  Robert H. Grubbs,  Richard R. SchrockBarry Marshall, Robin Warren
2006John C. Mather, George SmootRoger D. KornbergAndrew Fire, Craig Mello
2007Albert Fert, Peter GrünbergGerhard ErtlMario Capecchi, Martin Evans,  Oliver Smithies
2008Yoichiro Nambu, Makoto Kobayashi, Toshihide MaskawaOsamu Shimomura, Martin Chalfie, Roger Y. TsienHarald zur Hausen, Françoise Barré-Sinoussi, Luc Montagnier
2009Charles K. Kao, Willard S. Boyle, George E. SmithVenkatraman Ramakrishnan,  Thomas A. Steitz, Ada YonathElizabeth Blackburn, Carol W. Greider, Jack W. Szostak
2010Andre Geim, Konstantin NovoselovRichard F. Heck,  Ei-ichi Negishi, Akira SuzukiRobert G. Edwards
2011Saul Perlmutter, Adam G. Riess, Brian SchmidtDan ShechtmanBruce Beutler, Jules A. Hoffmann, Ralph M. Steinman
2012Serge Haroche, David J. WinelandBrian K. Kobilka, Robert J. LefkowitzJohn B. Gurdon, Shinya Yamanaka
2013François Englert, Peter W. HiggsMartin Karplus, Michael Levitt,  Arieh WarshelJames E. Rothman, Randy W. Schekman, Thomas C. Südhof
2014Isamu Akasak, Hiroshi Amano, Shuji NakamuraEric Betzig, Stefan Hell, William MoernerJohn O’Keefe, May-Britt Moser, Edvard Moser
2015Takaaki Kajita, Arthur B. McDonaldTomas Lindahl, Paul L. Modrich, Aziz SancarWilliam C. Campbell, Satoshi Ōmura, Tu Youyou
2016David Thouless, Duncan Haldane, Michael KosterlitzJean-Pierre Sauvage, James Fraser Stoddart, Bernard (Ben) FeringaYoshinori Ohsumi

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