recent crimean history

Recent Crimean History

Recent Crimean History

We’ve researched more than 2000 years of Crimean history and squeezed it into this recent Crimean history ADDucation list you can digest in under 5 minutes! It covers the background history about the Ukraine and it’s relationship with Crimea in an easy to digest way without politics or prejudice getting in the way. The Crimea is a beautiful region with a long coastline, steppes and mountains and an enviable climate. Hardly surprising then, that this Black Sea pearl is such a sought after prize. Throughout its history, the Crimea has been occupied by the Greeks, Romans, Tatars and the Ottoman Empire to name just a few.

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SubjectBrief AnswerRecent Crimean History Details
LocationBlack SeaPeninsula on southern coast of Ukraine
CapitalSimferopolInland city on site of ancient Greek city Neapolis. Population. 350,000
PopulationApproximately 2 million
LanguagesUkrainian, Russian, TatarUkrainian is the official language but Russian is spoken by about 75% of the population. About 10% speak Tatar
EthnicityRussians, Ukrainians, TatarsEthnic Russians 58 %, Ukrainians 24%, Tatars 12%
Area10,000 square miles (27,000 km2)
ClimateTemperate continentalSame latitude as Venice. Hot summers and cool winters. Tourist center on southern coast
LandscapePrairie, mountains and coastAround ¾ prairie land, mountains as high as 2500 feet (750 meters) and coastline
EconomyTourism, agricultureIncluding wine-making. In recent Crimean history it has become famous for Sovetskoye Shampanskoye (“Soviet champagne”) which is still made today
AttractionsVariousIn recent Crimean history attractions includes beaches, palaces and villas, mountain scenery, spas and caves
Russia’s FleetSevastopolBase of Russia’s Black Sea fleet.
Early OccupantsCountlessCimmerians, Greeks, Romans, Goths, Huns, Byzantine Empire, Tatars, Ottoman Empire. The Tatars were Mongol Muslims with roots going back to Genghis Khan.
Russian Occupants1783Annexation into Russian Empire
Crimean War1853-56Russia against Great Britain, France, Sardinia and Turkey. The Allies took Sevastopol where the Tsar had his Fleet thus preventing him from influence in the Mediterranean. Famous for poem the “Charge of the Light Brigade” which celebrates the British attacking the wrong Russian position, and Florence Nightingale treating British troops from 1854. Balaclava comes from the Crimean Town of the same name where the masks were first worn by soldiers to protect against the cold
Bolshevik annexation1917Civil war involving Tsarists, Bolsheviks and anarchists. Crimea incorporated into the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic
Nazi Occupation1942-1944By German and Romanian troops after harsh battles and huge loss of life on all sides
Tatar Deportation1944Josef Stalin deports entire Tatar population to Soviet Union for alleged Nazi collaboration
Yalta Conference1945Held when Germany was close to defeat between Stalin, Churchill and Roosevelt. Sealed Poland’s fate as part of Soviet Union, and led to formation of the UN.
Transfer to Ukraine1954By Khrushchev from RSFSR to Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic
End of Soviet Union1991President Gorbachev is on vacation in Crimea when coup takes place in Moscow. Russia and Ukraine divide Black Sea Fleet. Russia’s fleet stays in Sevastopol
Independence attempt1992Crimean government backed by Russia declares independence but fails
Rejoining Russia1994Yuri Meshkov – first elected president argues in favor of rejoining Russia
Meshkov ousted1995The government comes under national control but the Crimean assembly remains
Russian base1997An agreement permits Russia to keep its fleet there for 20 years
NATO manoeuvres2006US Marines from a Ukraine-NATO exercise encounter protesters prompting the local parliament to declare the Crimea a NATO free zone.
NATO M.A.P.2008Ukraine including Crimea becomes candidate to join NATO M.A.P. (Membership Action Plan) against Russian protests
NATO cancelled2010New president Viktor Yanukovych decides against NATO membership but continues relations and exercises
Yanukovych fleesFebruary 2014Yanukovych leaves the Ukraine for Russia after lengthy protests. Interim government approves closer association with west and NATO
Republic of Crimea declaredMarch 2014Crimea becomes part of Russian Federation after referendum but remains part of the Ukraine according to its constitution. A process opposed by the US and the EU. Ukraine withdraws troops

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