fruit family list

Fruit Family List 🍋🥝

Fruit Family List A-Z 🍊🍋

ADDucation’s fruit family list includes some fruits which are commonly believed to be vegetables (avocados, gourds and nightshades) and Rhubarb which is commonly believed to be a fruit but is a vegetable. Our fruit family list shows the relationships between a wide range of common fruits along with their latin botanical names.

  • ADDucation’s fruit family list was compiled by Robert Junker and last updated on Jan 18, 2023 @ 3:46 pm
Frequently Asked Questions About Fruit Family Names

FAQs About Names in Fruit Family List

What is a plant taxonomy?

A plant taxonomy is its classification, written in Latin. It shows the hierarchy and relationships between species. Taxonomy is divided into various classes including the plant family and genus.

What’s the difference between Raisins, Currants and Sultanas?

They are all dried grapes but each have different culinary uses and generally not interchangeable in recipes:

  • Raisins: Made from dried white Moscatel grapes, deep red in color and bigger and sweeter than currants and will soak up flavors. Used in Mince pies, Christmas cake and Christmas pudding
  • Currants (aka Corinth raisins, Zante currants): Small black, shrivelled dried fruit with a sweet flavor. Used in Spotted Dick and Eccles cake
  • Sultanas: Made from dried white grapes, are golden in color and sweeter than currants. Sultanas are plumper and do not soak up other flavors as readily as raisins.

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List of Common Fruits Latin / Scientific / Botanical Names of Fruits Genus Family Generic Group
Açaí Euterpe oleracea. Euterpe Arecaceae Palm
Allspice Pimenta dioica. Pimenta Myrtaceae Myrtle
Apple 🍎 Malus pumila. Malus Rosaceae Rose
Apricot Prunus armeniaca. Prunus Rosaceae Rose
Avocado 🥑 Persea americana. Persea Lauraceae Laurel
Banana 🍌 Musa Musa Musaceae Banana
Bearberry Arctostaphylos uva-ursi. Arctostaphylos Ericaceae Heath
Bilberry Vaccinium myrtillus. Vaccinium Ericaceae Heath
Blackberry Rubus Rubus Rosaceae Rose
Blackcurrant Ribes nigrum. Ribes Saxifragaceae Saxifrage
Blueberry Cyanococcus Vaccinium Ericaceae Heath
Boysenberry Rubus ursinus × Rubus idaeus. Rubus Rosaceae Rose
Breadfruit Artocarpus altilis. Artocarpus Moraceae Mulberry
Camu-camu Myrciaria dubia. Myrciaria Myrtaceae Myrtle
Cantaloupe / Muskmelon 🍈
Cucumis melo variety cantalupensis. Cucumis Cucurbitaceae Gourd
Cape gooseberry Physalis peruviana. Solanaceae Nightshade Nightshade
Caper berry Capparis spinosa. Capparis Capparaceae Caper
Casaba Melon 🍈
Cucumis melo. Cucumis Cucurbitaceae Gourd
Cherry / Wild Cherry 🍒
Prunus avium (sweet cherry), Prunus cerasus (sour cherry). Prunus Rosaceae Rose
Chinese Gooseberry Actinidia deliciosa. Actinidia Actinidiaceae Kiwi
Citron Citrus medica. Citrus Rutaceae Citrus fruit
Clementine 🍊 Citrus × clementina. Citrus Rutaceae Citrus fruit
Coconut 🥥 Cocos nucifera. Cocos Arecaceae Arecaceae
Crab apple Malus sylvestris. Malus Rosaceae Rose
Cranberry Vaccinium Vaccinium Ericaceae Heath
Crenshaw Cucumis melo. Cucumis Cucurbitaceae Gourd
Date Phoenix dactylifera. Phoenix Arecaceae Palm
Dewberry Rubus flagellaris (northern dewberry), Rubus trivialis (southern dewberry). Rubus Rosaceae Rose
Dragon fruit Hylocereus undatus. Hylocereus Cactaceae Cactus
Eggplant / Aubergine / Brinjal 🍆 Solanum melongena. Solanum Solanaceae Nightshade
Elderberry Sambucus. Sambucus Adoxaceae Moschatel
Feijoa Acca sellowiana. Acca Myrtaceae Myrtle
Fig Ficus carica. Ficus Moraceae Mulberry
Goji berry Lycium barbarum or Lycium chinense. Solanaceae Nightshade Nightshade
Golden berry / Goldenberry
Physalis peruviana. Solanaceae Nightshade Nightshade
Gooseberry Ribes uva-crispa. Ribes Saxifragaceae Saxifrage
Grape / Grapes 🍇 Vitis vinifera. Vitis Vitaceae Grape
Grapefruit Citrus × paradisi. Citrus Rutaceae Citrus fruit
Guava Psidium guajava. Psidium Myrtaceae Myrtle
Honeydew Melon
Cucumis melo. Cucumis Cucurbitaceae Gourd
Huckleberry Vaccinium membranaceum. Vaccinium Ericaceae Heath
Kiwifruit 🥝
Actinidia deliciosa. Actinidia Actinidiaceae Kiwi
Kumquat Fortunella. Citrus Rutaceae Citrus fruit
Lemon 🍋 Citrus × limon. Citrus Rutaceae Citrus fruit
Lime Citrus × aurantiifolia. Citrus Rutaceae Citrus fruit
Loganberry Rubus × loganobaccus. Rubus Rosaceae Rose
Loquat Eriobotrya japonica. Eriobotrya Rosaceae Rose
Lychee Litchi chinensis. Litchi Sapindaceae Soapberry
Mandarin 🍊 Citrus reticulata. Citrus Rutaceae Citrus fruit
Mango 🥭 Mangifera indica. Mangifera Anacardiaceae Cashew
Mulberry Morus alba (white mulberry), Morus nigra (black mulberry). Ficus Moraceae Mulberry
Muscadine grapes Vitis rotundifolia. Vitis Vitaceae Grape
Muskmelon / Cantaloupe 🍈
Cucumis melo variety cantalupensis. Cucumis Cucurbitaceae Gourd
Nectarine Prunus persica variety nucipersica. Prunus Rosaceae Rose
Olive Olea europaea. Olea Oleaceae Olive
Orange Citrus reticulata. Citrus Rutaceae Citrus fruit
Papaya Carica papaya. Caricaceae Caricaceae Papaya
Passion fruit / Passionfruit
Passiflora edulis.
Passiflora L. Passifloraceae Passion Flower
Peach 🍑 Prunus persica. Prunus Rosaceae Rose
Pear 🍐 Pyrus Pyrus Rosaceae Rose
Pepino Solanum muricatum. Solanaceae Nightshade Nightshade
Persian melon Cucumis melo variety cantalupensis. Cucumis Cucurbitaceae Gourd
Peruvian groundcherry Physalis peruviana. Solanaceae Nightshade Nightshade
Physalis peruviana. Solanaceae Nightshade Nightshade
Pineapple 🍍 Ananas comosus. Ananas Bromeliaceae Pineapple
Pitaya Hylocereus undatus. Stenocereus Cactaceae Cactus
Plantain Musa × paradisiaca. Plantago Musaceae Banana
Plum Prunus domestica. Prunus Rosaceae Rose
Pomegranate Punica granatum. Punica Lythraceae Pomegranate
Pomelo Citrus maxima. Citrus Rutaceae Citrus fruit
Prickly pear / Nopal
Opuntia Opuntia Cactaceae Cactus
Prune Prunus domestica. Prunus Rosaceae Rose
Cydonia oblonga.
Cydonia Rosaceae Rose
Raisin Vitis vinifera. Vitis Vitaceae Grape
Raspberry Rubus idaeus. Rubus Rosaceae Rose
Redcurrant Ribes rubrum. Ribes Saxifragaceae Saxifrage
Rhubarb Rheum rhabarbarum. Rheum Polygonaceae Vegetable *
Rose hip / Rosehip
Rosa canina. Rosa Rosaceae Rose
Ruby red grapefruit Citrus × paradisi. Citrus Rutaceae Citrus fruit
Sloe Prunus spinosa. Prunus Rosaceae Rose
Starfruit Averrhoa carambola. Averrhoa Oxalidaceae Oxalis
Strawberry 🍓 Fragaria × ananassa. Fragaria Rosaceae Rose
Sultana Vitis vinifera. Vitis Vitaceae Grape
Tamarillo Solanum betaceum. Solanaceae Nightshade Nightshade
Tamarindus indica.
Tamarindus Caesalpinioideae Tamarind Sub
Tangelo Citrus × tangelo. Citrus Rutaceae Citrus fruit
Tangerine 🍊 Citrus tangerina. Citrus Rutaceae Citrus fruit
Ugli fruit Citrus reticulata × Citrus paradisi. Citrus Rutaceae Citrus fruit
Watermelon 🍉 Citrullus lanatus. Citrullus Cucurbitaceae Gourd
White currant Ribes rubrum, “White grape”. Ribes Saxifragaceae Saxifrage
Youngberry Rubus ursinus. Rubus Rosaceae Rose

See also: Vegetable Family Names… | Herbs and Spices…

Notes: In botanical names of fruits x denotes a hybrid. * Although Rhubarb is used as a fruit it’s actually a vegetable.

fruit family list

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5 responses to “Fruit Family List 🍋🥝”

  1. PAPIN says:

    Hi guys, I would love to know if there is any way to grow dwarf trees and craft them to get small trees not Bonzai size but lets say a 25% the size of a full grown tree. As well is there any list to know which fruits can be crafted together lets say what is more important the family or the Genus to make them work, is there any course I can learn online or in person if the location is around Toronto GTS area? I would appreciate very much your help.

  2. thalari bhaskar says:

    All types of fruits and vegetables and plants&trees syntific names &family’s list in one order like a one box

    • JC says:

      Thanks for the suggestions. That’s a lot of work but we agree adding the scientific names would be good. We do already have separate lists for trees, nuts and seeds so maybe we could make a Mega list of these in the future.

  3. Hector says:

    Aren’t tomatoes botanically berry-type fruits? Yes, they are considered culinary vegetables, but they’re still fruits, aren’t they?

    • JC says:

      Hi Hector, thanks for your feedback. You are correct, scientifically speaking Tomatoes are fruits. Cooks and scientists like to argue the point. Since this list is in the Mankind and Nature category (rather than the Science and Technology category) we’ll leave tomatoes out of this list because it is included in our Vegetable family names list Maybe we should add a footnote to both lists?

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