common illnesses

Common Illnesses & Symptoms

List of Common Illnesses

Common illnesses and chronic diseases which have plagued humankind leading to epidemics and worldwide pandemics and have killed millions of people throughout history.

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Common Illnesses Infection, virus carrier Incubation Symptoms, course Treatment
Athlete’s foot Barefoot on damp surfaces. Variable. Inflamed, itchy skin between the toes. Powder, cream.
Candidiasis Intercourse. Variable. Glans or vaginal irritation, white discharge. Anti-fungals.
Chickenpox Droplet and contact. 11-21 days. Fever, headache, rash. Compresses.
Cholera Unclean food or water. 1-5 days. Violent diarrhea, dehydration, can be fatal. Hydration.
Conjunctivitis From hands to the eyes. Variable. Itching, eye irritation / redness, pus. Antibiotics.
Coronavirus COVID-19 Droplet infection via mucous membranes from coughing and/or direct contact with fomites[1]. 2-14 days. Fever, dry cough, fatigue. Can be fatal to vulnerable groups, typically following respiratory failure. No vaccine or effective treatment as of 19 Apr 2020.
Dengue Aedes aegypti mosquito. 5-8 days. Fever, headache, joint and muscle pain. Painkillers.
Diphtheria Droplet infection. 4-6 days. Fever, gray tongue coating, can lead to heart damage. Antibiotics.
Ebola fever Urine, feces, blood, saliva. 7-14 days. Fever, diarrhea, internal bleeding and frequently fatal. Experimental drugs only.
Flu Droplet infection. 1-3 days. Fever, sweating, chills, headache and body aches. Tablets.
Gonorrhea Intercourse. 2-10 days. Pain and/or discharge during urination. Antibiotics.
Hepatitis A Unclean food or water. 3-6 weeks. Flu-like symptoms and course. Rest, loose clothing, healthy environment.
Herpes Direct contact. Variable. Recurrent sores / redness. Antivirals.
Contact with infected person or object. 1-3 days. Itchy rash, sores and pus filled blisters, possible fever. Oral antibiotics or antibiotic cream.
Leprosy Droplet infection. 3-5 years. Bright spots on the skin, nerves destroyed. Antibacterial.
Malaria Anopheles mosquito. 10-40 days. Fever with chills, heat, fatigue, headache. Antimalarials.
Measles Droplet infection. 7-14 days. Cold symptoms, fever, red rash. Drugs.
Mumps Droplet infection. 2-3 weeks. Jaw pain, swelling of the parotid gland. Drugs.
Plague Rat fleas. 2-5 days. Fever and swollen lymph nodes, often fatal. Antibiotics.
Polio Droplet infection. 3-14 days. Fever, headache, neck and muscle stiffness, paralysis. Bed rest, vaccination.
Rubella Droplet infection. 17-21 days. Fever and rash. Drugs.
Scarlet fever Droplet infection. 2-4 days. Sore throat, headache, red rash. Antibiotics.
Shingles Reactivation of varicellazoster viruses. Variable. Painful rash (blisters) on ribs or waist. Antiviral agents; painkillers.
Skin fungus Direct contact. Variable. Scales and spots on head and skin. Antifungals.
Sleeping sickness Tsetse fly bite. 3 days to 4 weeks. Fever, fatigue, headache, coma, death. Protozoan agents.
Smallpox Droplet infection. 12 days. Fever, rash, often fatal. Vaccination.
Syphilis Intercourse. 3-4 weeks. Ulcers on the genitals, rash, fatigue. Antibiotics.
Tapeworm Eating contaminated food. 5 weeks. Intestinal pain, worm limbs excreted in stool. Anthelmintics.
Tetanus Infection via wounds. 3 days to 3 weeks. Rigid smile, trismus, muscle spasms. Antitoxin.
Trichomoniasis Sex or wet towels. Variable. Inflammation of the vagina, yellow discharge. Protozoan agents.
Typhoid Unclean food or water. 7-14 days. Headache and abdominal pain, fever, diarrhoea, possibly deadly. Antibiotics.
Whooping cough Droplet infection. 7-14 days. Coughing with outstretched tongue, fever, vomiting. Antibiotics.
Yellow fever Aedes aegypti mosquito. 3-6 days. Neck, head and back pain, fever, renal failure, possibly fatal. Still unknown, possible vaccinations.

Important! ADDucation’s list of common illnesses and diseases with symptoms and possible treatments is published for information only. Always seek professional medical advice if you, or anyone else, is experiencing any of the symptoms of the infectious diseases and illnesses in the table above. [1]Fomites include; human skin cells, hair, contaminated clothing, bedding, towels, surfaces, touchscreens, keyboards, buttons, handles, switches etc.

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