list of mnemonics

List of Mnemonics

List of Mnemonics to Recall Numbers, Ordered Lists & Word Spelling

List of mnemonics to use as memory aids which make it easier to store information in your long term memory and recall it accurately on demand. ADDucation’s list of mnemonics uses words, sentences, catchphrases, rhymes, pictures, songs and rhythms to help you remember and easily recall:

  • Numbers (number acronyms)
  • Lists of Facts / Names / Rules in Order (list acronyms)
  • How to Spell Awkward and Long Words (spelling acronyms)

In the USA, and other countries, where letters are assigned to number keypads mnemonics are commonly used to advertise and help remember telephone numbers. Mnemonic, from the Greek “mneme” for memory, is a tricky word to spell so you’ll be pleased to learn ADDucation’s list of mnemonics includes a mnemonic to spell mnemonic!

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LearnMnemonicCategoryList of mnemonics: Key Facts & Information
When to use their and there.list of mnemonicsLanguage.The person i in “their” indicates their is used when talking about people. The signpost r in “there” is used when talking about a place, e.g “over there”. Currently the only image mnemonic on our list of mnemonics.
Brightest stars in the sky.Sir Can Rig A VCR, Pa.Astronomy, Science.Sirius in Canis Major, Canopus in Carina, Rigil Kent in Centaurus, Acrturus in Bootes, Vega in Lyra, Capella in Auriga, Rigel in Orion, Procyon in Canic Minor, Achernar in Eridanus.
Conditions for life test.MRS GREN.Biology, Science.7 conditions that need to be met for something to count as being alive: Movement, Respiration, Sensitivity, Growth, Reproduction, Excretion, Nutrition.
4 DNA Amine bases.At The Girl’s Club.Biology, Science.At The Girl’s Club = AT + GC.
denine pairs with Thymine and Guanine pairs with Cytosine.
Order of taxonomy.
  • Do Kids Prefer Cheese Over Fried Green Spinach.
  • Do Kings Play Chess On Fine Green Silk?
  • Dirty, Kinky People Can Often Find Great Sex.
Biology, Science.Domain, Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus, Species.
Cell life cycle.
  • Idiotic Penguins Make Antarctica Too Cold.
  • I Pee More After Tea Constantly.
    I Protect My Artichokes Too Cleatus.
Biology, Science.Interphase, Prophase, Metaphase, Anaphase, Telophase, Cytokinesis. Science list of mnemonics.
Bones in the wrist.
  • Some Lovers Try Positions That They Can’t Handle!
  • So Long To Pinky, Here Comes The Thumb.
  • Never Lick Tilly’s Popsicle, Mother Might Come Home.
(Human), Science.
Scaphoid, Lunate, Triquetral, Pisiform, Trapezium, Trapezoid, Capitate and Hamate. Anatomy list of mnemonics.
12 cranial nerves in order.On Old Olympus’ Towering Tops, A Finn And German Viewed Some Hops.Biology
(Human), Science
From CN I to CN XII: Olfactory, Optic, Oculomotor, Trochlear, Trigeminal, Abducens, Facial, Acoustic, Glassopharyngeal, Vagus, Spinal accessory and Hypoglossal. Combine this mnemonic with the following one to remember both the order and function.
Cranial nerve functions.
  • some say my mother bought my brother some bad beer, my, my.
  • some say marry money but my brother says big brains matter more.
(Human), Science.
  • s: sensory.
  • m: motor.
  • b: both.
7 essential amino acids.Pvt. Tim Hall.Chemistry, Biology, Science.Phenylanine, Valine, Threonine, Tryptophan, Isolucine, Histidine, Arginine, Leucine and Lysine.
Alkanes series.My Enormous Penguin Bounces Pretty High.Chemistry, Science.Methane, Ethane, Propane, Butane, Pentane and Hexane.
Reactivity of metals.Please Send Cats, Monkeys And Zebras In Large Cages – Make Sure Padlocked.Chemistry, Science.Potassium, Sodium, Calcium, Magnesium, Aluminum, Zinc, Iron, Lead, Copper, Mercury, Silver and Platinum.
Periodic Table, first 20 elements.
  • Harry He Likes Beer Bottle Cold, Not Over Frothy. Nelly’s Nanny Might, Although Silly Person, She Climbs Around Kinky Caves.
  • He Has Light Brain But Can Not Offer Full Nine Subjects, May All Senior Professional Scientists Come And Protect Chemistry!
  • H.HeLi, B.BCNOF and NeNa MgAl SiPS ClArKCa.
Chemistry, Science.The most useful mnemonic is the first one because it also helps you remember the two letter chemical element abbreviations:
Hydrogen, Helium, Lithium, Beryllium, Boron, Carbon, Nitrogen, Oxygen, Fluorine, Neon, Na(Sodium), Magnesium, Aluminium, Silicon, Phosphoros, Sulphur, Chlorine, Argon, K(Potassium) and Calcium.
Diatomic elements.Have No Fear Of Ice Cold Beer.Chemistry, Science.Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, Fluorine, Chlorine, Iodine and Bromine.NB: (Beer(liquid), Ice (solid).
Crude oil products of fractional distillation.Really Great Kings Don’t Forget Birthdays.Chemistry, Science.Refinery gases, Gasoline, Kerosine, Diesel oil, Fuel oil and Bitumen.
Which form (D or L) the 8 aldohexoses are in.All Altruists Gladly Make Gum In Gallon Tanks.Chemistry
(Organic), Science
Allose, Altrose, Glucose, Mannose, Gulose, Idose, Galactose and Talose.
Order of color coding on resistors.
  • Bad Beer Rots Our Young Guts But Vodka Goes Well (in) Silver Goblets.
  • Big Brown Rabbits Often Yield Great Big Vocal Groans When Gingerly Slapped.
Electronics.Black, Blue, Red, Orange, Yellow, Green, Brown, Violet, Gray, White, Silver and Gold.
Which US president is on which dollar bill?When Jeff Left Home Jack Got Fat.
Finance, money.
  • Washington $1.
  • Jefferson $2.
  • Lincoln $5.
  • Hamilton $10.
  • Jackson $20.
  • Grant $50.
  • Franklin $100.
Daylight saving time (DST, BST).
  • Spring ahead, Fall back.
  • Spring forward, Fall (Autumn) back.
Time / General knowledge.
  • USA: Benjamin Franklin proposed daylight saving in a 1784 essay “An Economical Project for Diminishing the Cost of Light” but was was adopted following the “Standard Time Act of March 19, 1918.”
  • UK: Daylight saving was first proposed by William Willett in his 1907 “Waste of daylight” publication. After a long campaign it became law in the Summer Time Act in 1916. Daylight saving is called “British Summer Time” (BST) and reverts to “Greenwich Mean Time” (GMT) each Autumn.
  • The first place to use daylight saving was Thunder Bay in Canada in 1908.
  • The first country to adopt daylight saving was Germany in 1916 during WWI to save fuel.
How many days in a month?30 days hath September,
April, June, and November,
All the rest have 31,
except February, with 28 days clear and 29 each leap year.
Time / General knowledgeThere are many variations but this is the most common mnemonic rhyme so we’ve selected that for inclusion in our list of mnemonics.
Which way to turn screws, light bulbs, knobs etc.Righty tighty, lefty looseyGeneral knowledge.NB: bike pedals (and some other things) undo the opposite way otherwise they would fall off!
Stalactites and Stalagmites.StalaGmites – Grow from the Ground,
StalaCtites – Come from the Ceiling
Geology, Science.Which one is spelt with a C and which with a G? Geology list of mnemonics.
Mineral hardness scale.
  • Tall Girls Can Fight And Only Quit To Chase Dwarves.
  • Terrible Giants Can Find Alligators Or Quaint Trolls Conveniently Digestible.
  • Toronto Girls Can Flirt and Other Quirky Things Can Do.
Geology, Science.Talc, Gypsum, Calcite, Fluorite, Apatite, Orthoclase feldspar, Quartz, Topaz, Corundum and Diamond (from 1 to 10, softest to hardest) also known as Mohs hardness scale).
Order of geological time periods/eras.
  • Cows Often Sit Down Carefully. Perhaps Their Joints Creak?Persistent Early Oiling Might Prevent Painful Rheumatism
  • Pregnant Camels Ordinarily Sit Down Carefully, Perhaps Their Joints Creak?
Geology, Science.Cambrian, Ordovician, Silurian, Devonian, Carboniferous, Permian, Triassic, Jurassic, Cretaceous, Paleocene, Eocene, Oligocene, Miocene, Pliocene, Pleistocene, Recent.
The five great lakes (upgrades below!).HOMES
Geography.Huron, Ontario, Michigan, Erie and Superior. There are many versions, we’ve only included the best on our list of mnemonics.
The five great lakes from west to east.
  • Super Man Helps Every One.
  • Sergeant Major Hates Eating Onions.
Geography.Superior, Michigan, Huron, Erie and Ontario.
The five great lakes largest to smallest.Super Heroes Must Eat Oats.Geography.Superior, Huron, Michigan, Erie and Ontario (surface area).
Northern European countries from west to east.No Soup For Russia.Geography.Norway, Sweden, Finland, Russia.
Countries around the Adriatic Sea.Incredibly Slimy Cockroach Bit My Aunt.Geography.Italy, Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro and Albania.
6 main biomes / ecosystems.The Dry Desert Grows Terrific Castles.Geography.Tundras, Deciduous forests, Deserts, Grasslands, Tropical rain forests, Coniferous forests.
The Seven hills of Rome.Can Queen Victoria Eat Cold Apple Pie?Geography, History.Capitoline, Quirinal, Viminal, Esquiline, Caelian, Aventine and Palatine.
50 Nifty United States song.
Geography.Here’s one way junior students learn the states of the USA. Rather than list them all here watch the video. The song starts:
Fifty Nifty United States from thirteen original colonies;
Fifty Nifty stars in the flag that billows so beautifully in the breeze.
Each individual state contributes a quality that is great.
Each individual state deserves a bow, We salute them now…
then goes on to list all 50 states – enjoy!
The first 8 presidents of the USA.Will A Jolly Man Make A Jolly Visitor?History.George Washington, John Quincy Adams, Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, James Monroe, John Quincy Adams, Andrew Jackson and Martin Van Buren.
The royal houses of the kings and queens of England (and Great Britain).No Plan Like Yours To Study History Wisely.History.Norman, Plantagenet, Lancaster, York, Tudor, Stuart, Hanover and Windsor.
British order of titles below king and queen.Do Men Ever Visit Britain?History, Genealogy.Duke, Marquis, Earl, Viscount, Baron.
Six wives of Henry VIII in order.
  • All Barons Should Carry Heavy Parcels.
  • A Big Secret Concealing Her Past.
  • Arrogant Anne seemed more clever at how to catch the ring.
History.Catherine of Aragon, Anne Boleyn, Jane Seymour, Anne of Cleves, Catherine Howard and Catherine Parr

Arrogant (Katherine of Aragon) Anne (Anne Boleyn) seemed more (Jane Seymour) clever (Anne of Cleves) at how to (Katherine Howard) catch the ring (Catherine Parr).

Fate of the Six wives of Henry VIII.Divorced, beheaded, died, divorced, beheaded, survived.History.Catherine of Aragon was divorced, Anne Boleyn was beheaded, Jane Seymour died, Anne of Cleves was divorced, Catherine Howard was beheaded and Catherine Parr survived.
The seven articles of the United States Constitution.Large Elephants Jump Slowly And Sink Rapidly.History.Legislative, Executive, Judicial, Supremacy, Amendment, Statehood and Ratification
Order of secession of the Confederate States of America.So My Father Ate Grapes Last Tuesday, Very Awesome Tart Napas.History, USA.South Carolina, Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, Texas
Lincoln then called for troops (where the comma is) after which a further four states seceded:
Virginia, Arkansas, Tennessee, North Carolina.
Roman numerals as letters in order of magnitude.
  • Lovely Cadbury Dairy Milk.
  • Lazy Cats Don’t Move.
  • I Value Xylophones Like Cows Dig Milk.
History.I=1, V=5, X=10, L=50, C=100, D=500 and M=1000.
Silent vowels.When two vowels go walking the first does the talking.Language.i.e. the first vowel in “eat” and “oat” is pronounced while the second vowel remains silent.
here or hear?We hear with our ear.Language.
affect or effect?RAVEN Language.Remember Affect is a Verb, Effect is a Noun.
Affect is the action effect is the result.
Difference between compliment and complement?complement or compliment?Language.Complement adds something so it’s enough, compliment puts you in the limelight.
Difference between desert and dessert?desert or dessert?Language.a desert is sandy, a dessert has two s’s in it, like sweet stuff.
Difference between stationary and stationery?stationary or stationery?Language.a for at rest, e for envelope.
Difference between hear and here?hear or here?Language.Both words sound the same. You hear with your ear.
Mnemonics to spell acronym.
  • Alphabetical Code for Remembering Odd Names You Make up.
  • A Clever Re-Organization Nudges Your Memory.
  • A Coded Rendition Of Names Yielding Meaning.
  • A Contrived Reduction Of Nouns, Yielding Mnemonics.
Language, spelling.The first two cheat slightly but the last two are perfect. Have you got a better mnemonic for acronym?
How to spell because.
  • Big elephants can’t always understand small elephants.
  • Big elephants can always understand small elephants.
Language, spelling.Take your pick.
How to spell diarrhoea.
  • Dashing In A Rush, Running Harder Or Else Accident!
  • diarrhoea is a really runny heap of endless amounts.
  • Dining In A Rolls Royce Having Over Eaten Again.
Language, spelling.Try to visualize and remember the action in the rhythm as well as the rhythm itself – the same applies to the following entries on the list of mnemonics.
Hot to spell embarrass.Remember I go Really Red when my Sibling Sings.Language, spelling.The R’s and the S’s make embarrass hard to spell. This mnemonic reminds you there are two R’s and two S’s.
How to spell necessary.Never Eat Crisps, Eat Salad Sandwiches, And Remain Young.Language, spelling.
How to spell mnemonics.Mnemonics Now Erase Man’s Oldest Nemesis, Insufficient Cerebral Storage.Language, spelling.
How to spell tomorrow.Trails Of My Old Red Rose Over Window.Language, spelling.
How to spell rhythm.Rhythm Helps Your Two Hips Move.Language, spelling.
How to spell argument.I lost an e in an argument.Language, spelling.Argue loses it’s e so it’s argument not arguement and arguing not argueing.
How to spell difficulty.
mrs D, mrs I, mrs FFI, mrs C, mrs U, mrs LTY.
Language, spelling.Works well when said out loud. Spelling list of mnemonics.
How to spell Mississippi.mrs M, mrs I, mrs double S I, double S I, PP I
double S, I double S, I double P, I.
Language, spelling.Another one using mrs – again works well when said out loud. There are other variations but this one has made the ADDucation list of mnemonics.
How to spell Saskat-chewan.Ask At Chew An with S in front of it.Language, spelling.
How to spell bookkeeper.Double o, double k, double e.Language, spelling.Triple compound: bookkeeper.
Punctuation order.P then Q in the alphabet or “Mind your Ps and Qs”.Language.Way to remember quotation marks come after any other closing punctuation‏‎ marks. Unfortunately the punctuation rules in the USA and UK differ but that’s beyond the scope of this list of mnemonics.
When to start a new paragraph.Four “T” rhyme.Language.A little writing rhyme of topic, territory, talker, time. When there’s a change in one of these, start a new paragraph if you please.
7 coordinating conjunctions in English.FANBOYSLanguage.For, And, Nor, But, Or, Yet and So.
Pi (π) to seven decimal places.May I have a large container of coffee?Mathematics.The number of characters in each word gives the number:
  • May (3)
  • I (1)
  • have (4)
  • a (1)
  • large (5)
  • container (9)
  • of (2)
  • coffee? (7)
Pi (π) to fourteen decimal places!Now I need a drink, alcoholic of course, after the heavy lectures involving quantum mechanics.Mathematics.π = 3.14159265358979
Euler’s number (e) to up to 15 decimal places.To express e remember to memorize a sentence to memorize this.Mathematics.Here’s a triple list of mnemonics to memorize e to 9 decimal places: e = 2.7182818284.
  1. Count the number of letters in each word in the sentence to derive e to ten decimal places:
    • To (2.)
    • express (7)
    • e (1)
    • remember (8)
    • to (2)
    • memorize (8)
    • a (1)
    • sentence (8)
    • to (2)
    • memorize (8)
    • this. (4)
  2. Build on this to memorize after 2.7 the year 1828 appears twice: 2.7 1828 1828
  3. Remember e to 15 decimal places by adding the numbers for the angles in a right angle isosceles triangle 45°, 90°, 45°:
    e = 2.718281828459045
Order of SI metric system units.
  • King Henry Died By Drinking Chocolate Milk.
  • King Henry Doesn’t Bother Dusting Clean Money.
Mathematics.Prefixes in descending order of magnitude: kilo, hecto, deca, base unit, deci, centi, milli.
Order of math operations.
  • Please Excuse My Dear Aunt Sally.
  • PEMDAS or BIDMAS (depending on locale).
Mathematics.Parentheses, Exponents, Multiply, Divide, Add and Subtract.
Brackets, Indices, Multiply, Divide, Add and Subtract. Mathematics list of mnemonics.
Trigonometry, definitions for Sine, Cosine, and Tangent.
  • The Old Art Students Of Harrow Could Always Heave.
  • Sex On Hard Concrete Always Hurts The Other’s Ass.
  • Sex On Hard Concrete Always Hurts Tender Orgasmic Areas.
  • Could A Hungry Stupid Ostrich Have Taken Over America.
  • Two Old Angels Skipped Over Heaven Carrying Ancient Harps.
Mathematics.It’s probably easiest to remember SOHCAHTOA but there are dozens of fun variations so we’ve included a selection of the most popular mnemonics in our list. Although the order in the mnemonic changes the key facts remain the same:
  • Tangent = Opposite / Adjacent.
  • Sine = Opposite / Hypotenuse.
  • Cosine = Adjacent / Hypotenuse.
Long division steps.Dad, Mom, Sister, Brother, RoverMathematics.Divide, Multiply, Subtract, Bring Down, Remainder.
Calculus, order of taking the derivative of a quotient.Lo-di-hi minus hi-di-lo all over lo squared or
Low d high less high d low, draw the line and square below.
Mathematics.lo or low refers to the bottom, hi or high refers to the top and di and d are short for derivative.
Statistics.hey-diddle-diddle-mathsMathematics.Recite to the tune of the nursery rhyme:
Hey diddle diddle, The cat and the fiddle,
The cow jumped over the moon.
The little dog laughed, To see such sport/fun,
And the dish ran away with the spoon.
Layers of the atmosphere.The Strong Man’s Triceps Explode.Meteorology, Science.Troposphere, Stratosphere, Mesosphere, Thermosphere, Exosphere.
The order of sharps.Father Charles Goes Down And Ends Battle.Music.F, C, G, D, A, E, B (also know as circle of fifths). Music list of mnemonics.
The order of flats.Battle Ends And Down Goes Charles’ Father.Music.B, E, A, D, G, D, F.
Order of notes (bottom to top) as lines on the treble clef stave.Every Good Boy Deserves Favor.Music.E, G, B, D, F.
Notes represented by the spaces between the lines on the treble clef stave.Furry Animals Cook Excellently (or just FACE).Music.F, A, C, E.
Order of notes (bottom to top) as lines on the bass clef stave.Good Boys Do Fine, Always.Music.G, B, D, F, A.
Notes represented by the spaces between the lines on the bass clef stave.All Cows Eat Grass.


Music.A, C, E, G.
Order of guitar strings.
  • Every Average Dude Gets Better Eventually.
  • Elephants and Donkeys Grow Big Ears.
  • Every Beginner Guitarist Does All Exercises!
Music.E, A, D, G, B, E in standard tuning or E, B, G, D, A, E in reverse order. This mnemoic has many variations – we’ve added the guitar related ones to our list of mnemonics.
First 11 notable Ionian philosophers.
Philosophy.In no particular order Thales, Heraclitus, Empedocles, Leucippus, Anaximander, Democritus, Zeno, Anaximenes, Protagoras, Parmenides, Anaxagoras.
Order of colors of the rainbow.Richard Of York Gave Battle In Vain.Physics, Science.Red, Orange, Yellow, Green, Blue, Indigo and Violet.
Order of the planets from the Sun.
  • My Very Easy Method – Just Set Up Nine Planets.
  • My Very Energetic Mother Just Served Us Nine Pizzas.
  • My Very Energetic Mother Just Served Us Nachos.
  • Mean Very Evil Men Just Shortened Up Nature.
  • Many Very Educated Men Justify Stealing Unique Ninth.
Physics, Science.Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune and Pluto
(remember Pluto isn’t a planet anymore). Other variations have not made our list of mnemonics.
The speed of light.We guarantee certainty, clearly referring to this light mnemonic.Physics, Science.
  • 2: we.
  • 9: guarantee.
  • 9: certainty.
  • 7: clearly.
  • 9: referring.
  • 2: to.
  • 4: this
  • 5: light.
  • 8: mnemonic.

Take the number of letters in each word for the speed of light = 299,792,458 m/sec.

First 5 books of the bible in order.
  • God Equals Light Not Darkness.
  • God’s Excellent Love Never Dies.
  1. Genesis.
  2. Exodus.
  3. Leviticus.
  4. Numbers.
  5. Deuteronomy.
Port or starboardPort wine is redSailing.So starboard is green. More sailing mnemonics.
Order of actors that have played Dr Who?How To Punish Bad Daleks Before Many Million Earthlings Truly See Clearly.Television.William Hartnell, Patrick Troughton, Jon Pertwee, Tom Baker, Peter Davison, Tom Baker, Sylvester McCoy, Paul McGann, Christopher Eccleston, David Tennant, Matt Smith, Peter Capaldi.

FAQ: What’s the Difference Between an Acronym and a Mnemonic?

Mnemonic is a learning method.
Acronym is an abbreviation.
Some mnemonics use acronyms.
Some acronyms are not mnemonics.
A mnemonic typically uses words and letters to remember grouped information.
An acronym is typically formed from the first letter of a series of words.
As well as words mnemonics can be phrases, song, rhythms, poems etc.
Acronyms are usually pronounced as a single word.

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