list of mnemonics

List of Mnemonics

List of Mnemonics to Recall Numbers, Ordered Lists & Word Spelling

List of mnemonics to use as memory aids which make it easier to store information in your long term memory and recall it accurately on demand. ADDucation’s list of mnemonics uses words, sentences, catchphrases, rhymes, pictures, songs and rhythms to help you remember and easily recall:

  • Numbers (number acronyms)
  • Lists of Facts / Names / Rules in Order (list acronyms)
  • How to Spell Awkward and Long Words (spelling acronyms)

In the USA, and other countries, where letters are assigned to number keypads mnemonics are commonly used to advertise and help remember telephone numbers. Mnemonic, from the Greek “mneme” for memory, is a tricky word to spell so you’ll be pleased to learn ADDucation’s list of mnemonics includes a mnemonic to spell mnemonic!

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LearnMnemonicCategoryList of mnemonics: Key Facts & Information
When to use their and therelist of mnemonicsLanguageThe person i in “their” indicates their is used when talking about people. The signpost r in “there” is used when talking about a place, e.g “over there”. Currently the only image mnemonic on our list of mnemonics.
Life testMRS GRENBiology7 conditions that need to be met for something to count as being alive: Movement, Respiration, Sensitivity, Growth, Reproduction, Excretion, Nutrition
Order of taxonomy
  • Do Kids Prefer Cheese Over Fried Green Spinach
  • Do Kings Play Chess On Fine Green Silk?
  • Dirty, Kinky People Can Often Find Great Sex
BiologyDomain, Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus, Species
Cell life cycle
  • Idiotic Penguins Make Antarctica Too Cold
  • I Pee More After Tea Constantly
    I Protect My Artichokes Too Cleatus
BiologyInterphase, Prophase, Metaphase, Anaphase, Telophase, Cytokinesis
Bones in the wrist
  • Some Lovers Try Positions That They Can’t Handle!
  • So Long To Pinky, Here Comes The Thumb
Scaphoid, Lunate, Triquetral, Pisiform, Trapezium, Trapezoid, Capitate and Hamate
Cranial nervesOn Old Olympus’ Towering Tops, A Finn And German Viewed Some HopsBiology
Olfactory, Optic, Oculomotor, Trochlear, Trigeminal, Abducens, Facial, Acoustic, Glassopharyngeal, Vagus, Spinal accessory and Hypoglossal
7 essential amino acidsPvt. Tim HallChemistry & BiologyPhenylanine, Valine, Threonine, Tryptophan, Isolucine, Histidine, Arginine, Leucine and Lysine
Alkanes seriesMy Enormous Penguin Bounces Pretty HighChemistryMethane, Ethane, Propane, Butane, Pentane and Hexane
Reactivity of metalsPlease Send Cats, Monkeys And Zebras In Large Cages – Make Sure PadlockedChemistryPotassium, Sodium, Calcium, Magnesium, Aluminum, Zinc, Iron, Lead, Copper, Mercury, Silver and Platinum
Periodic Table, first 20 elements
  • Harry He Likes Beer Bottle Cold, Not Over Frothy. Nelly’s Nanny Might, Although Silly Person, She Climbs Around Kinky Caves.
  • He Has Light Brain But Can Not Offer Full Nine Subjects, May All Senior Professional Scientists Come And Protect Chemistry!
  • H.HeLi, B.BCNOF and NeNa MgAl SiPS ClArKCa
ChemistryThe first mnemonic is cool because it also helps you remember the two letter chemical element abbreviations:
Hydrogen, Helium, Lithium, Beryllium, Boron, Carbon, Nitrogen, Oxygen, Fluorine, Neon, Na(Sodium), Magnesium, Aluminium, Silicon, Phosphoros, Sulphur, Chlorine, Argon, K(Potassium) and Calcium
Diatomic elementsHave No Fear Of Ice Cold BeerChemistryHydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, Fluorine, Chlorine, Iodine and Bromine.NB: (Beer(liquid), Ice (solid))
Crude oil products of fractional distillationReally Great Kings Don’t Forget BirthdaysChemistryRefinery gases, Gasoline, Kerosine, Diesel oil, Fuel oil and Bitumen
Which form (D or L) the 8 aldohexoses are inAll Altruists Gladly Make Gum In Gallon TanksChemistry
Allose, Altrose, Glucose, Mannose, Gulose, Idose, Galactose and Talose
Order of color coding on resistors
  • Bad Beer Rots Our Young Guts But Vodka Goes Well (in) Silver Goblets
  • Big Brown Rabbits Often Yield Great Big Vocal Groans When Gingerly Slapped
ElectronicsBlack, Blue, Red, Orange, Yellow, Green, Brown, Violet, Gray, White, Silver and Gold
Which US president is on which dollar bill?When Jeff Left Home Jack Got Fat
Finance, money
  • Washington $1
  • Jefferson $2
  • Lincoln $5
  • Hamilton $10
  • Jackson $20
  • Grant $50
  • Franklin $100
Daylight saving time (DST, BST)
  • Spring ahead, Fall back
  • Spring forward, Fall (Autumn) back
Time / General knowledge
  • USA: Benjamin Franklin proposed daylight saving in a 1784 essay “An Economical Project for Diminishing the Cost of Light” but was was adopted following the “Standard Time Act of March 19, 1918.”
  • UK: Daylight saving was first proposed by William Willett in his 1907 “Waste of daylight” publication. After a long campaign it became law in the Summer Time Act in 1916. Daylight saving is called “British Summer Time” (BST) and reverts to “Greenwich Mean Time” (GMT) each Autumn.
  • The first place to use daylight saving was Thunder Bay in Canada in 1908.
  • The first country to adopt daylight saving was Germany in 1916 during WWI to save fuel.
How many days in a month?30 days hath September,
April, June, and November,
All the rest have 31,
except February, with 28 days clear and 29 each leap year.
Time / General knowledgeThere are variations on this rythme but this most popular version has made our list of mnemonics.
Which way to turn screws, light bulbs, knobs etc.Righty tighty, lefty looseyGeneral knowledgeNB: bike pedals (and some other things) undo the opposite way otherwise they would fall off!
Stalactites and StalagmitesStalaGmites – Grow from the Ground,
StalaCtites – Come from the Ceiling
GeologyWhich one is spelt with a C and which with a G?
Mineral hardness scale from softest to hardest
  • Tall Girls Can Fight And Only Quit To Chase Dwarves
  • Terrible Giants Can Find Alligators Or Quaint Trolls Conveniently Digestible
GeologyTalc, Gypsum, Calcite, Fluorite, Apatite, Orthoclase feldspar, Quartz, Topaz, Corundum and Diamond (from 1 to 10, also known as Mohs hardness scale)
Order of geological time periods
  • Cows Often Sit Down Carefully. Perhaps Their Joints Creak?Persistent Early Oiling Might Prevent Painful Rheumatism
  • Pregnant Camels Ordinarily Sit Down Carefully, Perhaps Their Joints Creak?
GeologyCambrian, Ordovician, Silurian, Devonian, Carboniferous, Permian, Triassic, Jurassic, Cretaceous, Paleocene, Eocene, Oligocene, Miocene, Pliocene, Pleistocene, Recent
The five great lakes (upgrades below!)HOMES
GeographyHuron, Ontario, Michigan, Erie and Superior
The five great lakes from west to eastSuper Man Helps Every OneGeographySuperior, Michigan, Huron, Erie and Ontario
The five great lakes largest to smallestSuper Heroes Must Eat OatsGeographySuperior, Huron, Michigan, Erie and Ontario (suface area)
Northern European countries from west to eastNo Soup For RussiaGeographyNorway, Sweden, Finland, Russia
Countries around the Adriatic SeaIncredibly Slimy Cockroach Bit My AuntGeographyItaly, Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro and Albania
The Seven hills of RomeCan Queen Victoria Eat Cold Apple Pie?GeographyCapitoline, Quirinal, Viminal, Esquiline, Caelian, Aventine and Palatine
50 Nifty United States song
GeographyHere’s one way junior students learn the states of the USA. Rather than list them all here watch the video. The song starts:
Fifty Nifty United States from thirteen original colonies;
Fifty Nifty stars in the flag that billows so beautifully in the breeze.
Each individual state contributes a quality that is great.
Each individual state deserves a bow, We salute them now…
then goes on to list all 50 states – enjoy!
The first 8 presidents of the USAWill A Jolly Man Make A Jolly Visitor?HistoryGeorge Washington, John Quincy Adams, Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, James Monroe, John Quincy Adams, Andrew Jackson and Martin Van Buren
The royal houses of the kings and queens of England (and Great Britain)No Plan Like Yours To Study History WiselyHistoryNorman, Plantagenet, Lancaster, York, Tudor, Stuart, Hanover and Windsor
Six wives of Henry VIII in orderAll Barons Should Carry Heavy ParcelsHistoryCatherine of Aragon, Anne Boleyn, Jane Seymour, Anne of Cleves, Catherine Howard and Catherine Parr
Fate of the Six wives of Henry VIIIDivorced, Beheaded, Died. Divorced, Beheaded, SurvivedHistory
The seven articles of the United States ConstitutionLarge Elephants Jump Slowly And Sink RapidlyHistoryLegislative, Executive, Judicial, Supremacy, Amendment, Statehood and Ratification
Roman numerals as letters in order of magnitudeLovely Cadbury Dairy Milk or Lazy Cats Don’t MoveHistoryL=50, C=100, D=500 and M=1000
Silent vowelsWhen two vowels go walking the first does the talkingLanguagee.g. the first vowel in “eat” and “oat” is pronounced and the second vowel is silent.
here or hear?We hear with our earLanguage
affect or effect?RAVEN LanguageRemember Affect is a Verb, Effect is a Noun.
Affect is the action effect is the result
complement or compliment?Complement adds something so it’s enough, compliment puts you in the limelightLanguage
desert or dessert?a desert is sandy, a dessert has two s’s in it, like sweet stuffLanguage
stationary and stationery?a for at rest, e for envelopeLanguage
hear or hereYou hear with your earLanguage
Mnemonics to spell acronym
  • Alphabetical Code for Remembering Odd Names You Make up
  • A Clever Re-Organization Nudges Your Memory
  • A Coded Rendition Of Names Yielding Meaning
  • A Contrived Reduction Of Nouns, Yielding Mnemonics
Language, spellingThe first two cheat slightly but the last two are perfect. Have you got a better mnemonic for acronym?
How to spell because
  • Big elephants can’t always understand small elephants
  • Big elephants can always understand small elephants
Language, spellingTake your pick
How to spell diarrhoea
  • Dashing In A Rush, Running Harder Or Else Accident!
  • diarrhoea is a really runny heap of endless amounts
  • Dining In A Rolls Royce Having Over Eaten Again
Language, spellingTry to visualize and remember the action in the rhythm as well as the rhythm itself – the same applies to the following entries on the list of mnemonics.
Hot to spell embarrassRemember I go Really Red when my Sibling SingsLanguage, spellingThe R’s and the S’s make embarrass hard to spell. This mnemonic reminds you there are two R’s and two S’s.
How to spell necessaryNever Eat Crisps, Eat Salad Sandwiches, And Remain YoungLanguage, spelling
How to spell mnemonicsMnemonics Now Erase Man’s Oldest Nemesis, Insufficient Cerebral StorageLanguage, spelling
How to spell tomorrowTrails Of My Old Red Rose Over WindowLanguage, spelling
How to spell rhythmRhythm Helps Your Two Hips MoveLanguage, spelling
How to spell argumentI lost an e in an argumentLanguage, spelling
How to spell difficulty
mrs D, mrs I, mrs FFI, mrs C, mrs U, mrs LTY
Language, spellingWorks well when said out loud.
How to spell Mississippimrs M, mrs I, mrs double S I, double S I, PP I
double S, I double S, I double P, I
Language, spellingAnother one using mrs – again works well when said out loud. There are other variations but this one has made the ADDucation list of mnemonics.
How to spell Saskat-chewanAsk At Chew An with S in front of itLanguage, spelling
How to spell bookkeeperTriple compound: oo kk eeLanguage, spelling
Punctuation orderP then Q in the alphabet or “Mind your Ps and Qs”LanguageWay to remember quotation marks come after any other closing punctuation‏‎ marks. Unfortunately the punctuation rules in the USA and UK differ but that’s beyond the scope of this list of mnemonics.
When to start a new paragraphFour “T”s, a little writing rhyme, of topic, territory, talker, time, when there’s a change in one of these, start a new paragraph if you pleaseLanguage
7 coordinating conjunctions in EnglishFANBOYSLanguageFor, And, Nor, But, Or, Yet and So
Pi (π) to seven decimal placesMay I have a large container of coffee?MathematicsThe number of characters in each word gives the number:
  • May (3)
  • I (1)
  • have (4)
  • a (1)
  • large (5)
  • container (9)
  • of (2)
  • coffee? (7)
Pi (π) to fourteen decimal places!Now I need a drink, alcoholic of course, after the heavy lectures involving quantum mechanicsMathematicsπ = 3.14159265358979
Euler’s number (e) to up to 15 decimal placesTo express e remember to memorize a sentence to memorize this.MathematicsHere’s a triple list of mnemonics to memorize e to 9 decimal places: e = 2.7182818284.
  1. Count the number of letters in each word in the sentence to derive e to ten decimal places:
    • To (2.)
    • express (7)
    • e (1)
    • remember (8)
    • to (2)
    • memorize (8)
    • a (1)
    • sentence (8)
    • to (2)
    • memorize (8)
    • this. (4)
  2. Build on this to memorize after 2.7 the year 1828 appears twice: 2.7 1828 1828
  3. Remember e to 15 decimal places by adding the numbers for the angles in a right angle isosceles triangle 45°, 90°, 45°:
    e = 2.718281828459045
Order of SI metric system units
  • King Henry Died By Drinking Chocolate Milk
  • King Henry Doesn’t Bother Dusting Clean Money
MathematicsPrefixes in descending order of magnitude: kilo, hecto, deca, base unit, deci, centi, milli
Order of math operationsPlease Excuse My Dear Aunt Sally
MathematicsParentheses, Exponents, Multiply, Divide, Add and Subtract
Brackets, Indices, Multiply, Divide, Add and Subtract
Trigonometry, definitions for Sine, Cosine, and Tangent
  • The Old Art Students Of Harrow Could Always Heave
  • Sex On Hard Concrete Always Hurts The Other’s Ass
  • Sex On Hard Concrete Always Hurts Tender Orgasmic Areas
  • Could A Hungry Stupid Ostrich Have Taken Over America
MathematicsThere are dozens of variations so we’ve only included the most popular ones in ADDucation’s list of mnemonics. Although the order in the mnemonic changes the key facts remains the same:
  • Tangent = Opposite / Adjacent
  • Sine = Opposite / Hypotenuse
  • Cosine = Adjacent / Hypotenuse
Calculus, order of taking the derivative of a quotientLo-di-hi minus hi-di-lo all over lo squared or
Low d high less high d low, draw the line and square below
Mathematicslo or low refers to the bottom, hi or high refers to the top and di and d are short for derivative
Statisticshey-diddle-diddle-mathsMathematicsRecite to the tune of the nursery rhyme:
Hey diddle diddle, The cat and the fiddle,
The cow jumped over the moon.
The little dog laughed, To see such sport/fun,
And the dish ran away with the spoon.
The order of sharpsFather Charles Goes Down And Ends BattleMusicF, C, G, D, A, E, B (also know as circle of fifths)
The order of flatsBattle Ends And Down Goes Charles’ FatherMusicB, E, A, D, G, D, F
Order of notes (bottom to top) as lines on the treble clef staveEvery Good Boy Deserves FavourMusicE, G, B, D, F
Notes represented by the spaces between the lines on the treble clef staveFurry Animals Cook Excellently (or just FACE)MusicF, A, C, E
Order of notes (bottom to top) as lines on the bass clef staveGood Boys Do Fine, AlwaysMusicG, B, D, F, A
Notes represented by the spaces between the lines on the bass clef staveAll Cows Eat Grass


MusicA, C, E, G
Order of guitar strings
  • Every Average Dude Gets Better Eventually
  • Elephants and Donkeys Grow Big Ears
  • Every Beginner Guitarist Does All Exercises!
MusicE, A, D, G, B, E in standard tuning or E, B, G, D, A, E in reverse order. This mnemoic has many variations – we’ve added the guitar related ones to our list of mnemonics.
First 11 notable Ionian philosophers
PhilosophyIn no particular order Thales, Heraclitus, Empedocles, Leucippus, Anaximander, Democritus, Zeno, Anaximenes, Protagoras, Parmenides, Anaxagoras
Order of colors of the rainbowRichard Of York Gave Battle In VainPhysicsRed, Orange, Yellow, Green, Blue, Indigo and Violet
Order of the planets from the Sun
  • My Very Easy Method – Just Set Up Nine Planets
  • My Very Energetic Mother Just Served Us Nine Pizzas
  • My Very Energetic Mother Just Served Us Nachos
  • Mean Very Evil Men Just Shortened Up Nature
  • Many Very Educated Men Justify Stealing Unique Ninth
PhysicsMercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune and Pluto
(remember Pluto isn’t a planet anymore). Other variations have not made our list of mnemonics.
First 5 books of the bible in order
  • God Equals Light Not Darkness
  • God’s Excellent Love Never Dies
  1. Genesis
  2. Exodus
  3. Leviticus
  4. Numbers
  5. Deuteronomy
Port or starboardPort wine is redSailingSo starboard is green. More sailing mnemonics
Order of actors have played Dr Who?How To Punish Bad Daleks Before Many Million Earthlings Truly See ClearlyTelevisionWilliam Hartnell, Patrick Troughton, Jon Pertwee, Tom Baker, Peter Davison, Tom Baker, Sylvester McCoy, Paul McGann, Christopher Eccleston, David Tennant, Matt Smith, Peter Capaldi

FAQ: What’s the difference between an acronym and a mnemonic?

Mnemonic is a learning method.
Acronym is an abbreviation.
Some mnemonics use acronyms.
Some acronyms are not mnemonics.
A mnemonic typically uses words and letters to remember grouped information.
An acronym is typically formed from the first letter of a series of words.
As well as words mnemonics can be phrases, song, rhythms, poems etc.
Acronyms are usually pronounced as a single word.

ADDucation Pages Related to Mnemonics:

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