vegetable family names

Vegetable Family Names

List of Vegetable Common Names, Scientific & Botanical Names – Vegetable Family Names

Swedish botanist Charles Linnaeus devised a system for classifying vegetable family names in the 1770s using Latin names to describe groups with similar traits. Two of the most important are vegetable family and genus which are both sortable in our table. Regarding pulses or legumes – the British commonly use pulses to mean peas, beans etc. whereas Americans tend to use legumes (and would more commonly use “pulse” to describe a heartbeat). Officially a legume is any plant of the Fabaceae/Leguminosae family and a pulse is the edible seed of some leguminous plants.

Frequently Asked Questions About Vegetable Names

FAQs About Scientific / Botanical / Latin Plant Names

  • How are plants named?
    • Common names for plants:
      Plants are given common names on an ad-hoc basis in different localities, regions and languages around the world so a single plant may have dozens of different common names.
    • Scientific / Botanical names for plants:
      The botanical binomial system was devised to assign a unique botanical name to each plant and it works like family names. Start with the surname (the plant Genus), followed by the forename (the specific epithet) to create a unique plant species name for every plant. Latin is used because the system has been in use since the 18th century. Etiquette insists italics are used for the Genus, starting with a capital letter, followed by the species in lowercase.
  • What is the “Genus” of a plant?
    A genus is a group of plants which share a unique set of common characteristics so they have been given the same first name.
  • What is the “specific epithet” of a plant?
    The specific epithet is the second name which, added to the genus, completes the binomial. The specific epithet may have prefixes, suffixes and other components which scholars admit is a mess! The important thing is each plant ends up with a unique name, even if it gets re-classified or sub-species are added.
  •  What is a plant “species”? (abbreviated sp.):
    The species name for any plant is the binomial name formed by the first name (the genus) followed by the second name (the specific epithet) which may have variety and subspecies suffixes.
  • What is a plant “variety”? (abbreviated var.):
    In botany a plant variety is a plant with a slightly different natural botanical structure which ranks below subspecies but above subvariety (abbreviated to .subvar) and form. Written in the form: Genus species var. variety.
  • What is a plant “cultivar”? (abbreviated cv.):
    A cultivar, short for “cultivated variety” has been propagated by human intervention and would not occur naturally. Written in the form: Genus species cv. Cultivated Variety or Genus species ‘Cultivated Variety’.
  • What’s the difference between a variety and a cultivar?
    Plant varieties occur naturally in the wild and their seeds retain the parent characteristics. Cultivars propagated by human intervention only retain the parent characteristics for one generation, their seeds may well not return the parent characteristics.
  • What is a plant “form”? (abbreviated f. and often omitted):
    The form of a plant indicates a minor difference to the species which could be the color of the leaf, fruit or flower etc. Written in the form: Genus species f. form or Genus species form.

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A-Z List of Vegetable Common NamesVegetable Scientific Name / Botanical Name / SpeciesGenusFamilyCommon Vegetable Family NamesVegetable Info, Trivia & Fun Facts
Alfalfa / LucerneMedicago sativaMedicagoLeguminosae/
Fabaceae (US)
Legumes, Pea family1 cup of Alfafa sprouts contains just 8 calories with 1 gram of protein and 1 gram of fiber.
AmaranthAmaranthusAmaranthusAmaranthaceaeAmaranth vegetable family names: Goosefoot family, Beetroot familyOriginally grown in South American by the Aztecs over 5000 years ago. Protein rich plant.
ArtichokeCynara scolymusCynaraAsteraceae / CompositaeAster vegetable family names: Composite family, Daisy family, sunflower familyArtichoke leaves can be used to make tea.
ArugulaEruca sativaErucaBrassicaceaeCrucifer family, Cabbage family, Mustard familyAlso see Rocket. Known as rocket because it grows fast!
AsparagusAsparagus officinalisAsparagusAsparagaceaeAsparagus familyDoesn’t keep long once harvested because it has a high respiration rate. Rich in saponins offering many health benefits.
AubergineSolanum melongenaSolanumSolanaceaeNightshades family, potato familyLow in fat and calories, rich in soluble fibre. Called Aubergine in British English. See Eggplant for rest of world.
Bamboo shoots / Bamboo sprouts / Moso bambooPhyllostachys edulisPhyllostachysPoaceaeGrass family vegetablesBamboo shoots must be boiled or cooked to remove natural toxins.
Bean / Wild beanPhaseolusFabaceaeLeguminosae/
Fabaceae (US)
Legumes, Bean familyBeans and bean products (tofu, tempeh etc.) yield between 6-11% protein, the most concentrated plant-based protein in the world. See also Green bean.
Beet / BeetrootBeta vulgarisBetaAmaranthaceaeAmaranth vegetable family names: Beetroot familyBeetroot can help cure a hangover. Its red color from the Betacyanin pigment speeds up liver detoxification.
Bell pepper / Sweet pepperCapsicum annuumCapsicumSolanaceaeNightshades family, potato familyCapsicum is one of the vegetable family names that has many varieties and common names. Bell peppers change color and get sweeter the longer they are left on the vine. All peppers are initially green and ripen to yellow, red, purple, brown, black and ivory depending on the variety.
Bok choy / Bok choiBrassica rapa subspecies chinensisBrassicaBrassicaceae (Cruciferae)Crucifer vegetable family names: Mustard family, Cabbage family, Brassica familyMild flavor. Fast growing with white stalks and dark green leaves. Can be eaten raw or cooked. See also Pak Choi
BroccoliBrassica oleracea variety italicaBrassicaBrassicaceae (Cruciferae)Crucifer vegetable family names: Mustard family, Cabbage family, Brassica familyBroccoli is packed with antioxidants and phytochemicals, more vitamin C than an orange with protein and fiber.
Brussels sproutBrassica oleracea variety gemmiferaBrassicaBrassicaceae (Cruciferae)Crucifer vegetable family names: Mustard family, Cabbage family, Brassica familyWinter crop with edible buds that look like mini Cabbages. Low GI food rich in protein, dietary fiber, antioxidants, vitamins and minerals.
BuckwheatFagopyrum esculentumFagopyrumPolygonaceaeBuckwheat familyPseudocereal eaten as cereal grain but do not grow in grasses. Gluten-free despite the name. Nutty flavor. Rice substitute.
Burdock / Greater Burdock / Niúbàng (牛蒡)
Arctium lappaArctiumAsteraceaeAster vegetable family names: Composite family, Daisy family, sunflower familyEdible root vegetable up to 1 metre (3 feet) long and 2cm diameter (3/4″) popular across Asia but out of favor in elsewhere. Considered a weed in Australia, North America and some other parts of the world. The tiny hooks of Burdock seed pods were the inspiration for the invention of Velcro.
Buttercup SquashCucurbita maximaCucurbitaCucurbitaceaeCucurbits family, Gourd familyHigh in carbs and antioxidants. Good source of potassium and fiber. See also Squash.
CabbageBrassica oleracea variety capitataBrassicaBrassicaceae (Cruciferae)Crucifer vegetable family names: Mustard family, Cabbage family, Brassica familyCan be eaten raw or cooked. Low in fat and cholesterol, high in fiber, vitamins, potassium, iron and magnesium.
Cacao/Cocoaheobroma cacaoTheobromaMalvaceaeMallow familyCacao is the bean. Cocoa is the product made from the bean. Addictive alkaloids, delicious flavor, stimulant, purest form of chocolate. Three main varieties of cocoa are Forastero, Criollo and Trinatorio.
Canola (oil)Brassica napusBrassicaBrassicaceae (Cruciferae)Crucifer vegetable family names: Mustard family, Cabbage family, Brassica familySee also Rapeseed oil.
Cantaloupe / MuskmelonCucumis melo variety cantalupensisCucumisCucurbitaceaeCucurbits family, Gourd familyCantaloupe melons are rich in vitamin A and packed with antioxidants including lutein, zeaxanthin, cryptoxanthin and beta-carotene to defend against cancers. See also Melon and Honeydew melon.
Caraway seeds / Meridian fennel / Persian cuminCarum carviCarumApiaceae (Umbelliferae)Umbellifers family, Celery family, Carrot family, parsley familyCaraway seeds are a popular spice with a sweet peppery aroma, essential oils, rich in fiber, antioxidants and vitamins.
Carob / Locust bean / St. John’s breadCeratonia siliquaCeratoniaLeguminosae /
Fabaceae (US)
Legumes, Bean familyThe fruit of the Carob tree is an edible pod rich in sucrose and proteins, A and B vitamins and minerals. Carob flour can be used as a Cocoa substitute.
CarrotDaucus carota subspecies sativusDaucusApiaceae (Umbelliferae)Umbellifers family, Celery family, Carrot family, parsley familyCarrots are high in vitamin A and beta-carotene (which makes carrots orange). 40% beta-carotene is released when cooked compared to just 3% when eating raw carrots.
CauliflowerBrassica oleracea variety botrytisBrassicaBrassicaceae (Cruciferae)Crucifer vegetable family names: Mustard family, Cabbage family, Brassica familyCauliflower contains sulforaphane which attacks cancer cells but only when you eat it raw. Cauliflower is also packed with vitamins and antioxidants.
Cayenne pepperCapsicum annuumCapsicumSolanaceaeNightshades family, potato familyCayenne peppers are hotter in their ripe red color than green. 30,000-50,000 SHU on Scoville scale.
CeleryApium graveolensApiumApiaceae (Umbelliferae)Umbellifers family, Celery family, Carrot family, parsley familyCelery is 95% water, low in calories, carbohydrates, cholesterol and fat. Good source of vitamin K. Anti-inflammatory and aphrodisiac.
ChamomileMatricaria chamomillaMatricariaAsteraceae / CompositaeAster vegetable family names: Composite family, Daisy family, sunflower familyAnti-inflammatory and other medical, cosmetic and aromatherapy uses. Popular tea.
Chayote / Choko / ChristopheneSechium eduleSechiumCucurbitaceaeCucurbits family, Gourd familyChayote fruit, root, stem, seeds, shoots and leaves are all edible and provide vitamin C, folate and amino acids.
Chickpea / Chick pea / Garbanzo beans
Cicer arietinumCicerLeguminosae /
Fabaceae (US)
Legumes, Pea familyEdible hot or cold. High in protien, soluble and dietary fiber, minerals and vitamins. Low glycemic index (GI). Ground caffeine-free coffee substitute.
ChicoryCichorium intybusCichoriumAsteraceae / CompositaeAster vegetable family names: Composite family, Daisy family, sunflower familyBitter leaves, closely related to Endive.
Chili pepperCapsicum annuumCapsicumSolanaceaeNightshades family, potato familySeeds are not the hottest part – where the seed attaches to the inside is the hottest part.
Chinese cabbage / Napa cabbage
Brassica rapa subspecies pekinensisBrassicaBrassicaceae (Cruciferae)Crucifer vegetable family names: Mustard family, Cabbage family, Brassica familyLow in saturated fat and cholestrol, high in dietery fiber, vitamins and minerals, including iron.
ChivesAllium schoenoprasumAlliumAmarylidaceaeAllium family, Cultivated garlicChives, along with chervil, parsley and tarragon are the classic French “fines herbs”.
Cilantro / Coriander / Chinese parsley
Coriandrum sativumCoriandrumApiaceae (Umbelliferae)Umbellifers family, Celery family, Carrot family, parsley familyCilantro is both a spice (seeds) and a herb (leaves).
Collard greensBrassica oleracea variety acephalaBrassicaBrassicaceae (Cruciferae)Crucifer vegetable family names: Mustard family, Cabbage family, Brassica familyCultivar of the Acephala Group which includes Spring greens and Kale.
Coriander / Cilantro / Chinese parsley
Coriandrum sativumCoriandrumApiaceae (Umbelliferae)Umbellifers family, Celery family, Carrot family, parsley familyCoriander is both a herb (leaves) and a spice (seeds).
Corn / Sweet cornZea maysZeaPoaceaeGrass familySee also Maize cereal grain.
CucumberCucumis sativusCucumisCucurbitaceaeCucurbits family, Gourd familySlicing, pickling and seedless varieties.
Cucurbita / Field pumpkin
CucurbitaCucurbitaCucurbitaceaeCucurbits family, Gourd familySee also Squash.
CuminCuminum cyminumCuminumApiaceae (Umbelliferae)Umbellifers family, Celery family, Carrot family, parsley familySecond most popular spice (black pepper is the most popular).
Daikon radishRaphanus sativus variety LongipinnatusRaphanusBrassicaceae (Cruciferae)Crucifer family, Cabbage family, Mustard familyFast growing long white root.
DandelionTaraxacumTaraxacumAsteraceae / CompositaeAster vegetable family names: Composite family, Daisy family, sunflower familyPart of the daisy family.
DillAnethum graveolensAnethumApiaceae (Umbelliferae)Umbellifers family, Celery family, Carrot family, parsley familyDill is the only species in the Anethum genus. Should not be planted alongside carrots or tomatoes.
Eggplant / Brinjal
Solanum melongenaSolanumSolanaceaeNightshades family, potato familyLow calorie and fat rich in soluble fiber. Called Eggplant in North America, Australia, New Zealand and Brinjal in South Africa, South Asia. See also Aubergine.
EndiveCichorium endiviaCichoriumAsteraceae / CompositaeAster vegetable family names: Composite family, Daisy family, sunflower familyBitter leaves, closely related to Chicory.
FennelFoeniculum vulgareFoeniculumApiaceae (Umbelliferae)Umbellifers family, Celery family, Carrot family, parsley familyFennel bulbs have white flesh. Minty dried fennel seeds used as a spice. Part of carrot family. Should not be planted alongside other vegetables.
Garden sorrel / Spinach Dock
Rumex acetosaRumexPolygonaceaeBuckwheat familyOften just called Sorrel.
GarlicAllium sativumAlliumAmarylidaceaeAllium family, Cultivated garlicAllium is the Latin word for garlic. Garlic contains phytonutrients with proven health benefits.
Goji berry / Wolfberry
Lycium barbarumLyciumSolanaceaeNightshades family, potato familyPacked with nutrients, anti-oxidants (zeaxanthin, beta-carotene, lutein and cryptoxanthin), minerals and vitamins. Widely used in Chinese medicine.
Goldenberry / Cape gooseberry
Physalis peruvianaPhysalisSolanaceaeNightshades family, potato familyPhysalis is one of the vegetable family names that has many other common names. See also Peruvian groundcherry.
Green beans / Common bean
Phaseolus vulgarisPhaseolusLeguminosae/
Fabaceae (US)
Legumes, Bean familyBeans are high in fiber and protein, low in fat. Packed with vitamins and antioxidants. See also bean.
Guajillo chili pepper
Capsicum annuum ‘Guajillo’CapsicumSolanaceaeNightshades family, potato familyMedium heat 2500-5000 SHU on Schoville scale.
Habañero chili pepper / Bonnet pepper
Capsicum chinense Habanero GroupCapsicumSolanaceaeNightshades family, potato familyVery hot heat 100,000-350,000 SHU on Schoville scale.
Honeydew melon / Honeymelon
Cucumis melo Linnaeus (Inodorus Group) ‘Honey Dew’CucumisCucurbitaceaeCucurbits family, Gourd familySweet pale flesh. See also Melon and Cantaloupe
HorseradishArmoracia rusticanaArmoraciaBrassicaceae (Cruciferae)Crucifer family, Cabbage family, Mustard familysharp flavor and strong smelling root vegetable. Related to Wasabi.
Italian pepper / Frigitello / Golden creek pepper
Capsicum annuum ‘Friggitello’CapsicumSolanaceaeNightshades family, potato familyMild heat 0-500 SHU on the Schoville scale.
Jalapeño chili pepperCapsicum annuum ‘Jalapeño’CapsicumSolanaceaeNightshade familyMedium heat 2500-8000 SHU on Schoville scale.
Jerusalem artichoke / Sunroot / Earth apple / Topinambour
Helianthus tuberosusHelianthusAsteraceae / CompositaeAster vegetable family names: Composite family, Daisy family, sunflower familyHelianthus from the Greek god Helios, meaning sun.
Jicama / Mexican yam bean / Mexican turnip / Yacon
Pachyrhizus erosusPachyrhizusLeguminosae/
Fabaceae (US)
Legumes, Bean familyLow calorie fruity tasting root vegetable. Good source of dietary fiber, antioxidants, vitamins and minerals.
Kale / Borecole
Brassica oleracea variety sabellicaBrassicaBrassicaceae (Cruciferae)Crucifer vegetable family names: Mustard family, Cabbage family, Brassica familyLeaf cabbage (doen’t form a head) with green or purple leaves. Cultivar of the Acephala Group which includes spring greens and Collard greens.
KohlrabiBrassica oleracea Gongylodes GroupBrassicaBrassicaceae (Cruciferae)Crucifer vegetable family names: Mustard family, Cabbage family, Brassica familyCan be eaten raw or cooked.
Lamb’s-Quarters / Melde / Goosefoot / Fat-Hen
Chenopodium album
ChenopodiumAmaranthaceaeAmaranth vegetable family names: Goosefoot familyConsidered a weed in some parts of the world.
Leek
Allium ampeloprasum ‘Leek Group’AlliumAmarylidaceaeAllium family, Cultivated garlic“Leek” evolved from the Old English word “leac”.
Lentil / Egyptian lentil / Red lentil / Le Puy lentils
Lens culinarisFabaceaeLeguminosae/
Fabaceae (US)
Legumes, Lentil familyCholesterol and gluten free, low fat edible pulse. 2 main groups; large lentils called macrospermae and small lentils called microspermae.
Lettuce / Butterhead / Chinese lettuce
Lactuca sativaLactucaAsteraceae / CompositaeAster vegetable family names: Composite family, Daisy family, sunflower familyLow calorie green leaves (15 calories per 100g) good source of antioxidants (esp. zeaxanthin), vitamins C & K and minerals.
Lima Beans / Butter beans (UK) / Sieva beans
Phaseolus lunatusPhaseolusLeguminosae/
Fabaceae (US)
Legumes, Bean familyGood source of soluble fiber (helps lower cholestrol and regulate blood sugar levels) and insoluble fiber, which helps prevent IBS and constipation.
LuffaLuffa aegyptiacaLuffaCucurbitaceaeCucurbits family, Gourd familyExcellent source of vitamin A and carbohydrates.
Maca / Maka
Lepidium meyeniiLepidiumBrassicaceae (Cruciferae)Crucifer family, Cabbage family, Mustard familyRich malty flavor. Protein containing all the essential amino acids your body needs along with vitamins and minerals.
MaizeZea maysZeaPoaceaeGrass family vegetablesSee also Corn cereal grain.
Melon
Cucumis melo variety cantalupensisCucumisCucurbitaceaeCucurbits family, Gourd familySee also Cantaloupe.
Mustard greensBrassica junceaBrassicaBrassicaceae (Cruciferae)Crucifer vegetable family names: Mustard family, Cabbage family, Brassica familyPungent smell and peppery flavor.
Napa cabbage / Chinese cabbage / Pe-Tsai / Won Bok
Brassica rapa subspecies pekinensisBrassicaBrassicaceae (Cruciferae)Crucifer vegetable family names: Mustard family, Cabbage family, Brassica familyLow in calories, packed with anti-oxidants, fiber, vitamins etc. Can be eaten raw or steamed.
Okra / Okro / Ochro / Ladies’ fingers
Abelmoschus esculentusAbelmoschusMalvaceaeMallow familyOkra seeds can be used to make a caffeine-free coffee substitute.
OnionAllium cepaAlliumAmarylidaceaeAllium family, Cultivated garlicOriginated in Middle-Asia.
Pak choi / Pak choy
Brassica rapa subspecies chinensisBrassicaBrassicaceae (Cruciferae)Crucifer vegetable family names: Mustard family, Cabbage family, Brassica familyFast growing with white stalks and dark green leaves. Mild flavor. Can be eaten cooked or raw. See also Bok Choy.
PaprikaCapsicum annuumCapsicumSolanaceaeNightshades family, potato familyPaprika is chilli powder.
ParsleyPetroselinum crispumPetroselinumApiaceae (Umbelliferae)Umbellifers family, Celery family, Carrot family, parsley familyCurly parsley has less flavor and is often used as garnish.
ParsnipPastinaca sativaPastinacaApiaceae (Umbelliferae)Umbellifers family, Celery family, Carrot family, parsley familyRoot vegetable, closely related to carrot and parsley.
Pasilla chili pepperCapsicum annuumCapsicumSolanaceaeNightshades family, potato familydark, wrinkly skin. Mild to medium heat 2500-5000 SHU on Schoville scale.
Pea / Field pea / Snap pea / Snow pea / Split pea
Pisum sativumViciaLeguminosae/
Fabaceae (US)
Legumes, Pea familyEdible seeds of legume crop.
Peanut / Groundnut / Earthnuts
Arachis hypogaeaArachisLeguminosae/
Fabaceae (US)
Legumes, Pea familyRich in energy (100g = 567 calories) and antioxidants (including p-coumaric acid and resveratrol), nutrients, vitamins and minerals.
Peruvian groundcherry / Physalis
Physalis peruvianaPhysalisSolanaceaeNightshades family, potato familyPhysalis is one of the vegetable family names that has many other common names. See also Goldenberry.
Pepino melon
Solanum muricatumSolanumSolanaceaeNightshades family, potato familyedible skin but also easy to peel.
Pimiento / Pimiento / Cherry chili pepperCapsicum annuumCapsicumSolanaceaeNightshades family, potato familySpanish mild 100-500 SHU on the Scoville scale.
PotatoSolanum tuberosumSolanumSolanaceaeNightshades family, potato familyPotatoes contain lots of starch (carbs) so they are used like rice, pasta and bread.
Pumpkin
CucurbitaCucurbitaCucurbitaceaeCucurbits family, Gourd familyScientifically pumpkins are fruit because they contain seeds. Also see Squash.
QuinoaChenopodium quinoaChenopodiumAmaranthaceaeAmaranth vegetable family names: Goosefoot family, Beetroot familyMainly grown as grain crop for its edible white, red and black seeds.
RadishRaphanus raphanistrum subspecies sativusRaphanusBrassicaceae (Cruciferae)Crucifer family, Cabbage family, Mustard familyedible root vegetable popular in salads.
Rapeseed (oil)Brassica napusBrassicaBrassicaceae (Cruciferae)Crucifer vegetable family names: Mustard family, Cabbage family, Brassica familySee also Canola oil.
Rapini / Broccoli Rabe
Brassica ruvoBrassicaBrassicaceae (Cruciferae)Crucifer vegetable family names: Mustard family, Cabbage family, Brassica familyResembles Brocolli but does not form large head. Hypoallergenic and great source of vitamin C, A, K.
RhubarbRheum rhabarbarumRheumPolygonaceaeBuckwheat familyVegetable often believed to be a fruit.
Rocket / Rucoli / Rugala
Eruca sativaErucaBrassicaceaeCrucifer vegetable family names: Mustard family, Cabbage family, Brassica familyAlso see Arugula. Popular salad leaves.
Romaine / Cos lettuce
Lactuca sativa variety longifoliaLactucaAsteraceae / CompositaeAster vegetable family names: Composite family, Daisy family, sunflower familyTall head with sturdy leaves.
Rutabaga / Swede / Yellow turnip / Neep
Brassica napobrassicaBrassicaBrassicaceae (Cruciferae)Crucifer vegetable family names: Mustard family, Cabbage family, Brassica familyCross between cabbage and turnip. Edible leaves.
SafflowerCarthamus tinctoriusCarthamusCompositaeAster vegetable family names: Composite family, Daisy family, sunflower familyThistle-like commercially grown for oil from seeds.
SalsifyTragopogon porrifoliusTragopogonAsteraceae / CompositaeAster vegetable family names: Composite family, Daisy family, sunflower familyLight skinned edible root and herbal use.
ShallotAllium cepa variety aggregatumAlliumAmarylidaceaeAllium family, Cultivated garlicType of onion, not a separate species.
Soybean / Soya bean
Glycine maxGlycineLeguminosae/
Fabaceae (US)
Legumes, Bean familySoybeans can be used as a coffee substitute.
Spinach / Persian green
Spinacia oleraceaSpinaciaAmaranthaceaeAmaranth vegetable family names: Goosefoot family, Beetroot familyEdible tender crispy dark green leaves. Only 23 calories per 100g, rich in iron, vitamin A, C & K, antioxidants and minerals.
SquashCucurbitaCucurbitaCucurbitaceaeCucurbits family, Gourd familyHigh in vitamin A and good source of vitamins C, E, B1, B3, B5, B6, B9 and minerals.
Sugar beetBeta vulgaris subspecies vulgaris convariety vulgaris variety altissimaBetaAmaranthaceaeAmaranth vegetable family names: Goosefoot family, Beetroot familyGrown commercially for high concentration of sucrose in the root.
SunflowerHelianthusHelianthusAsteraceae / CompositaeAster vegetable family names: Composite family, Daisy family, sunflower familyFrom Helios the personification of the sun in Greek mythology
Sweet potatoIpomoea batatasIpomoeaConvolvulaceaeMorning glory familySweet tasting root vegetable with edible young leaves and shoots.
Chard / White beet / Silverbeet / Strawberry spinachBeta vulgaris subspecies vulgarisBetaAmaranthaceaeAmaranth vegetable family names: Goosefoot family, Beetroot familyLeafy green vegetable with inedible rootes. Low in calories, high in vitamin A, C, K with minerals and fiber.
TamarilloSolanum betaceumSolanumSolanaceaeNightshades family, potato familyCan be yellow, orange, red or purple with or without darker stripes.
Tomatillo / Mexican husk tomato
Physalis philadelphicaPhysalisSolanaceaeNightshades family, potato familySmall spherical green or green-purple fruit.
TomatoSolanum lycopersicumSolanumSolanaceaeNightshades family, potato familyState vegetable of New Jersey. State fruit of Ohio. Cooked tomatoes better than raw as benificial chemicals released.
TurnipBrassica rapa subspecies rapaBrassicaBrassicaceae (Cruciferae)Crucifer vegetable family names: Mustard family, Cabbage family, Brassica familyLow calorie root vegetable rich in antioxidents, vitamins and minerals.
Virginia pepperweed / Pepperwort
Lepidium virginicumLepidiumBrassicaceae (Cruciferae)Crucifer family, Mustard familyYoung leaves edible raw or as a herb. Young seeds substitute for black pepper.
Wasabi / Japanese horseradish
Eutrema japonicumWasabiaBrassicaceae (Cruciferae)Crucifer family, Cabbage family, Mustard familyRelated to Horseradish and Mustard.
WatercressNasturtium officinaleRorippaBrassicaceae (Cruciferae)Crucifer family, Mustard familyPeppery green leaves richer in Vitamin C than Orange. Anti-cancer and immune system boosting properties.
WatermelonCitrullus lanatusCitrullusCucurbitaceaeCucurbits family, Gourd familyOriginally from Africa. State vegetable of Oklahoma.
Wax gourd / Winter melon / Pai GuaBenincasa hispida BenincasaCucurbitaceaeCucurbits family, Gourd familyWidely grown across Asia. White juicy sweet flesh. Good source of vitamin B1, B3, vitamin C and minerals. 96% water, ideal for low fat diets.
Wheatgrass / Wild triga
Thinopyrum intermediumAgropyronPoaceaeCucurbits family, Gourd familyWheat sprouting leaves are gluten-free because wheat seed has not formed. Popular as juice.
Wild Carrot / Bird’s nest / Bishop’s laceDaucus carotaDaucusApiaceae (Umbelliferae)Umbellifers family, Celery family, Carrot family, parsley familyAncestor of all cultivated carrots. The roots and leaves before flowering are edible, after which the white flower head can be eaten raw or fried. Warning: Wild carrot looks similar to poisonous hemlock so be certain! Considered a weed in some parts of the world.
Zucchini / Courgette / Marrow
Cucurbita pepo variety cylindricaCucurbitaCucurbitaceaeCucurbits family, Gourd familyEdible flowers. Anti-cancer and heart disease properties, higher Potassium than bananas.

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8 responses to “Vegetable Family Names”

  1. JC says:

    Hi Katie, enter “Capsicum” into the vegetable family names filter box and to see all the common names for vegetables in the list.

  2. JC says:

    Thanks for your kind remark and comment. Photos would look good and could be useful. If enough people ask for them we’ll consider adding them. ADDucation’s primary focus is creating clear sortable lists which load fast, photos would slow this down – it would be a trade off.

  3. Ali Ismail Jama says:

    It’s a very good vegetable list – especially with the scientific name along with the genus and family name, It would be even better if photos were added to make it further identification easier.
    .

  4. JC says:

    Thanks for your comments Samantha, it looks like it’s UK/US/rest of world thing – I’ve added both for now.

  5. Samantha Coronado says:

    Rodney, All beans are part of the Fabaceae family or legume family. Definitely not gourds 🙂

  6. Samantha Coronado says:

    I noticed you are still using Leguminosae as a family name. This is now outdated!! The legume family is now officially Fabaceae – it would be useful if you updated your table to reflect this. Thanks so much.

  7. Rodney says:

    I want a full complete list of all gourd vegetables and fruits.
    As we are Buddhists and cannot eat them and if you know if certain drinks and juices and if any beans are a part of this family

  8. Katie says:

    Hi, so I have an acute allergy to capsaicin and am trying to research all of the foods and medications that contain it. It is a big problem for me not knowing what all they are, especially as food ingredients. I can’t find a list of the common names anywhere, I can find the latin names for each but that doesn’t help me as not many people know latin. Can you perhaps aid me in my search?

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