fruit family list

Fruit Family List

Fruit Family List A-Z

A plant’s taxonomy is its classification, written in Latin, showing the hierarchy and relationships between species. It’s divided into various classes including the family and the genus. Our fruit family list shows the relationships between a wide range of common fruits along with their latin botanical names. ADDucation’s fruit family list includes some fruits which are commonly believed to be vegetables (avocados, gourds and nightshades) and Rhubarb which is commonly believed to be a fruit but is a vegetable.

Frequently Asked Questions About Fruit Family Names

FAQs About Fruit Family Names

  • What’s the difference between Raisins, Currants and Sultanas?
    They are all dried grapes but each have different culinary uses and generally not interchangeable in recipes:
    • Raisins: Made from dried white Moscatel grapes, deep red in color and bigger and sweeter than currants and will soak up flavors. Used in Mince pies, Christmas cake and Christmas pudding.
    • Currants (aka Corinth raisins, Zante currants): Small black, shriveled dried fruit with a sweet flavor. Used in Spotted Dick and Eccles cake.
    • Sultanas: Made from dried white grapes, are golden in color and sweeter than currants. Sultanas are plumper and do not soak up other flavors as readily as raisins.

ADDucation Tips: Click column headings with arrows to sort fruit family list. Click the + icon to show any hidden columns. Set your browser to full screen to show as many columns as possible. Start typing in the Filter table box to find anything inside the table of fruit family list.

List of Common FruitsFruit Scientific Name / Latin Name / Botanical NameGenusFamilyGeneric Group
AçaíEuterpe oleracea.EuterpeArecaceaePalm
AllspicePimenta dioica.PimentaMyrtaceaeMyrtle
AppleMalus pumila.MalusRosaceaeRose
ApricotPrunus armeniaca.PrunusRosaceaeRose
AvocadoPersea americana.PerseaLauraceaeLaurel
BearberryArctostaphylos uva-ursi.ArctostaphylosEricaceaeHeath
BilberryVaccinium myrtillus.VacciniumEricaceaeHeath
BlackcurrantRibes nigrum.RibesSaxifragaceaeSaxifrage
BoysenberryRubus ursinus × Rubus idaeus.RubusRosaceaeRose
BreadfruitArtocarpus altilis.ArtocarpusMoraceaeMulberry
Camu-camuMyrciaria dubia.MyrciariaMyrtaceaeMyrtle
Cantaloupe / Muskmelon
Cucumis melo variety cantalupensis.CucumisCucurbitaceaeGourd
Cape gooseberryPhysalis peruviana.SolanaceaeNightshadeNightshade
Caper berryCapparis spinosa.CapparisCapparaceaeCaper
Casaba Melon
Cucumis melo.CucumisCucurbitaceaeGourd
Cherry / Wild Cherry
Prunus avium (sweet cherry), Prunus cerasus (sour cherry).PrunusRosaceaeRose
Chinese GooseberryActinidia deliciosa.ActinidiaActinidiaceaeKiwi
CitronCitrus medica.CitrusRutaceaeCitrus fruit
ClementineCitrus × clementina.CitrusRutaceaeCitrus fruit
CoconutCocos nucifera.CocosArecaceaeArecaceae
Crab appleMalus sylvestris.MalusRosaceaeRose
CrenshawCucumis melo.CucumisCucurbitaceaeGourd
DatePhoenix dactylifera.PhoenixArecaceaePalm
DewberryRubus flagellaris (northern dewberry), Rubus trivialis (southern dewberry).RubusRosaceaeRose
Dragon fruitHylocereus undatus.HylocereusCactaceaeCactus
Eggplant / Aubergine / BrinjalSolanum melongena.SolanumSolanaceaeNightshade
FeijoaAcca sellowiana.AccaMyrtaceaeMyrtle
FigFicus carica.FicusMoraceaeMulberry
Goji berryLycium barbarum or Lycium chinense.SolanaceaeNightshadeNightshade
Golden berry / Goldenberry
Physalis peruviana.SolanaceaeNightshadeNightshade
GooseberryRibes uva-crispa.RibesSaxifragaceaeSaxifrage
GrapeVitis vinifera.VitisVitaceaeGrape
GrapefruitCitrus × paradisi.CitrusRutaceaeCitrus fruit
GuavaPsidium guajava.PsidiumMyrtaceaeMyrtle
Honeydew Melon
Cucumis melo.CucumisCucurbitaceaeGourd
HuckleberryVaccinium membranaceum.VacciniumEricaceaeHeath
Actinidia deliciosa.ActinidiaActinidiaceaeKiwi
KumquatFortunella.CitrusRutaceaeCitrus fruit
LemonCitrus × limon.CitrusRutaceaeCitrus fruit
LimeCitrus × aurantiifolia.CitrusRutaceaeCitrus fruit
LoganberryRubus × loganobaccus.RubusRosaceaeRose
LoquatEriobotrya japonica.EriobotryaRosaceaeRose
LycheeLitchi chinensis.LitchiSapindaceaeSoapberry
MandarinCitrus reticulata.CitrusRutaceaeCitrus fruit
MangoMangifera indica.MangiferaAnacardiaceaeCashew
MulberryMorus alba (white mulberry), Morus nigra (black mulberry).FicusMoraceaeMulberry
Muscadine grapesVitis rotundifolia.VitisVitaceaeGrape
Muskmelon / Cantaloupe
Cucumis melo variety cantalupensis.CucumisCucurbitaceaeGourd
NectarinePrunus persica variety nucipersica.PrunusRosaceaeRose
OliveOlea europaea.OleaOleaceaeOlive
OrangeCitrus reticulata.CitrusRutaceaeCitrus fruit
PapayaCarica papaya.CaricaceaeCaricaceaePapaya
Passion fruit / Passionfruit
Passiflora edulis.
Passiflora L.PassifloraceaePassion Flower
PeachPrunus persica.PrunusRosaceaeRose
PepinoSolanum muricatum.SolanaceaeNightshadeNightshade
Persian melonCucumis melo variety cantalupensis.CucumisCucurbitaceaeGourd
Peruvian groundcherryPhysalis peruviana.SolanaceaeNightshadeNightshade
Physalis peruviana.SolanaceaeNightshadeNightshade
PineappleAnanas comosus.AnanasBromeliaceaePineapple
PitayaHylocereus undatus.StenocereusCactaceaeCactus
PlantainMusa × paradisiaca.PlantagoMusaceaeBanana
PlumPrunus domestica.PrunusRosaceaeRose
PomegranatePunica granatum.PunicaLythraceaePomegranate
PomeloCitrus maxima.CitrusRutaceaeCitrus fruit
Prickly pear / Nopal
PrunePrunus domestica.PrunusRosaceaeRose
Cydonia oblonga.
RaisinVitis vinifera.VitisVitaceaeGrape
RaspberryRubus idaeus.RubusRosaceaeRose
RedcurrantRibes rubrum.RibesSaxifragaceaeSaxifrage
RhubarbRheum rhabarbarum.RheumPolygonaceaeVegetable!
Rose hip / Rosehip
Rosa canina.RosaRosaceaeRose
Ruby red grapefruitCitrus × paradisi.CitrusRutaceaeCitrus fruit
SloePrunus spinosa.PrunusRosaceaeRose
StarfruitAverrhoa carambola.AverrhoaOxalidaceaeOxalis
StrawberryFragaria × ananassa.FragariaRosaceaeRose
SultanaVitis vinifera.VitisVitaceaeGrape
TamarilloSolanum betaceum.SolanaceaeNightshadeNightshade
Tamarindus indica.
TamarindusCaesalpinioideaeTamarind Sub
TangeloCitrus × tangelo.CitrusRutaceaeCitrus fruit
TangerineCitrus tangerina.CitrusRutaceaeCitrus fruit
Ugli fruitCitrus reticulata × Citrus paradisi.CitrusRutaceaeCitrus fruit
WatermelonCitrullus lanatus.CitrullusCucurbitaceaeGourd
White currantRibes rubrum, “White grape”.RibesSaxifragaceaeSaxifrage
YoungberryRubus ursinus.RubusRosaceaeRose

Notes: In botanical names x denotes a hybrid. Although Rhubarb is used as a fruit it’s actually a vegetable.

ADDucation Pages Related to Fruit Family Lists:

fruit family list

4 responses to “Fruit Family List”

  1. Avatar JC says:

    Thanks for the suggestions. That’s a lot of work but we agree adding the scientific names would be good. We do already have separate lists for trees, nuts and seeds so maybe we could make a Mega list of these in the future.

  2. Avatar thalari bhaskar says:

    All types of fruits and vegetables and plants&trees syntific names &family’s list in one order like a one box

  3. Avatar JC says:

    Hi Hector, thanks for your feedback. You are correct, scientifically speaking Tomatoes are fruits. Cooks and scientists like to argue the point. Since this list is in the Mankind and Nature category (rather than the Science and Technology category) we’ll leave tomatoes out of this list because it is included in our Vegetable family names list Maybe we should add a footnote to both lists?

  4. Avatar Hector says:

    Aren’t tomatoes botanically berry-type fruits? Yes, they are considered culinary vegetables, but they’re still fruits, aren’t they?

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