list of mnemonics

List of Mnemonics

List of Mnemonics to Recall Numbers, Ordered Lists & Word Spelling

List of mnemonics to use as memory aids which make it easier to store information in your long term memory and recall it accurately on demand. ADDucation’s list of mnemonics uses words, sentences, catchphrases, rhymes, pictures, songs and rhythms to help you remember and easily recall:

  • Numbers (number acronyms)
  • Lists of Facts / Names / Rules in Order (list acronyms)
  • How to Spell Awkward and Long Words (spelling acronyms)

In the USA, and other countries, where letters are assigned to number keypads mnemonics are commonly used to advertise and help remember telephone numbers. Mnemonic, from the Greek “mneme” for memory, is a tricky word to spell so you’ll be pleased to learn ADDucation’s list of mnemonics includes a mnemonic to spell mnemonic!

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LearnMnemonicCategoryList of mnemonics: Key Facts & Information
When to use their and therelist of mnemonicsLanguageThe person i in “their” indicates their is used when talking about people. The signpost r in “there” is used when talking about a place, e.g “over there”. Currently the only image mnemonic on our list of mnemonics.
Brightest stars in the skySir Can Rig A VCR, PaAstronomy, ScienceSirius in Canis Major, Canopus in Carina, Rigil Kent in Centaurus, Acrturus in Bootes, Vega in Lyra, Capella in Auriga, Rigel in Orion, Procyon in Canic Minor, Achernar in Eridanus
Conditions for life testMRS GRENBiology, Science7 conditions that need to be met for something to count as being alive: Movement, Respiration, Sensitivity, Growth, Reproduction, Excretion, Nutrition
4 DNA Amine basesAt The Girl’s ClubBiology, ScienceAt The Girl’s Club = AT + GC
A
denine pairs with Thymine and Guanine pairs with Cytosine
Order of taxonomy
  • Do Kids Prefer Cheese Over Fried Green Spinach
  • Do Kings Play Chess On Fine Green Silk?
  • Dirty, Kinky People Can Often Find Great Sex
Biology, ScienceDomain, Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus, Species
Cell life cycle
  • Idiotic Penguins Make Antarctica Too Cold
  • I Pee More After Tea Constantly
    I Protect My Artichokes Too Cleatus
Biology, ScienceInterphase, Prophase, Metaphase, Anaphase, Telophase, Cytokinesis
Bones in the wrist
  • Some Lovers Try Positions That They Can’t Handle!
  • So Long To Pinky, Here Comes The Thumb
  • Never Lick Tilly’s Popsicle, Mother Might Come Home
Biology
(Human), Science
Scaphoid, Lunate, Triquetral, Pisiform, Trapezium, Trapezoid, Capitate and Hamate
12 cranial nerves in orderOn Old Olympus’ Towering Tops, A Finn And German Viewed Some HopsBiology
(Human), Science
From CN I to CN XII: Olfactory, Optic, Oculomotor, Trochlear, Trigeminal, Abducens, Facial, Acoustic, Glassopharyngeal, Vagus, Spinal accessory and Hypoglossal. Combine this mnemonic with the following one to remember both the order and function.
Cranial nerve functions
  • some say my mother bought my brother some bad beer, my, my
  • some say marry money but my brother says big brains matter more
Biology
(Human), Science
  • s: sensory
  • m: motor
  • b: both
7 essential amino acidsPvt. Tim HallChemistry, Biology, SciencePhenylanine, Valine, Threonine, Tryptophan, Isolucine, Histidine, Arginine, Leucine and Lysine
Alkanes seriesMy Enormous Penguin Bounces Pretty HighChemistry, ScienceMethane, Ethane, Propane, Butane, Pentane and Hexane
Reactivity of metalsPlease Send Cats, Monkeys And Zebras In Large Cages – Make Sure PadlockedChemistry, SciencePotassium, Sodium, Calcium, Magnesium, Aluminum, Zinc, Iron, Lead, Copper, Mercury, Silver and Platinum
Periodic Table, first 20 elements
  • Harry He Likes Beer Bottle Cold, Not Over Frothy. Nelly’s Nanny Might, Although Silly Person, She Climbs Around Kinky Caves.
  • He Has Light Brain But Can Not Offer Full Nine Subjects, May All Senior Professional Scientists Come And Protect Chemistry!
  • H.HeLi, B.BCNOF and NeNa MgAl SiPS ClArKCa
Chemistry, ScienceThe most useful mnemonic is the first one because it also helps you remember the two letter chemical element abbreviations:
Hydrogen, Helium, Lithium, Beryllium, Boron, Carbon, Nitrogen, Oxygen, Fluorine, Neon, Na(Sodium), Magnesium, Aluminium, Silicon, Phosphoros, Sulphur, Chlorine, Argon, K(Potassium) and Calcium
Diatomic elementsHave No Fear Of Ice Cold BeerChemistry, ScienceHydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, Fluorine, Chlorine, Iodine and Bromine.NB: (Beer(liquid), Ice (solid))
Crude oil products of fractional distillationReally Great Kings Don’t Forget BirthdaysChemistry, ScienceRefinery gases, Gasoline, Kerosine, Diesel oil, Fuel oil and Bitumen
Which form (D or L) the 8 aldohexoses are inAll Altruists Gladly Make Gum In Gallon TanksChemistry
(Organic), Science
Allose, Altrose, Glucose, Mannose, Gulose, Idose, Galactose and Talose
Order of color coding on resistors
  • Bad Beer Rots Our Young Guts But Vodka Goes Well (in) Silver Goblets
  • Big Brown Rabbits Often Yield Great Big Vocal Groans When Gingerly Slapped
ElectronicsBlack, Blue, Red, Orange, Yellow, Green, Brown, Violet, Gray, White, Silver and Gold
Which US president is on which dollar bill?When Jeff Left Home Jack Got Fat
Finance, money
  • Washington $1
  • Jefferson $2
  • Lincoln $5
  • Hamilton $10
  • Jackson $20
  • Grant $50
  • Franklin $100
Daylight saving time (DST, BST)
  • Spring ahead, Fall back
  • Spring forward, Fall (Autumn) back
Time / General knowledge
  • USA: Benjamin Franklin proposed daylight saving in a 1784 essay “An Economical Project for Diminishing the Cost of Light” but was was adopted following the “Standard Time Act of March 19, 1918.”
  • UK: Daylight saving was first proposed by William Willett in his 1907 “Waste of daylight” publication. After a long campaign it became law in the Summer Time Act in 1916. Daylight saving is called “British Summer Time” (BST) and reverts to “Greenwich Mean Time” (GMT) each Autumn.
  • The first place to use daylight saving was Thunder Bay in Canada in 1908.
  • The first country to adopt daylight saving was Germany in 1916 during WWI to save fuel.
How many days in a month?30 days hath September,
April, June, and November,
All the rest have 31,
except February, with 28 days clear and 29 each leap year.
Time / General knowledgeThere are many variations but this is the most common mnemonic rhyme so we’ve selected that for inclusion in our list of mnemonics.
Which way to turn screws, light bulbs, knobs etc.Righty tighty, lefty looseyGeneral knowledgeNB: bike pedals (and some other things) undo the opposite way otherwise they would fall off!
Stalactites and StalagmitesStalaGmites – Grow from the Ground,
StalaCtites – Come from the Ceiling
Geology, ScienceWhich one is spelt with a C and which with a G?
Mineral hardness scale
  • Tall Girls Can Fight And Only Quit To Chase Dwarves
  • Terrible Giants Can Find Alligators Or Quaint Trolls Conveniently Digestible
  • Toronto Girls Can Flirt and Other Quirky Things Can Do
Geology, ScienceTalc, Gypsum, Calcite, Fluorite, Apatite, Orthoclase feldspar, Quartz, Topaz, Corundum and Diamond (from 1 to 10, softest to hardes) also known as Mohs hardness scale)
Order of geological time periods/eras
  • Cows Often Sit Down Carefully. Perhaps Their Joints Creak?Persistent Early Oiling Might Prevent Painful Rheumatism
  • Pregnant Camels Ordinarily Sit Down Carefully, Perhaps Their Joints Creak?
Geology, ScienceCambrian, Ordovician, Silurian, Devonian, Carboniferous, Permian, Triassic, Jurassic, Cretaceous, Paleocene, Eocene, Oligocene, Miocene, Pliocene, Pleistocene, Recent
The five great lakes (upgrades below!)HOMES
GeographyHuron, Ontario, Michigan, Erie and Superior
The five great lakes from west to east
  • Super Man Helps Every One
  • Sergeant Major Hates Eating Onions
GeographySuperior, Michigan, Huron, Erie and Ontario
The five great lakes largest to smallestSuper Heroes Must Eat OatsGeographySuperior, Huron, Michigan, Erie and Ontario (surface area)
Northern European countries from west to eastNo Soup For RussiaGeographyNorway, Sweden, Finland, Russia
Countries around the Adriatic SeaIncredibly Slimy Cockroach Bit My AuntGeographyItaly, Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro and Albania
6 main biomes / ecosystemsThe Dry Desert Grows Terrific CastlesGeographyTundras, Deciduous forests, Deserts, Grasslands, Tropical rain forests, Coniferous forests
The Seven hills of RomeCan Queen Victoria Eat Cold Apple Pie?Geography, HistoryCapitoline, Quirinal, Viminal, Esquiline, Caelian, Aventine and Palatine
50 Nifty United States song
GeographyHere’s one way junior students learn the states of the USA. Rather than list them all here watch the video. The song starts:
Fifty Nifty United States from thirteen original colonies;
Fifty Nifty stars in the flag that billows so beautifully in the breeze.
Each individual state contributes a quality that is great.
Each individual state deserves a bow, We salute them now…
then goes on to list all 50 states – enjoy!
The first 8 presidents of the USAWill A Jolly Man Make A Jolly Visitor?HistoryGeorge Washington, John Quincy Adams, Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, James Monroe, John Quincy Adams, Andrew Jackson and Martin Van Buren
The royal houses of the kings and queens of England (and Great Britain)No Plan Like Yours To Study History WiselyHistoryNorman, Plantagenet, Lancaster, York, Tudor, Stuart, Hanover and Windsor
British order of titles below king and queenDo Men Ever Visit Britain?History, GenealogyDuke, Marquis, Earl, Viscount, Baron
Six wives of Henry VIII in order
  • All Barons Should Carry Heavy Parcels
  • A Big Secret Concealing Her Past
  • Arrogant Anne seemed more clever at how to catch the ring
HistoryCatherine of Aragon, Anne Boleyn, Jane Seymour, Anne of Cleves, Catherine Howard and Catherine Parr

Arrogant (Katherine of Aragon) Anne (Anne Boleyn) seemed more (Jane Seymour) clever (Anne of Cleves) at how to (Katherine Howard) catch the ring (Catherine Parr)

Fate of the Six wives of Henry VIIIDivorced, beheaded, died, divorced, beheaded, survivedHistoryCatherine of Aragon was divorced, Anne Boleyn was beheaded, Jane Seymour died, Anne of Cleves was divorced, Catherine Howard was beheaded and Catherine Parr survived.
The seven articles of the United States ConstitutionLarge Elephants Jump Slowly And Sink RapidlyHistoryLegislative, Executive, Judicial, Supremacy, Amendment, Statehood and Ratification
Order of secession of the Confederate States of AmericaSo My Father Ate Grapes Last Tuesday, Very Awesome Tart NapasHistory, USASouth Carolina, Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, Texas
Lincoln then called for troops (where the comma is) after which a further four states seceded:
Virginia, Arkansas, Tennessee, North Carolina
Roman numerals as letters in order of magnitude
  • Lovely Cadbury Dairy Milk
  • Lazy Cats Don’t Move
  • I Value Xylophones Like Cows Dig Milk
HistoryI=1, V=5, X=10, L=50, C=100, D=500 and M=1000
Silent vowelsWhen two vowels go walking the first does the talkingLanguagei.e. the first vowel in “eat” and “oat” is pronounced while the second vowel remains silent.
here or hear?We hear with our earLanguage
affect or effect?RAVEN LanguageRemember Affect is a Verb, Effect is a Noun.
Affect is the action effect is the result
Difference between compliment and complementcomplement or compliment?LanguageComplement adds something so it’s enough, compliment puts you in the limelight
Difference between desert and dessert?desert or dessertLanguagea desert is sandy, a dessert has two s’s in it, like sweet stuff
Difference between stationary and stationery?stationary or stationeryLanguagea for at rest, e for envelope
Difference between hear and herehear or hereLanguageBoth words sound the same. You hear with your ear
Mnemonics to spell acronym
  • Alphabetical Code for Remembering Odd Names You Make up
  • A Clever Re-Organization Nudges Your Memory
  • A Coded Rendition Of Names Yielding Meaning
  • A Contrived Reduction Of Nouns, Yielding Mnemonics
Language, spellingThe first two cheat slightly but the last two are perfect. Have you got a better mnemonic for acronym?
How to spell because
  • Big elephants can’t always understand small elephants
  • Big elephants can always understand small elephants
Language, spellingTake your pick
How to spell diarrhoea
  • Dashing In A Rush, Running Harder Or Else Accident!
  • diarrhoea is a really runny heap of endless amounts
  • Dining In A Rolls Royce Having Over Eaten Again
Language, spellingTry to visualize and remember the action in the rhythm as well as the rhythm itself – the same applies to the following entries on the list of mnemonics.
Hot to spell embarrassRemember I go Really Red when my Sibling SingsLanguage, spellingThe R’s and the S’s make embarrass hard to spell. This mnemonic reminds you there are two R’s and two S’s.
How to spell necessaryNever Eat Crisps, Eat Salad Sandwiches, And Remain YoungLanguage, spelling
How to spell mnemonicsMnemonics Now Erase Man’s Oldest Nemesis, Insufficient Cerebral StorageLanguage, spelling
How to spell tomorrowTrails Of My Old Red Rose Over WindowLanguage, spelling
How to spell rhythmRhythm Helps Your Two Hips MoveLanguage, spelling
How to spell argumentI lost an e in an argumentLanguage, spellingArgue loses it’s e so it’s argument not arguement and arguing not argueing.
How to spell difficulty
mrs D, mrs I, mrs FFI, mrs C, mrs U, mrs LTY
Language, spellingWorks well when said out loud.
How to spell Mississippimrs M, mrs I, mrs double S I, double S I, PP I
M I
double S, I double S, I double P, I
Language, spellingAnother one using mrs – again works well when said out loud. There are other variations but this one has made the ADDucation list of mnemonics.
How to spell Saskat-chewanAsk At Chew An with S in front of itLanguage, spelling
How to spell bookkeeperDouble o, double k, double eLanguage, spellingTriple compound: bookkeeper
Punctuation orderP then Q in the alphabet or “Mind your Ps and Qs”LanguageWay to remember quotation marks come after any other closing punctuation‏‎ marks. Unfortunately the punctuation rules in the USA and UK differ but that’s beyond the scope of this list of mnemonics.
When to start a new paragraphFour “T” rhymeLanguageA little writing rhyme of topic, territory, talker, time. When there’s a change in one of these, start a new paragraph if you please.
7 coordinating conjunctions in EnglishFANBOYSLanguageFor, And, Nor, But, Or, Yet and So
Pi (π) to seven decimal placesMay I have a large container of coffee?MathematicsThe number of characters in each word gives the number:
  • May (3)
  • I (1)
  • have (4)
  • a (1)
  • large (5)
  • container (9)
  • of (2)
  • coffee? (7)
Pi (π) to fourteen decimal places!Now I need a drink, alcoholic of course, after the heavy lectures involving quantum mechanicsMathematicsπ = 3.14159265358979
Euler’s number (e) to up to 15 decimal placesTo express e remember to memorize a sentence to memorize this.MathematicsHere’s a triple list of mnemonics to memorize e to 9 decimal places: e = 2.7182818284.
  1. Count the number of letters in each word in the sentence to derive e to ten decimal places:
    • To (2.)
    • express (7)
    • e (1)
    • remember (8)
    • to (2)
    • memorize (8)
    • a (1)
    • sentence (8)
    • to (2)
    • memorize (8)
    • this. (4)
  2. Build on this to memorize after 2.7 the year 1828 appears twice: 2.7 1828 1828
  3. Remember e to 15 decimal places by adding the numbers for the angles in a right angle isosceles triangle 45°, 90°, 45°:
    e = 2.718281828459045
Order of SI metric system units
  • King Henry Died By Drinking Chocolate Milk
  • King Henry Doesn’t Bother Dusting Clean Money
MathematicsPrefixes in descending order of magnitude: kilo, hecto, deca, base unit, deci, centi, milli
Order of math operations
  • Please Excuse My Dear Aunt Sally
  • PEMDAS or BIDMAS (depending on locale)
MathematicsParentheses, Exponents, Multiply, Divide, Add and Subtract
Brackets, Indices, Multiply, Divide, Add and Subtract
Trigonometry, definitions for Sine, Cosine, and Tangent
  • SOHCAHTOA
  • The Old Art Students Of Harrow Could Always Heave
  • Sex On Hard Concrete Always Hurts The Other’s Ass
  • Sex On Hard Concrete Always Hurts Tender Orgasmic Areas
  • Could A Hungry Stupid Ostrich Have Taken Over America
  • Two Old Angels Skipped Over Heaven Carrying Ancient Harps
MathematicsIt’s probably easiest to remember SOHCAHTOA but there are dozens of fun variations so we’ve included a selection of the most popular mnemonics in our list. Although the order in the mnemonic changes the key facts remain the same:
  • Tangent = Opposite / Adjacent
  • Sine = Opposite / Hypotenuse
  • Cosine = Adjacent / Hypotenuse
Long division stepsDad, Mom, Sister, Brother, RoverMathematicsDivide, Multiply, Subtract, Bring Down, Remainder
Calculus, order of taking the derivative of a quotientLo-di-hi minus hi-di-lo all over lo squared or
Low d high less high d low, draw the line and square below
Mathematicslo or low refers to the bottom, hi or high refers to the top and di and d are short for derivative
Statisticshey-diddle-diddle-mathsMathematicsRecite to the tune of the nursery rhyme:
Hey diddle diddle, The cat and the fiddle,
The cow jumped over the moon.
The little dog laughed, To see such sport/fun,
And the dish ran away with the spoon.
Layers of the atmosphereThe Strong Man’s Triceps ExplodeMeteorology, ScienceTroposphere, Stratosphere, Mesosphere, Thermosphere, Exosphere
The order of sharpsFather Charles Goes Down And Ends BattleMusicF, C, G, D, A, E, B (also know as circle of fifths)
The order of flatsBattle Ends And Down Goes Charles’ FatherMusicB, E, A, D, G, D, F
Order of notes (bottom to top) as lines on the treble clef staveEvery Good Boy Deserves FavourMusicE, G, B, D, F
Notes represented by the spaces between the lines on the treble clef staveFurry Animals Cook Excellently (or just FACE)MusicF, A, C, E
Order of notes (bottom to top) as lines on the bass clef staveGood Boys Do Fine, AlwaysMusicG, B, D, F, A
Notes represented by the spaces between the lines on the bass clef staveAll Cows Eat Grass

 

MusicA, C, E, G
Order of guitar strings
  • Every Average Dude Gets Better Eventually
  • Elephants and Donkeys Grow Big Ears
  • Every Beginner Guitarist Does All Exercises!
MusicE, A, D, G, B, E in standard tuning or E, B, G, D, A, E in reverse order. This mnemoic has many variations – we’ve added the guitar related ones to our list of mnemonics.
First 11 notable Ionian philosophers
  • THE LAD ZAPPA
  • THE PLAZA PAD
PhilosophyIn no particular order Thales, Heraclitus, Empedocles, Leucippus, Anaximander, Democritus, Zeno, Anaximenes, Protagoras, Parmenides, Anaxagoras
Order of colors of the rainbowRichard Of York Gave Battle In VainPhysics, ScienceRed, Orange, Yellow, Green, Blue, Indigo and Violet
Order of the planets from the Sun
  • My Very Easy Method – Just Set Up Nine Planets
  • My Very Energetic Mother Just Served Us Nine Pizzas
  • My Very Energetic Mother Just Served Us Nachos
  • Mean Very Evil Men Just Shortened Up Nature
  • Many Very Educated Men Justify Stealing Unique Ninth
Physics, ScienceMercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune and Pluto
(remember Pluto isn’t a planet anymore). Other variations have not made our list of mnemonics.
The speed of lightWe guarantee certainty, clearly referring to this light mnemonicPhysics, Science
  • 2: we
  • 9: guarantee
  • 9: certainty
  • 7: clearly
  • 9: referring
  • 2: to
  • 4: this
  • 5: light
  • 8: mnemonic

Take the number of letters in each word for the speed of light = 299,792,458 m/sec

First 5 books of the bible in order
  • God Equals Light Not Darkness
  • God’s Excellent Love Never Dies
Religion
  1. Genesis
  2. Exodus
  3. Leviticus
  4. Numbers
  5. Deuteronomy
Port or starboardPort wine is redSailingSo starboard is green. More sailing mnemonics
Order of actors that have played Dr Who?How To Punish Bad Daleks Before Many Million Earthlings Truly See ClearlyTelevisionWilliam Hartnell, Patrick Troughton, Jon Pertwee, Tom Baker, Peter Davison, Tom Baker, Sylvester McCoy, Paul McGann, Christopher Eccleston, David Tennant, Matt Smith, Peter Capaldi

FAQ: What’s the difference between an acronym and a mnemonic?

Mnemonic
Acronym
Mnemonic is a learning method.
Acronym is an abbreviation.
Some mnemonics use acronyms.
Some acronyms are not mnemonics.
A mnemonic typically uses words and letters to remember grouped information.
An acronym is typically formed from the first letter of a series of words.
As well as words mnemonics can be phrases, song, rhythms, poems etc.
Acronyms are usually pronounced as a single word.

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