common illnesses

Common Illnesses & Symptoms

List of Common Illnesses

Important! ADDucation’s list of common illnesses, symptoms and possible treatment is published for information only. Always seek professional medical advice if you, or anyone else, is experiencing any of the symptoms of the common infectious illnesses listed in the table below.

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Common IllnessesInfection, virus carrierIncubationSymptoms, courseTreatment
Athlete’s footBarefoot on damp surfaces.Variable.Inflamed, itchy skin between the toes.Powder, cream.
CandidiasisIntercourse.Variable.Glans or vaginal irritation, white discharge.Anti-fungals.
ChickenpoxDroplet and contact.11-21 days.Fever, headache, rash.Compresses.
CholeraUnclean food or water.1-5 days.Violent diarrhea, dehydration, can be fatal.Hydration.
ConjunctivitisFrom hands to the eyes.Variable.Itching, eye irritation / redness, pus.Antibiotics.
DengueAedes aegypti mosquito.5-8 days.Fever, headache, joint and muscle pain.Painkillers.
DiphtheriaDroplet infection.4-6 days.Fever; gray tongue coating; heart damage.Antibiotics.
Ebola feverUrine, feces, blood, saliva.7-14 days.Fever, diarrhea, internal bleeding, frequently fatal.Experimental drugs only.
FluDroplet infection.1-3 days.Fever, sweating, chills, headache and body aches.Tablets.
GonorrheaIntercourse.2-10 days.Pain during urination; discharge.Antibiotics.
Hepatitis AUnclean food or water.3-6 weeks.Flu-like course.Conservation, peace.
HerpesDirect contact.Variable.Recurrent sores / redness.Antivirals.
Impetigo
Contact with infected person or object.1-3 days.Itchy rash, sores and pus filled blisters, possible fever.Oral antibiotics or antibiotic cream.
LeprosyDroplet infection.3-5 years.Bright spots on the skin, nerves destroyed.Antibacterial.
MalariaAnopheles mosquito.10-40 days.Fever with chills, heat, fatigue, headache.Antimalarials.
MeaslesDroplet infection.7-14 days.Cold symptoms, fever, red rash.Drugs.
MumpsDroplet infection.2-3 weeks.Jaw pain, swelling of the parotid gland.Drugs.
PlagueRat fleas.2-5 days.Fever and swollen lymph nodes, often fatal.Antibiotics.
PolioDroplet infection.3-14 days.Fever, headache, neck and muscle stiffness, paralysis.Bed rest, vaccination.
RubellaDroplet infection.17-21 days.Fever and rash.Drugs.
ScarletDroplet infection.2-4 days.Sore throat, headache, red rash.Antibiotics.
ShinglesReactivation of varicellazoster viruses.Variable.Painful rash (blisters) on ribs or waist.Antiviral agents; painkillers.
Skin fungusDirect contact.Variable.Scales and spots on head and skin.Antifungals.
Sleeping sicknessTsetse fly bite.3 days to 4 weeks.Fever, fatigue, headache, coma, death.Protozoan agents.
SmallpoxDroplet infection.12 days.Fever, rash, often fatal.Vaccination.
SyphilisIntercourse.3-4 weeks.Ulcers on the genitals, rash, fatigue.Antibiotics.
TapewormContaminated food.5 weeks.Intestinal pain, worm limbs excreted in stool.Anthelmintics.
TetanusVia wounds.3 days to 3 weeks.Rigid smile, trismus, muscle spasms.Antitoxin.
TrichomoniasisSex or wet towels.Variable.Inflammation of the vagina, yellow discharge.Protozoan agents.
TyphoidUnclean food or water.7-14 days.Headache and abdominal pain, fever, diarrhoea, possibly deadly.Antibiotics.
Whooping coughDroplet infection.7-14 days.Coughing with outstretched tongue, fever, vomiting.Antibiotics.
Yellow feverAedes aegypti mosquito.3-6 days.Neck, head and back pain, fever, renal failure, possibly fatal.Still unknown, possible vaccinations.

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