List of Mnemonics
List of Mnemonics to Recall Numbers, Ordered Lists & Word Spelling
List of mnemonics to use as memory aids which make it easier to store information in your long term memory and recall it accurately on demand. ADDucation’s list of mnemonics uses words, sentences, catchphrases, rhymes, pictures, songs and rhythms to help you remember and easily recall:
- Numbers (number acronyms)
- Lists of Facts / Names / Rules in Order (list acronyms)
- How to Spell Awkward and Long Words (spelling acronyms)
In the USA, and other countries, where letters are assigned to number keypads mnemonics are commonly used to advertise and help remember telephone numbers. Mnemonic, from the Greek “mneme” for memory, is a tricky word to spell so you’ll be pleased to learn ADDucation’s list of mnemonics includes a mnemonic to spell mnemonic!
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|Learn||Mnemonic||Category||List of mnemonics: Key Facts, Information & Trivia|
|When to use their and there.||Language.||The person i in “their” indicates their is used when talking about people. The signpost r in “there” is used when talking about a place, e.g “over there”. Currently the only image mnemonic on our list of mnemonics.|
|Brightest stars in the sky.||Sir Can Rig A VCR, Pa.||Astronomy, Science.||Sirius in Canis Major, Canopus in Carina, Rigil Kent in Centaurus, Acrturus in Bootes, Vega in Lyra, Capella in Auriga, Rigel in Orion, Procyon in Canic Minor, Achernar in Eridanus.|
|Conditions for life test.||MRS GREN.||Biology, Science.||7 conditions that need to be met for something to count as being alive: Movement, Respiration, Sensitivity, Growth, Reproduction, Excretion, Nutrition.|
|4 DNA Amine bases.||At The Girl’s Club.||Biology, Science.||At The Girl’s Club = AT + GC.
Adenine pairs with Thymine and Guanine pairs with Cytosine.
|Order of taxonomy.||
||Biology, Science.||Domain, Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus, Species.|
|Cell life cycle.||
||Biology, Science.||Interphase, Prophase, Metaphase, Anaphase, Telophase, Cytokinesis. Science list of mnemonics.|
|Bones in the wrist.||
|Scaphoid, Lunate, Triquetral, Pisiform, Trapezium, Trapezoid, Capitate and Hamate. Anatomy list of mnemonics.|
|12 cranial nerves in order.||On Old Olympus’ Towering Tops, A Finn And German Viewed Some Hops.||Biology
|From CN I to CN XII: Olfactory, Optic, Oculomotor, Trochlear, Trigeminal, Abducens, Facial, Acoustic, Glassopharyngeal, Vagus, Spinal accessory and Hypoglossal. Combine this mnemonic with the following one to remember both the order and function.|
|Cranial nerve functions.||
|7 essential amino acids.||Pvt. Tim Hall.||Chemistry, Biology, Science.||Phenylanine, Valine, Threonine, Tryptophan, Isolucine, Histidine, Arginine, Leucine and Lysine.|
|Alkanes series.||My Enormous Penguin Bounces Pretty High.||Chemistry, Science.||Methane, Ethane, Propane, Butane, Pentane and Hexane.|
|Reactivity of metals.||Please Send Cats, Monkeys And Zebras In Large Cages – Make Sure Padlocked.||Chemistry, Science.||Potassium, Sodium, Calcium, Magnesium, Aluminum, Zinc, Iron, Lead, Copper, Mercury, Silver and Platinum.|
|Periodic Table, first 20 elements.||
||Chemistry, Science.||The most useful mnemonic is the first one because it also helps you remember the two letter chemical element abbreviations:
Hydrogen, Helium, Lithium, Beryllium, Boron, Carbon, Nitrogen, Oxygen, Fluorine, Neon, Na(Sodium), Magnesium, Aluminium, Silicon, Phosphoros, Sulphur, Chlorine, Argon, K(Potassium) and Calcium.
|Diatomic elements.||Have No Fear Of Ice Cold Beer.||Chemistry, Science.||Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, Fluorine, Chlorine, Iodine and Bromine.NB: (Beer(liquid), Ice (solid). Science list of mnemonics favorite.|
|Crude oil products of fractional distillation.||Really Great Kings Don’t Forget Birthdays.||Chemistry, Science.||Refinery gases, Gasoline, Kerosine, Diesel oil, Fuel oil and Bitumen.|
|Which form (D or L) the 8 aldohexoses are in.||All Altruists Gladly Make Gum In Gallon Tanks.||Chemistry
|Allose, Altrose, Glucose, Mannose, Gulose, Idose, Galactose and Talose.|
|Order of color coding on resistors.||
||Electronics.||Black, Blue, Red, Orange, Yellow, Green, Brown, Violet, Gray, White, Silver and Gold.|
|Which US president is on which dollar bill?||When Jeff Left Home Jack Got Fat.
|Daylight saving time (DST, BST).||
||Time / General knowledge.||
|How many days in a month?||30 days hath September,
April, June, and November,
All the rest have 31,
except February, with 28 days clear and 29 each leap year.
|Time / General knowledge||There are many variations but this is the most common mnemonic rhyme so we’ve selected that for inclusion in our list of mnemonics.|
|Which way to turn screws, light bulbs, knobs etc.||Righty tighty, lefty loosey||General knowledge.||NB: bike pedals (and some other things) undo the opposite way otherwise they would fall off!|
|Stalactites and Stalagmites.||StalaGmites – Grow from the Ground,
StalaCtites – Come from the Ceiling
|Geology, Science.||Which one is spelt with a C and which with a G? Geology list of mnemonics.|
|Mineral hardness scale.||
||Geology, Science.||Talc, Gypsum, Calcite, Fluorite, Apatite, Orthoclase feldspar, Quartz, Topaz, Corundum and Diamond (from 1 to 10, softest to hardest) also known as Mohs hardness scale).|
|Order of geological time periods/eras.||
||Geology, Science.||Cambrian, Ordovician, Silurian, Devonian, Carboniferous, Permian, Triassic, Jurassic, Cretaceous, Paleocene, Eocene, Oligocene, Miocene, Pliocene, Pleistocene, Recent.|
|The five great lakes (upgrades below!).||HOMES
||Geography.||Huron, Ontario, Michigan, Erie and Superior. There are many versions, we’ve only included the best on our list of mnemonics.|
|The five great lakes from west to east.||
||Geography.||Superior, Michigan, Huron, Erie and Ontario.|
|The five great lakes largest to smallest.||Super Heroes Must Eat Oats.||Geography.||Superior, Huron, Michigan, Erie and Ontario (surface area).|
|Northern European countries from west to east.||No Soup For Russia.||Geography.||Norway, Sweden, Finland, Russia.|
|Countries around the Adriatic Sea.||Incredibly Slimy Cockroach Bit My Aunt.||Geography.||Italy, Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro and Albania.|
|6 main biomes / ecosystems.||The Dry Desert Grows Terrific Castles.||Geography.||Tundras, Deciduous forests, Deserts, Grasslands, Tropical rain forests, Coniferous forests.|
|The Seven hills of Rome.||Can Queen Victoria Eat Cold Apple Pie?||Geography, History.||Capitoline, Quirinal, Viminal, Esquiline, Caelian, Aventine and Palatine.|
|50 Nifty United States song.||Geography.||Here’s one way junior students learn the states of the USA. Rather than list them all here watch the video. The song starts:
Fifty Nifty United States from thirteen original colonies;
Fifty Nifty stars in the flag that billows so beautifully in the breeze.
Each individual state contributes a quality that is great.
Each individual state deserves a bow, We salute them now…
then goes on to list all 50 states – enjoy!
|The first 8 presidents of the USA.||Will A Jolly Man Make A Jolly Visitor?||History.||George Washington, John Quincy Adams, Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, James Monroe, John Quincy Adams, Andrew Jackson and Martin Van Buren one of our history list of mnemonics favorites.|
|The royal houses of the kings and queens of England (and Great Britain).||No Plan Like Yours To Study History Wisely.||History.||Norman, Plantagenet, Lancaster, York, Tudor, Stuart, Hanover and Windsor.|
|British order of titles below king and queen.||Do Men Ever Visit Britain?||History, Genealogy.||Duke, Marquis, Earl, Viscount, Baron.|
|Six wives of Henry VIII in order.||
||History.||Catherine of Aragon, Anne Boleyn, Jane Seymour, Anne of Cleves, Catherine Howard and Catherine Parr
Arrogant (Katherine of Aragon) Anne (Anne Boleyn) seemed more (Jane Seymour) clever (Anne of Cleves) at how to (Katherine Howard) catch the ring (Catherine Parr).
|Fate of the Six wives of Henry VIII.||Divorced, beheaded, died, divorced, beheaded, survived.||History.||Catherine of Aragon was divorced, Anne Boleyn was beheaded, Jane Seymour died, Anne of Cleves was divorced, Catherine Howard was beheaded and Catherine Parr survived. Although Catherine Parr survived, remarried (for the fourth time) and gave birth to a daughter (Mary Seymour) she died a week later, just 18 months after the death of Henry VIII.|
|The seven articles of the United States Constitution.||Large Elephants Jump Slowly And Sink Rapidly.||History.||Legislative, Executive, Judicial, Supremacy, Amendment, Statehood and Ratification|
|Order of secession of the Confederate States of America.||So My Father Ate Grapes Last Tuesday, Very Awesome Tart Napas.||History, USA.||South Carolina, Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, Texas
Lincoln then called for troops (where the comma is) after which a further four states seceded:
Virginia, Arkansas, Tennessee, North Carolina.
|Roman numerals as letters in order of magnitude.||
||History.||I=1, V=5, X=10, L=50, C=100, D=500 and M=1000.|
|Silent vowels.||When two vowels go walking the first does the talking.||Language.||i.e. the first vowel in “eat” and “oat” is pronounced while the second vowel remains silent. Grammar list of mnemonics favorite.|
|here or hear?||We hear with our ear.||Language.|
|affect or effect?||RAVEN||Language.||Remember Affect is a Verb, Effect is a Noun.
Affect is the action effect is the result.
|Difference between compliment and complement?||complement or compliment?||Language.||Complement adds something so it’s enough, compliment puts you in the limelight.|
|Difference between desert and dessert?||desert or dessert?||Language.||a desert is sandy, a dessert has two s’s in it, like sweet stuff.|
|Difference between stationary and stationery?||stationary or stationery?||Language.||a for at rest, e for envelope.|
|Difference between hear and here?||hear or here?||Language.||Both words sound the same. You hear with your ear.|
|Mnemonics to spell acronym.||
||Language, spelling.||The first two cheat slightly but the last two are perfect. Have you got a better mnemonic for acronym?|
|How to spell because.||
||Language, spelling.||Take your pick.|
|How to spell diarrhoea.||
||Language, spelling.||Try to visualize and remember the action in the rhythm as well as the rhythm itself – the same applies to the following entries on the list of mnemonics.|
|Hot to spell embarrass.||Remember I go Really Red when my Sibling Sings.||Language, spelling.||The R’s and the S’s make embarrass hard to spell. This mnemonic reminds you there are two R’s and two S’s.|
|How to spell necessary.||Never Eat Crisps, Eat Salad Sandwiches, And Remain Young.||Language, spelling.|
|How to spell mnemonics.||Mnemonics Now Erase Man’s Oldest Nemesis, Insufficient Cerebral Storage.||Language, spelling.|
|How to spell tomorrow.||Trails Of My Old Red Rose Over Window.||Language, spelling.|
|How to spell rhythm.||Rhythm Helps Your Two Hips Move.||Language, spelling.|
|How to spell argument.||I lost an e in an argument.||Language, spelling.||Argue loses it’s e so it’s argument not arguement and arguing not argueing.|
|How to spell difficulty.||
mrs D, mrs I, mrs FFI, mrs C, mrs U, mrs LTY.
|Language, spelling.||Works well when said out loud. Spelling list of mnemonics.|
|How to spell Mississippi.||mrs M, mrs I, mrs double S I, double S I, PP I
M I double S, I double S, I double P, I.
|Language, spelling.||Another one using mrs – again works well when said out loud. There are other variations but this one has made the ADDucation list of mnemonics.|
|How to spell Saskat-chewan.||Ask At Chew An with S in front of it.||Language, spelling.|
|How to spell bookkeeper.||Double o, double k, double e.||Language, spelling.||Triple compound: bookkeeper.|
|Punctuation order.||P then Q in the alphabet or “Mind your Ps and Qs”.||Language.||Way to remember quotation marks come after any other closing punctuation marks. Unfortunately the punctuation rules in the USA and UK differ but that’s beyond the scope of this list of mnemonics.|
|When to start a new paragraph.||Four “T” rhyme.||Language.||A little writing rhyme of topic, territory, talker, time. When there’s a change in one of these, start a new paragraph if you please.|
|7 coordinating conjunctions in English.||FANBOYS||Language.||For, And, Nor, But, Or, Yet and So.|
|Pi (π) to seven decimal places.||May I have a large container of coffee?||Mathematics.||The number of characters in each word gives the number:
|Pi (π) to fourteen decimal places!||Now I need a drink, alcoholic of course, after the heavy lectures involving quantum mechanics.||Mathematics.||π = 3.14159265358979|
|Euler’s number (e) to up to 15 decimal places.||To express e remember to memorize a sentence to memorize this.||Mathematics.||Here’s a triple list of mnemonics to memorize e to 9 decimal places: e = 2.7182818284.
|Order of SI metric system units.||
||Mathematics.||Prefixes in descending order of magnitude: kilo, hecto, deca, base unit, deci, centi, milli.|
|Order of math operations.||
||Mathematics.||Parentheses, Exponents, Multiply, Divide, Add and Subtract.
Brackets, Indices, Multiply, Divide, Add and Subtract. Mathematics list of mnemonics.
|Trigonometry, definitions for Sine, Cosine, and Tangent.||
||Mathematics.||It’s probably easiest to remember SOHCAHTOA but there are dozens of fun variations so we’ve included a selection of the most popular mnemonics in our list. Although the order in the mnemonic changes the key facts remain the same:
|Long division steps.||Dad, Mom, Sister, Brother, Rover||Mathematics.||Divide, Multiply, Subtract, Bring Down, Remainder.|
|Calculus, order of taking the derivative of a quotient.||Lo-di-hi minus hi-di-lo all over lo squared or
Low d high less high d low, draw the line and square below.
|Mathematics.||lo or low refers to the bottom, hi or high refers to the top and di and d are short for derivative.|
|Statistics.||Mathematics.||Recite to the tune of the nursery rhyme:
Hey diddle diddle, The cat and the fiddle,
The cow jumped over the moon.
The little dog laughed, To see such sport/fun,
And the dish ran away with the spoon.
|Layers of the atmosphere.||The Strong Man’s Triceps Explode.||Meteorology, Science.||Troposphere, Stratosphere, Mesosphere, Thermosphere, Exosphere.|
|The order of sharps.||Father Charles Goes Down And Ends Battle.||Music.||F, C, G, D, A, E, B (also know as circle of fifths). Music list of mnemonics.|
|The order of flats.||Battle Ends And Down Goes Charles’ Father.||Music.||B, E, A, D, G, D, F.|
|Order of notes (bottom to top) as lines on the treble clef stave.||Every Good Boy Deserves Favor.||Music.||E, G, B, D, F.|
|Notes represented by the spaces between the lines on the treble clef stave.||Furry Animals Cook Excellently (or just FACE).||Music.||F, A, C, E.|
|Order of notes (bottom to top) as lines on the bass clef stave.||Good Boys Do Fine, Always.||Music.||G, B, D, F, A.|
|Notes represented by the spaces between the lines on the bass clef stave.||All Cows Eat Grass.
|Music.||A, C, E, G.|
|Order of guitar strings.||
||Music.||E, A, D, G, B, E in standard tuning or E, B, G, D, A, E in reverse order. This mnemoic has many variations – we’ve added the guitar related ones to our list of mnemonics.|
|First 11 notable Ionian philosophers.||
||Philosophy.||In no particular order Thales, Heraclitus, Empedocles, Leucippus, Anaximander, Democritus, Zeno, Anaximenes, Protagoras, Parmenides, Anaxagoras.|
|Order of colors of the rainbow.||Richard Of York Gave Battle In Vain.||Physics, Science.||Red, Orange, Yellow, Green, Blue, Indigo and Violet.|
|Order of the planets from the Sun.||
||Physics, Science.||Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune and Pluto
(remember Pluto isn’t a planet anymore). Other variations have not made our list of mnemonics.
|The speed of light.||We guarantee certainty, clearly referring to this light mnemonic.||Physics, Science.||
Take the number of letters in each word for the speed of light = 299,792,458 m/sec.
|First 5 books of the bible in order.||
|Port or starboard||Port wine is red||Sailing.||So starboard is green. More sailing mnemonics.|
|Order of actors that have played Dr Who?||How To Punish Bad Daleks Before Many Million Earthlings Truly See Clearly.||Television.||William Hartnell, Patrick Troughton, Jon Pertwee, Tom Baker, Peter Davison, Tom Baker, Sylvester McCoy, Paul McGann, Christopher Eccleston, David Tennant, Matt Smith, Peter Capaldi.|
FAQ: What’s the Difference Between an Acronym and a Mnemonic?
ADDucation Pages Related to List of Mnemonics:
- List of All Useful Acronyms…
- List of SMS text chat acronyms…
- Mnemonic for The Planets of Our Solar System…
- List of mnemonics compiled by Joe Connor, last updated 23 Mar 2020.
- Do you know any useful mnemonics, memory joggers, aide-memoirs and memory tricks we can add to our list of mnemonics? Please share them in comments area below…