List of Mnemonics 💬🗣️
List of Mnemonics to Recall Numbers, Ordered Lists & Word Spelling 💬🗣️
List of mnemonics to use as memory aids which make it easier to store information in your long term memory and recall it accurately on demand.
- ADDucation’s list of mnemonics was compiled by Joe Connor and last updated on
List of mnemonics using words, sentences, catchphrases, rhymes, pictures, songs and rhythms to help you remember and easily recall:
- Numbers (number acronyms)
- Lists of Facts / Names / Rules in Order (list acronyms)
- How to Spell Awkward and Long Words (spelling acronyms).
In the USA, and other countries, where letters are assigned to number keypads mnemonics are commonly used to advertise and help remember telephone numbers. Mnemonic, from the Greek “mneme” for memory, is a tricky word to spell so you’ll be pleased to learn ADDucation’s list of mnemonics includes a mnemonic to spell mnemonic!
ADDucation Tips: Click column headings with arrows to sort the list of mnemonics. Reload page for original sort order. Resize your browser to full screen and/or zoom out to display as many columns as possible. Click the ➕ icon to reveal any hidden columns. Start typing in the Filter table box to find anything inside the list of mnemonics table.
|Learn||Mnemonic sentence or word 🗣️||Filter tags||List of mnemonics explanations, facts, info and trivia|
|When to use their and there||language, spelling||The person i in “their” indicates their is used when talking about people. The signpost r in “there” is used when talking about a place, e.g “over there”. Currently the only image mnemonic on our list of mnemonics.|
|Brightest stars in the sky||Sir Can Rig A VCR, Pa||astronomy, science||Sirius in Canis Major, Canopus in Carina, Rigil Kent in Centaurus, Acrturus in Bootes, Vega in Lyra, Capella in Auriga, Rigel in Orion, Procyon in Canic Minor, Achernar in Eridanus.|
|Conditions for life test||MRS GREN||biology, science||7 conditions that need to be met for something to count as being alive: Movement, Respiration, Sensitivity, Growth, Reproduction, Excretion, Nutrition.|
|4 DNA Amine bases||At The Girl’s Club||biology, science||At The Girl’s Club = AT + GC.
Adenine pairs with Thymine and Guanine pairs with Cytosine.
|Order of taxonomy||
||biology, science||Domain, Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus, Species|
|Cell life cycle||
||biology, science||Interphase, Prophase, Metaphase, Anaphase, Telophase, Cytokinesis. Enter “biology” in this list of mnemonics table filter to see all biology mnemonics.|
|Bones in the wrist||
||biology, anatomy, science||Scaphoid, Lunate, Triquetral, Pisiform, Trapezium, Trapezoid, Capitate and Hamate. Anatomy list of mnemonics.|
|12 cranial nerves in order||On Old Olympus’ Towering Tops, A Finn And German Viewed Some Hops||biology, anatomy||From CN I to CN XII: Olfactory, Optic, Oculomotor, Trochlear, Trigeminal, Abducens, Facial, Acoustic, Glassopharyngeal, Vagus, Spinal accessory and Hypoglossal. Combine this mnemonic with the following one to remember both the order and function.|
|Cranial nerve functions||
|7 essential amino acids||Pvt. Tim Hall||chemistry, biology, science||Phenylanine, Valine, Threonine. Tryptophan, Isolucine, Methionine, Histidine, Arginine, Leucine and Lysine.|
|Alkanes series||My Enormous Penguin Bounces Pretty High||chemistry, science||Methane, Ethane, Propane, Butane, Pentane and Hexane.|
|Reactivity of metals||Please Send Cats, Monkeys And Zebras In Large Cages – Make Sure Padlocked||chemistry science||Potassium, Sodium, Calcium, Magnesium, Aluminum, Zinc, Iron, Lead, Copper, Mercury, Silver and Platinum.|
|Periodic Table, first 20 elements||
||chemistry, science||The most useful mnemonic is the first one because it also helps you remember the two letter chemical element abbreviations:
Hydrogen, Helium, Lithium, Beryllium, Boron, Carbon, Nitrogen, Oxygen, Fluorine, Neon, Na(Sodium), Magnesium, Aluminium, Silicon, Phosphoros, Sulphur, Chlorine, Argon, K(Potassium) and Calcium.
|Diatomic elements||Have No Fear Of Ice Cold Beer||chemistry, science||Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, Fluorine, Chlorine, Iodine and Bromine.NB: (Beer(liquid), Ice (solid). Enter “chemistry” in this list of mnemonics table filter to see all chemistry mnemonics.|
|Crude oil products of fractional distillation||Really Great Kings Don’t Forget Birthdays||chemistry, science||Refinery gases, Gasoline, Kerosine, Diesel oil, Fuel oil and Bitumen. Enter “geography” in this list of mnemonics table filter to see all geography mnemonics.|
|Which form (D or L) the 8 aldohexoses are in||All Altruists Gladly Make Gum In Gallon Tanks||organic, chemistry, science||Allose, Altrose, Glucose, Mannose, Gulose, Idose, Galactose and Talose.|
|Order of color coding on resistors||
||electronics||Black (0), Brown (1), Red (2), Orange (3), Yellow (4), Green (5), Blue (6), Violet (7), Gray (8), White (9), Silver (10% tolerance) and Gold (5% tolerance).|
|Which US president is on which dollar bill?||When Jeff Left Home Jack Got Fat
|Daylight saving time (DST, BST)||
||time, general knowledge||
|How many days in a month?||
|time, general knowledge||There are many variations but this is the most common mnemonic rhyme so we’ve selected that for inclusion in our list of mnemonics.|
|Which way to turn screws, light bulbs, knobs etc.||
Righty tighty, lefty loosey.
|general knowledge||NB: bike pedals (and a few other things) undo the opposite way otherwise they would fall off!|
|Stalactites and Stalagmites||
||geology, science||Which one is spelt with a C and which with a G? Geology list of mnemonics.|
|Mineral hardness scale||
||geology, science||Talc, Gypsum, Calcite, Fluorite, Apatite, Orthoclase feldspar, Quartz, Topaz, Corundum and Diamond (from 1 to 10, softest to hardest) also known as Mohs hardness scale).|
|Order of geological time periods/eras||
||geology, science||Cambrian, Ordovician, Silurian, Devonian, Carboniferous, Permian, Triassic, Jurassic, Cretaceous, Paleocene, Eocene, Oligocene, Miocene, Pliocene, Pleistocene, Recent.|
|The five great lakes (upgrades below!)||HOMES
||geography||Huron, Ontario, Michigan, Erie and Superior. There are many versions, we’ve only included the best on our list of mnemonics.|
|The five great lakes from west to east||
||geography||Superior, Michigan, Huron, Erie and Ontario. Enter “geography” in this list of mnemonics table filter to see all geography mnemonics.|
|The five great lakes largest to smallest||Super Heroes Must Eat Oats||geography||Superior, Huron, Michigan, Erie and Ontario (surface area).|
|Northern European countries from west to east||No Soup For Russia||geography||Norway, Sweden, Finland, Russia.|
|Countries around the Adriatic Sea||Incredibly Slimy Cockroach Bit My Aunt||geography||Italy, Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro and Albania.|
|6 main biomes / ecosystems||The Dry Desert Grows Terrific Castles||geography||Tundras, Deciduous forests, Deserts, Grasslands, Tropical rain forests, Coniferous forests.|
|The Seven hills of Rome||Can Queen Victoria Eat Cold Apple Pie?||geography, history||Capitoline, Quirinal, Viminal, Esquiline, Caelian, Aventine and Palatine.|
|50 Nifty United States song||
|geography, history||Here’s a song mnemonic junior students learn the states of the USA. Listen on YouTube for all fifty states – enjoy!|
|The first 8 presidents of the USA||Will A Jolly Man Make A Jolly Visitor?||history||George Washington, John Adams, Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, James Monroe, John Quincy Adams, Andrew Jackson and Martin Van Buren one of our history list of mnemonics favorites.|
|The royal houses of the kings and queens of England (and Great Britain)||No Plan Like Yours To Study History Wisely||history||Norman, Plantagenet, Lancaster, York, Tudor, Stuart, Hanover and Windsor. Enter “history” in this list of mnemonics table filter to see all history mnemonics.|
|British order of titles below king and queen||Do Men Ever Visit Britain?||history, genealogy||Duke, Marquis, Earl, Viscount, Baron.|
|Six wives of Henry VIII in order||
Arrogant Anne seemed more clever at how to catch the ring.
|history||Catherine of Aragon, Anne Boleyn, Jane Seymour, Anne of Cleves, Catherine Howard and Catherine Parr
Arrogant (Katherine of Aragon) Anne (Anne Boleyn) seemed more (Jane Seymour) clever (Anne of Cleves) at how to (Katherine Howard) catch the ring (Catherine Parr).
|Fate of the Six wives of Henry VIII||Divorced, beheaded, died, divorced, beheaded, survived||history||Catherine of Aragon was divorced, Anne Boleyn was beheaded, Jane Seymour died, Anne of Cleves was divorced, Catherine Howard was beheaded and Catherine Parr survived. Although Catherine Parr survived and remarried (for the fourth time) she gave birth to a daughter (Mary Seymour) but died a week later, just 18 months after the death of Henry VIII.|
|The seven articles of the United States Constitution||Large Elephants Jump Slowly And Sink Rapidly||history||Legislative, Executive, Judicial, Supremacy, Amendment, Statehood and Ratification|
|Order of secession of the Confederate States of America||So My Father Ate Grapes Last Tuesday, Very Awesome Tart Napas||history, USA||South Carolina, Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, Texas
Lincoln then called for troops (where the comma is) after which a further four states seceded:
Virginia, Arkansas, Tennessee, North Carolina.
|Roman numerals as letters in order of magnitude||
||history||I=1, V=5, X=10, L=50, C=100, D=500 and M=1000|
|Silent vowels||When two vowels go walking the first does the talking||language, grammar||i.e. the first vowel in “eat” and “oat” is pronounced while the second vowel remains silent. Enter “grammar” in this list of mnemonics table filter to see all grammar mnemonics.|
|here or hear?||We hear with our ear||language, spelling||Enter “spelling” in this list of mnemonics table filter to see all spelling mnemonics.|
|affect or effect?||RAVEN||language, spelling||Remember Affect is a Verb, Effect is a Noun.
Affect is the action effect is the result.
|Difference between compliment and complement?||complement or compliment?||language, spelling||Complement adds something so it’s enough, compliment puts you in the limelight.|
|Morse code mnemonics||
||language, alphabet, communications||
|Difference between desert and dessert?||desert or dessert?||language, spelling||A desert is sandy, a dessert has two s’s in it, like sweet stuff.|
|Difference between stationary and stationery?||stationary or stationery?||language, spelling||a for at rest, e for envelope.|
|Difference between hear and here?||hear or here?||language, spelling||Both words sound the same. You hear with your ear.|
|Mnemonics to spell acronym||
||language, spelling||The first two cheat slightly but the last two are perfect. Have you got a better mnemonic for acronym?|
|How to spell because||
||language, spelling||Take your pick|
||language, spelling, health, illness||Try to visualize and remember the action in the rhythm as well as the rhythm itself – the same applies to the following entries on the list of mnemonics.|
|Hot to spell embarrass||Remember I go Really Red when my Sibling Sings||language, spelling||The R’s and the S’s make embarrass hard to spell. This mnemonic reminds you there are two R’s and two S’s.|
|How to spell necessary||Never Eat Crisps, Eat Salad Sandwiches, And Remain Young||language, spelling|
|How to spell mnemonics||Mnemonics Now Erase Man’s Oldest Nemesis, Insufficient Cerebral Storage||language, spelling|
|How to spell tomorrow||Trails Of My Old Red Rose Over Window||language, spelling||Enter “language” in this list of mnemonics table filter to see all language mnemonics.|
|How to spell rhythm||Rhythm Helps Your Two Hips Move||language, spelling, music|
|How to spell argument||I lost an e in an argument||language, spelling||Argue loses it’s e so it’s argument, not arguement, and arguing not argueing.|
|How to spell difficulty||
mrs D, mrs I, mrs FFI, mrs C, mrs U, mrs LTY
|language, spelling||Works well when said out loud. Spelling list of mnemonics.|
|How to spell Mississippi||
mrs M, mrs I, mrs double S I, double S I, PP I
|language, spelling, geography||Another one using mrs – again works well when said out loud. There are other variations but this one has made the ADDucation list of mnemonics.|
|How to spell Saskat-chewan||Ask At Chew An with S in front of it||language, spelling, geography|
|How to spell bookkeeper||Double o, double k, double e||language, spelling, accountancy||Triple compound: bookkeeper|
|Punctuation order||P then Q in the alphabet or “Mind your Ps and Qs”||language, grammar||Way to remember quotation marks come after any other closing punctuation marks. Unfortunately the punctuation rules in the USA and UK differ but that’s beyond the scope of this list of mnemonics.|
|When to start a new paragraph||Four “T” rhyme||language, grammar||A little writing rhyme of topic, territory, talker, time. When there’s a change in one of these, start a new paragraph if you please.|
|7 coordinating conjunctions in English||FANBOYS||language, grammar||For, And, Nor, But, Or, Yet and So|
|Pi (π) to 6, 7 and 15 decimal places||
||mathematics, physics||This list of mnemonics makes it easy to remember pi up to 14 decimal places π = 3.14159265358979
The number of characters in each word gives the number sequence:
|Euler’s number (e) to up to 15 decimal places||
To express e remember to memorize a sentence to memorize this.
|mathematics, science||This list of mnemonics makes it easy to memorize e to 10 decimal places: e = 2.7182818284
The number of letters in each word gives the number sequence:
Alternatively you can remember that after 2.7 the year 1828 appears twice:
|Order of SI metric system units||
||mathematics||Prefixes in descending order of magnitude: kilo, hecto, deca, base unit, deci, centi, milli. Enter “mathematics” in this list of mnemonics table filter to see more maths mnemonics.|
|Order of math operations||
||mathematics||Parentheses, Exponents, Multiply, Divide, Add and Subtract
Brackets, Indices, Multiply, Divide, Add and Subtract. Mathematics list of mnemonics.
|Trigonometry, definitions for Sine, Cosine, and Tangent.||
||mathematics||SOHCAHTOA is the easiest to remember but we’ve included some of the most most popular mnemonics in our list for anyone using trigonometry the
old-fashionedway! Although the order in the mnemonic changes the key facts remain the same:
|Long division steps||Dad, Mom, Sister, Brother, Rover||mathematics, algebra||Divide, Multiply, Subtract, Bring Down, Remainder.|
|Calculus, order of taking the derivative of a quotient..||Lo-di-hi minus hi-di-lo all over lo squared or
Low d high less high d low, draw the line and square below.
|mathematics, algebra||lo or low refers to the bottom, hi or high refers to the top and di and d are short for derivative.|
|Direction of graph axes||
X is a cross, Y to the sky.
|mathematics, statistics||The X axis is across (horizontal) and the Y axis is vertical so you have to reach up to the sky.|
|Statistics||Hey diddle diddle…
The median‘s the middle,
|mathematics, statistics||Recite this to the tune of the nursery rhyme “Hey diddle diddle, The cat and the fiddle”|
|Layers of the atmosphere||The Strong Man’s Triceps Explode||meteorology, science||Troposphere, Stratosphere, Mesosphere, Thermosphere, Exosphere.|
|The order of sharps||Father Charles Goes Down And Ends Battle||music||F, C, G, D, A, E, B (also know as circle of fifths). Enter “music” in this list of mnemonics table filter to see all music mnemonics.|
|The order of flats||Battle Ends And Down Goes Charles’ Father||music||B, E, A, D, G, C, F|
|Order of notes (bottom to top) as lines on the treble clef stave.||Every Good Boy Deserves Favor||music||E, G, B, D, F
This musical mnemonic was used as the title for the 1971 album
Every Good Boy Deserves Favourby The Moody Blues. The notes are played in sequence on piano in track one “Procession”. It was also used as the title for the Tom Stoppard play first performed in 1977.
|Notes represented by the spaces between the lines on the treble clef stave.||Furry Animals Cook Excellently (or just FACE)||music||F, A, C, E|
|Order of notes (bottom to top) as lines on the bass clef stave.||Good Boys Do Fine, Always||music||G, B, D, F, A|
|Notes represented by the spaces between the lines on the bass clef stave.||All Cows Eat Grass
|music||A, C, E, G|
|Order of guitar strings||
||music||E, A, D, G, B, E in standard tuning or E, B, G, D, A, E in reverse order. This mnemonic has many variations – we’ve added the guitar related ones to our list of mnemonics.|
|First 11 notable Ionian philosophers||
||philosophy||In no particular order Thales, Heraclitus, Empedocles, Leucippus, Anaximander, Democritus, Zeno, Anaximenes, Protagoras, Parmenides, Anaxagoras.|
|Order of colors of the rainbow||
||physics, science||Red, Orange, Yellow, Green, Blue, Indigo and Violet.|
|Order of the planets from the Sun||
||physics, astronomy, science||Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune and Pluto
Since 2006 Pluto is no longer classified as a planet, it is now designated as a dwarf planet. There are many other variations not included in ADDucation’s list of mnemonics.
|The speed of light||We guarantee certainty, clearly referring to this light mnemonic||physics, science||The number of letters in each word gives you the the speed of light = 299,792,458 m/sec.
|First 5 books of the bible in order||
|Port or starboard||
||nautical, sailing, navigation||
|Venomous snake or not?||Red and yellow, kill a fellow; red and black, poison lack||nature, wildlife, reptiles||Helps distinguish the red and yellow banding of venomous coral snakes from similar looking non-venomous snakes.|
|Order of actors that have played Dr Who?||
||television, TV, sci-fi||William Hartnell, Patrick Troughton, Jon Pertwee, Tom Baker, Peter Davison, Tom Baker, Sylvester McCoy, Paul McGann, Christopher Eccleston, David Tennant, Matt Smith, Peter Capaldi and Jodie Whittaker.|
FAQ: What’s the Difference Between an Acronym and a Mnemonic?
ADDucation Lists Related to List of Mnemonics:
- Cheatsheet acronymns for text and chat messaging…
- Punctuation and quotation marks explainer…
- Mnemonic for The Planets of Our Solar System…
- Do you have any useful mnemonics, memory joggers, aide-memoirs or memory tricks? Help us improve ADDucation’s list of mnemonics by adding your comments below…